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Artikel

If it was shared on Facebook and Twitter, then it must be true. Een kwantitatief onderzoek naar de relatie tussen fake news en angst voor criminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Fear of crime, avoidance behavior, fake news, traditional media, social media
Auteurs Birte Vandaele, Thom Snaphaan en Wim Hardyns
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The media are a main source of information on crime for citizens. Prior research shows that media and fear of crime are not independent of each other. Since fake news is spread through (social) media, the question arises what the relationship is between (perceived) fake news and fear of crime. To date, no large-scale representative research has been conducted on this topic. This study is based on a representative population survey (n = 1566) from 2019. This exploratory study shows a small but significant relation between the perceived prevalence of fake news and fear of crime.


Birte Vandaele
Birte Vandeale MSc. is wetenschappelijk onderzoekster aan het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy, Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht, Universiteit Gent. Birte.Vandaele@UGent.be

Thom Snaphaan
Thom Snaphaan MSc. is doctoraatsonderzoeker aan het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy, Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht, Universiteit Gent. Thom.Snaphaan@UGent.be

Wim Hardyns
Prof. dr. Wim Hardyns is professor in de Criminologische Wetenschappen aan het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy, Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht, Universiteit Gent, en gastprofessor in de Veiligheidswetenschappen aan de Universiteit Antwerpen. Wim.Hardyns@UGent.be
Artikel

Het contact tussen gedetineerden en interne en externe re-integratieprofessionals in Nederlandse penitentiaire inrichtingen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden contact, professionals, gevangenis, re-integratie, casemanagement
Auteurs Amanda Pasma, Esther van Ginneken, Anouk Bosma e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Prisoners often encounter multiple barriers when returning to society, resulting in higher risks of recidivism. To overcome these barriers, prison-based and community-based professionals assist with preparation for release. Prison-based professionals, such as the case manager and mentor, screen and monitor the problems regarding work and income, housing, healthcare, financial debts and valid identification. Community-based professionals, such as municipal officials, parole officers, healthcare professionals and volunteers, can provide additional and specialized help. First, this research discusses the current policy of the Dutch Custodial Institutions Agency (DJI) and the role of different types of professionals. Second, it presents a nationwide picture of the extent to which prisoners report contact with prison-based and community-based professionals, and to what degree prisoners appreciate this contact. The results are specified for various types of regimes and time served and are based on 4308 prisoner surveys of the Dutch Prison Visitation Study (DPVS), part of the Life in Custody Study (LIC-study). It turns out that most prisoners seem to be in close contact with prison-based professionals and that prisoners positively value this contact. However, contact with community-based professionals is limited and prisoners are somewhat dissatisfied about their contact with parole officers and municipal officials. Furthermore, the amount of contact differs across various types of regimes and time served. In particular, individuals who recently entered prison report less contact. To conclude, policy implications will be discussed.


Amanda Pasma
Amanda J. Pasma is PhD-student aan de Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid.

Esther van Ginneken
Esther van Ginneken is Universitair Docent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid.

Anouk Bosma
Anouk Bosma was ten tijde van het onderzoek Universitair Docent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid.

Hanneke Palmen
Hanneke Palmen is Universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid.

Paul Nieuwbeerta
Paul Nieuwbeerta is Hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid.
Artikel

De relatie tussen huiselijk geweld en betrokkenheid bij 1%motorclubs

(Ex-)partners van leden van 1%motorclubs in de (vrouwen)opvang

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden huiselijk geweld, 1%mc, outlaw motorcycle gang, OMG, vrouwenopvang
Auteurs Nanne Vosters en Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Little is known about (former) partners of 1%motorcycle club members. Social professionals working with victims of domestic violence in shelters have regular encounters with these mostly female (ex-)partners. In this exploratory contribution we wonder what is known about domestic violence amongst people with (ex-)partners of 1%motorcycle club members and the consequences of the involvement of a motorcycle club for tackling this violence. Based on thirteen semi-structured interviews with social professionals working in a shelter, external professionals and (ex-)partners, the link between domestic violence and membership of a motorcycle club could not be verified. What this research does show is that safety is the number one priority in working with these (ex-)partners. Furthermore, it shows how complex it is to assess the seriousness of potential threat coming from these 1%motorcyle clubs. Further research on domestic violence in environments associated with organised crime and the cooperation between the judiciary system and social professionals is needed to improve safety and wellbeing for this specific group.


