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Artikel

Access_open Inheemse conflictbeslechting in Suriname

Een antropologie van herstelrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden Suriname, Inheemsen, herstelrecht, gewoonterecht, Krutu
Auteurs Makiri Mual
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article deals with restorative justice practices in Surinam. It is based mainly on anthropological literature and preliminary research findings of four indigenous villages in Surinam, and is part of a broader study of Indigenous and Marron communities. In these villages the age-old customary law approach to conflict remains a lively practice, especially in the rainforests where central authority has little influence. The author highlights a number of restorative aspects of indigenous (criminal) justice practices, such as the group conferencing model of the Krutu and the role of the community (rehabilitation). Other aspects are not at all restorative, such as cases of double punishment (ne bis in idem), corporal punishment and the lack of the possibility of appeal. Because the trend of opening the hinterland seems to be unstoppable, it is recommended to coordinate national law and customary law and improve cooperation between indigenous and central authority. The article gives some suggestions for reforming the Surinamese Penal Code.


Makiri Mual
Makiri Mual is MfN-registermediator in strafzaken en familiezaken, relatietherapeut en MFT expert. Hij is ook duovoorzitter van de Vereniging van Mediators in Strafzaken (VMSZ).

Alice Bosma
Alice Bosma is werkzaam bij de vakgroep strafrecht van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Tilburg.
Artikel

Vergeving en heel worden na afloop van zware geweldsdelicten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Vergeving, trauma, dialoog, verontschuldiging, vergelding
Auteurs David L. Gustafson
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In a recent research study entitled Encountering ‘The Other’: Victim Offender Dialogue in Serious Crime the impact and outcomes for victims/survivors of meeting with the prisoner participants who had caused them harm were examined. In the vast majority of those cases, organised within the context of the Victim Offender Mediation Program (VOMP), forgiveness was offered by victims and received by offenders. This research, utilizing a qualitative multiple case study method, examined twenty-five randomly selected cases referred for victim/offender mediation over a 10-year period, in which victims/survivors, following a period of preparation, had participated in at least one day-long dialogue with their offenders facilitated by trained personnel. This article addresses only one of the research questions posited in this study, namely, the ways in which apology and forgiveness played a part in those dialogues and in the experience of the participants following their mutual encounters. It is argued that granting forgiveness can have great power in its effects when experienced by the participants.


David L. Gustafson
David L. Gustafson is directeur van de Fraser Region Community Justice Initiatives Association. Hij is tevens adjunct professor aan de School of Criminology van de Simon Fraser University, therapeut en klinisch counsellor. Hij ontwikkelde en gaf leiding aan het Victim Offender Reconciliation Program (VORP) in Langley. Onlangs rondde hij een proefschrift af aan de Universiteit van Leuven.

Geert Corstens
Geert Corstens is jurist en voormalig president van de Hoge Raad der Nederlanden.
Artikel

Ideologische vertekeningen binnen straf- en herstelrecht

Oorsprongsverhalen en de dwaling van zelfbeschadiging

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden Oorsprongsverhalen, Zelfbeschadiging, Chaos, Harmonie
Auteurs Vincent Geeraets
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Adherents to restorative justice are to be commended for systematically questioning whether the manner in which criminal law is currently organised is a good thing. The debate about criminal justice and restorative justice is therefore an important one. It is also a debate which is occasionally marred by a reliance on ideology. In this article, a number of ideological claims are identified and discussed. First, both adherents to criminal law and supporters of restorative justice invoke an ‘origin story’ to defend their view. The origin story of criminal law consists of the idea that without criminal law the world would be a chaos, i.e. the world would resemble the state of nature as depicted by Hobbes. In contrast: the origin story of restorative justice revolves around the idea that without central authority people tend to resolve their conflicts harmoniously. I argue that neither types of origin story can withstand scrutiny. Secondly, in both the context of criminal law (e.g. Antony Duff) and restorative justice (e.g. Jacques Claessen), it is claimed that an individual by violating the rules harms himself as a person. The point of punishment (criminal justice) respectively reparation (restorative justice) therefore is to enable the offender to restore himself and to once again take up his role of citizen. I argue that the claim of self-harm may be based on a primitive worldview. Moreover, I show that this claim can be used to describe criminal law respectively restorative justice in terms that are too harmonious. In this way we lose sight of the coercion and violence that is involved in both contexts.


