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Artikel

De Nederlandse gedragscode wetenschappelijke integriteit 2018

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden good research practice, transparency, independence, duties of care, responsibility
Auteurs Prof. dr. Antoine Hol
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The new Dutch Code of Conduct for Research Integrity (2018) offers an important document for strengthening good research practices. It can be used in training researchers, informing the general public on standards guaranteeing trustworthiness of scientific research and handling allegations of misconduct in this research. The code departs from a set of principles worked out in standards describing the do’s and don’ts of good research practice. The Dutch code distinguishes itself for amongst others having a special section on duties of care of the organization where researchers are appointed. The organization has special responsibilities to give support to its researchers to develop good research practice and to foster a research culture in which dilemmas of integrity can be discussed in an open atmosphere. In this article special attention is paid to the principle of dependency. It is with regard to this principle that the researcher is most vulnerable, especially when it comes to commissioned research projects. How can the researcher be supported when dependency and honesty are under pressure?


Prof. dr. Antoine Hol
Prof. dr. A.M. Hol is hoogleraar Encyclopedie van het recht/Rechtsfilosofie aan de Universiteit Utrecht en medeauteur van de Nederlandse gedragscode wetenschappelijke integriteit. Hij is tevens voorzitter van de Commissies Wetenschappelijke Integriteit van Universiteit Utrecht en Tilburg University.
Artikel

Vrijwillige rechtspraak: rechters op het mediationpad?

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden neighbourhood courts, mediation, friendly solutions, voluntary jurisdiction, de-escalation
Auteurs Prof. dr. Dick Allewijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A characteristic difference between administration of justice and mediation so far was the element of voluntariness on the side of the clients. Administration of justice however is, for the citizen who is brought before the courts, not voluntary. Recently pilots have been started in which citizens can turn voluntarily to the Court at low cost, and not far from their neighborhood. Judges will not primarily aim at making a decision in accordance with the law, but at finding friendly solutions. Does this mean that judges are going to mediate? And if so, how should this be appreciated? In this contribution attention is paid to certain aspects of this question. It is argued that differences between jurisdiction and mediation still remain. More than mediators judges must act within the legal framework. The extent to which they can engage in the emotional undercurrent of conflicts is limited. Confidence in the Court is from a different origin than trust in the mediator, and that also makes a difference. And finally, a judge is competent to make a binding judgment, which influences the way he or she is looked at by the parties.


Prof. dr. Dick Allewijn
Prof. dr. D. Allewijn is als bijzonder hoogleraar Mediation verbonden aan de Faculteit Rechten van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. Hij is tevens werkzaam als MfN-registermediator en trainer bij het Centrum voor Conflicthantering.
Artikel

In voor- en tegenspoed

Het huwelijk tussen parlement en inlichtingen- en veiligheidsdienst

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2018
Auteurs Dr. Eleni Braat
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Secrecy complicates the relationship between intelligence and security services and their responsible ministers on the one hand, and members of parliament on the other. How can parliament deal constructively with intelligence and security services, despite the secrecy involved? This article presents a novel conceptual framework to analyse political relations influenced by secrecy, based on four recurring types of parliamentary reactions to intelligence and security services. The focus is a case study of the Dutch parliament and Security Service (BVD) between 1975 and 1995. The analysis demonstrates that constructive parliamentary dealings with secret services depend both on party-political responses to secrecy and strategic responses on the part of the secret services to ambiguous relationships with parliament. The presented typology of four recurring parliamentary reactions to intelligence and security services and the model for constructive parliamentary debate contribute to a better understanding of reasons and consequences of political and societal reactions to the new Dutch Intelligence and Security Services Act (Wiv).


Dr. Eleni Braat
Dr. E.C. Braat is als universitair docent Internationale Geschiedenis verbonden aan de Universiteit Utrecht. Voor meer informatie: www.uu.nl/medewerkers/ECBraat. Dit artikel is in uitgebreidere vorm gepubliceerd als Eleni Braat, ‘Recurring Tensions between Secrecy and Democracy: Arguments about the Security Service in the Dutch Parliament, 1975-1995’, Intelligence and National Security, vol. 31, nr. 4, p. 532-555.
Artikel

Zal ik je eens wat laten zien?

