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Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement x

    This research aims to contribute to the development of an adequate handling of the complex, conflictual family situation that occurs during a parental abduction. The following research question is answered: to what extent can the methods of conflict resolution – in the Belgian context – be optimized so that the interests of the child are guaranteed, in the light of the theoretical insights provided by Glasl’s conflict theory? Attention is paid to the limited effectiveness of legal procedures on the one hand and the mediation on the other. The method of de-escalation, developed by Glasl, offers a useful diagnostic tool for the conflict counsellor. In addition, the metaphor of the ladder he uses is extremely valuable as a tool for gaining insight into the mechanisms of conflict-escalation. A clear theoretical framework for the judiciary in the interpretation of an escalated conflict can lead to a better understanding of the possibilities and limits of cooperation between ex-partners, which benefits the best interests of the child.

Elise Blondeel
Elise Blondeel is doctoraatsstudent aan de Universiteit Gent in het domein van Strafrecht en Kinderrechten. Master in de Criminologie en gestart aan een doctoraat in de Rechten op 1 oktober 2018. Het doctoraat handelt over de wisselwerking tussen burgerlijk recht en strafrecht in zaken van internationale parentale ontvoering. Het doctoraat vindt plaats onder de supervisie van Prof. Dr. Wendy De Bondt.

Access_open De Belgische evenwichtsoefening inzake de verplichte ADR-poging in het raam van een gerechtelijke procedure

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden mandatory mediation, access tot justice, Belgian Council of State, ADR legislation june 18 2018
Auteurs Eric Lancksweerdt

    This contribution examines how, when establishing the new Belgian legislation on the promotion of ADR, a delicate balance was sought between proponents and opponents of mandatory mediation. The Belgian government was in favour of compulsory mediation, but the Council of State, the High Council of Justice, members of parliament from the majority and the opposition, and representatives of professional organizations were opposed to it. A delicate compromise was found whereby the judge can impose a mediation, but if both sides are opposed to it, a mandatory mediation attempt is excluded.

Eric Lancksweerdt
Eric Lancksweerdt is hoofddocent aan de UHasselt en praktijkassistent aan de UAntwerpen. Zijn onderzoeksdomeinen zijn alternatieve conflictoplossing, burgerparticipatie, rechtspraktijk en ethiek, menselijke kwaliteiten in een juridische context.

    Since 2004 all students in Flemish universities and university colleges have the right to file an internal appeal within their institution against a negative study progress decision. This contribution gives an overview on what the current legal framework of such an internal appeals procedure looks like and aims to discuss some focal points (the composition of the committee, the hearing of a student, formal aspects when filing the appeal, …) when developing such a procedure.

Lien Mampaey
Lien Mampaey is stafmedewerker juridische zaken met betrekking tot onderwijs, bij de Dienst Onderwijs van de Universiteit Hasselt.

Hoe denken Zuidas-advocaten over mediation?

Advocaten van de grote zakelijke kantoren (NL) geïnterviewd over mediation

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Business-mediation, zakelijke mediation, interviews, advocaten
Auteurs Lodewijk Smeehuijzen

    It is often assumed business mediation in The Netherlands is not used to its full potential. This article reports on 17 interviews with lawyers from leading Dutch business law firms about their considerations regarding mediation. Most reasons mentioned to turn to mediation are in line with the advantages of mediation described in the literature. Unique positive considerations are: (i) mediation may serve as a substitute for confidential discussions between lawyers and (ii) a mediator may help to sidetrack the sub-standard lawyer on the other side. Reasons mentioned to refrain from mediation are: (i) attempts to resolve the conflict have already been made at various hierarchical levels of the companies involved; (ii) for lawyers with adequate negotiation skills a mediator has little added value; (iii) parties require a formal judgement; (iv) mediation implies some sort of compromise; (v) lack of trust between parties; (vi) not knowing any sufficiently skilled business mediators.