Nanne Vosters
Nanne Vosters is als docent verbonden aan de deeltijdopleiding Social Work van Avans Hogeschool en als onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties van Avans Hogeschool.

Janine Janssen
Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eergerelateerd Geweld van de Nationale Politie, lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en bijzonder hoogleraar Rechtsantropologie aan de Open Universiteit.
Artikel

Boulevard Zuid in Rotterdam: een onderzoek naar het vertrouwen van winkeliers in politie en gemeente

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden shopkeepers, procedural justice, the Netherlands, ethnic minorities, performance theory
Auteurs Marc Schuilenburg, Laura Messie en Darnell de Vries
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, we analyze which aspects of performance theory and the procedural justice-based model are explaining the trust of shopkeepers in the police and local government. Utilizing a survey of 156 shopkeepers and 94 semi-constructed interviews with shopkeepers, which are located at the South Shopping Boulevard in Rotterdam (The Netherlands), the study finds that shopkeepers have a relatively high trust in the police and local government. This is surprising because various attempts in the past 30 years to revive the high street by the government have failed to improve its bad image, as dwindling visitor numbers, poor turnover, limited range of retailers, empty shops and high crime and offence levels show only too plainly. The findings also highlight that ethnic minority respondents have more trust in local government than Dutch shopkeepers. The explanation therefor is sought in the dual frame of reference theory.


Marc Schuilenburg
Marc Schuilenburg is universitair docent Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Laura Messie
Laura Messie, MSc was ten tijde van het initiële onderzoek masterstudente aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Darnell de Vries
Darnell de Vries, MSc was ten tijde van het initiële onderzoek masterstudente aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

De burgemeester als ‘sheriff’ in de aanpak van ondermijnende misdaad: op weg naar een wettelijke grondslag?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden burgemeester, ondermijning, openbare orde, georganiseerde criminaliteit
Auteurs Benny van der Vorm en Petrus C. van Duyne
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Traditionally, the mayor has an important role as a citizen’s father and as a maintainer of public order. In the context of the so-called ‘undermining’ criminality, the mayor has been increasingly empowered with new legal instruments to combat undermining criminality. Some mayors see themselves as a sheriff. However, in the Dutch Municipal Act, the mayor only has a task of maintaining the public order. How does this task relate to combating undermining criminality? What is the role of the mayor in the combat of undermining criminality? Nowadays, there is no legal basis in the Dutch Municipal Act to equip the mayor with crime-fighting duties. This article proposes to equip the mayor with a legal duty as a crime fighter.


Benny van der Vorm
Benny van der Vorm is universitair docent straf(proces)recht en is verbonden aan het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtsstaat en Rechtspleging en het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Petrus C. van Duyne
Petrus C. van Duyne is emeritus hoogleraar Empirische aspecten van de strafrechtspleging aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Access_open Een einde aan ondermijning

Over de opkomst en werking van een nieuwe veiligheidsstrategie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden ondermijning, speech act, veiligheidsbeleid, drugs
Auteurs Hans Boutellier, Ronald van Steden, Yarin Eski e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Undermining has become a buzz-word in Dutch politics and security governance. On national and local level there is great concern about the disappearing lines between the legal and illegal world, which affects the democratic order and rule of law in the Netherlands. Hence, everything possible should be done in order to combat the creeping threat of undermining. However, what is undermining actually? And why has the concept become so popular now? In this contribution, the authors will consider those and other relevant key questions about the rise and effect of the undermining concept to provide more conceptual clarity. By critically reflecting on undermining as a speech act, that is ‘underminization’ (cf. securitization), and based on empirical research, the authors suggest that there are two discourses at work that hinder the effectivity of the concept: one is specifically focused on the drugs industry with its illegal activities and one broadens the concept into unlawful and undesired developments that interfere with societal stability. The authors conclude that the concept of undermining may mobilize at policy level, yet seems to paralyze at operational level.


