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Artikel

Conflictbeleving en herstelrecht in Brussel

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden conflict and crime, metropolitan challenges, neighbourhoods
Auteurs Minne Huysmans en Erik Claes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article stems from a practice-oriented research on restorative justice and perceptions of conflict in a poor neighbourhood in Brussels: the Anneessens district. The first part of the article focuses on the conceptual shift from a crime-oriented towards a conflict-oriented restorative justice, including the search for a user-friendly working definition of ‘conflict’. The classical restorative justice story receives a facelift in order to address metropolitan challenges. The second part analyses 41 walking interviews of residents, focusing on conflict themes and zones. The third part cautiously checks the working definition in the frame of the analysed data. A provisional conclusion entails that the notion of crime and its related meanings should not be discarded too quickly.


Minne Huysmans
Minne Huysmans is docent in de opleiding orthopedagogie van Odisee en praktijkonderzoeker in het PWO-onderzoek Herstelrecht in Brussel. Tot 2012 was hij bemiddelaar in Brussel binnen de HCA-dienst van Alba vzw.

Erik Claes
Erik Claes is onderzoeker en docent filosofie in de opleiding sociaal werk van Odisee. Hij is projectleider van het PWO-onderzoek Herstelrecht in Brussel.
Discussie

Victimalisering van het strafproces

Een herstelrechtelijk commentaar

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden slachtofferrechten, procespartij, strafproces, herstelrecht
Auteurs John Blad
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The author discusses the proposals done by Richard Korver, a Dutch victim-solicitor, with regard to the legal position of the victim in the Dutch penal procedure. They amount to making the victim a fully equipped party to the procedure with – as it were – the same arms as the offender and his solicitor has. These proposals include an autonomous right to appeal against the verdict in first instance, a right to make a victim statement of opinion, the right to rebuke the bench, and the right to be heard in almost every procedural and substantial decision of any authority in the penal process and in the execution of punishment. The authors comment is that these proposals, when realized, will imply an intensification of the polarized legal debate in the penal procedure, with more risks of secondary victimization. The problem is not that the defendant will oppose two prosecutors, but that the victim will find the public prosecutor not on his side when the latter does his job as he should: serving the interests of justice. The inquisitorial procedure does allow for participation of victims, but only in so far as this participation can serve the interests of establishing the truth of the matter and determining proportionate and equal punishment. Meanwhile the risk of instrumentalising the victim and his needs in interests in punitive strategies exists. Restorative practices offer a much better context for an assertive victim to defend his interests and satisfy his needs, staying out of a debate in which the measure of punishment functions as the yardstick of his suffering. Regular civil law procedures could be the second option and criminal procedures should be relegated again to their rightful place as ultima ratio.


John Blad
John Blad is hoofddocent strafrechtswetenschappen aan de Erasmus Law School Rotterdam, hoofdredacteur van dit tijdschrift en visiting fellow aan de Renmin University en de China University of Politics and Law, Beijing.
Artikel

De emotionele hond en zijn rationele staart in recent onderzoek naar slachtoffers van een misdrijf

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden moral psychology, victimology, restorative justice, victim impact statements
Auteurs Antony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the past decades the social intuitionist approach to moral psychology has eclipsed rationalist models. The social intutionist approach considers emotions to be a driving force in moral judgement, while reasoning most often functions as a post hoc rationalisation of the initial emotion. This article argues that the social intutionist approach is also applicable to the choice and preferences victims make and have while navigating the criminal justice system. This is illustrated through two recent evaluations of victims experiences in the Netherlands: an evaluation of the Dutch victim-offender encounters and the oral and written Victim Impact Statements (VIS). It is shown that participation in the former programme is a function of low emotional impact, while participants in the VIS-schemes present with high levels of anxiety and anger, and exhibit signs of possible posttraumatic disorder. The implications of these findings are discussed and framed in terms of the social intuitionist model of moral psychology.


Antony Pemberton
Dr. Antony Pemberton is sociaalwetenschapper en universitair hoofddocent bij het International Victimology Institute Tilburg (INTERVICT) van de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Slachtofferbewegingen en herstelrecht

Over het belang van de realiteit achter de stereotypes

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden victimology, victim movements, social movements, restorative justice
Auteurs Antony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The position of victims of crime has shown marked improvement over the past 30 years. The rise of the victim has been associated with the growth of a unified ‘victim movement’; a social movement that strives to improve the position of victims of crime. However, it is questionable whether the victim movement should be viewed as a unitary phenomenon. Instead of one movement, there appear to be a number of victim movements. There are differences between the victim advocates in the United States, Victim Support in Europe, the violence against women movement and proponents of restorative justice.. In this article, reasons for these differences are sought in victim-endogenous factors: differences in victims’ characteristics and the idealtypes employed by the different movements are an important explanation for the divergent development in organisations representing victims interests, which in turn influences their policy preferences. It is argued that advocates of restorative justice would benefit from understanding both the reality and the distortion involved in the idealtypes, including their own. This would allow proponents of restorative justice to adapt their practices in a manner that is both suitable and convincing to the representative and target group of the different victim movements.


Antony Pemberton
Dr. Antony Pemberton is sociaalwetenschapper en universitair hoofddocent bij het International Victimology Institute Tilburg (INTERVICT) van de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Boekbespreking

The Mark of Abel. Labelling van slachtoffers

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 02 2008
Trefwoorden Slachtoffer, Strafvordering, Erkenning, Steenkool, Idee, Pleidooi, Vermoeden, Verzoening, Voorstel van wet, Gebrek
Auteurs Kool, R.

Kool, R.
Praktijk

Criminologie en criminaliteitsbeleid: tussen mensenrechten en doeltreffende criminaliteitsbeheersing

Verslag van de IX. Conference of the European Society of Criminology, Ljubljana, Slovenië, 9-12 september 2009, met als titel ‘Between Human Rights and Effective Crime Control’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden Conference of the European Society of Criminology
Auteurs Katrien Lauwaert en Annemieke Wolthuis
Auteursinformatie

Katrien Lauwaert
Katrien Lauwaert is als criminologe verbonden aan de Universiteit van Luik en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.

Annemieke Wolthuis
Annemieke Wolthuis is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Verwey-Jonker Instituut te Utrecht en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

De komende emancipatie van het slachtoffer

Naar een verbeterde rechtspositie voor gedupeerden van misdrijven

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden slachtoffers, etikettering, spreekrecht, herstelrecht
Auteurs Jan van Dijk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In Western languages those affected by crime are universally labelled as the sacrificed ones. This label is inspired by the suffering of Jesus Christ and evokes images of helplessness and meekness. It acts as hidden justification for the marginal, self-effacing role of victims in criminal procedure and restorative justice. The author argues for deconstruction of the stereotypical victim label and the creation of more space in criminal procedure for victims as autonomous parties. In his view the recent innovation in Dutch law of a limited Victim Impact Statement still gives victims insufficient voice. He also argues for a reconceptualisation of restorative justice practices as a supplement to the criminal trial rather than as a substitute.


Jan van Dijk
Jan van Dijk is als hoogleraar victimologie verbonden aan INTERVICT, Universiteit van Tilburg.
Interface Showing Amount
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