Zoekresultaat: 20 artikelen

x
De zoekresultaten worden gefilterd op:
Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht x
Artikel

Constructieve vergelding revisited

De grondslag van de straf vanuit herstelrechtelijk perspectief

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden constructieve vergelding, communicatie, retributivisme, strafverlangens, ervaren erkenning
Auteurs Renée Kool
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Is the concept of ‘retribution’ compatible with restorative justice? Starting from the perspective that retribution is an imperative given and that restorative justice should be a preferent option in coping with crime, the concept of retribution needs to be redesigned. Rethinking retribution needs to take into account the hypersensitive nature and complexity of modern society. Apparently incompatible interests need to be reconciled, paying tribute to the citizenship of both the victim and the perpetrator. Notwithstanding censure to be in place, implying the infliction of ‘pain’, the aim must lie in a reconstruction of civil relationships affirming the victim and the perpetrator to be part of the community. Standards applied must reflect objectivity, implying proportionate punishment, with a preference towards restorative justice because it is the more subsidiary option. Thus, retribution notwithstanding the imperative and painful nature of retribution, the execution should pursue the reconstruction of (civil) relationships.


Renée Kool
Renée Kool is als universitair hoofddocent werkzaam aan het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht.
Redactioneel

Filosofische reflecties op zorg, herstel en recht doen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2020
Auteurs Bas van Stokkom, Jacques Claessen en Renée Kool
Auteursinformatie

Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is als research fellow verbonden aan de het onderzoeksprogramma Staat en Recht, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Persoonlijke website:

Jacques Claessen
Jacques Claessen is bijzonder hoogleraar herstelrecht en universitair hoofddocent strafrecht aan de Universiteit Maastricht en rechter-plaatsvervanger bij de Rechtbank Limburg.

Renée Kool
Renée Kool is als universitair hoofddocent werkzaam aan het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Access_open Excuses gemaakt, zand erover?

Over de perceptie van emotionele slachtoffers en de verwachte effecten van aangeboden excuses

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden restorative justice, victimisation, apology, emotional display, third-party observers
Auteurs Alice Bosma
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Whereas the starting point of victimisation is clearly marked by a co-occurence of harm and wrong, the end of victimhood is not as straightforward. What is more, because victimisation is a social construct, the label of ‘victim’ is established in social interaction, meaning that third party observers have a role in the understanding of the (limits of) victimisation. In this article, I suggest that third party observers may understand attempts at restorative justice, more specifically, an apology, as an indicator of recovery of the victim. If this is true, they may expect the victim to decrease emotional display that signals victimisation after receiving an apology. If the victim continues to display similar signals of victimisation, this may result in negative victim-oriented responses. In an exploratory repeated measures vignette study, I show that third party observers evaluate the victim less positively after the victim received an apology than before they received this apology. The results imply that in understanding the (limits of) victimhood, we should consider the dynamics between victim and offender but also a broader circle of third-party observers. This is also important for restorative justice.


Alice Bosma
Alice Bosma is werkzaam bij de vakgroep Strafrecht van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Tilburg.
Artikel

Transmuraal herstelgericht werken

Nieuwe conceptuele landkaart naar succesvol re-integreren

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden gedetineerden, re-integratie, herstelgerichte detentie, strength-based benadering
Auteurs Bart Claes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the past twenty-five years, a lot of attention is paid to a more victim-aware and restorative justice focused policy in prisons in Belgium and The Netherlands, striving for a restorative culture and climate in the institutions (among prisoners and staff) and for more restorative practices like victim-awareness programs and mediation. The focus is primarily on the prison structure and culture, striving to create a more restorative prison culture and climate in the institutions. In this article we argue for a shift from this system-focused pursuit of ‘estorative detention’ to the restorative reintegration of prisoners at the individual level, and by this supporting their desistance from crime. We present a conceptual framework for restorative reintegration in and outside prison as a strengths-based approach, with attention to the structural and individual elements that supports their desistance from crime.