Vincent Geeraets
Vincent Geeraets is docent rechtstheorie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, VU Amsterdam.
Discussie

Binnenlands terrorisme

Een uitdaging voor herstelrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2015
Auteurs Lode Walgrave
Auteursinformatie

Lode Walgrave
Lode Walgrave is emeritus hoogleraar criminologie aan de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

John Blad
John Blad is universitair hoofddocent Strafrechtswetenschappen aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, de Erasmus Law School, en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Samen beslissen over je eigen omgeving.

Wijkbewoners aan zet met een Eigen Kracht-conferentie voor groep, wijk of buurt

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2013
Auteurs Hilleke Crum
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Eigen Kracht Centrale is striving for a society based on participation and mutual self reliance of citizens, where citizens remain in charge of their own life, especially when dealing with organizations and government bodies. It is important, in the Eigen Kracht Centrale vision, that everyone is part of society and everyone can participate, everyone has a say and remains in charge of his or her own life, everyone gets support from their own social network: family, friends, neighbors, etc.
    Especially when problems arise that might lead to involvement of various (social care) institutions.
    To implement this vision in daily life, the Eigen Kracht Centrale has introduced the Family Group-conference as a decision making model. This model appears to be effective for citizens to make their own plans. When given responsibility for the situation and the solution, citizens, in every situation thinkable, create, according to themselves and professionals as well, save and creative plans that fit.
    In this article the FG-c for a group, district or neighbourhood is discussed and is illustrated by real life examples. Even when people don’t know each other, they can make a plan to solve conflicts in their street or neighbourhood: they all have a strong interest in living in safe, comfortable surroundings. Although the experience with this variant of FGC is limited in The Netherlands: what are they, what lessons can be learned?


Hilleke Crum
Hilleke Crum is regiomanager Eigen Kracht Centrale Noord-Holland en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Wraak, recht en slachtofferbehoeften

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden revenge, retributive emotions, victim impact statements, victim needs, penal populism
Auteurs Bas van Stokkom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Considerable political pressure is currently being brought to impose severe punishments, and it is frequently suggested that these punishments would enhance the wellbeing of victims and achieve ‘closure’. Populist images, such as ‘victims have a right to revenge’ have gained great influence. To what extent would therapeutic professionals have to support victim needs that are shaped within such punitive contexts? In this paper it is first argued that revenge embraces ambivalent meanings. Although avengers are lauded in the popular imagination, feelings of revenge are still viewed as ethically unacceptable. In recent decades, however, a penal populism has been gaining ground as a result of which revenge was stripped of its pejorative associations. In a punitive climate it is believed that victims would demand harsher penalties and that such penalties would promote closure and peace. Research findings show however that revenge may bring temporary relief, but anger rumination precludes healing. Subsequently the question is discussed whether two different forms of victim participation, victim impact statements and restorative justice conferences, might temper revenge feelings. Because VIS-participants (dealing with high levels of anger and fear) believe that their statements will culminate in longer sentences, they are generally frustrated that the imposed sentence is not tough enough. After the procedure they keep on viewing the offender as a malign person. Restorative procedures generally show an opposite picture. Finally this paper is criticizing the tendency of victim-oriented therapeutization within criminal justice and restorative justice. It is argued that the voice of the victim and the process of emotional healing should be separated strictly.


Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is verbonden aan de afdeling bestuurswetenschappen van de faculteit der sociale wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. Daarnaast is hij verbonden aan het Criminologisch Instituut (Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen). Hij verricht onderzoek op het grensvlak van ethiek, criminologie en de sociale wetenschappen. Tot de thema’s die in zijn onderzoek aan bod komen behoren politie, burgerschap en lokale veiligheidszorg, sanctietheorieën en herstelrecht. www.basvanstokkom.nl.