Lodewijk Smeehuijzen
Lodewijk Smeehuijzen is hoogleraar privaatrecht aan de VU en raadsheer-plaatsvervanger in het Gerechtshof Arnhem-Leeuwarden.

Rechters en mediation in België: eindelijk een sterke push?

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden rechtsweigering, inleidingszitting, Bevelen, wetsontwerp
Auteurs Patrick Van Leynseele

    The author notices that more and more Belgian judges seem to have understood what mediation is and what benefits it can bring to litigating parties over adjudicated solutions. Currently, judges have no means to force the parties to try to settle their dispute through mediation. Judicial initiatives aimed at convincing the parties and their lawyers to try mediation, are too often simply ignored. The article contains quotes from various tribunals advocating or ordering mediation before the continuation of the trial. The author’s argument is that the law should enable judges to force the parties to mediation, i.e. at least to participate in a joint session with the designated mediator. He describes what ought to be included. A new bill is currently being prepared by the Ministry of Justice – inspired by the Netherlands model – that will change the rules of civil procedure with a view to enhancing recourse to mediation.

Patrick Van Leynseele
Patrick H. Van Leynseele is lid van de balies van Brussel en New York en partner in het Brussels advocatenkantoor DALDEWOLF, een referentie inzake ADR. Met als achtergrond het ondernemingsrecht werkt hij als litigator en arbiter in internationale zaken. Hij schreef verschillende artikels inzake mediation en Med-Arb in vooraanstaande juridische tijdschriften.

When it takes thousands to tango

Over de buitengerechtelijke collectieve afwikkeling van massaschade in Nederland en België

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden mass damage claims, collective settlement, high profile mediation, shadow of the settlement, 2013 European Commission Recommendation on settling mass damage claims (informal mechanisms)
Auteurs Rob Jagtenberg en Stefaan Voet

    In this article the authors compare Belgian and Dutch (draft) regulation of mass damage claims, and notably the prominent place reserved for the collective amicable settlement of such claims. Though collective action for the recovery of damage is still not possible in the Netherlands, Dutch law does provide for the possibility of the court endorsing collectively agreed settlements, since 2005. One of most notorious settlements, i.e. the Dexia case, is discussed, illustrating how individual victims may retain their standing to sue in court, although in such cases the courts show a tendency to cling to the terms of the collective settlement just the same (‘reflex effect or shadow of the settlement’). Mediation in brokering such high profile settlements does not necessarily follow the vested principles of mediation in ‘regular’ one to one disputes.

Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is docent aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en lid van de redactie van TMD.

Stefaan Voet
Stefaan Voet is postdoctoraal onderzoeker bij het FWO Vlaanderen, verbonden aan het Instituut voor Procesrecht van de Universiteit Gent en lid van de redactie van TMD.

Nieuw Belgisch kader inzake ADR en consumentengeschillen

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden ADR, consumers, Belgium, ADR directive, Consumer Ombudsman Service
Auteurs Stefaan Voet

    Belgium was one of the first European Member States to implement the new 2013 ADR directive. The act of 4 April 2014 introduces new rules on internal complaints procedures and a series of minimum quality requirements for ADR entities. However, the most important realization of the Act is the creation of a Consumer Ombudsman Service. This service, that is composed of six existing (public and private) Ombudsman services, will be competent for residual consumer disputes: disputes for which no ADR entity currently exists. This article explores the act of 4 April 2014 and offers a detailed overview of the structure, missions and procedure of the Consumer Ombudsman Service.

Stefaan Voet
Stefaan Voet is postdoctoraal onderzoeker bij het FWO Vlaanderen, verbonden aan het Instituut voor Procesrecht van de Universiteit Gent en lid van de redactie van TMD.

