Zoekresultaat: 4 artikelen

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Artikel

Veranderende mensbeelden van gedetineerden

Een kort historisch overzicht

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2015
Trefwoorden man’s view of detainees, prison history, detainees rights, prison circumstances, punitive tendencies
Auteurs C. Kelk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Throughout history the way detainees were portrayed by society has varied. At first, until the Second World War, detainees were mainly seen as blameworthy objects. After the war they became a fellow human being with dignity in need of resocialization or psychological treatment. In the Seventies detainees became citizens with a legal status according to the rule of law. When in the Eighties criminal law became more punitive, prisoners developed into enemies of society. Since then the detainee is moreover seen as dangerous and as a risk. Consequently the desirability of resocialization is questioned. This has resulted in a more individual approach towards prisoners, who need to prove that they are motivated for resocialization programs. In the end this leaves the most vulnerable detainees to their fate and expresses a view of man which could be characterized as the lost human.


C. Kelk
Prof. mr. Constantijn Kelk is emeritus hoogleraar straf(proces)recht en penitentiair recht aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Data en interpretaties in de cognitieve neurowetenschap

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden cognitive neuroscience, criminal law, single cell recording, functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, interpretation of neuroscientific data
Auteurs W.F.G. Haselager, F. Leoné en D.A.G. van Toor
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Research in cognitive neuroscience may have significant implications for law. In order to assess such implications properly, a basic knowledge of the complexities involved in the acquisition and interpretation of brain data could be helpful. In this paper the authors will discuss some of the issues involved in two basic techniques of cognitive neuroscience: single cell recordings and functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. The authors aim to improve the reader’s understanding of the kind of assumptions and inferences that help to bridge the gap between data and interpretation.


W.F.G. Haselager
Dr. Pim Haselager is als associate professor verbonden aan het Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour van de Radboud Universiteit.

F. Leoné
Frank Leoné, MSc is promovendus bij het Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour van de Radboud Universiteit.

D.A.G. van Toor
Dave van Toor, LLM, BSc is als junior docent/promovendus verbonden aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Radboud Universiteit.

    This article focuses on the growing need internationally for accountability of the administration of justice. The CEPEJ report European judicial systems compares the judiciary in the member states of the Council of Europe showing how this justification takes place. Accounting for the administration of justice still involves a lot of attention for the input and the procedures, while accountability for the results is most important. New methods for measuring the experiences of users of the administration of justice are developing. This fits a trend in which hierarchic and internal accountability, for instance through appeal procedures, are becoming less important in favour of horizontal accountability towards stakeholders, colleagues and users of state services.


M. Barendrecht
Prof. mr. dr. Maurits Barendrecht is als hoogleraar privaatrecht verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
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