Bart Claes
Bart Claes is houder van het lectoraat Transmuraal Herstelgericht Werken bij het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool, bestuurslid van het European Forum for Restorative Justice (www.euforumrj.org) en medeoprichter van het Expertisecentrum K I N D, Ouder en Detentie (www.expertisecentrumkind.nl).
Discussie

Les jeux sont faits (De teerling is geworpen)

Overdenkingen naar aanleiding van het congres ‘Het slachtoffer en het strafproces: wat is de toekomst?’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2019
Auteurs Renée Kool
Auteursinformatie

Renée Kool
Renée Kool is hoofddocent straf(proces)recht, verbonden aan het Willem Pompe Instituut van de juridische faculteit, Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

De gunfactor van herstelrecht

Clementie, compassie en de zorg om de dader

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Clementie, Vergeving, recht doen, tweede kans
Auteurs Bas van Stokkom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses the willingness of the victim to judge the offender more mildly after the latter apologized for his wrongdoing and shows that he is involved in behavioral change. A large group of victims wants to help (young) perpetrators and offer them a second chance, even victims who have been treated violently. It is argued that these forms of compassion express a caring attitude, the wish that the offender will be rehabilitated and that a change in behaviour is more important than compensation. This attitude can also be referred to as ‘forbearance’, in terms that a less severe sanction is sufficient. This goodwill factor may well be the most important aspect of ‘doing justice’ in restorative meetings.


Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is hoofdredacteur van dit tijdschrift. Hij is verbonden aan de vaksectie Strafrecht & Criminologie, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Tot de thema’s die in zijn onderzoek aan bod komen behoren politie, burgerschap en lokale veiligheidszorg, straftheorie en herstelrecht. www.basvanstokkom.nl
Artikel

Het verontschuldigingsritueel en herstelrecht

Het slachtofferperspectief

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden apology ritual, The victim perspective, Sincerity, Physical aspect of apology, symbolic meaning of apology
Auteurs Inge Vanfraechem, Daniela Bolívar en Ivo Aertsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Empirical research on restorative justice shows that offenders can apologise to victims. Because of the ritual component of restorative justice and the possible influence on the justice system, certain questions arise: how do victims perceive these apologies? Is it important for victims that these apologies are sincere? The aim of the article is to discuss these questions through three topics, namely the physical aspect of the ritual, the symbolic meaning for victims and the relation between the offender’s apologies and the victim’s reaction.


Inge Vanfraechem
Inge Vanfraechem is consultant (Libra), senior vrijwillig wetenschappelijk medewerkers KU Leuven en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.

Daniela Bolívar
Daniela Bolívar is assistant professor aan de School of Social Work, Catholic University of Chile. Ze is board member van de International Journal of Restorative Justice en heeft een onderzoeksproject rond bemiddeling en jeugddelinquenten in Chili afgerond.

Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is professor herstelrecht en victimologie aan de KU Leuven en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Gevangenissen en herstel: reflecties over nut en noodzaak van een herstelgerichte detentiepraktijk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Retribution, desistance, behavioural change, empowerment, remoralization
Auteurs Peter Nelissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this contribution, the justification of restorative practices in prison is first discussed from a normative perspective. On the basis of Lippke’s retributive theory of imprisonment it is argued that modern, humane retributive sanctioning entails an obligation to provide prisoners with opportunities to engage in restorative practices. Second, restorative practices in prison are examined from the perspective of possible impacts on the empowerment of prisoners and their experience to move away from crime and do good. Finally, it is argued that in order to yield positive effects, restorative practices in prison need to be supported by a safe and healthy living environment.


Peter Nelissen
Peter Nelissen is criminoloog en werkzaam als onderzoeker/consultant en als docent.

