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Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid x Jaar 2019 x
Artikel

Participatie in circulaire gebiedsontwikkeling

Over het creëren van alternatieve ruimtes door professionele stadmakers

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Circular City, Sustainable Development, City Makers, Co-creation, The Netherlands
Auteurs Linda van de Kamp PhD, Michaela Hordijk PhD, John Grin PhD e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    We analyze two citizen collectives of ‘professional city makers’ who have shaped participation in circular area development in anticipation of the Dutch Environment and Planning Act. The activities of professional city-makers form an interesting new phenomenon that requires attention as well as the implications: it is precisely through the professionalism of the city-makers’ efforts that there is a regular tension in the participation process between their role as citizen and professional in their contact with the government. We therefore discuss how the participation of professional city-makers in area development exposes different paradoxes that must be taken into account in the further implementation of the Environment and Planning Act. In short, we argue that participation in the Act is presented in a traditional way and does not fit the new role of citizens in area development in the 21st century.


Linda van de Kamp PhD
Linda van de Kamp is cultureel antropoloog en universitair docent aan de afdeling Sociologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Michaela Hordijk PhD
Michaela Hordijk is Universitair Hoofddocent aan de afdeling Sociale Geografie, Planologie en Internationale Ontwikkelingsstudies van de Universiteit van Amsterdam en verbonden aan het Kennisactieprogramma Water.

John Grin PhD
John Grin is Hoogleraar beleidswetenschap en systeeminnovaties aan de afdeling Politicologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

(dr.ig.) Gert-Joost Peek PhD
Gert-Joost Peek is lector Gebiedsontwikkeling en Transitiemanagement aan de Hogeschool Rotterdam. Daarnaast is hij eigenaar van SPOTON Consulting en is hij als fellow Ruimtelijke procesorganisatie verbonden aan de Amsterdam School of Real Estate (ASRE). Hij is bestuurslid van I’M BINCK.

Frank Alsema MA
Frank Alsema is kwartiermaker Stadslab Buiksloterham, regisseur, producer en entrepeneur.

Saskia Müller MA
Saskia Müller is ondernemer en kwartiermaker Stadslab Buiksloterham.
Artikel

Access_open Burgerparticipatie onder de Omgevingswet: niet omdat het moet, maar omdat het kan?!

De juridische waarborging van burgerparticipatie in de Omgevingswet

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Burgerparticipatie, Omgevingswet, Rechtsbescherming, Inspraak, maatschappelijk draagvlak, Kerninstrumenten, snellere en betere aanpak
Auteurs Mr. dr. Marlon Boeve en Mr. dr. Frank Groothuijse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Public participation is an important issue in the forthcoming Dutch Environment and Planning Act (2021). The importance of participation is emphasized in numerous places in the parliamentary documents to the Act. This contribution discusses how the new Act gives legal substance to the objectives that the government is pursuing regarding participation and whether the involvement of citizens is indeed better imbedded by this act. It addresses the important subject of the ‘right moment of participation’ in the fragmented Dutch policy and decision system. Consecutively it deals with the question of potential legal consequences for non-compliance by administrative bodies to the legal participation obligations when drawing up plans and decisions. Can a citizen enforce (substantive) participation in the administrative court after the Environmental and Planning Act comes into force? The possibilities are limited. Findings show that the new Environment and Planning Act does not address the essential problems that arise with participation. The successful creation of local support, better quality and faster decision-making through participation all depend on how the (local) government shapes participation. From a legal perspective, the Environment and Planning Act makes little contribution to this. In the view of the authors this is not surprising, because the role of legislation in safeguarding substantive participation should not be overestimated.


Mr. dr. Marlon Boeve
Marlon Boeve is universitair docent omgevingsrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en verbonden aan het Utrecht Centre for Water, Oceans and Sustainability Law.

