Zoekresultaat: 9 artikelen

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Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid x Jaar 2019 x
Discussie

Changing narrative of Dutch urban development regulation in the era of entrepreneurial governance

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Entrepreneurial Governance, Urban Governance Networks, Planning Law, Omgevingswet
Auteurs Prof. dr. Tuna Tasan-Kok
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Tuna Tasan-Kok
Tuna Tasan-Kok is Professor of Urban Governance and Planning at the University of Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Advocaten in Europa: vertegenwoordiging op het hoogste niveau?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Representation, Lawyers, European Court of Justice, Preliminary References, Relational Expertise
Auteurs Jos Hoevenaars PhD
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Research on the significance of representation indicates that lawyers contribute to positive outcomes of legal procedures not only by their substantive expertise but also by the relational expertise they bring. The latter involves understanding how to navigate the relationships involved in getting work done. In this paper these insights are used to investigate the highly specific and atypical practise of the preliminary reference procedure in the European legal system in order to reveal how lawyers deal with such an unexpected change of (legal) context. The empirical data, collected through semi-structured interviews with twenty-eight lawyers with past experience with the procedure, reveals the significant ways in which lawyers’ positive contribution to such cases is undermined by their lack of both substantive and relational expertise in pleading a case before the European Court of Justice. The fact that such cases do not necessarily fall into the hands of the professionals best equipped to plead such disputes before the Court, and the inability of the less well-off parties in particular to hire further expertise, points in the direction of a disadvantaged position for this group of litigants in having their interest represented effectively at the European level.


Jos Hoevenaars PhD
Jos Hoevenaars is postdoc onderzoeker aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Mr. Lisa Ansems
Lisa Ansems is als promovenda verbonden aan het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtsstaat en Rechtspleging van de Universiteit Utrecht, waar zij onderzoek doet naar ervaren procedurele rechtvaardigheid onder verdachten in strafzaken.
Werk in uitvoering

The alternative war on drugs: drug evictions and the (re)regulation of cannabis

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Drug eviction, Drug policy, Culture of Control, Empirical legal research
Auteurs L. Michelle Bruijn LLM Ph.D.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    As a reaction to the perceived enforcement deficit of criminal law in the field of drug control, several countries implemented alternative regulatory strategies. One such strategy is the reregulating drugs, especially cannabis. Another strategy is the use of civil or administrative law to address drug-related crime. Especially the use of eviction to combat drug activities has become increasingly popular.
    My PhD research focuses on these two developments within the field of drug control. More specifically, on the underlying rationales for the policies on recreational cannabis, the possibilities that international law provide to regulate recreational cannabis, the legal protection against drug-related evictions, and the explanation for the use of eviction to fight drug-related activities.


L. Michelle Bruijn LLM Ph.D.
Michelle Bruijn is promovendus en docent aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Dr. Rob Schwitters
Rob Schwitters is universitair Hoofddocent Rechtssociologie aan de UvA.
Werk in uitvoering

Law in action in strafzaken

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden perceived procedural justice, fair process effect, perceived everyday discrimination, criminal defendants, empirical-legal research
Auteurs mr. Lisa Ansems
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This PhD project uses a mixed method design to study perceived procedural justice among defendants in Dutch single-judge criminal cases. To find out whether defendants are concerned with perceived procedural justice and to get a better grasp on the concept, the first empirical project reviewed here is an interview study among defendants conducted in 2017. In this study, defendants were interviewed after their court hearings about perceived procedural justice during their court hearings. The second empirical project, which started in January 2019, zooms in on experiences of defendants with a non-western migration background. Using a questionnaire, I examine whether and how perceived everyday discrimination affects defendants’ perceptions of and reactions to procedural justice during their court hearings. I am currently designing a third empirical study, which entails a scenario experiment among people with a non-western migration background. I plan to manipulate the level of perceived procedural justice during a hypothetical court hearing to examine its influence on, for instance, people’s trust in judges, and again assess whether people’s reactions to perceived procedural justice differ depending on their levels of perceived everyday discrimination. At the end of my dissertation, I plan to connect the empirical findings to the legal domain by assessing possible normative implications.


mr. Lisa Ansems
Lisa Ansems is als promovenda verbonden aan het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtsstaat en Rechtspleging van de Universiteit Utrecht. Voorafgaand aan haar promotietraject studeerde zij rechten (bachelor en Legal Research Master, beide in Utrecht).
Artikel

De beslispraktijk van het Schadefonds Geweldsmisdrijven: een kwalitatieve studie naar de beoordeling van verzoeken tot tegemoetkoming