John Blad

Bas van Stokkom
Artikel

Wraak, recht en slachtofferbehoeften

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden revenge, retributive emotions, victim impact statements, victim needs, penal populism
Auteurs Bas van Stokkom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Considerable political pressure is currently being brought to impose severe punishments, and it is frequently suggested that these punishments would enhance the wellbeing of victims and achieve ‘closure’. Populist images, such as ‘victims have a right to revenge’ have gained great influence. To what extent would therapeutic professionals have to support victim needs that are shaped within such punitive contexts? In this paper it is first argued that revenge embraces ambivalent meanings. Although avengers are lauded in the popular imagination, feelings of revenge are still viewed as ethically unacceptable. In recent decades, however, a penal populism has been gaining ground as a result of which revenge was stripped of its pejorative associations. In a punitive climate it is believed that victims would demand harsher penalties and that such penalties would promote closure and peace. Research findings show however that revenge may bring temporary relief, but anger rumination precludes healing. Subsequently the question is discussed whether two different forms of victim participation, victim impact statements and restorative justice conferences, might temper revenge feelings. Because VIS-participants (dealing with high levels of anger and fear) believe that their statements will culminate in longer sentences, they are generally frustrated that the imposed sentence is not tough enough. After the procedure they keep on viewing the offender as a malign person. Restorative procedures generally show an opposite picture. Finally this paper is criticizing the tendency of victim-oriented therapeutization within criminal justice and restorative justice. It is argued that the voice of the victim and the process of emotional healing should be separated strictly.


Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is verbonden aan de afdeling bestuurswetenschappen van de faculteit der sociale wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. Daarnaast is hij verbonden aan het Criminologisch Instituut (Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen). Hij verricht onderzoek op het grensvlak van ethiek, criminologie en de sociale wetenschappen. Tot de thema’s die in zijn onderzoek aan bod komen behoren politie, burgerschap en lokale veiligheidszorg, sanctietheorieën en herstelrecht. www.basvanstokkom.nl.
Artikel

Het herstelrechtelijk ongeloof in het concept bestraffing

Een verkenning op basis van het ‘last resort’-principe

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2010
Trefwoorden bestraffing, abolitionisme, last resort, criminele gedragingen, leedtoevoeging
Auteurs Vicky De Mesmaecker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Discussions in the movement of restorative justice about the fundamental question, whether its interventions are alternatives to punishment or alternative punishments, have become repetitive and seem to be in a dead end. The author reviews the arguments against the background of the ‘last resort’ principle in Husak’s work. Husak distinguishes between last resort in terms of sentencing and last resort in terms of criminalization. Since the restorative justice movement does not fundamentally reject the primary criminalisations, but accepts the definitions of certain forms of conduct as crime, it merely strives to offer alternatives to punishments that would otherwise be imposed. If protagonists of restorative justice want to avoid this, they should consider an abolitionist option to strive for decriminalization.


Vicky De Mesmaecker
Vicky De Mesmaecker is werkzaam aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie, K.U.Leuven.
Artikel

De ontwikkeling van herstelrechtelijke praktijken in Noord-Ierland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden Noord-Ierland, Jeugdsanctiesysteem, Preventie, Jeugdrecht
Auteurs Martin McAnallen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article provides a perspective on the development of restorative justice practice in Northern Ireland. The island of Ireland has a standing history as to the use of restorative justice. In fact, the earliest restorative form of law dates from 2000 BCE, the so-called Brehon Laws. To date, Northern Ireland features as a divided society; over the past 35 years intercommunity conflict brought devastation and heartbreak to the health of the community. Nevertheless, initial soundings were heard as to how the practice of restorative justice might be re-introduced to Northern Ireland. Already in 1989, the Probation Board indicated its intention of piloting a Victim Offender Mediation Programme. From that time, serious attempts were undertaken to implement restorative justice within the North-Irish society. Initiatives were undertaken by Republican as well as Loyalist communities, both being eager to move away from violent community based justice. Special attention was given towards juvenile crime. In 2000 this interest in restorative justice led to a commitment from the North-Irish authorities to put restorative justice matters at the heart of the criminal justice system for young offenders. As a result, in the Justice (Northern Ireland) Act 2002 the Youth Conference Service was initiated. Between 2003 and the present, Youth Conference Orders or Plans have been the most common disposals for adjudicated offenders up to eighteen years of age. The focus is on the parties resolving how the young person can make amends to the victim and what can be done to prevent further offending. All Agencies linked into the Youth Justice system recognize the special needs of young people. Recent figures show the numbers of young people going into youth custody in Northern Ireland have decreased due to the use of restorative justice models.