Mr. dr. Frank Groothuijse
Frank Groothuijse is universitair hoofddocent omgevingsrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en verbonden aan het Utrecht Centre for Water, Oceans and Sustainability Law.
Discussie

De thorbeckiaanse omwenteling in de Omgevingswet

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Omgevingswet, Thorbecke, Subsidiariteitsbeginsel, Lokale democratie, Maatwerk
Auteurs Prof. mr. Geerten Boogaard
Auteursinformatie

Prof. mr. Geerten Boogaard
Geerten Boogaard is hoogleraar Decentrale Overheden (Thorbecke-leerstoel) aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Inleiding

De Omgevingswet: nieuw ruimtelijk recht(?)

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Environment and Planning Act, Administrative Law reform, Spatial Planning, Prefigurative Law, Outsourced Law
Auteurs Dr. mr. Tobias Arnoldussen en dr. mr. Danielle Chevalier
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Environment and Planning Act (EPA), which will enter into force in 2021, has been called the most influential legislative reform in the Netherlands since World War II. This article forms the introduction to a special issue devoted to the EPA, in which scholars from various disciplines reflect on the societal and legal ramifications of this new act. The authors introduce the different articles but also offer their perspective on the emergence of this new field of research. Socio-legal research into such a vast new regulatory field benefits from the application of multiple perspectives and different research methods. Conspicuously, the authors of the various articles differ on how to assess the new regulation of Dutch spatial planning. Some are pessimistic, others strike a more optimistic note. In this introduction two more perspectives on the law are offered. The perspective of prefigurative law (Davina Cooper) embodies the more optimistic view, whilst the perspective of outsourced law (Pauline Westerman) sides with the pessimists.


Dr. mr. Tobias Arnoldussen
Tobias Arnoldussen is universitair docent Rechtstheorie aan de Universiteit van Tilburg en verbonden aan het department ‘public law and governance’.

dr. mr. Danielle Chevalier
Danielle Chevalier is universitair docent Recht en Samenleving aan de Universiteit Leiden en verbonden aan het Van Vollenhoven Instituut voor Recht, Bestuur en Samenleving.
Discussie

Changing narrative of Dutch urban development regulation in the era of entrepreneurial governance

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Entrepreneurial Governance, Urban Governance Networks, Planning Law, Omgevingswet
Auteurs Prof. dr. Tuna Tasan-Kok
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Tuna Tasan-Kok
Tuna Tasan-Kok is Professor of Urban Governance and Planning at the University of Amsterdam.
Discussie

Aanvullingswet grondeigendom: continuïteit ondanks de filosofie van de Omgevingswet

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Planning, Netherlands, Land Ownership, Planning Law, Takings
Auteurs Prof. dr. Willem Korthals Altes
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Willem Korthals Altes
Willem Korthals Altes is hoogleraar grondbeleid aan de TU Delft.
Artikel

Gebruiksruimte in de Omgevingswet

Relatief onbekend concept essentieel in vinden van balans tussen beschermen en benutten?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Omgevingswet, Gebruiksruimte, Milieugebruiksruimte, Beleidsintegratie, Stelselherziening
Auteurs Daan Hollemans MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The development of the Environment and Planning Act (Omgevingswet) in the Netherlands is an example of an ongoing reform of environmental and planning law that started with big ambitions. This article uses the case of environmental space (gebruiksruimte) to illustrate that it is hard to achieve those ambitions. A bill of the Environment and Planning Act contained regulations to assign environmental space to actors and/or locations. The regulations lacked in subsequent versions of the Environment and Planning Act, especially in the act itself. Despite the fact that on policy level the concept of environmental space can still be used, the lack of a legally binding mechanism for assigning environmental space makes it unlikely that the concept will be used. This hampers realising the ambition to create coherent policies that integrate environmental and spatial planning. It also puts achieving the goal of the law at risk.


Daan Hollemans MSc
Daan Hollemans is promovendus bij de vakgroep Management, Science and Technology van de Open Universiteit en adviseur bij Antea Group.
Artikel

De Omgevingswet: wetgeving als symbool of communicatieve wetgeving?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Symboolwerking van wetgeving, Omgevingswet, Crisis- en herstelwet, Communicatieve wetgeving, Wetgevingsevaluatie
Auteurs Dr. Friso Johannes Jansen MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Crisis and Recovery Act and the Environmental Planning Act are analysed in this article as a form of communicative legislation. This approach to socio-legal analysis draws attention to the need to understand the symbolic effects of legislation as independent drivers of compliance. The modest legal effects of the Crisis and Recovery Act are contrasted with the more sizeable symbolic effects of this legalisation. In addition, the ex-ante evaluation of the Environmental Planning Act shows that the proposed legal changes can only provide a small impetus to the desired culture change, nonetheless there is potential for areas of this law to have symbolic effects as well. These could potentially contribute independently to its success.