Hans Boutellier
Hans Boutellier is verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen en politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Ronald van Steden
Ronald van Steden is verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen en politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Yarin Eski
Yarin Eski is verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen en politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Mauro Boelens
Mauro Boelens was verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen en politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en nu werkzaam bij TwynstraGudde.
Artikel

De invloed van bedreigingen op de gemeentelijke besluitvorming

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden bedreigingen in de politiek, ongewenste invloed, intensieve procesanalyse
Auteurs Diana Marijnissen en Emile Kolthoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution reports on a delimited part of a larger, exploratory study, the main question of which was: How do aldermen perceive threats, what are their behavioral intentions and what is the influence of threats on the process and the outcome of decision-making? This question was answered with the help of Q methodology, semi structured interviews and case studies. This article discusses the results of the case studies and semi structured interviews on the impact of threats on decision-making. In two of the investigated cases (N=3) there are indications that the threats affect the decision-making process. The first case involves risk-avoiding behavior. In the second case there is a stronger conviction and hardening of opinions. There are no indications that threats affect the outcome of the decision-making process. The political administrative system that we have in the Netherlands is able to counteract improper influence. This is due to various elements in the system such as the boldness and the results-focused attitude of civil service (case 1) and the mayor and aldermen (case 2 and 3) and the design of the rules and procedures (case 1, 2 and 3).


Diana Marijnissen
Diana Marijnissen is docent bij de opleiding Bestuurskunde van Avans Hogeschool in Den Bosch en onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Ondermijning van het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool. Zij promoveerde in 2019 op een onderzoek naar bedreigde wethouders.

Emile Kolthoff
Emile Kolthoff is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Open Universiteit en lector Ondermijning bij het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool. Hij is hoofdredacteur van het Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid.
Artikel

Datagedreven zicht op ondermijning in woonwijken

Een verkenning van de mogelijkheden om indicatoren te ontwikkelen om zicht te krijgen op ondermijning in woonwijken

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Ondermijning, indicatoren, leefbaarheid, georganiseerde criminaliteit, stadsontwikkeling
Auteurs Jonas Stuurman, Emile Kolthoff, Joost van den Tillaart e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution reports about a research in a medium-sized municipality on the possibilities of giving municipalities an instrument to determine at the earliest possible stage which neighborhoods are at (increased) risk of exposure to organized crime and its consequences. We are searching for indicators to measure that exposure to give direction to preventive measures. Our focus is on the erosion of structures and foundations of society as a result of activities of organized crime, eventually resulting in the infringement of the rule of law. It is therefore not about the phenomenon of organized crime itself, but about its effects on society. This requires clarification and measurability of the concept. In this first exploration, we focus on the following five manifestations of the effect of organized crime: The emergence of a subculture: not recognizing government authority; the emergence of takeover of power in the neighborhood; the emergence of vulnerable groups of citizens; the creation of the image: crime pays off; and the emergence of unfair competition.


Jonas Stuurman
Jonas Stuurman is docent bij de opleiding Integrale Veiligheidskunde van Avans Hogeschool te Breda en onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Ondermijning van het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool.

Emile Kolthoff
Emile Kolthoff is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Open Universiteit en lector Ondermijning bij het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool. Hij is hoofdredacteur van het Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid.

Joost van den Tillaart
Joost van den Tillaart is docent bij de opleiding Integrale Veiligheidskunde van Avans Hogeschool te Den Bosch.

Ben Kokkeler
Ben Kokkeler is lector Digitalisering en Veiligheid bij het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool.
Artikel

Kickboksen, een Marokkaanse route naar succes?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3-4 2019
Trefwoorden Kickboksen, Marokko, Chicago, Wacquant
Auteurs Frank van Gemert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Loïc Wacquant conducted ethnographic research in the ghetto of Chicago and describes the route to social mobility that black boxers try to follow as they train in the gym and build body capital. Based on similar research methods, this article compares the black boxers to two episodes of kickboxing in Amsterdam. Wacquant is not hopeful when it comes to social mobility of the boxers, as he sees their boxing careers as confirmation of their low position in society. In the first Dutch episode, kickboxers manage to combine body work in the gym with working in the nightlife economy. They make money but are unaware of the danger of getting involved in criminal activities, and a number of fighters end up in prison or even dead. Currently, kickboxing is very popular with young Moroccans. Having seen what went wrong in the previous episode, Moroccan trainers keep a close watch on their pupils, and make sure they realize that what happens outside and after kickboxing is what really matters.