Martin McAnallen
Martin McAnallen is ruim 35 jaar actief geweest in het reguliere strafrecht in Noord-Ierland. Sinds halverwege de jaren tachtig was hij nauw betrokken bij de ontwikkeling van de mediationpraktijk in Noord-Ierland en herstelrecht. In 1992 vervulde Martin een actieve rol bij de oprichting van wat nu heet Mediation Northern Ireland. Zijn speciale aandacht ligt bij slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling en in het bijzonder Family Group Conferencing met jonge daders. Hij is een ervaren trainer en publiceert in diverse tijdschriften.
Artikel

Naar een ‘rights based’ jeugdherstelrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden Kinderrechten, Internationale Verdrag inzake de Rechten van het Kind, Jeugdherstelrecht
Auteurs Annemieke Wolthuis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution starts with an introduction of human rights, children’s rights and restorative justice. What are the links and differences between these concepts and how do they interrelate? An overview of human rights for children in international standards relevant to the discussion on juvenile justice, such as the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and additional instruments, is given. It is examined how restorative justice fits in this framework.
    Human rights are one of the main pillars of our modern society. General juvenile justice principles such as diversion, the use of detention only as a measure of last resort and focusing on re-integration give a clear basis for restorative justice practice. Recent international and European conventions, guidelines and recommendations dealing with juvenile justice explicitly recommend the use of restorative justice. It is actually seen as the main priority focus of the reaction to youth criminality. The Committee on the Rights of the Child declared in General Comment 10 that the best interests of the child imply that the traditional aims of criminal justice – repression and retribution – should make room for rehabilitation and reintegration. Today’s focus on youth delinquency should be a restorative one. But how to implement rather broad notions such as restorative justice in individual cases and to make them fulfil internationally accepted human rights standards. With the model of Mitchell and Moore it is explored how children’s rights (mainly article 40 and the main principles of the CRC) and restorative justice are connected and how they can use each other. The need is stressed and some tools are given to work towards a ‘rights based restorative justice’.


Annemieke Wolthuis
Annemieke Wolthuis is onderzoeker aan de Open Universiteit en schrijft een proefschrift over jeugdherstelrecht en kinderrechten. Zij is tevens verbonden aan het Verwey-Jonker Instituut, waar zij bijdraagt aan maatschappelijk onderzoek, en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

De maximalistische visie op herstelrecht onder vuur

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden maximalisme, rechtsorde, slachtoffers, rehabilitatie
Auteurs Lode Walgrave
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The authors latest book on Restorative Justice, Self-Interest and Responsible Citizenship has been discussed in this journal in 2009 and the author now responds to the critiques, which came from three jurists and therefore had a predominantly juristic character. Themes discussed are ‘criminal justice and punishment’, ‘restorative justice and the law’, ‘restorative justice, the victim and public interest’, ‘restorative justice and the legal order’ and finally ‘restorative justice and offender rehabilitation’. Walgrave maintains and clarifies the views he developed in the book explaining why it is correct to claim that criminal justice can be identified as fundamentally punitive (although it does not always punish, as one critic has observed) and that it should be possible to elaborate restorative justice into a completely new legal system, offering legal guarantees fitting to what restorative justice is trying to achieve. Legal guarantees as they exist today in criminal procedure cannot be taken as the benchmark for restorative procedures in view of the totally different aims and procedures. Furthermore, it is not true that the victim gets too much power in restorative justice – as one critic stated – because restorative justice is and should be conceived as a system of public law, involving the legal agencies and authorities such as courts in a proper role as guardians of every citizin’s dominion. It is because of the safeguarding of dominion that the victim should have a key-role to play in restorative justice, although not obliged to participate.One critic has mentioned that Walgraves ideas seem to imply that the legal order is only something being imposed upon the citizens ‘top down’, while in many respects one could maintain that the law and the principles of the legal order have been produced ‘bottom-up’ or at least should be the result of democracy. The response is that restorative procedures offer more opportunities for citizens for this democratic participation in producing the norms of the law.Finally some have argued that the rehabilitative interests of the offender should have a more central place in the definition of restorative justice, more or less of the same importance as restoring the harms of the victim. Walgraves experiences with the Belgian model of juvenile protection made him cautious of the risks of doing so, not only in terms of serving the victims needs, but also in terms of the legal protection of the juvenile offender against arbitrary interventions.


