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Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid x Jaar 2017 x
Artikel

Woonwagenbewoners in Nederland: een strijdbaar volk

Een onderzoek naar het belang van mensenrechten voor woonwagenbewoners

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Travellers/Roma/Sinti, Cultural rights and cultural identity, Legal consciousness, Ewick & Silbey, Empirical research
Auteurs Claire Loven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Legal institutions as well as European and international organisations have criticised Dutch policy regarding travellers (including Roma and Sinti living in a caravan). Main point of this criticism is that the Dutch government should do more to protect and facilitate the travellers culture.
    In academic literature, the policy has also been criticised from a human rights perspective. In most of these official and academic publications the perspective of travellers was missing. This gave reason for a qualitative research in the form of ten interviews with travellers in the Netherlands. Questions as what does it mean to be a traveller, how should your culture be protected and what do you do to protect your culture (using the law for instance) were, among others, part of these interviews.
    This article not only discusses the results of the interviews, but places them also against the theoretical background of legal consciousness, in particular the research of Ewick and Silbey (1998) in which three categories of attitudes towards the law and legal institutions were distinguished.
    At forehand it was expected that, as being a minority group, travellers would fall in the category ‘against the law’. Yet the findings of this research suggest that travellers, at least the respondents, fall in the category ‘with the law’. They use the law to reach a better position, i.e. to protect their cultural identity.


Claire Loven
Claire Loven is masterstudent Staats- en Bestuursrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en ten tijde van het onderzoek bachelorstudent Rechtsgeleerdheid aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Hoger beroep in het bestuursrecht: massaal gebruik, ontevreden gebruikers

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Satisfaction, Appeals procedure, Administrative law
Auteurs Professor Bert Marseille, Dr. Barbara Brink en Mr. dr. Martje Boekema
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In administrative law, a substantial number of citizens who are dissatisfied with government decisions go on to appeal their decision at a higher court. This article discusses how satisfied those appellants are about the procedure and the result.
    The data presented demonstrate a substantial difference in appreciation of the procedure between winners and losers. In addition, many appellants experience a very low degree of distributive justice. In part, people show a fundamental distrust in the administration of justice, but for a greater part, people argue that the higher court judge has not assessed their case in an expert or fair way.
    The most intriguing outcomes of the analysis concern the large majority, including both winners and losers, that claim that the verdict did not end the conflict with the counterparty. Additionally, almost everyone argues that they would file an appeal again, if presented with that possibility. The experienced dissatisfaction, skepticism and frustration regarding the procedure seem to have little or no influence on the willingness to return to the administrative higher court in the future.


Professor Bert Marseille
Bert Marseille is hoogleraar bestuurskunde, in het bijzonder de empirische bestudering van het bestuursrecht, bij de vakgroep Staatsrecht, Bestuursrecht en Bestuurskunde van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Dr. Barbara Brink
Barbara Brink is docent bij de vakgroep Staatsrecht, Bestuursrecht en Bestuurskunde van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en coördineert de master Juridische bestuurskunde.

Mr. dr. Martje Boekema
Martje Boekema is universitair docent Staats- en Bestuursrecht bij de Universiteit Utrecht. Haar onderzoek richt zich op de (bestuurs)rechtspraak en geschilbeslechting.
Artikel

Voorbij procedurele rechtvaardigheid

De betrekkelijkheid van de beleving van respondenten

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Procedural Justice, Administrative law, Access to Justice, Outcomes of legal proceedings
Auteurs Dr. Nienke Doornbos
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    To overcome problems of juridification and formalization of administrative law, successful initiatives have been undertaken by professionals in the public administration and judiciary to improve administrative procedures. These initiatives have been inspired by theories of (perceived) procedural justice, as developed by Tyler and Lind (1988). Although the author acknowledges the importance of procedural justice, she argues that the strong focus on procedural aspects, based on subjective opinions of claimants, may unintentionally lead to a situation in which other important issues may be easily overlooked, such as the question why citizens would refrain from starting a lawsuit or the question what explains the low success rates of citizens in administrative law.