Frank van Gemert
Frank van Gemert is als Assistant Professor werkzaam bij de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, vakgroep criminologie van de VU Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Regelovertreding als voorspeller van incidenten in de chemische industrie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Compliance, Accidents, process safety, predicting, safety indicators
Auteurs Ellen Wiering, Arjan Blokland, Marieke Kluin e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Both major disasters and smaller incidents at chemical companies impact the environment. Seveso regulations aim to limit the impact of the chemical industry on man and the environment. This leads to the expectation that violation of these rules is predictive of incidents. In the current study, incidents at chemical companies are predicted from the company’s history of rule violation, previously reported incidents and corporate characteristics. Analysis of three years of inspection data and of six years of reported incidents, shows that the company’s branch and previous reported incidents predict the occurrence of an incident. The company’s history of rule violation, however, does not. Future research is needed to examine the different possible explanations for these contra intuitive results.


Ellen Wiering
Ellen Wiering is als junior onderzoeker verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Arjan Blokland
Arjan Blokland is als bijzonder hoogleraar Criminology & Criminal Justice verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Marieke Kluin
Marieke Kluin is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Wim Huisman
Wim Huisman is als hoogleraar Criminologie verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Marlijn Peeters
Marlijn Peeters is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Over een grens: Nederlandse vondelingen uit of naar het buitenland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Vondeling, migratie, Nederland, rationelekeuzetheorie, gelegenheidstheorie
Auteurs Kerstin van Tiggelen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Within the group of Dutch foundlings, 28% are migratory foundlings: children coming from abroad to the Netherlands (inbound foundlings), and children going abroad from the Netherlands (outbound foundlings). According to the rational choice theory, there is at some point a rational decision behind human action, based on consideration of costs and benefits – terminology reminiscent of the origins within economic science. When viewed from that perspective, cross-border abandonment may be regarded to be a conscious effort to hinder detection. After all, abandonment of foundlings has been a criminal offence in the Netherlands since at least the Middle Ages. There is therefore also a vested interest in not attracting attention. Anyone abandoning a child and wishing to protect their identity will be attracted to locations that lack effective supervision, defined as guardianship within the criminological routine activities theory. However, the less familiar a location, the trickier it is to avoid visibility. Does the rational consideration of costs and benefits result in migratory foundlings being abandoned just over the border (in order that the perpetrators attract the least possible attention) or actually further inland (in order to detract from the cross-border activity, for example)? Is there a comparable choice in terms of distance when people abandon native foundlings – children found in their country of birth? Relevant questions indeed, as greater insight into such variables can support the direction taken by detection activities. This study is an exploratory analysis of the distance between the domicile or birth location and the abandonment location of cross-border foundlings. The results will then be compared with the distances in the case of domestic foundlings.


Kerstin van Tiggelen
Kerstin van Tiggelen is gepromoveerd in de Humanistiek en voorzitter van stichting Nederlands Instituut voor de Documentatie van Anoniem Afstanddoen (NIDAA).
Artikel

Access_open Verborgen strijd in het veiligheidsdomein: over samenwerking tussen politie en gemeente bij de bestuurlijke aanpak van overlast en criminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Interorganisationele samenwerking, Politie, Gemeenten, bestuurlijke aanpak, overlast en criminaliteit
Auteurs Renze Salet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, over the past 25 years mayors have had an increasing number of formal powers, based on administrative law, to fight against crime and disorder. Now, the Dutch mayors have the power to impose a restraining order, to close houses in case of drugs and/or drugs trade, or to decline a request for a permit when it might be used for illegal activities.
    To implement these measures, the local government is highly dependent on (information provided by) the police. At this moment we do not have much information about this cooperation between local government and the police in the management of crime and disorder. This paper is based on an empirical study concerning this issue. It shows that the inter-organizational cooperation between local government and the police may differ strongly, however this cooperation still often depends on central factors and circumstances. An important factor is the (growing) distance between the police and local government in regard to the local approach of problems of crime and disorder. A significant number of local police officers concentrates mainly on the maintenance of law and order by criminal law enforcement instead of the implementation of administrative measures. As a result, local government is often unsatisfied about the contribution of the police. For example, the quality of the information provided by the police is often perceived as insufficient. In some cases local governments try to diminish the degree of interdependency with the police and to strengthen their own position in the local safety domain.