Modernisering van de arbitragewetgeving

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden Arbitrage, Scheidsgerecht, Uncitral, Modernisering Arbitragewetgeving
Auteurs Thabiso van den Bosch

    On 1 January 2015 a new arbitration act entered into force in the Netherlands. This article discusses the main amendments to the old legislation. The purpose of this new act is to improve the efficiency and flexibility of the arbitration process. Partially, the changes consist of codification of existing case law. However, also new elements are introduced such as for example the possibility of remission. Another reason for this revision of the arbitration legislation is to make the Netherlands internationally more attractive as an arbitration venue.
    The main changes are related to, for example, the enforcement proceedings, which are significantly shortened for foreign awards, and making the annulment procedure more efficient. Furthermore, consumers are given more protection from arbitration clauses in general conditions, the rules regarding the challenging of arbitrators are amended and allow for the appointment of a third party to decide on the challenge. Summary proceedings are introduced as a possibility. The registration of the arbitral award with the district court is no longer required.

Thabiso van den Bosch
Thabiso van den Bosch is advocaat bij Conway & Partners in Rotterdam en lid van de redactie van TMD.

    In his article, Jurgen Kuiper describes what rules will be included in the law governing mediation in disputes between the tax authorities and a taxpayer (and his or her tax adviser/lawyer) in the Netherlands, based on the draft law proposal initiated by Ard van der Steur, a member of the Dutch Parliament. Jurgen Kuiper describes when and how mediation is achieved, what else is regulated in relation to mediation, and who the mediator will be. He also describes what is new in the draft law proposal in comparison with the content of the mediation agreement which currently in practice is concluded between the tax authorities, the taxpayer (and his or her (tax) adviser/lawyer) and the mediator at the beginning of the mediation. Although the draft law proposal contains some new items, he expects that, in practice, the draft law will hardly make any difference when it comes to mediation in tax disputes. He also expects that regulation of mediation in tax disputes in the law might contribute to mediation in tax matters being taken more seriously.

Jurgen Kuiper
Jurgen Kuiper is als praktijkgroepmanager werkzaam in de algemene fiscale praktijk bij Loyens & Loeff N.V. Daarnaast is hij MfN-registermediator in mediations in conflicten tussen een belastingplichtige en de Belastingdienst en in zakelijke conflicten. Hij is voorzitter van de Vereniging voor Fiscale Mediation (VFM) en een van de auteurs van het boek Mediation in belastingzaken, Anders en effectief (Den Haag: Sdu Uitgevers 2013).

    A new law that reforms the Belgian Council of State accomplishes better coordination between the treatment of complaints by ombudsmen and the proceedings before the Council of State. The term to initiate a proceeding is suspended by a complaint to an ombudsman.

Eric Lancksweerdt
Eric Lancksweerdt is magistraat bij de Belgische Raad van State (eerste auditeur-afdelingshoofd). Hij is tevens gastprofessor aan de universiteit Antwerpen, waar hij ook praktijkassistent voor het vak ‘bemiddelen en onderhandelen’ is. Eric Lancksweerdt legt momenteel de laatste hand aan een boek over ‘Recht en menselijke ontwikkeling’.

Quasivrijwillige mediation

Enkele kanttekeningen bij de Initiatiefwetsvoorstellen Mediation

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden mediation bills
Auteurs Annie de Roo en Rob Jagtenberg

    On 26 May 2013 Ard van der Steur, Netherlands MP for the liberal democrats, introduced a cluster of three mediation bills to secure the status of mediation as a sound alternative to traditional in-court adjudication in civil and administrative disputes. Although the starting point in these bills is that mediation should take place on a voluntary basis, there are some arrangements that may result in quasi compulsory mediation. One such arrangement is that the judge, on his own motion, may refer parties to mediation. Also parties have to proof that they first have attempted to settle their dispute through mediation and if not, why not.

Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en is mediator.

Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is docent aan de Erasmus Universiteit te Rotterdam en verricht aldaar vergelijkend onderzoek naar mediation en conflictmanagement in Europa. Tevens is hij redacteur van TMD.

