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Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid x Jaar 2017 x
Discussie

Empirisch-juridisch onderzoek

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2017
Auteurs Dr. LL.M. Daniel Blocq en Prof. dr. mr. Maartje van der Woude
Auteursinformatie

Dr. LL.M. Daniel Blocq
Dr. Daniel Blocq LL.M. is Universitair Docent Rechtssociologie, en promoveerde aan de University of Wisconsin-Madison. Hij is verbonden aan het Van Vollenhoven Instituut voor Recht, Bestuur & Samenleving van de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. mr. Maartje van der Woude
Prof. dr. mr. Maartje van der Woude is Hoogleraar Rechtssociologie. Zij heeft zowel gedurende als na haar promotieonderzoek opleiding genoten bij het Center for the Study of Law & Society van UC Berkeley. Zij is verbonden aan het Van Vollenhoven Instituut voor Recht, Bestuur & Samenleving van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Woonwagenbewoners in Nederland: een strijdbaar volk

Een onderzoek naar het belang van mensenrechten voor woonwagenbewoners

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Travellers/Roma/Sinti, Cultural rights and cultural identity, Legal consciousness, Ewick & Silbey, Empirical research
Auteurs Claire Loven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Legal institutions as well as European and international organisations have criticised Dutch policy regarding travellers (including Roma and Sinti living in a caravan). Main point of this criticism is that the Dutch government should do more to protect and facilitate the travellers culture.
    In academic literature, the policy has also been criticised from a human rights perspective. In most of these official and academic publications the perspective of travellers was missing. This gave reason for a qualitative research in the form of ten interviews with travellers in the Netherlands. Questions as what does it mean to be a traveller, how should your culture be protected and what do you do to protect your culture (using the law for instance) were, among others, part of these interviews.
    This article not only discusses the results of the interviews, but places them also against the theoretical background of legal consciousness, in particular the research of Ewick and Silbey (1998) in which three categories of attitudes towards the law and legal institutions were distinguished.
    At forehand it was expected that, as being a minority group, travellers would fall in the category ‘against the law’. Yet the findings of this research suggest that travellers, at least the respondents, fall in the category ‘with the law’. They use the law to reach a better position, i.e. to protect their cultural identity.


Claire Loven
Claire Loven is masterstudent Staats- en Bestuursrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en ten tijde van het onderzoek bachelorstudent Rechtsgeleerdheid aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Naar een regierecht voor de burger in het sociale domein?

Het recht op een familiegroepsplan als legal transplant

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Family group conference, Legal transplant, Care professionals, Family life, Big Society
Auteurs Dr. Annie de Roo en Dr. Rob Jagtenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The concept of family group conferences (FGCs) originated in New Zealand in 1989 as a tool and statutory right for extended family networks to arrange for the welfare and safety of a child that is neglected or abused by his/her own parents. Through successful FGCs, state intervention can be avoided while the resourcefulness of the larger community is mobilized. The concept has proliferated to many countries and therefore lends itself for analysis as a ‘legal transplant’. This contribution investigates the FGC as a transplant, focussing on how the concept has been adapted and incorporated in the legal systems of England and the Netherlands. In these two countries the ‘Big Society’ and austerity measures in the social domain are high on the policy agenda. How are such policy priorities blended – if at all – with the emancipatory ideal of granting family networks autonomy next to, or even over, publicly funded professionals? It appears that the FGC concept has been compromised in both England and the Netherlands, but in different ways.


Dr. Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is associate professor aan de Erasmus Law School te Rotterdam.

Dr. Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is senior fellow aan de Erasmus Law School te Rotterdam.

Dr. Marc Simon Thomas
Marc Simon Thomas is Assistant Professor of Sociology of Law and connected to the Montaigne Centre for Judicial Administration and Conflict Resolution at the Utrecht University. He is trained in legal anthropology and has worked on legal pluralism and dispute settlement in Latin America. His present empirical socio-legal research focuses on ADR in the Netherlands.
Praktijk

De ‘governmentality’ van een lokaal prostitutieveld?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden Prostitution, Policy, Morality, Governing, Empirical research
Auteurs Eelco van Wijk Msc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Many scholars interpreted the lifting of the ban on brothels in 2000 (often called the legalization of prostitution) in The Netherlands, as a sign that selling sex was no longer deemed morally objectionable. Governing prostitution thus became primarily a technical matter of government. A task that, for a large part, was delegated to municipalities. However, nearly two decades later, the debate surrounding prostitution (policy) is still characterized by its moral tone of voice, and we lack insight into the strategies and techniques deployed by local governments. This raises two important questions. First, what actually happens in legalized local prostitution markets? Extant research, focusses too much on (changes in) national policy, and too little on what key actors (such as municipalities) are actually doing in local prostitution markets. Second, what is the role of moral aspects? When local actors are studied, insufficient attention is paid to the influence of moral issues. My PhD research addresses these two questions, by looking at the relationship between moral beliefs surrounding prostitution and the way in which local governments attempt to stabilize or change the modus operandi of a local prostitution market. It develops a theoretical framework combining field theory and Foucauldian governmentality concepts, and tries to shed light on the broader theme of the relation between morality and governing in late modern times.


Eelco van Wijk Msc
Eelco van Wijk is onderzoeker en docent aan de afdeling bestuurswetenschap en politicologie van de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Waarom schakelen burgers (geen) rechtshulp in?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden Legal advice / assistance, Acces to justice, Income level, Judicial autonomy, Cost-benefit analysis
Auteurs Dr. Marijke ter Voert en Dr. Carolien Klein Haarhuis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article serves to gain insight in the use and non-use of various types of legal advice, particularly in relation to income levels and legal costs. Based on (logistic regression) analyses involving survey data on 1,928 Dutch citizens who experienced a non-trivial problem in the period May 2009 to May 2014, main findings are as follows: (1) 37% of citizens facing a (potential) legal problem contacted various types of legal advisers once or repeatedly. (2) In the explanation of use/non-use of advocates, problem characteristics turned out to matter significantly, in contrast with the level of household income. Entitlements to subsidized legal aid (lower income groups) as well as legal expenses insurance have made income a factor of less importance. (3) Looking at the degree in which citizens reported (high) costs being a reason for not using legal advice, again no significant differences were found between income groups. Especially advocates were deemed too expensive, regardless of household income; a reason for non-use in half of the cases in which advocates had been considered.


Dr. Marijke ter Voert
Marijke ter Voert is werkzaam als (senior-)onderzoeker bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC), ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie. Zij is betrokken geweest bij inmiddels drie edities van het Geschilbeslechtingsdelta-onderzoek naar (potentieel) juridische problemen van burgers en de wegen die zij bewandelen om die op te lossen.

Dr. Carolien Klein Haarhuis
Carolien Klein Haarhuis is werkzaam als (senior-)onderzoeker bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC), ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie. Zij is betrokken geweest bij inmiddels drie edities van het Geschilbeslechtingsdelta-onderzoek naar (potentieel) juridische problemen van burgers en de wegen die zij bewandelen om die op te lossen.
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