Zoekresultaat: 7 artikelen

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Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen x Jaar 2016 x
Artikel

Hoe de bezwaarprocedure bij de overheid kan profiteren van inzichten uit empirisch onderzoek

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 6 2016
Trefwoorden administrative authorities, objection procedure, conflict, dispute resolution, neutrality
Auteurs Prof. mr. dr. A.T. Marseille
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, someone who disagrees with an administrative order is only allowed to seek redress with the administrative courts after he has lodged an objection with the administrative authority responsible for the order. Administrative authorities have much freedom with respect to the organization of their objection procedure. Their freedom concerns two aspects of handling objections. Firstly, they can choose between setting up an independent external advisory committee or using only their own personnel in preparing their decision. Secondly, they can choose to model their objection procedure after the procedure before the administrative courts or to opt for a more consensual, as opposed to a more conflictual, style of dispute resolution. This article focuses on the question to what extent results of recent research can help administrative authorities in making a choice between these options. While the available research does not provide specific and finite answers as to which way the procedure should be organized, it does show that it is important that the procedure is characterized by information, consultation and neutrality.


Prof. mr. dr. A.T. Marseille
Prof. mr. dr. Bert Marseille is als hoogleraar bestuurskunde verbonden aan de vakgroep Staatsrecht, Bestuursrecht en Bestuurskunde van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

Buurtsurveillance in de Haagse Schilderswijk – door de ogen van jongeren uit de buurt

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2016
Trefwoorden neighborhood watch, ethnic community, Dutch-Moroccan juveniles, deviant behavior, role of the family
Auteurs M. Boutasmit Msc en Dr. E. Snel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines how Dutch-Moroccan juveniles from the Schilderswijk in The Hague, a neighborhood known as relatively unsafe, experience neighborhood watch and how they cope with it. Does neighborhood watch make juveniles to reduce or to continue their deviant behavior? The authors found that particularly neighborhood watchers from their own ethnic community (‘residential fathers’) have a positive influence on juveniles. Juveniles tend to obey them more because they feel treated with understanding and respect. Also they feel uncomfortable when realizing that supervisors from their own community might know their parents and families and might tell them about their deviant behavior. The role of the family in reducing deviant behavior of migrant juveniles was not yet mentioned in the literature.


M. Boutasmit Msc
Mohamed Boutasmit MSc volgde het masterprogramma Grootstedelijke Vraagstukken en Beleid van de (toenmalige) Afdeling Sociologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij is nu werkzaam als adviseur bij BMC Implementatie, een bedrijf dat tijdelijke professionals voor opdrachtgevers uit de publieke sector rekruteert en beide partijen adviseert.

Dr. E. Snel
Dr. Erik Snel is universitair docent bij het Department of Public Administration & Sociology (DPAS) van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij doet vooral onderzoek naar internationale migratie.
Artikel

Aanpassing afstammings- en gezagsrecht gewenst voor ongehuwd samenwonende ouders

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden informal cohabitation, law of parentage, parental responsibilities, parental authority, child protection
Auteurs Prof. mr. W.M. Schrama
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article attention will be paid to the radical societal changes in respect of informal cohabitation. The rate of extramarital child birth has increased to over 50% of all first-born children. Family law is traditionally focused on marriage, which was for a long time the only acceptable relationship type. The question addressed in this article is whether the law of parentage and the law of parental responsibilities should be reformed in order to meet the needs of modern families.