Erik Toxopéus
Erik Toxopéus is advocaat bij Van Wijngaarden & Toxopéus Advocaten te Rotterdam.

    This contribution examines how the Directive 2008/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on certain aspects of mediation in civil and commercial matters is transposed in various member states of the European Union, or how the discussion about the transposition is conducted or is still ongoing in some countries. The following seven countries are examined: Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxemburg, England, France, Germany and Austria.

Herman Verbist
Prof. dr. mr. Herman Verbist is gastprofessor aan de Universiteit Gent, advocaat bij de balies te Gent en te Brussel, voormalig adviseur bij het Internationaal Hof van Arbitrage van de ICC, erkend bemiddelaar en voormalig plaatsvervangend lid van de Bijzondere Commissie voor Burgerlijke en Handelszaken van de Federale Bemiddelingscommissie in België.

    On 21 May 2008 the European Directive on certain aspects of mediation in civil and commercial matters was adopted. The directive will have to be implemented in Dutch legislation before 21 May 2011. The objective of the Directive is to facilitate access to alternative dispute resolution and to promote the amicable settlement of disputes, by encouraging the use of mediation and by ensuring a balanced relationship between mediation and judicial proceedings (Article 1(1)). As a result of the arrival of the European Mediation Directive mediation the Netherlands will get a legal basis and thereby recognition. This article inter alia discusses the Mediation Directive from the NMI's perspective and discusses the articles from the Directive relevant to NMI step by step.

Esther Gathier
Mr. Esther Gathier is beleidsmedewerker bij het NMI.

Mediation bij reddingsoperaties van bedrijven in financiële moeilijkheden?

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 03 2006
Trefwoorden Schuldeiser, Mediation, Faillissement, Reorganisatie, Bank, Mediator, Betaling, Surséance van betaling, Akkoord, Kwijtschelding
Auteurs Adriaanse, J.A.A.

Adriaanse, J.A.A.

Boekbespreking: Juridische aspecten van mediation

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 03 2005
Trefwoorden A.F.M. Brenninkmeijer, E. Schutte & J. Spierdijk, Juridische aspecten van mediation, Den Haag: Sdu Uitgevers 2005, ISBN 90-5409-400-1 Mediators die verbonden zijn aan de doorverwijzigingsvoorzieningen bij de gerechten en de juridische loketten, behoren
Auteurs Bosnak, J.M.

Bosnak, J.M.

De mediator in het nieuwe echtscheidingsrecht: nog onvoldoende basis, met Naschrift

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 02 2006
Trefwoorden Voorstel van wet, Mediation, Mediator, Bemiddelaar, Echtscheiding, Ouders, Ouderschap, Kind, Algemene maatregel van bestuur, Notaris
Auteurs Chin-A-Fat, B.E.S.

Chin-A-Fat, B.E.S.

Mediation: vertrouwelijkheid gegarandeerd?

De geheimhouding rond mediation bij burgerlijke geschillen

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden mediation, confidentiality, civil procedure, evidence
Auteurs Mr. Betty Santing-Wubs

    This article deals with confidentiality in mediation proceedings. Confidentiality is considered to be one of the key advantages of mediation. Usually the parties agree that they will not be compelled to produce evidence concerning the mediation, nor call the mediator as a witness in case of subsequent judicial proceedings. However, it is not sure how the court in civil judicial proceedings will handle such an agreement. The court will have to balance the interests of confidentiality and establishing the truth. In some cases it is clear that the court should not respect the confidentiality agreement, for example when there is an obligation to disclose evidence of a criminal offence. In other cases there might be proper grounds to let the confidentiality prevail, but there is no guarantee that the court will respect the confidentiality agreement. As part of the implementation of the European directive on mediation Member States are obliged to adopt provisions about admissibility of evidence in civil judicial proceedings in order to protect certain aspects of confidentiality of mediation proceedings.

Mr. Betty Santing-Wubs
Betty Santing-Wubs is universitair docent privaatrecht aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
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