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Artikel

Mediation à la française: de opmars van mediation in het Franse recht

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden Frankrijk, mediation, Resultaten, Toezicht, Conciliation
Auteurs Marinka Schillings en Thom Verkuilen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Mediation is becoming ever more important in French law. For a long time, parties have been able to agree to mediate to avoid expensive and long legal proceedings. Recent reforms have extended the scope of mediation. The courts can ask parties to try and mediate, and in some areas of law, for instance disputes about less than € 5000, mediation has even become a prerequisite for being able to file a case. Whilst mediation is thus playing an important role in everyday disputes, national regulation for mediators is lagging behind. There are no thorough universal standards for mediators and there is no central disciplinary board, even though mediators’ organizations have been creating such professional rules and institutions. It is likely the advent of a mandatory attempt at mediation will lead the French legislator to adopt more universal rules for mediation.


Marinka Schillings
Marinka Schillings is advocaat-partner bij Amstel & Seine Avocats in Parijs en is tevens geaccrediteerd mediator bij het Parijse centrum voor mediation en arbitrage (CPAM).

Thom Verkuilen
Thom Verkuilen is advocaat-stagiair bij Amstel & Seine Avocats.

Roger Ritzen

    This year, 2021, TMD has reached a milestone: its 25th volume. To celebrate this event, the issues to be published this year will highlight what has been achieved over the past 25 years, in mediation practice, and in respect of scientific knowledge on the various modes of dispute resolution. The question which targets to set for the future, will equally be addressed.
    Geographically, the focus of this first issue is on the Netherlands, whereas the third issue will be addressing developments in Belgium. The fourth issue this year will highlight international developments, ranging from the USA to China. The second issue will be a special surprise for our subscribers.
    The present issue, dealing with the Netherlands, starts with a tribute to the pioneer of family mediation in this country, the late professor Peter Hoefnagels. His original article, published in the very first volume of TMD (1997) and reproduced here in its entirety, describes his own experience when pioneering divorce mediation from 1974 onwards. In 1997, the year of original publication, mediation was not yet widely acknowledged nor embraced. Brigitte Chin-A-Fat responds to Peter Hoefnagels through a personal letter following his article, reassuring the great pioneer that 25 years further on, mediation has become well established in the family domain.
    The issue continues with three interviews, organized by editors Roger Ritzen and/or Rob Jagtenberg, with individuals who have (sometimes inadvertently) become leading authorities in the field.
    Steve Whittaker, an English solicitor who moved to the Netherlands in 1988 to work in the construction industry and became inspired by the use of ADR in Hongkong, became the founder of the Netherlands Mediation Institute (NMI), in the mid 1990s. For 20 years, NMI was the umbrella structure for (almost) all mediators in the Netherlands and the interface between the mediation community and government. Compared with those early years, today, interests seem to diverge increasingly, at the risk of fragmentation.
    The second interview is with former President of the Court of Appeal in Arnhem, Ms. Machteld Pel. For many years, she spearheaded the Dutch national research program on court-referred mediation, thereby acting as the trait-d’union between the judiciary and the mediation community. Judges who were sceptics at first, often became interested after having taken the special training courses co-designed by Machteld Pel. Her book ‘Referral to Mediation’, which is packed with checklists and practical tips for formulating questions, has become a genuine classic.
    The interview with Fred Schonewille takes the reader to the past decade in particular. Fred Schonewille has been the driving force behind various proposals for mediation legislation, aiming to secure a more prominent place for mediation, while improving professional quality standards. The Netherlands and Belgium constitute contrasting cases, where in the Netherlands legislation proposals were hitherto torpedoed, whereas Belgium has comprehensive legislation in place for some time now.
    Fred Schonewille has also pioneered premarital mediation and new varieties of mediation in the domain of family-owned companies. Some fascinating insights gained in these areas are also shared in this third interview.
    This first issue in the special year 2021 is concluded by two smaller contributions; in the first of these, Médiation à la française, Paris-based Dutch lawyer-mediators Marinka Schillings and Thom Verkuilen provide an overview of recent developments in France. Legislative action as well as some recent research outcomes are addressed. The second of the smaller contributions highlights a conference organized by a professorial team from the Radboud University in Nijmegen, addressing the position of the judge vis-a-vis various modes of dispute resolution. The proceedings of the conference will be published as a book later this year.


Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is associate professor of ADR and comparative law at Erasmus University Law School in Rotterdam, editor-in-chief of TMD, and vice chair of the exams committee of the Mediators Federation of the Netherlands MFN. She has published extensively on mediation and has inter alia been a Rapporteur three times for the European Commission on the use of mediation in employment disputes.
Artikel

De nieuwe deontologische code van de Belgische erkende bemiddelaars

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden deontologische code, FBC, Belgisch Gerechtelijk wetboek, erkende bemiddelaars
Auteurs Eric Lancksweerdt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Pursuant to Article 1727, § 2, 5 of the Belgian Judicial Code, the federal mediation commission, which manages the mediation process in Belgium, must draw up a code of ethics. After drawing up a code of conduct in 2007, she recently developed a new code of ethics on 16 December 2020. The main lines of this code of ethics are discussed in this contribution.


Eric Lancksweerdt
Eric Lancksweerdt is hoofddocent aan de UHasselt en praktijkassistent aan de UAntwerpen. Zijn onderzoeksdomeinen zijn alternatieve conflictoplossing, burgerparticipatie, rechtspraktijk en ethiek, menselijke kwaliteiten in een juridische context.

Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is onder andere verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit en is TMD-redactielid. Hij trad enkele malen op als rapporteur-generaal voor de Raad van Europa op het gebied van ADR/mediation.

    Phase 5 of a mediation process aims at the participants’ reaching an agreement that is complete, fair, feasible and enforceable. Its legal nature is primarily dependent on the wishes of the parties. It can comprise legally non-binding statements, agreements on the parameters of future contracts, and even legally binding declarations of intent concerning contested claims.
    It can be considered a settlement contract if it contractually settles a conflict between parties, or contractually determines an uncertain legal relationship by dint of mutual relenting. Depending on the circumstances, it may also be classified as a precontract, a procedural agreement, a contract of remission, or a contract sui generis.
    German law does not provide a special order of enforcement for mediation settlements. Though such an order (section 796d ZPO) was part of one of the drafts for the German Mediation Act and its accompanying changes of the law, it was abandoned during the legislative procedure. An agreement can be enforced based on: a settlement in court, an arbitral settlement, a lawyers’ settlement, a recorded instrument, or an arbitral verdict.


Judith Wollstädter
Judith Wollstädter is a jurist and holds master degrees in management of theatres and orchestras as well as mediation. After serving in the capacity of directrix of administration in several different theatres and orchestras, as of 2020, she has taken a position as a research assistant to Prof. Dr. Katharina Gräfin von Schlieffen at the University of Hagen, Germany, where she supervises Mediation Studies and the Master programme in Mediation.
Artikel

Access_open Bemiddeling na, maar ook voor het openvallen van de nalatenschap van het familiebedrijf

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden familiebedrijf, nalatenschap, conflictvaardigheden, familievermogen
Auteurs Alain Laurent Verbeke en Katalien Bollen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the authors describe briefly the legal aspects of liquidation of an estate and the alternative way of mediation. Besides that they investigate what should better be done before the estate will be liquidated. It turns out that also in that case the facilitation of mediation is a wise choice.


Alain Laurent Verbeke
Alain Laurent Verbeke is gewoon hoogleraar familiaal vermogensrecht en onderhandelen & bemiddelen KU Leuven. Hij is ook Professor of Law aan Harvard, UCP Lisbon en Tilburg. Als advocaat en partner bij Deloitte Legal is hij medeverantwoordelijk voor het Greenille Private Client Team, met diensten in (internationale) tax en estate planning, conflict handling en family & business dynamics.

Katalien Bollen
Katalien Bollen is gastdocent en praktijklector aan de KU Leuven, en werkzaam als Family & Business Dynamics Expert bij het Greenille Private Client Team van Deloitte Legal.
Artikel

De nationale contactpunten voor de OESO-Richtlijnen

Een uniek systeem voor alternatieve geschillenbeslechting

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden OESO, nationaal contactpunt, multinationale onderneming, maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen, due diligence
Auteurs Marianne Gratia en Cyril Liance
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 1976 the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, about corporate social responsibility and sustainability, were carried. To implement the guidelines national contact points inform people and enterprises, and mediate in case of a complaint. This article describes the structure, procedure and role of the Dutch and Belgian National Contact Points.


Marianne Gratia
Marianne Gratia is werkzaam bij de Federale Overheidsdienst Economie in Brussel.