Renze Salet
Renze Salet is Universitair Docent Criminologie bij de vakgroep Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Radboud Universiteit (Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid).
Artikel

Partnerdoding in Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Partnerdoding, Epidemiologie, Moord, Nederland
Auteurs Marieke Liem, Inge de Jong en Jade van Maanen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Intimate partner homicide (IPH) constitutes one of the most prevalent types of homicide. This study aims to assess the nature and prevalence of intimate partner homicide in the Netherlands in the period 2009-2014. In doing so, we make use of police data, court data, and media articles. Findings show that IPH occurs 29 times per year, resulting in a victimization rate of 0.20 per 100,000, similar to other Western-European countries. Our results further show a decline in IPH in the last years. IPH in the Netherlands mostly occurs in heterosexual relationships, and involves male perpetrators and female victims. Finally, we reflect on possible causes for the decline of this type of homicide.


Marieke Liem
Marieke Liem is Universitair Hoofddocent, verbonden aan het Institute of Security and Global Affairs, Faculteit Governance & Global Affairs van de Universiteit Leiden.

Inge de Jong
Inge de Jong is thans werkzaam bij de Nationale Politie als adviseur bij de dienst Informatie Management en tijdens het uitvoeren van deze studie student Crisis & Security Management aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Jade van Maanen
Jade van Maanen isthans werkzaam bij Rijkswaterstaat als technisch projectleider bij de dienst Centrale Informatievoorziening en tijdens het uitvoeren van deze studie student Crisis & Security Management aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Marnix Croes
Marnix Croes is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het WODC van het Ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.
Artikel

Het succes van social engineering

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1-2 2018
Trefwoorden Awareness, E-mail phishing, Social Engineering, Telefoonfraude
Auteurs Jan-Willem Bullée, Lorena Montoya, Marianne Junger e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Social engineering is the usage of social manipulation and psychological tricks to make the targets assist offenders in their attack. This paper aimed to discuss the success of social engineering attacks and interventions in an organisational setting. Three kinds of social engineering experiments were discussed, each using a different modality (i.e. face-to-face (f2f), email and telephone). In each experiment, the targets (i.e. participants) were persuaded to perform actions that contribute to their victimisation.
    A portion of the participants in both the f2f and telephone experiment received an intervention to reduce victimisation. The conclusion is that awareness raising about dangers, characteristics and countermeasures related to social engineering proved to have a significant positive effect on protecting the target. The results of these experiments allow practitioners to focus awareness campaigns to maximise their effectiveness.


Jan-Willem Bullée
Jan-Willem Bullée is Information Risk Manager aan de Universiteit Twente. Email: j.h.bullee@gmail.com.

Lorena Montoya
Lorena Montoya is Graduate School Coordinator aan de Universiteit Twente. Email: a.l.montoya@utwente.nl.

Marianne Junger
Marianne Junger is professor Cyber Security and Business Continuity aan de Universiteit Twente. Email: m.junger@utwente.nl.

Pieter Hartel
Pieter Hartel is hoofd van de Cyber Security research group aan de TU Delft en werkzaam aan de Universiteit Twente. Email: pieter.hartel@tudelft.nl.
Artikel

Determinanten en motivaties voor intentie tot aangifte na slachtofferschap van cybercrime