Prof. mr. W.M. Schrama
Prof. mr. Wendy Schrama is als hoogleraar familierecht en rechtsvergelijking verbonden aan het Utrecht Centre for European Research into Family Law van het Molengraaff Instituut voor Privaatrecht van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Continuïteit en verandering in het Nederlandse gezinsleven

Gezinsvormen, arbeidsmarktparticipatie en tijdsbesteding

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden divorce, father involvement, female labor force participation, nuclear family, parent-child time
Auteurs Dr. A. Roeters en Dr. F. Bucx
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article analyses continuity and change in family life in the Netherlands over the last decades. The authors consider three characteristics of families: (1) family types, (2) maternal employment, and (3) parent-child time. Analyses are based on data from the Central Bureau of Statistics and the Dutch Time Use Study. The results indicate that there is both continuity and change. Although two married individuals giving care to their children is still the most common family type, alternative family forms have become more popular, including unmarried cohabiting parents and single-parent families. Furthermore, the division of labor is still strongly gendered: Dutch mothers’ participation on the labor market is limited and they still hold the main responsibility for children. Moreover, children are still most likely to grow up in a household with both a father and mother. There are also indicators of change. Maternal employment is much more prevalent than in the 1970s and fathers’ involvement with children increases.


Dr. A. Roeters
Dr. Anne Roeters is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau. Haar expertise ligt op het gebied van tijdsbestedingsonderzoek en de combinatie van arbeid en zorg.

Dr. F. Bucx
Dr. Freek Bucx is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau. Hij doet daar onderzoek naar jeugd en gezin.
Artikel

Data Protection by Design als argument in het FBI vs. Apple-debat

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden FBI vs. Apple, Data Protection by Design, Data Protection by Default, GDPR, privacy
Auteurs Dr. C. Cuijpers en S. van Schendel LLB
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Adhering to a strict interpretation, Data Protection by Design (DPbD) can conflict with the needs of law enforcement in their fight against terrorism and criminality. An illustration of this tension can be found in the case of FBI vs. Apple, where the FBI wants Apple to help bypass security on an iPhone in order to gain access to data. The FBI needs the help of Apple – or third parties – to get such access, for which they might need to create new legal mandates. However, private parties like Apple, may want to design their products in such a way that evading and breaking the security of the system is not possible, as consumers demand secure and privacy friendly devices. This article adds to this debate by posing DPbD as an argument in favor of private parties not to cooperate in making their products less secure and less privacy friendly. This argument is especially relevant when a similar case unfolds in the EU under the new regime of the General Data Protection Regulation in which DPbD is explicitly embedded.


Dr. C. Cuijpers
Dr. Colette Cuijpers is als Associate Professor verbonden aan het Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT).

S. van Schendel LLB
Sascha van Schendel, LLB is als student-assistent verbonden aan het Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT).
Artikel

Via een andere methodologie naar een grotere relevantie van onderzoek

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden police-related research, methodology, research design, design-based research, action research
Auteurs Dr. D.G. Andriessen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The practical relevance of police-related research is a much debated issue. In the debate there has not been much attention to the methodological design of research and the effect the design has on relevance. In this article two research designs are discussed that pay special attention to increasing the practical relevance of the research: design-based research and action research. Both designs are uncommon in Dutch police-related research. The two designs are each illustrated with an example and pros and cons are discussed. It is concluded that these designs are useful for improving the impact of police-related research, either when used separately or in combination.


Dr. D.G. Andriessen
Dr. Daan Andriessen werkt als lector Methodologie van Praktijkgericht Onderzoek bij de Hogeschool Utrecht.
Artikel

De evaluatie van digitaal beleid: een Big Data case study

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden Big Data, digital piracy, methodology, policy, evaluation
Auteurs H.B.M. Leeuw LLM
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Online search behavior, stored by search engines such as Google, is a type of Big Data that allows researchers and policymakers to screen and scan the effects of implemented (e)interventions. This contribution uses the implementation of a specific anti-piracy intervention as a case study in order to test the usability of online search behavior as an indicator of the effects of an intervention. The data demonstrates that changes in online search behavior have occurred following implementation. The main issue that emerges is the attribution of the findings presented. One way to approach this attribution issue is by performing a counterfactual. Though this alleviates the attribution issue somewhat, it does not solve it in its entirety. Overall, it is suggested that the described usage of Big Data serves as a novel tool to quickly and easily screen the potential effects following the implementation of policy before selecting more resource-consuming methods.


H.B.M. Leeuw LLM
Bastiaan Leeuw, LLM, MCrim is als PhD-onderzoeker verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Maastricht.
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