Over visuele onderzoeksmethoden

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden visual methods, visual data, visual sociology, visual criminology, photo-elicitation
Auteurs Dr. G. Vanderveen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Visual research methods aren’t magic. Yet, they do work. In this article, different reasons and methods are described, based on the author’s own experiences as well as on the literature. Visual methods refer to the visual as a data source, employing visuals in the data collection or using visuals when presenting and expressing social scientific knowledge. The reasons to use visual methods can be divided into two broad categories. First, visual methods enhance the data and the data collection and second, they can facilitate the participation of and collaboration with research participants. Examples of visual methods are presented, such as the use of photographs in interviews as well as some dilemmas a researcher (similar to legal professionals) can face when employing them. Visual methods are still developing, and the author concludes that there’s still a lot to learn.


Dr. G. Vanderveen
Dr. Gabry Vanderveen is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Daarnaast is zij eigenaar van Recht op Beeld, dat onderzoek, training en advies verzorgt op het gebied van visuele data en methoden in het algemeen en beeldmateriaal in de strafrechtsketen in het bijzonder.
Artikel

De pedofiele relatie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden paedophiles, paedosexual relations, secrets, criminal law, harmfullness
Auteurs Jules Mulder
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article reflects on the various aspects of paedophile relationships. It is for a large part based on the author’s 30 years of clinical experience with the treatment of paedosexual men. The characteristics of paedophile relatonships are examined and how they usually develop. What does the paedophile seeks in a relationship with a child and vice versa? The prohibition of paedophilia and its consequences for the paedophile are also discussed. Paedosexuality is banned because of the supposed damage for the child involved. But what causes this damage? And what is the possible damage caused by the prohibition? Finally the author shows the interacting of elements like desire and love as well as manipulation and secrets. The friendship with an older man can be very valuable for a child, which is reflected in many books and movies on this topic. In this sense a paedophile relatonship can be appropriate. But this applies only if the adult has enough self control to refrain from giving in to sexual desires, since a paedosexual relationship can never be appropriate.


Jules Mulder
Jules Mulder is als adviseur van de directie werkzaam bij het Forensisch Psychiatrisch Centrum De Waag.
Artikel

Het is transparantie wat de klok slaat

Publeaks als geduchte concurrent voor het Huis voor klokkenluiders?

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2013
Trefwoorden Publeaks, whistleblowing, transparency, journalism ethics, confidentiality
Auteurs J. Beckers, H.G. van de Bunt en K. van Wingerde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    As a result of the democratization of technology we now seem to live in an era of ‘Wiki-regulation’. Increasingly transparency is considered to be the universal solution to all sorts of problems. In line with this dominant viewpoint there has been a proliferation of whistleblower initiatives in recent years. A newly established Dutch initiative is Publeaks. Launched by a large number of Dutch media outlets and aimed at protecting whistleblowers, shedding light on wrongdoings and encouraging investigative journalism, Publeaks is a website ‘for people to leak documents to the media securely and anonymously’. In this opinionated article the authors propose three arguments against this particular form of whistleblowing: the protection against unfunded accusations, the negative side effects of ‘scandal overkill’, and the value of non-transparency.


J. Beckers
Drs. Joep Beckers is als wetenschappelijk onderzoeker verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

H.G. van de Bunt
Prof. dr. Henk van de Bunt is als hoogleraar Criminologie verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

K. van Wingerde
Dr. Karin van Wingerde is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Een luisterend oor

Het interne meldsysteem integriteit binnen de Nederlandse overheid

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2013
Trefwoorden whistleblowing research, internal reporting systems, public sector, public servants, confident counselors
Auteurs G. de Graaf en K. Lasthuizen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Whistleblowing and whistleblowers have received a lot of attention over the last decade, not just in popular discourse, also in academic research. So by now we know a lot about ‘the’ whistleblower; internal reporting procedures received less attention. That is remarkable, because from previous research we know that by far most reports of wrongdoing are (first) reported internally. Reporting in line seems the most logical step for most observations, but how well are Dutch public managers handling these reports, and what are the experiences of and with so-called confidential integrity advisors? The authors’ main research question is: How does the internal reporting system function in the public sector, and what improvements are possible? Here the authors answer these questions based on a survey conducted among Dutch civil servants, which was filled out by 7,543 respondents and on 25 in-depth interviews with confidential integrity officers.