Jacques Claessen
Jacques Claessen (1980) is universitair docent straf(proces)recht aan de faculteit der rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Maastricht. In 2010 verscheen zijn dissertatie Misdaad en straf. Een herbezinning op het strafrecht vanuit mystiek perspectief (Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers). Zijn interessegebieden zijn sanctierecht, herstelrecht en de strafrechtelijke positie van het slachtoffer. Claessen is redacteur van dit tijdschrift en van de Nieuwsbrief Strafrecht. Voorts is hij rechter-plaatsvervanger bij de Rechtbank Maastricht. Hij is winnaar van de Bianchi Herstelrechtprijs 2012.
Artikel

Slachtofferbewegingen en herstelrecht

Over het belang van de realiteit achter de stereotypes

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden victimology, victim movements, social movements, restorative justice
Auteurs Antony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The position of victims of crime has shown marked improvement over the past 30 years. The rise of the victim has been associated with the growth of a unified ‘victim movement’; a social movement that strives to improve the position of victims of crime. However, it is questionable whether the victim movement should be viewed as a unitary phenomenon. Instead of one movement, there appear to be a number of victim movements. There are differences between the victim advocates in the United States, Victim Support in Europe, the violence against women movement and proponents of restorative justice.. In this article, reasons for these differences are sought in victim-endogenous factors: differences in victims’ characteristics and the idealtypes employed by the different movements are an important explanation for the divergent development in organisations representing victims interests, which in turn influences their policy preferences. It is argued that advocates of restorative justice would benefit from understanding both the reality and the distortion involved in the idealtypes, including their own. This would allow proponents of restorative justice to adapt their practices in a manner that is both suitable and convincing to the representative and target group of the different victim movements.


Antony Pemberton
Dr. Antony Pemberton is sociaalwetenschapper en universitair hoofddocent bij het International Victimology Institute Tilburg (INTERVICT) van de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Actief burgerschap binnen herstelrecht

Een inventarisatie van participatievormen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden Citizenship, Participation, Mediators, Activism
Auteurs Brunilda Pali
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Seemingly a difficult concept, participation in restorative justice can be understood better once the notion is broadened and operationalized. Therefore a proposal will be made here to first broaden the meaning of participation beyond participation of stakeholders and ‘community’ in the process as it is generally understood in restorative justice literature, and second break down the concept of participation into five different levels: (1) involvement of the stakeholders and the ‘community’ in the restorative process; (2) participation of citizens as volunteer mediators/facilitators in the process; (3) self-referrals from citizens; (4) voluntary participation of experts in restorative justice organisations; (5) promotion from ex-victims of crime and ex-offenders. Based on this approach, in the end, the author opens up the discussion on the meaning of active citizenship for restorative justice in continental Europe. Before discussing how the broadening of the concept of participation is concretely envisioned, the author argues on the importance of prioritizing the notion of citizenship instead of ‘community’ in the continental European restorative justice discourse.


Brunilda Pali
Brunilda Pali verricht promotieonderzoek aan het Instituut voor Criminologie van de Katholieke Universiteit van Leuven.
Boekbespreking

Afdalen in de Vlaamse bemiddelingswereld: Jaarverslag Suggnomè 2006

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 03 2007
Trefwoorden Bemiddeling, Slachtoffer, Bemiddelaar, Arrondissement, Delinquent, Minister van justitie, Ministerie van justitie, Overeenkomst, Strafvordering, Vereniging
Auteurs Aertsen, I.

Aertsen, I.
Artikel

'Eerst veiligheid, dan vragen naar de opties voor de relatie' Twee gesprekken over herstel na geweld in huis

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 04 2007
Trefwoorden Geweld, Kind, Politie, Slachtoffer, Delinquent, Hulpverlener, Herstel, Optie, Ouders, Vader
Auteurs Lieshout, J. van

Lieshout, J. van
Artikel

Fenomenologie van de wraak: Een existentiële en ethische analyse

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 03 2005
Trefwoorden Slachtoffer, Delinquent, Geweld, Belediging, Fout, Rechtspraak, Doding, Overleden, Herstel, Moord
Auteurs Burggraeve, R.

Burggraeve, R.
Artikel

De vervreemdende werking van het strafrecht: Een casuïstische beschouwing

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 02 2005
Trefwoorden Strafrecht, Openbaar ministerie, Auto, Nabestaande, Aansprakelijkheid, Dood door schuld, Politie, Delinquent, Kind, Levering, Strafrecht, Openbaar ministerie, Auto, Nabestaande, Aansprakelijkheid, Dood door schuld, Politie, Delinquent, Kind, Levering
Auteurs Roos, T. de

Roos, T. de
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