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Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht x Jaar 2014 x
Artikel

Prevalentie van ernstige misdrijven bij slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden seriousness, offenses, mediation, range of cases, outcome
Auteurs Wendy Schreurs, Sven Zebel en Elze Ufkes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A debate exists in the literature about the question whether (different forms of) mediated contact between victims and offenders occur and are appropriate only after minor offenses. This contribution therefore examines whether a relationship exists between the seriousness of offenses and the degree to which in practice cases result in mediated contact, in the Dutch context. More specifically, we report the first findings of a study aimed to (a) examine the seriousness of cases that were registered at the foundation Slachtoffer in Beeld (Victim in Focus; responsible for the execution of mediated contacts between victims and offenders in the Netherlands), and (b) compare the seriousness of cases at this foundation that resulted in different forms of mediated contact (including cases in which no contact emerged). To this end, we sampled 200 cases from the data system of Victim in Focus in a random manner; consequently, the seriousness of each of these cases was coded. The mean duration of incarceration sentenced for specific offenses in the Netherlands was used as an (as objective as possible) indication of the seriousness of the offenses in these cases. The results indicated that the cases registered at Victim in Focus do not consist exclusively of minor offenses. A substantial part consists of more serious offenses, especially when this is compared to the prevalence of all (minor and serious) offenses in the Netherlands. In addition, we observed no relationship between the seriousness of cases and the form of mediated contact (or no contact) that emerged at Victim in Focus; mediated contact arose to the same degree for serious compared to minor offenses. The implications of these results for the debate mentioned above are discussed, taking into account the manner in which victim-offender mediation is organized in the Netherlands.


Wendy Schreurs
Wendy Schreurs is afgestudeerd aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid aan de Universiteit Twente, op onderzoek naar de ontwikkeling van een ernstmonitor in de context van slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling. Ze werkt nu als PhD student op een project over de inzet van burgers bij politiewerk en interventies om die inzet te verbeteren.

Sven Zebel
Sven Zebel is universitair docent aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid van de Universiteit Twente. Hij houdt zich bezig met de psychologische reacties op wangedrag, conflicten en misdrijven, en de impact van interventies die trachten te herstellen en de kans op recidive te verkleinen (e.g. bemiddeling, reclasseringstoezicht, toekomstverbeelding).

Elze Ufkes
Elze Ufkes is universitair docent aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid aan de Universiteit Twente. Hij richt zich in zijn onderzoek op hoe groepsprocessen zoals groepslidmaatschap en stereotypering conflictgedrag van mensen beïnvloedt.
Casus

Naar een beschaafder delictenrecht

Een impressie van het seminar ‘Civilising Criminal Justice’, 14 oktober 2014, Rotterdam, Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2014
Auteurs Suzanne Jansen
Auteursinformatie

Suzanne Jansen
Suzanne Jansen is jurist bij het Schadefonds geweldmisdrijven en medeauteur van het boek Mediation in strafzaken.

Maartje Berger
Maartje Berger is als specialist jeugdstrafrecht werkzaam bij Defence for Children International.
Artikel

Herstelgerichte praktijken, berouw en vergeving in het islamitische strafrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Islamic criminal law, forgiveness, Remorse
Auteurs Jacques Claessen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since Islam stands for a total way of life, it also includes a vision on crime and punishment. According to several (Muslim)scholars the Sharia contains not so much a message of revenge and retribution but rather one of compassion, forgiveness and mercy. Much depends on which sections of the holy sources of Islam are read and subsequently how these sections are interpreted. However, fact is that – in the context of quite a number of criminal offences – Islamic criminal law gives room for restorative practices. These practices prove to be more beneficial with regard to the realization of remorse, forgiveness and reconciliation than the regular criminal process. Since restorative practices form an intrinsic part of (pre-modern) Islamic criminal law and since more and more initiatives are being developed nowadays to incorporate such practices in (modern) Western criminal law, it is of fundamental importance to take note of Islamic criminal law. Before focusing in this contribution on the role of restorative practices, remorse and forgiveness in Islamic criminal law, first the position of victims in criminal law under influence of Islam and Christianity will be discussed on the basis of the ideas of the Dutch victimologist Jan van Dijk. Furthermore, attention will be paid to the decline of mysticism in Islam and to the possible consequences and risks thereof – also for the role of restorative practices, remorse and forgiveness in Islamic criminal law.


Jacques Claessen
Jacques Claessen is redactielid van TvH.
Artikel

Een remix van het strafproces? Een hiphop-theorie van het herstelrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden hip-hop, herstelrecht, culturele criminologie, populaire cultuur, commodificatie
Auteurs Antony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Hip-hop and restorative justice may seem odd bedfellows, but according to Antony Pemberton they have more in common than many would assume. In the first place hip-hop shares a common history, at least with restorative justice's modern incarnations, spanning four decades, to become a similarly global phenomenon. Much of the social ecology shaping RJ is similar to hiphop. In addition hiphop's criticism of criminal justice almost goes without saying. Almost no source offers similar scathing critique of criminal justice and penal institutions as rap lyrics. Pemberton concludes that rituals in hip-hop are connected with the need to deal with conflict. The way respect and disrespect can coincide in rap-battles might offer insights in the way similar dialectics can be navigated within restorative justice processes. The extent to which this is possible is necessarily limited. Pemberton finds that hip-hop – with the exception of graffiti- does not seem currently to criticize the key neo-liberal values of the American Zeitgeist. The much maligned chasm between the old-school and the new school can be situated in this observation. Where hip-hop, as a social movement, used to deploy the depiction of injustice as a means to underline the necessity of social change, the current motto appears to be rich or die tryin”. The life of the thug and the gangsta is depicted as the epitome of the American Dream. Here Pemberton sees grounds for a cautionary warning for restorative justice, which is nurtured by a similar neo-liberal undercurrent in a number of jurisdictions.


Antony Pemberton
Antony Pemberton is werkzaam aan het International Victimology Institute van Tilburg University.

Gerja Bethlehem
Gerja Bethlehem is als jurist werkzaam bij Reclassering Nederland.

Hilleke Crum
Hilleke Crum is regiomanager van Eigen Kracht Centrale Noord-Holland.
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