G. de Graaf
Dr. Gjalt de Graaf is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de onderzoeksgroep Quality of Governance van de afdeling Bestuurswetenschap en Politicologie van de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (zie www.fsw.vu.nl/nl/onderzoek/onderzoeksprogrammas/bestuurskunde/quality-of-governance).

K. Lasthuizen
Dr. Karin Lasthuizen is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de onderzoeksgroep Quality of Governance van de afdeling Bestuurswetenschap en Politicologie van de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (zie www.fsw.vu.nl/nl/onderzoek/onderzoeksprogrammas/bestuurskunde/quality-of-governance).
Artikel

Uitwisseling van opsporingsinformatie

Over technische en vooral organisatorische knelpunten binnen de politie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2012
Trefwoorden police and ICT, criminal investigation, information management, police culture, police organisation
Auteurs J. Kort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Crime suspects followed by the police move well across various police regions and national borders. As a result, police forces independently collect information on the same people. It is essential that whenever possible, accurate information is shared between various police forces and e.g. investigation teams. Developments in the field of ICTs have opened many possibilities for this, long ago. However, information exchange hardly improved. In this article it is argued that apart from the quality of existing ICT-applications, there are also organisational problems creating obstacles for information sharing. The article starts with a brief history of intelligence-led policing in the Netherlands, followed by an overview of the obstacles for information sharing within the Dutch police. It concludes with similarities between police reforms based on new ICTs in the Netherlands and the USA.


J. Kort
Jelle Kort MSc is als junior onderzoeker verbonden aan het Criminologisch Instituut van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen (Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid).
Artikel

Gimme hope

De rol van hoop in het werk van groepsleiders in een justitiële jeugdinrichting

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2012
Trefwoorden juvenile detention, What Works, motivation, Pygmalion effect, practitioners
Auteurs Drs. M.J. Geenen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The relationship between group workers and their pupils in a youth prison influences treatment outcome. A positive relationship stimulates treatment motivation and readiness for change. The aim of this study was to review the role of hope in a correctional institutional setting for youth. Hope is defined as having a goal and a positive outcome expectation. Hope keeps group workers positive, motivated and inspired to overcome difficulties, and the hope of group workers stimulates pupils to openly reflect on the past, reconsider future possibilities, and become motivated to change their behaviour. There are obstacles, however, which hamper the hope of group workers and may instead trigger negative expectations, cynicism, and despair. Key elements for dealing with potential negative influences on a hopeful orientation are leadership and training. Also conscious reflection on one’s acts, thoughts and feelings can help group workers to deal with resistance reactions and aggression, and to remain hopeful.


Drs. M.J. Geenen
Drs. Marie-José Geenen is als docent en supervisor verbonden aan de Academie voor Sociale Studies en als onderzoeker aan het lectoraat Jeugd & Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool. Zij doet promotieonderzoek naar de aard van de relatie tussen groepsleiders en jongens in een justitiële jeugdinrichting.

    When it comes to cybersecurity usually little attention is payed to internal threats, i.e. from within organizations themselves which may - intentional or not - breach the confidentiality of digitally stored information. When a secret reaches the media, it often generates a lot of public attention. Not only because of the content or the curiosity-value of the secret itself, but also because of the - sometimes shockingly simple - way the secret has been leaked. This kind of security breach in particular gives rise to negative publicity, which not only impacts the organization which it concerns, but also reflects badly on other peers in the sector, especially in the case of breaches that are government-related. In this article, the author explores the issues of the leaking of secrets in ‘cyberspace’ by using several examples - such as the WikiLeaks affair - to illustrate the effects of ICT developments in the last two to three decades on vulnerabilities in information security. The article then focuses on new developments in ‘Alternative Workplace Strategies’ and the related use of new technologies in relation to the vulnerabilities in information security. Organizations can reduce the threats by facilitating their employees with smart solutions which are also results of new technologies.


