Zoekresultaat: 2 artikelen

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Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid x Jaar 2015 x
Artikel

Positieve veiligheid. Een theoretische analyse van een omstreden begrip

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden Positieve veiligheid, geschiedenis, begripsanalyse, kritiek, ethiek
Auteurs Gerben Bakker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The concept of positive security appears more and more often in academic and public discussions. It presents a normative agenda for a non-repressive approach of security. In the article, it is claimed that the concept and its implications lack fundamental clarity. First of all, it is illustrated that the meaning of positive security primarily develops on the renouncement of negative security. Second, a historical comparison between the discipline of international relations and criminology discloses that different meanings have been assigned to positive security that seem at times at odds with each other. These frictions substantiate the view that it is problematic to accept positive security as an unequivocal recipe for change. Finally, the consequences of the disseminated structure of meaning are discussed in relation to the ambition of reform that positive security represents. For example, advocates of positive security do not seem eager to commit themselves to very clear normative views. This makes it difficult to really pin down what the suggested changes underlying positive security, are truly implying. Moreover, positive security invites us to extend the horizon of security politics to include various kinds of positive needs and values. But doesn’t this take us back to the initial criticism that the reach of the security concept has extended too much, covering virtually every aspect of life?


Gerben Bakker
Gerben Bakker is docent Integrale Veiligheidskunde aan de Haagse Hogeschool en promovendus aan de Erasmus Universiteit (vakgroep Filosofie van Mens en Cultuur).
Artikel

Burgerparticipatie en ‘crafting’ in het lokale veiligheidsbeleid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden neighbourhood professionals, crafting, citizen participation
Auteurs Marco van der Land en Bas van Stokkom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    An increasingly large degree of ‘public craftsmanship’ is demanded from professionals working in neighborhoods where citizens actively participate in security issues. The central question in this article is what role these neighbourhood professionals – mostly civil servants, (community) police officers and welfare professionals – play in facilitating and supporting civic projects in the field of security, how they create their ‘own’ social order outside of the formal policy domain of the organizations involved, and how they keep the public interest in mind. On the basis of three types of neighbourhood based projects – Neighbourhood Watches, ‘The Neighbourhood Governs’, and Residential Budgets – questions about the improvising and ‘crafting’ work of professionals are explored in this article. Such work is much needed in order to successfully establish connections between the different parties involved, navigate between the interests of citizens and organizations, recruit civilians while simultaneously amending their aspirations and expectations, safeguard public interests and ensure the progress of projects. Some professionals back away from these additional tasks and responsibilities they are increasingly face with. In many neighbourhoods much more is required from professionals however than the traditional roles as they were once defined by police, welfare and municipal organizations. In particular, the ‘new’ crafting professionals need to be able to deal with unreasonable expectations of ‘angry citizens’ who tend to dominate citizen participation in local security issues, act impartially and be accountable to the larger public, show personality and street credibility, and, finally, be attentive to unequal outcomes with regard to the distribution of safety and security projects in neighborhoods and districts.


Marco van der Land
Marco van der Land is verbonden aan de Academie voor Bestuur, Recht en Veiligheid van de Haagse Hogeschool en hoofdredacteur van Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid.

Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is verbonden aan de Leerstoel Veiligheid en Burgerschap van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en het Centrum voor Ethiek van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
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