Dr. Friso Johannes Jansen MSc
Friso J. Jansen is Senior Lecturer in Law at Birmingham City University.
Werk in uitvoering

Law in action in strafzaken

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden perceived procedural justice, fair process effect, perceived everyday discrimination, criminal defendants, empirical-legal research
Auteurs mr. Lisa Ansems
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This PhD project uses a mixed method design to study perceived procedural justice among defendants in Dutch single-judge criminal cases. To find out whether defendants are concerned with perceived procedural justice and to get a better grasp on the concept, the first empirical project reviewed here is an interview study among defendants conducted in 2017. In this study, defendants were interviewed after their court hearings about perceived procedural justice during their court hearings. The second empirical project, which started in January 2019, zooms in on experiences of defendants with a non-western migration background. Using a questionnaire, I examine whether and how perceived everyday discrimination affects defendants’ perceptions of and reactions to procedural justice during their court hearings. I am currently designing a third empirical study, which entails a scenario experiment among people with a non-western migration background. I plan to manipulate the level of perceived procedural justice during a hypothetical court hearing to examine its influence on, for instance, people’s trust in judges, and again assess whether people’s reactions to perceived procedural justice differ depending on their levels of perceived everyday discrimination. At the end of my dissertation, I plan to connect the empirical findings to the legal domain by assessing possible normative implications.


mr. Lisa Ansems
Lisa Ansems is als promovenda verbonden aan het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtsstaat en Rechtspleging van de Universiteit Utrecht. Voorafgaand aan haar promotietraject studeerde zij rechten (bachelor en Legal Research Master, beide in Utrecht).
Artikel

De beslispraktijk van het Schadefonds Geweldsmisdrijven: een kwalitatieve studie naar de beoordeling van verzoeken tot tegemoetkoming

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden slachtoffers, geweldscriminaliteit, schade, tegemoetkoming, beslispraktijk
Auteurs Mara Huibers MSc., Prof. dr. mr. Maarten Kunst en Dr. mr. Sigrid van Wingerden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Victims who suffer severe damages due to the act of a violent crime can request state compensation from the Dutch Violent Offences Compensation Fund (VOCF). VOCF workers who decide on these requests use their discretionary powers to translate the VOCF’s rules and policy into concrete actions. This study investigated (1) to what extent these VOCF workers match Lipsky’s definition of street-level bureaucrats and (2) what routines and heuristics they use to deal with time and information constraints. On the basis of document analysis and interviews, we found that the decision makers of the VOCF can to a certain extent be seen as street-level bureaucrats. To make decisions timely, some of them use routines such as the ‘downstream orientation’. This means that they award requests for compensation if they think that the applicant would be able to successfully contest a rejecting decision. To deal with a lack of information, they sometimes include a review clause in the text of a rejection decision. The use of heuristics was not found among the lawyers who decide in first instance, but in case of appeal hearings heuristics such as the affect and representativeness heuristic seem to play a role in the decision-making process. Future research should investigate whether these routines and heuristics lead to disparities in outcomes.


Mara Huibers MSc.
Mara Huibers is docent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. mr. Maarten Kunst
Maarten Kunst is hoogleraar criminologie aan Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. mr. Sigrid van Wingerden
Sigrid van Wingerden is universitair hoofddocent criminologie aan Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Access_open Detentie van asielzoekers: een kwestie van gevoel?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden street-level bureaucrats, aliens detention, asylum seekers, emotions, intuition
Auteurs Mr. drs. Wouter van der Spek en Dr. Anita Böcker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper analyses how street-level bureaucrats in the Netherlands decide on detaining asylum seekers. The paper is based on interviews with officers of the national police and the military police who take these decisions as part of their job. The relevant Dutch and European legal rules are not clear and unambiguous and the officers are given wide margins of discretion in making these decisions. Many interviewees said that they ultimately rely on their ‘feelings’. The paper therefore pays special attention to whether and how gut feelings and emotions of the officers influence their decision-making. In addition, the paper examines whether and how the increased use of ICTs and the Europeanisation of migration and asylum law have reduced the officers’ discretion and autonomy.


