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Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen x Jaar 2011 x

    The main difference between various forms of prevention of organised crime is between primary and secondary prevention on the one hand and tertiary prevention on the other. The latter is directed at diminishing an already existing problem. This article deals with social conditions which promote the arising of organised crime and with relevant specifically vulnerable factors and sectors (primary and secondary prevention). The authors argue that in a way every society gets the organised crime it deserves. Organising and regulating society often has the side effect of creating opportunities for individuals and groups which gain profit by exploiting the illegal markets that arise as a consequence of regulations. Whether the desire for regulation or the prevention of (organised) crime should prevail is a topic for political and social debate.


A.C. Berghuis
Drs. Bert Berghuis is als raadadviseur verbonden aan de Directie Rechtshandhaving & Criminaliteitsbestrijding van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie te Den Haag.

J. de Waard
Mr. drs. Jaap de Waard is als senior beleidsmedewerker verbonden aan de Directie Rechtshandhaving & Criminaliteitsbestrijding van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie te Den Haag.
Artikel

Geen smoesjes meer

De strategie van ‘removing excuses’ toegepast op financiële facilitators

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2011
Auteurs M.R.J. Soudijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminals sometimes use so-called financial facilitators to invest their ill-gotten gains without drawing attention to themselves. These facilitators are experts at getting round anti-money laundering procedures. Because of their expertise and unique capabilities they play an important role in criminal networks. It therefore stands to reason that law enforcement focuses on them. That focus often translates in prosecution when laws are broken. However, what can we do to prevent financial experts in breaking the law? In this article the focus lies on the method of removing excuses. This technique is employed in every day crimes but has not been put to the test in the context of organized crime. Interviews with police officers show that the technique of removing excuses could work under certain conditions. However, it turns out that an important differentiation lies in the sort of activities financial facilitators undertake. Not all financial activities take place in the legal financial-economic system. Instead of distinguishing between the three classical phases of money laundering (placement, layering, integration), a two-pronged focus is proposed on those who are involved in cash based transactions and those who construct smokescreens on paper.


M.R.J. Soudijn
Dr. Melvin Soudijn is als senior wetenschappelijk onderzoeker werkzaam bij het KLPD. Hij schreef deze bijdrage op persoonlijke titel.
Artikel

Beeldinformatie in forensisch onderzoek

Nieuwe ontwikkelingen die aandacht vragen

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2011
Auteurs J. Bijhold
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    With the introduction of new technology for crime scene recording and image capture, a new field of expertise has been created that is referred to as forensic visualization. In this paper an overview is given of the possibilities and limitations of the new technology in the different stages of a full forensic investigation. Many of these techniques will have an impact on investigation procedures. Research is needed to find out what the impact will be and how we can take advantage of new technology.


J. Bijhold
Dr. Jurrien Bijhold is onderzoeker en projectleider forensische visualisatie bij het Nederlands Forensisch Instituut te Rijswijk (NFI).
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