Lode Walgrave
Lode Walgrave is emeritus hoogleraar jeugdcriminologie van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
Column

Carla's lijst en de stem van het slachtoffer

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 01 2008
Trefwoorden Slachtoffer, Internationaal strafhof, Schadevergoeding, Aansprakelijkheid, Compensatie, Delinquent, Moeder, Overlijden, Regering, Verzoening
Auteurs Oomen, B.

Oomen, B.
Artikel

Het ethische en het politieke in Evenwicht: Normatieve reflecties over de institutionalisering van herstelrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 03 2008
Trefwoorden Delinquent, Risico, Strafrecht, Slachtoffer, Risicomanagement, Misdrijf, Recidive, Verkrachting, Schade, Herstel
Auteurs Hudson, B.

Hudson, B.
Artikel

Herstel: een communicatieve vorm van wraak

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 03 2005
Trefwoorden Slachtoffer, Delinquent, Herstel, Strafrecht, Steenkool, Aansprakelijkheid, Voorwaarde, Strafbaar feit, Strafvordering, Erkenning
Auteurs Kool, R.

Kool, R.
Artikel

Het relatieve draagvlak voor herstel

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 01 2005
Trefwoorden Herstel, Slachtoffer, Misdrijf, Tussenkomst, Delinquent, Redenering, Strafrecht, Enquête, Incompatibiliteit, Schadevergoeding, Herstel, Slachtoffer, Misdrijf, Tussenkomst, Delinquent, Redenering, Strafrecht, Enquête, Incompatibiliteit, Schadevergoeding
Auteurs Keijser, J.W. de

Keijser, J.W. de
Discussie

Herstelrecht, eigenbelang en verantwoord burgerschap

Enkele reacties op het boek met dezelfde titel van Lode Walgrave

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2009
Auteurs John Blad
Auteursinformatie

John Blad
John Blad is hoofddocent strafrechtswetenschappen aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

De slachtoffergerichte dimensie in rechterlijk denken

België en Nederland vergeleken

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden rechterlijke attitudes, strafdoelen, vergelijkend onderzoek
Auteurs Veerle Scheirs, Kristel Beyens en Jan de Keijser
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Research on magistrates’ penal attitudes has long been a blank spot in both the Netherlands and in Belgium. In the Netherlands, a theoretically integrated measurement instrument has been developed revealing the general structure of penal attitudes held by Dutch judges. It showed that the complex of penal attitudes is dominated by two independent perspectives: harsh treatment and social constructiveness. The latter perspective encompasses rehabilitation and restorative justice. Replicating the Dutch measurement instrument, penal attitudes of Belgian magistrates were recently examined. This article reports the results and compares them to earlier findings in the Netherlands. It is shown that, in contrast to Dutch magistrates’ penal attitudes, the structure of Belgian magistrates’ attitudes reveals an autonomous role for restorative justice. This finding and possible explanations are elaborated upon.


Veerle Scheirs
Veerle Scheirs is verbonden aan de vakgroep Criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Kristel Beyens
Kristel Beyens is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de vakgroep Criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Jan de Keijser
Jan de Keijser is verbonden aan het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR), Leiden.
Interface Showing Amount
U kunt door de volledige tekst zoeken naar alle artikelen door uw zoekterm in het zoekveld in te vullen. Als u op de knop 'Zoek' heeft geklikt komt u op de zoekresultatenpagina met filters, die u helpen om snel bij het door u gezochte artikel te komen. Er zijn op dit moment twee filters: rubriek en jaar.