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden slachtoffers, geweldscriminaliteit, schade, tegemoetkoming, beslispraktijk
Auteurs Mara Huibers MSc., Prof. dr. mr. Maarten Kunst en Dr. mr. Sigrid van Wingerden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Victims who suffer severe damages due to the act of a violent crime can request state compensation from the Dutch Violent Offences Compensation Fund (VOCF). VOCF workers who decide on these requests use their discretionary powers to translate the VOCF’s rules and policy into concrete actions. This study investigated (1) to what extent these VOCF workers match Lipsky’s definition of street-level bureaucrats and (2) what routines and heuristics they use to deal with time and information constraints. On the basis of document analysis and interviews, we found that the decision makers of the VOCF can to a certain extent be seen as street-level bureaucrats. To make decisions timely, some of them use routines such as the ‘downstream orientation’. This means that they award requests for compensation if they think that the applicant would be able to successfully contest a rejecting decision. To deal with a lack of information, they sometimes include a review clause in the text of a rejection decision. The use of heuristics was not found among the lawyers who decide in first instance, but in case of appeal hearings heuristics such as the affect and representativeness heuristic seem to play a role in the decision-making process. Future research should investigate whether these routines and heuristics lead to disparities in outcomes.


Mara Huibers MSc.
Mara Huibers is docent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. mr. Maarten Kunst
Maarten Kunst is hoogleraar criminologie aan Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. mr. Sigrid van Wingerden
Sigrid van Wingerden is universitair hoofddocent criminologie aan Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Access_open Detentie van asielzoekers: een kwestie van gevoel?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden street-level bureaucrats, aliens detention, asylum seekers, emotions, intuition
Auteurs Mr. drs. Wouter van der Spek en Dr. Anita Böcker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper analyses how street-level bureaucrats in the Netherlands decide on detaining asylum seekers. The paper is based on interviews with officers of the national police and the military police who take these decisions as part of their job. The relevant Dutch and European legal rules are not clear and unambiguous and the officers are given wide margins of discretion in making these decisions. Many interviewees said that they ultimately rely on their ‘feelings’. The paper therefore pays special attention to whether and how gut feelings and emotions of the officers influence their decision-making. In addition, the paper examines whether and how the increased use of ICTs and the Europeanisation of migration and asylum law have reduced the officers’ discretion and autonomy.


Mr. drs. Wouter van der Spek
Wouter van der Spek is junior docent bestuursrecht en promovendus aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

Dr. Anita Böcker
Anita Böcker is universitair hoofddocent rechtssociologie aan de Radboud Universiteit.
Artikel

Vertrouwen in het notariële tuchtrecht

Ervaren procedurele rechtvaardigheid onder het notariaat

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Notarieel tuchtrecht, Procedurele rechtvaardigheid, Vertrouwen, Tuchtrecht, Notarieel recht
Auteurs Dr. Kees van den Bos, Mr. Dr. Jan Biemans en Mr. Dr. Eddy Bauw
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This quantitative empirical research project describes how notaries evaluate disciplinary jurisdiction. Findings show that perceived procedural justice matters for notaries’ trust in the disciplinary jurisdiction of their cases. For example, those respondents who had been involved in a disciplinary case themselves, rated the disciplinary judge with a 5.3 on a 10-point scale when procedural justice was perceived by them to be relatively low. In contrast, when respondents who had been involved in a disciplinary case perceived procedural justice to be relatively high they rated the disciplinary judge with 7.6 on the same 10-point scale. This suggests that perceived procedural justice matters among an interesting type of professionals (notaries) who are involved in an interesting procedure in their profession (a disciplinary evaluation of their professional handling) in which important decisions are made. The current paper can contribute to the development of a barometer of notary disciplinary law.


Dr. Kees van den Bos
Kees van den Bos is hoogleraar Sociale Psychologie en hoogleraar Empirische Rechtswetenschap aan de Universiteit Utrecht en verbonden aan het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtsstaat en Rechtspleging van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Mr. Dr. Jan Biemans
Jan Biemans is kernhoogleraar Burgerlijk recht, i.h.b. Goederenrecht en Notarieel recht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en verbonden aan het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtsstaat en Rechtspleging van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Mr. Dr. Eddy Bauw
Eddy Bauw is hoogleraar Privaatrecht, i.h.b. Aansprakelijkheidsrecht en Rechtspleging aan de Universiteit Utrecht en verbonden aan het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtsstaat en Rechtspleging van de Universiteit Utrecht.
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