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Artikel

Mediator in strafzaken: een vak apart!

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden strafrecht, Escalatie, Psychiatrie, Contra-indicaties, Secundaire victimisatie
Auteurs Tanja van Mazijk en Marion Uitslag
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The mediator in criminal cases operates in special setting which requires specific competences: knowledge of the field of criminal law, knowledge of psychiatric/psychological problems and – if necessary – be able to consult a network of experts in that field, being prepared to operate in complex offender-victim relations and also to deal with high-escalated conflicts. These requirements raise a number of questions regarding the rules of the Dutch mediation federation, which are not designed to be used in the context of criminal law. Mediators in criminal cases are in need of other rules and pre-conditions to fulfil their work adequately.


Tanja van Mazijk
Tanja van Mazijk is MfN registermediator en rechtbankmediator bij de rechtbanken Utrecht en Zwolle. Tevens is zij docent arbeidsrecht, opleider bij de gecertificeerde post-HBO-opleiding Mediation en onderzoeker bij het Lectoraat ‘Toegang tot het Recht’ van de Hogeschool Utrecht.

Marion Uitslag
Marion Uitslag is MfN registermediator en rechtbankmediator, verbonden aan de rechtbanken Utrecht en Zwolle. Zij is als onderzoeker werkzaam bij het lectoraat ‘Toegang tot het Recht’ en coördinator van het Mediationcentrum van de Hogeschool Utrecht. Zij is ook als coördinator, trainer en opleider verbonden aan de post-HBO-opleiding Mediation van de Hogeschool Utrecht. Daarnaast is zij bestuurslid van de Nederlandse Vereniging van Mediators in Strafzaken (VMSZ).

Janny Dierx
Janny Dierx is mediator en ambassadeur van de Stichting Mediation in Strafzaken. Zij is tevens redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Reparatieve en herstelgerichte strafrechtspleging.

Een goed argument voor tweesporigheid in strafrechtelijk beleid?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden tweesporenbeleid, gevangenispopulaties, detentieregime, reparatief recht
Auteurs David J. Cornwell
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Just over thirty years ago now, on 12th January 1977 to be precise, Sir Anthony Bottoms presented his Inaugural Lecture as Professor of Criminology at the University of Sheffield, UK. The full text of this almost prophetic Lecture was subsequently published in the Howard Journal of Criminal Justice and reached a much wider audience. One of its central themes was the emerging tendency within British criminal justice policy to treat really serious offenders in a significantly different manner from their less serious counterparts with whom a more lenient approach might be justified. This tendency he described as penal bifurcation.There were two reasons why such an apparently logical approach might be found exceptionable: the first relates to the general principal of treating like cases similarly, and the second that the practice was proposed on the basis of the relative extent of social risk that might be claimed to differentiate serious from less serious offending. Bifurcation in both of these forms is evident in the use within some jurisdictions of extended and indeterminate sentences for public protection, and in many respects also within parole release considerations.The central proposition in relation to bifurcation within this article is, however, of a somewhat different nature. Restorative justice places considerable reliance upon offenders accepting responsibility for their offences, showing remorse for the harm done to victims in the form of genuine apology, and then making reparation either to the victim(s) directly, or to victims of crime more generally. These principles apply equally to serious and less serious offenders, though the extent of reparation should logically be greater as the crime increases in gravity.In an era of widely increasing penal populations it is apparent that these escalations result from increased severity of sentencing on the one hand, and from wider use of custody and lower thresholds for imposing it on the other. Both forms of resort to custody in sentencing are increasingly justified on the basis of public protection, and to act otherwise is perceived (and often promoted in the media) as being ‘soft on crime’. Politicians anxious to retain electoral credibility do not wish to be labelled as soft on crime, and actively seek to avoid such accusations by supporting increasingly punitive measures against offenders.One of the reasons why restorative justice has attracted only limited acceptance in the world of adult criminal justice is that it is perceived as a less punitive response to offending than the more traditional retributive punishment mode or its ‘justice model’ desert-based counterpart. In the span of this article I shall attempt to describe how, with a respectable measure of bifurcation, a model of reparative and restorative justice can be presented as a viable and optimistic alternative to the penal politics of retributive punishment and social protection. That it might bring with it the potential for reduced use of custody will be left to the reader to decide.


David J. Cornwell
David J. Cornwell is criminoloog en consulent, gespecialiseerd in gevangenisvraagstukken. Hij heeft meerdere recente boeken op zijn naam staan, waarvan de laatste The penal crisis and the Clapham Omnibus in 2009 verscheen. Het (vertaalde) artikel in dit tijdschrift maakt deel uit van het genoemde boek.

    Lode Walgrave reageert op het artikel De komende emancipatie van het slachtoffer van Jan van Dijk.


Lode Walgrave
Lode Walgrave is emeritus hoogleraar (jeugd)criminologie van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
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