Dr. Nienke Doornbos
Nienke Doornbos is universitair docent bij de Afdeling Algemene rechtsleer van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

De civiele rechter als problem solver

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden legal profession, conflict resolution, procedural justice
Auteurs Dr. Wibo van Rossum en Prof. Rick Verschoof
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    We investigate a recent development in the practice of the civil courts: judges increasingly devote attention to the underlying conflict of parties instead of only to their legal dispute. In administrative law, this development has already been codified and termed ‘de Nieuwe zaaksbehandeling’, but not so in other areas of law.
    Lawyers know that social conflicts are transformed into legally viable disputes so that the court can decide on them. For a long time, the most important task for lawyers was to resolve those legal disputes. Nowadays, that does not seem to be enough: judges should become problem solvers. Civil judges seem to blend in with these new requirements, but the question is whether the new approach really works. Based on our empirical material of 100 observed cases in civil law, we answer the following questions. 1. What do judges actually do in civil cases when they address underlying conflicts and try to steer parties toward a settlement? 2. What effects do these interventions of judges have on the outcome of cases? 3. How are these interventions perceived by the parties in terms of procedural justice?


Dr. Wibo van Rossum
Wibo van Rossum is Universitair Hoofddocent aan het departement Sociology, Theory & Methodology van de Erasmus School of Law te Rotterdam.

Prof. Rick Verschoof
Rick Verschoof is senior-rechter bij de Rechtbank Midden-Nederland en bijzonder hoogleraar rechtspraak aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Naar een regierecht voor de burger in het sociale domein?

Het recht op een familiegroepsplan als legal transplant

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Family group conference, Legal transplant, Care professionals, Family life, Big Society
Auteurs Dr. Annie de Roo en Dr. Rob Jagtenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The concept of family group conferences (FGCs) originated in New Zealand in 1989 as a tool and statutory right for extended family networks to arrange for the welfare and safety of a child that is neglected or abused by his/her own parents. Through successful FGCs, state intervention can be avoided while the resourcefulness of the larger community is mobilized. The concept has proliferated to many countries and therefore lends itself for analysis as a ‘legal transplant’. This contribution investigates the FGC as a transplant, focussing on how the concept has been adapted and incorporated in the legal systems of England and the Netherlands. In these two countries the ‘Big Society’ and austerity measures in the social domain are high on the policy agenda. How are such policy priorities blended – if at all – with the emancipatory ideal of granting family networks autonomy next to, or even over, publicly funded professionals? It appears that the FGC concept has been compromised in both England and the Netherlands, but in different ways.


Dr. Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is associate professor aan de Erasmus Law School te Rotterdam.

Dr. Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is senior fellow aan de Erasmus Law School te Rotterdam.
Diversen

Redeloze voorzorg

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2017
Auteurs Dr. Jaap Hanekamp en Prof. em. mr. dr. drs. Lukas Bergkamp
Auteursinformatie

Dr. Jaap Hanekamp
Jaap Hanekamp is zowel gepromoveerd in de chemie en geneeskunde (1992) als in de theologie en filosofie (2015). Hij is Universitair Hoofddocent University College Roosevelt, Middelburg en adjunct-professor, University of Massachusetts, Environmental Health Sciences, Amherst, MA, USA.

Prof. em. mr. dr. drs. Lukas Bergkamp
Prof. em. mr. dr. drs. Lucas Bergkamp, arts en jurist, is partner bij Hunton & Williams, Brussel. Hij was hoogleraar international milieuaansprakelijkheidsrecht aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Dr. Ronald Janse
Universitair hoofddocent encyclopedie van het recht, Universiteit van Amsterdam. Werkt aan een monografie over de evolutie ‎van de bevoegdheid van de EU om de rechtsstaat in lidstaten te beschermen.
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