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Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid x Jaar 2013 x
Artikel

Derkje Hazewinkel-Suringa: moed en middenweg

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden First female Dutch law professor, anti-fascism, Dutch criminal law
Auteurs Leny de Groot-van Leeuwen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Derkje Hazewinkel-Suringa entered law studies only after marriage and fulfilling about fifteen years of motherhood duty. Once at the university however, she rapidly became a student-researcher, delivered a PhD dissertation on ownership transfer and was appointed as the first female law professor in 1932, at the age of 42. Her professorship was in a remarkably different field, namely criminal law. Twenty years later she published the Introduction to the Study of Criminal Law, which would become the basis for criminal law teaching in the Netherlands for decades. A major reason behind this success was that the book, emphasizing active study of the law rather than passive reproduction, coincided with the general sprit of the post war era. Besides her scholarly work in which balance and synthesis were the major features, Hazewinkel-Suringa was a very outspoken actor in matters political. In 1936, when virtually the whole country was trying to accommodate the rise of fascism in the mighty neighbouring country, she became member of an anti-fascism committee. In 1938 she wrote a plea to the minister of Justice to allow entry of German-Jewish children into the country. During the German occupation (1940-1945) she proposed to close the university because of the dismissal of Jewish professors. She continued her protests against the social mainstream after the war, e.g. writing against the reintroduction of the death penalty (primarily focused on collaborators with the German regime). Hazewinkel-Suringa’s acts of individual courage could not make a difference in the overall political atmosphere of these times.


Leny de Groot-van Leeuwen
Leny de Groot-van Leeuwen is hoogleraar Rechtspleging en voorzitter van het gelijknamige onderzoeksprogramma van het onderzoekscentrum Staat en Recht van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Zij publiceerde in boeken en tijdschriften over de juridische beroepen en de legitimiteit van rechtspraak.
Praktijk

The provision of legal aid in asylum procedures

A comparative case study in the Netherlands, the UK and France

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden legal aid, asylum procedure, lawyer conduct
Auteurs Tamara Butter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Several reports covering the provision of legal aid in asylum procedures in a selection of European countries expressed concerns on the effectiveness of the legal aid provided to asylum seekers. Among others, the cuts in legal aid funding and the speed of the asylum process were put forward as issues affecting the provision of adequate and effective legal aid. Lawyers providing legal aid in asylum procedure have to cope with the day-to-day realities arising from the national asylum procedure and legal aid system in which they operate. The aim of my research project is to explore and understand the impact of the institutional context, i.e. the functioning of the asylum procedure and the legal aid system on lawyers’ conduct. To this end I will conduct a comparative case study in three EU Member States which have arranged for the provision of legal aid in different ways, i.e. Netherlands, the United Kingdom1xHere it must be noted that the UK comprises of four constituent countries with different regimes. This research will be confined to the England region of the UK. and France.

Noten

  • 1 Here it must be noted that the UK comprises of four constituent countries with different regimes. This research will be confined to the England region of the UK.


Tamara Butter
Tamara Butter is PhD candidate at the Centre for Migration Law/Institute for Sociology of Law, Radboud University.
Artikel

De Pardonregeling: risico’s van regularisatieprogramma’s en de in Nederland gehanteerde oplossingen

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden asylum, regularisation programme, residence permit, return migration
Auteurs Monika Smit, Moira Galloway en Vina Wijkhuijs
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The 2007 Dutch Pardon Regulation, a regularisation programme to settle the legacy of the old immigration law, was meant to deal with backlogs in the settling of asylum procedures. According to the literature there are several risks attached to such regularisation programmes. The parties involved in the implementation of the Dutch Pardon Regulation managed to evade most of these risks, partly because of their great efforts and close cooperation. The results of the Regulation were according to plan with respect to the number of asylum seekers who received a permit in the context of the regulation and their housing. In two respects the Regulation did not have the desired result: temporary shelter in municipalities decreased but was not ended, and it proved difficult to carry through the return of people who were ineligible for the regularisation programme.


Monika Smit
Monika Smit is hoofd van de onderzoeksafdeling Rechtsbestel, Wetgeving en Internationale en vreemdelingenaangelegenheden (RWI) van het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC) van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie.

Moira Galloway
Moira Galloway is freelance onderzoeker, zij is werkzaam geweest bij het WODC.

Vina Wijkhuijs
Vina Wijkhuijs is momenteel als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het lectoraat Crisisbeheersing van het Instituut Fysieke Veiligheid/Politieacademie. Zij is eveneens werkzaam geweest bij het WODC.
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