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Artikel

Access_open Burgerparticipatie onder de Omgevingswet: niet omdat het moet, maar omdat het kan?!

De juridische waarborging van burgerparticipatie in de Omgevingswet

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Burgerparticipatie, Omgevingswet, Rechtsbescherming, Inspraak, maatschappelijk draagvlak, Kerninstrumenten, snellere en betere aanpak
Auteurs Mr. dr. Marlon Boeve en Mr. dr. Frank Groothuijse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Public participation is an important issue in the forthcoming Dutch Environment and Planning Act (2021). The importance of participation is emphasized in numerous places in the parliamentary documents to the Act. This contribution discusses how the new Act gives legal substance to the objectives that the government is pursuing regarding participation and whether the involvement of citizens is indeed better imbedded by this act. It addresses the important subject of the ‘right moment of participation’ in the fragmented Dutch policy and decision system. Consecutively it deals with the question of potential legal consequences for non-compliance by administrative bodies to the legal participation obligations when drawing up plans and decisions. Can a citizen enforce (substantive) participation in the administrative court after the Environmental and Planning Act comes into force? The possibilities are limited. Findings show that the new Environment and Planning Act does not address the essential problems that arise with participation. The successful creation of local support, better quality and faster decision-making through participation all depend on how the (local) government shapes participation. From a legal perspective, the Environment and Planning Act makes little contribution to this. In the view of the authors this is not surprising, because the role of legislation in safeguarding substantive participation should not be overestimated.


Mr. dr. Marlon Boeve
Marlon Boeve is universitair docent omgevingsrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en verbonden aan het Utrecht Centre for Water, Oceans and Sustainability Law.

Mr. dr. Frank Groothuijse
Frank Groothuijse is universitair hoofddocent omgevingsrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en verbonden aan het Utrecht Centre for Water, Oceans and Sustainability Law.
Artikel

Gebruiksruimte in de Omgevingswet

Relatief onbekend concept essentieel in vinden van balans tussen beschermen en benutten?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Omgevingswet, Gebruiksruimte, Milieugebruiksruimte, Beleidsintegratie, Stelselherziening
Auteurs Daan Hollemans MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The development of the Environment and Planning Act (Omgevingswet) in the Netherlands is an example of an ongoing reform of environmental and planning law that started with big ambitions. This article uses the case of environmental space (gebruiksruimte) to illustrate that it is hard to achieve those ambitions. A bill of the Environment and Planning Act contained regulations to assign environmental space to actors and/or locations. The regulations lacked in subsequent versions of the Environment and Planning Act, especially in the act itself. Despite the fact that on policy level the concept of environmental space can still be used, the lack of a legally binding mechanism for assigning environmental space makes it unlikely that the concept will be used. This hampers realising the ambition to create coherent policies that integrate environmental and spatial planning. It also puts achieving the goal of the law at risk.


Daan Hollemans MSc
Daan Hollemans is promovendus bij de vakgroep Management, Science and Technology van de Open Universiteit en adviseur bij Antea Group.
Artikel

De Omgevingswet: wetgeving als symbool of communicatieve wetgeving?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Symboolwerking van wetgeving, Omgevingswet, Crisis- en herstelwet, Communicatieve wetgeving, Wetgevingsevaluatie
Auteurs Dr. Friso Johannes Jansen MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Crisis and Recovery Act and the Environmental Planning Act are analysed in this article as a form of communicative legislation. This approach to socio-legal analysis draws attention to the need to understand the symbolic effects of legislation as independent drivers of compliance. The modest legal effects of the Crisis and Recovery Act are contrasted with the more sizeable symbolic effects of this legalisation. In addition, the ex-ante evaluation of the Environmental Planning Act shows that the proposed legal changes can only provide a small impetus to the desired culture change, nonetheless there is potential for areas of this law to have symbolic effects as well. These could potentially contribute independently to its success.


Dr. Friso Johannes Jansen MSc
Friso J. Jansen is Senior Lecturer in Law at Birmingham City University.
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