Cyril Liance
Cyril Liance is werkzaam bij de Federale Overheidsdienst Economie in Brussel.
Interview

De zoektocht naar evidence-based, people-centered justice

In gesprek met Sam Muller en Maurits Barendrecht van the Hague Institute for Innovation of Law (HiiL)

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2020
Auteurs Rob Jagtenberg
Auteursinformatie

Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is onder andere verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit en is TMD redactielid. Hij trad enkele malen op als rapporteur-generaal voor de Raad van Europa op het gebied van ADR/mediation.
Artikel

Ethical guidelines for mediators – the Austrian status quo

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2-3 2019
Trefwoorden Austria, Code of Conduct, Disciplinary Control, Ethical Guidelines
Auteurs Anne-Karin Grill
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Austrian mediation landscape is quite inhomogeneous, with no universally applicable framework in place to safeguard best practice standards in mediation. Any commitment of mediators to codes of conduct or ethical guidelines occurs on an entirely voluntary basis. Control mechanisms exist in the form of complaint bodies instituted at the level of Austrian mediation associations.


Anne-Karin Grill
Anne-Karin Grill is Attorney-at-Law and partner at Vavrovsky Heine Marth Rechtsanwälte and CEDR Accredited Mediator in Vienna, Austria.

    In this article, the author discusses mediation law and practice in Australia, with a focus on commercial disputes. Statistical data collected in several Australian jurisdictions suggest that mandatory referral works out positively. The author concludes with some observations as to the potential usefulness of the Australian model for court-referred mediation in Europe.


Justus Hoefnagel
Justus Hoefnagel is advocaat bij Linklaters LLP in Amsterdam en werkte van eind 2017 tot eind 2019 in Australië bij Allens, een advocatenkantoor in Perth, West-Australië, in het kader van een tweejarig secondment. Hij werkte daar mee aan de behandeling van procedures ter zake commerciële geschillen bij Australische rechtbanken.
Artikel

Naar een betere rechtsbijstand in België?

De wet van 22 april 2019 tot het toegankelijker maken van de rechtsbijstandsverzekering

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden rechtsbijstandsverzekering, België, fiscaal aftrekbaar, dekking
Auteurs Charline Ampe
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Charline Ampe explains the workings of a Belgian 2019 statute, that has made insurance premium income tax-deductible as long as the policy provides that mediator fees and other qualified professionals’ fees will be borne wholly by the insurer.


Charline Ampe
Charline Ampe is advocaat bij Daldewolf te Brussel.
Interview

Twee experimenten met laagdrempelige rechtspraak: de Rotterdamse Regelrechter en de Haagse Wijkrechter

In gesprek met kantonrechter/regelrechter mr. Wim Wetzels en kantonrechter/wijkrechter mr. Jerzy Luiten

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2019
Auteurs Emese von Bóné
Auteursinformatie

Emese von Bóné
Emese von Bóné is als rechtshistorica verbonden aan de Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit te Rotterdam.

    This report about mediation in Germany in order of the German government reports about the effects of the German Mediation Law on the development of mediation and about the education of mediators.


Luc Demeyere
Luc Demeyere is advocaat aan de Balie te Antwerpen, werkzaam bij Contrast, erkend bemiddelaar en redacteur van TMD.
Artikel

Access_open Wat kunnen België en Nederland van elkaar leren over zakelijke bemiddeling?

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Zakelijke mediation, Advocaten, Rechters, bedrijven, België
Auteurs Theo De Beir en Willem Meuwissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses the Belgian perspective on the Dutch ‘ZAM/ACB research on possibilities and impediments for commercial mediation’ which was undertaken by the Montaigne Centre of the University of Utrecht. In Belgium bMediation, the Federal Mediation Committee and the Ghent University periodically monitor the practice of mediation in Belgium with the instrument of the 'Bemiddelingsbarometer'. It turns out that parties and their advisers in both Belgium and the Netherlands still prefer a traditional judicial approach instead of mediation, mostly because of a lack of information.


Theo De Beir
Theo De Beir is erkend bemiddelaar in burgerlijke, handels- en sociale zaken, advocaat, docent en managing partner van Agrementor Brussels.