Mr. drs. Wouter van der Spek
Wouter van der Spek is junior docent bestuursrecht en promovendus aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

Dr. Anita Böcker
Anita Böcker is universitair hoofddocent rechtssociologie aan de Radboud Universiteit.
Artikel

Het werk van Wibo van Rossum – een bloemlezing

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Wibo van Rossum, Legal anthropology, Administration of Justice, Empirical research, The Netherlands
Auteurs Dr. mr. Marc Simon Thomas en Prof. mr. Rick Verschoof
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is about the work of Wibo van Rossum who passed away in April 2018. Trained as a legal anthropologist he has conducted empirical research on the administration of justice in the Netherlands for many years. This anthology is about four research reports he produced and many articles he has written in two decades. This article provides an academic as well as a practical review of his work.


Dr. mr. Marc Simon Thomas
Marc Simon Thomas is universitair docent aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Prof. mr. Rick Verschoof
Rick Verschoof is senior rechter en bijzonder hoogleraar rechtspraak aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Redactioneel

Laaghangend fruit (?)

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2019
Auteurs Mr. dr. Elbert de Jong
Auteursinformatie

Mr. dr. Elbert de Jong
Elbert de Jong is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan het Utrecht Centre for Accountability and Liability Law (UCALL) (www.uu.nl/ucall) en het Molengraaff Instituut voor Privaatrecht van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Recensies en signalementen

Meet u ook weleens met twee maten?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Bureaucratie, Toezicht, Inspecteursoordeel, Street-level bureaucrats, Stereotype
Auteurs Dr.ir. Suzanne Rutz
Auteursinformatie

Dr.ir. Suzanne Rutz
Suzanne Rutz is assistant professor bij de Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management en als coördinerend specialistisch inspecteur bij de Inspectie Gezondheidszorg en Jeugd
Artikel

Vertrouwen in het notariële tuchtrecht

Ervaren procedurele rechtvaardigheid onder het notariaat

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Notarieel tuchtrecht, Procedurele rechtvaardigheid, Vertrouwen, Tuchtrecht, Notarieel recht
Auteurs Dr. Kees van den Bos, Mr. Dr. Jan Biemans en Mr. Dr. Eddy Bauw
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This quantitative empirical research project describes how notaries evaluate disciplinary jurisdiction. Findings show that perceived procedural justice matters for notaries’ trust in the disciplinary jurisdiction of their cases. For example, those respondents who had been involved in a disciplinary case themselves, rated the disciplinary judge with a 5.3 on a 10-point scale when procedural justice was perceived by them to be relatively low. In contrast, when respondents who had been involved in a disciplinary case perceived procedural justice to be relatively high they rated the disciplinary judge with 7.6 on the same 10-point scale. This suggests that perceived procedural justice matters among an interesting type of professionals (notaries) who are involved in an interesting procedure in their profession (a disciplinary evaluation of their professional handling) in which important decisions are made. The current paper can contribute to the development of a barometer of notary disciplinary law.


Dr. Kees van den Bos
Kees van den Bos is hoogleraar Sociale Psychologie en hoogleraar Empirische Rechtswetenschap aan de Universiteit Utrecht en verbonden aan het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtsstaat en Rechtspleging van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Mr. Dr. Jan Biemans
Jan Biemans is kernhoogleraar Burgerlijk recht, i.h.b. Goederenrecht en Notarieel recht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en verbonden aan het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtsstaat en Rechtspleging van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Mr. Dr. Eddy Bauw
Eddy Bauw is hoogleraar Privaatrecht, i.h.b. Aansprakelijkheidsrecht en Rechtspleging aan de Universiteit Utrecht en verbonden aan het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtsstaat en Rechtspleging van de Universiteit Utrecht.
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