J.H. Maat
Mr. Johri Maat, MSSM is senior adviseur bij het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties en gespecialiseerd in security science & management. Dit artikel is op persoonlijke titel geschreven.
Artikel

Scheiden anno 2011

Over depolarisering, mediation en overlegscheiding

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 6 2011
Auteurs B.E.S. Chin-A-Fat
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years many changes occurred in procedural divorce law and divorce practice in the Netherlands. The bottomline of these changes is that divorcing partners themselves should settle the consequences of the divorce as much as possible by mutual agreement. The author describes how in the same period divorce mediation boomed, especially after the introduction in 2009 of the so-called collaborative divorce. This type of mediation is characterised by the presence of lawyers acting for each of the two parties and the line-up of a team of experts. In general the supply of divorce guidance has diversified substantially. It is important that clients are able to choose the form of divorce guidance that suits them best. Divorce mediators should have enough experience and knowledge to handle the psychological as well as the legal aspects of a divorce. Finally the chances of a good ‘after marriage’ are enhanced by ensuring access to affordable mediation for all divorcing couples.


B.E.S. Chin-A-Fat
Mr. dr. Brigitte Chin-A-Fat is advocaat en vFAS-scheidingsmediator in haar eigen praktijk Chin-A-Fat De Voort Familierecht advocaten en mediators te Breda.

    In 2007 the option of videoconferencing for the hearing of witnesses and the questioning of accused persons in criminal proceedings was introduced in the Dutch Code of Criminal Procedure. So far videoconferencing has only scarcely been used in criminal proceedings, mostly because of a lack of technical means. This however should change rapidly, because of the installation of videoconferencing facilities in all criminal courts and prisons. It remains to be seen whether judges will be convinced that scrutinizing witnesses and accused persons through an audiovisual connection is an acceptable alternative to face-to-face proceedings. If so, the use of videoconferencing can be applied in a wide range of situations, varying from decisions on the pre-trial detention of accused persons to the hearing of witnesses in a criminal trial.


P.A.M. Verrest
Mr. dr. Pieter Verrest is werkzaam bij de sector straf- en sanctierecht van de directie Wetgeving van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie. De auteur schrijft dit artikel op persoonlijke titel.
Titel

Nederland in de internationale wapenhandel

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 04 2008
Trefwoorden Handel, Extern communautair douanevervoer, Wapen, Verkoop, Levering, Illegaal, Legaliteit, Ministerie van economische zaken, Schip, Vergunningsplicht
Auteurs Slijper, F.

Slijper, F.
Titel

Vertrouwen onder druk: Vrije juridische beroepen tussen professie en commercie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 03 2005
Trefwoorden Notaris, Gerechtsdeurwaarder, Kantoorruimte, Kwaliteit, Vrij beroep, Opdrachtgever, Risico, Marktwerking, Mededinging, Tuchtrecht
Auteurs Niemeijer, E. en Voert, M. ter

Niemeijer, E.

Voert, M. ter

    There is a growing consensus among practitioners that independent peer review is the preferred approach to furthering trust in the legal professions. The article draws on experience abroad, as reported in the professional literature, and lessons from comparable arrangements at home, in academia and the medical professions. It formulates an institutional design in which an autonomous agency, independent of the Lawyers' Association and at arms' length from the Minister of Justice, develops methodology and organizes peer reviews by fellow-practitioners. Since professionals, everywhere, like to share experience, it is argued that making site-visits, sampling case-files, and discussing a self-evaluation of the practice under review promotes open innovation and creates scope for shaping rather than controlling professional excellence. It also allows for discretion in catering to the widely diverging needs of large international law firms and small local practices that a system of command and control could not deliver.


D.J. Wolfson
Prof. dr. Dirk Wolfson is verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit en werkzaam als visitator, onder andere bij woningcorporaties.
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