Willem Meuwissen
Willem Meuwissen is erkend bemiddelaar in burgerlijke, handels- en sociale zaken, advocaat, docent en managing partner van Agrementor Antwerp.
Artikel

Access_open Succession Mediation in Europe

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden succession mediation, cross-border mediation, Research, Mediation Directive, Succession Regulation
Auteurs Judith Pfützenreuter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The two years FOMENTO project ‘Fostering Mediation in cross-border civil and succession matters’ aims to contribute to conflict prevention in cross-border succession matters. To reach a deeper understanding and impulses for a correct implementation of Directive 2008/52/EC (Mediation Directive) and of Regulation (EU) No. 650/2012 (Succession Regulation) the effects of both regulations have been analyzed in a research study. To this end, country reports about the implementation of the Succession Regulation and the Mediation Directive in six European countries (Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Poland and Sweden) have been assembled and 105 expert interviews with lawyers, notaries, judges and mediators have been conducted and analyzed.
    This article gives a general overview about the outcomes of the research study and focuses on the analysis of the expert interviews. The experts gave answers about the concrete advantages, challenges and suggestions for improving mediation in cross-border succession conflicts and the effects of the European Succession Regulation.


Judith Pfützenreuter
Judith Pfützenreuter is Member of EU-Project FOMENTO (Fostering mediation in cross-border civil and succession matters).

    This research aims to contribute to the development of an adequate handling of the complex, conflictual family situation that occurs during a parental abduction. The following research question is answered: to what extent can the methods of conflict resolution – in the Belgian context – be optimized so that the interests of the child are guaranteed, in the light of the theoretical insights provided by Glasl’s conflict theory? Attention is paid to the limited effectiveness of legal procedures on the one hand and the mediation on the other. The method of de-escalation, developed by Glasl, offers a useful diagnostic tool for the conflict counsellor. In addition, the metaphor of the ladder he uses is extremely valuable as a tool for gaining insight into the mechanisms of conflict-escalation. A clear theoretical framework for the judiciary in the interpretation of an escalated conflict can lead to a better understanding of the possibilities and limits of cooperation between ex-partners, which benefits the best interests of the child.


Elise Blondeel
Elise Blondeel is doctoraatsstudent aan de Universiteit Gent in het domein van Strafrecht en Kinderrechten. Master in de Criminologie en gestart aan een doctoraat in de Rechten op 1 oktober 2018. Het doctoraat handelt over de wisselwerking tussen burgerlijk recht en strafrecht in zaken van internationale parentale ontvoering. Het doctoraat vindt plaats onder de supervisie van Prof. Dr. Wendy De Bondt.
Artikel

VEILIG THUIS: multidisciplinaire aanpak van intrafamiliaal geweld en kindermishandeling onder één dak

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Family Justice Center, Multidisciplinary approach, Domestic Violence and Child abuse, Client-centered approach
Auteurs Pascale Franck
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Family Justice Centers are an international model where victims of domestic violence and child abuse can find all help needed under one roof. The FJCs are a collaboration of police, justice, welfare, help centers and authorities. The main target is empowering survivors of violence.
    The development of the FJC-model is situated in an evolution of the approach of these forms of violence, starting with the recognition of violence against women and child abuse towards a multidisciplinary and collaborative model starting from the needs of survivors of violence. The FJC-model is explained from a field worker point of view and further developments and expected evolutions are mentioned.


Pascale Franck
Pascale Franck is de co-director van het Family Justice Center te Antwerpen (vanuit de afdeling Justitiehuizen, departement WVG, Vlaamse overheid) en de vice-president van de European Family Justice Center Alliance. Zij werkt 27 jaar in het veld van intrafamiliaal geweld, seksueel geweld en kindermishandeling.

Luc Demeyere
Luc Demeyere is advocaat aan de Balie te Antwerpen, werkzaam bij Contrast, erkend bemiddelaar en redacteur van TMD.

Roger Ritzen
Roger Ritzen is advocaat aan de Balie te Breda-Middelburg (Nederland) en EU-Advocaat aan de Balie te Antwerpen. Tevens erkend bemiddelaar, erkend door de Federale Bemiddelingscommissie (België) en redacteur van TMD.
Artikel

Nieuw in België: Collaboratieve Onderhandelingen Wettelijk Geregeld

(New in Belgium: A Statutory Basis for Collaborative Negotiations)

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Collaboratieve onderhandelingen, Bemiddelingswet, conflictoplossing, België, Collaboratieve advocaat
Auteurs Willem Meuwissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The ADR Act of 18 June 2018 provides for an insertion into the ‘Gerechtelijk Wetboek’ (Judicial Code), entitled ‘Collaboratieve onderhandelingen’ (Collaborative Negotiations), which came into force on 1 January 2019.


Willem Meuwissen
Willem Meuwissen is an attorney and accredited mediator with the Belgian Federal Mediation Commission and a member of the Belgian Association of Collaborative Professionals. He teaches negotiation and mediation at the universities of Antwerp and Brussels. He trains students becoming certified mediator at bMediaton and EMTPJ.
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