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1-2 2018
Trefwoorden Cybercriminaliteit, Slachtofferschap, Aangiftebereidheid, Politie
Auteurs Lisanne Jong, Rutger Leukfeldt en Steve van de Weijer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study focusses on determinants of willingness to report cybercrime to the police or to other organizations and motivations for (not) reporting victimization. In this study, a questionnaire containing vignettes is used. Vignettes are semi-experimental designs in which hypothetical situations are presented and certain factors can be manipulated between and within respondents. Factors that are measured within the vignettes are the type and seriousness of the offence, the relationship between offender and victim and which possibilities for reporting the offence are available.
    It is shown that the type of offence is an important determinant for willingness to report the offence, which is highest for fraud, followed by hacking and malware. Likewise, willingness to report is higher for more serious offences than for less serious offences. These results are comparable to results on willingness to report traditional crimes.
    With regard to psychological determinants, results are not in line with previous results on willingness to report traditional crimes. For the relationship between offender and victim, mixed results are found. If the offender is an acquaintance of the victim, willingness to report to the police increases, but willingness to report to another organization decreases, compared to the offender being unfamiliar to the victim. Another surprising result is that no correlation is found between attitudes towards the police and willingness to report offences. Also unexpectedly, it is found that respondents who have previously reported crime and were unsatisfied about this experience, were more willing to report offences than respondents who never reported crimes before.
    Regarding motivations for willingness to report, it is found that, in general, motivations for reporting cybercrime are strongly comparable to motivations for reporting traditional crime, however, differences in motivations are found between the different types of cybercrime.


Lisanne Jong
Lisanne Jong is statistisch onderzoeker bij het Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Email: lps.jong@cbs.nl.

Rutger Leukfeldt
Rutger Leukfeldt is postdoc onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving. Email: rleukfeldt@nscr.nl.

Steve van de Weijer
Steve van de Weijer is postdoc onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving. Email: svandeweijer@nscr.nl.
Artikel

De digitale schandpaal: opsporingsberichtgeving in een gedigitaliseerde samenleving

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1-2 2018
Trefwoorden DIY-policing, online policing, wanted notices, right to privacy, procedural defect
Auteurs Gabry Vanderveen en Mojan Samadi
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the context of criminal investigations police and prosecution can appeal to the public for information to further their case. This decision cannot be taken lightly and requires a balancing exercise between the rights of the suspect (and other people involved), specifically the right to privacy, the interest of criminal investigations, such as the identification of the suspect or witnesses, and public pressure to fight crime.
    In the current digital society, the prosecutor can choose between a wide range of (new) media and modes of communication to ask for information. Next to wanted notices on paper posters and broadcasts on television, appeals for information are published on websites, social media platforms, apps and digital screens. Citizens can modify and share these appeals and they can comment on them. This necessitates careful consideration by the prosecutor on whether and how to appeal for information. After all, these appeals could lead to DIY-policing or online vigilantism (digilantism), leading to infringements on the right to privacy and even possibly to misidentification of suspects.
    This article contributes to the continuing debate. We describe the legal framework the prosecution has to take into account in such cases. The importance of a considered decision is illustrated by three cases in which judicial authorities appealed to the public for help in the criminal investigations, resulting in massive (media) attention and consequently affecting the eventual criminal case against the defendants. In two of these cases the prosecutorial decision to involve the public’s help resulted in a violation of the defendants’ rights to privacy and consequently had to be remedied by the court. Both cases led to social, legal and political debate about the balance between privacy and crime control.


Gabry Vanderveen
Gabry N.G. Vanderveen is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie, Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Email: vanderveen@law.eur.nl.

Mojan Samadi
Mojan Samadi is als promovendus straf(proces)recht verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. Email: m.samadi@law.leidenuniv.nl.
Artikel

Vechter buiten de ring; Narratief en biografie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden Narratieve criminologie, Vechter, Biografie
Auteurs Frank van Gemert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The most important mechanism for crime prevention is just the presence of guardians. Some counter arguments against this thesis are discussed and rejected. By manipulating the presence of guardians it is possible to influence the level of prevention. It is argued that a large scale evaluation of such measures is wanted.


Frank van Gemert
Frank van Gemert is als universitair docent verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Verstoorde veiligheidsbeleving

In gesprek met buurtbewoners over de ‘onveiligheid’ in hun buurt naar aanleiding van gestegen ‘gevoelens van onveiligheid’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden fear of crime, qualitative analysis, evidence based policy
Auteurs Remco Spithoven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The ‘fear of crime’ is a buzzword among citizens, media, politicians and professionals by now. But the phenomenon seems to be as intangible as it is important. The struggle of professionals with this concept is the result of a too wide and self-evident problem definition. This article contains an alternative approach. The focus is on disturbed fear of crime: a negatively changed and problematically experienced fear of crime on the level of the neighborhood.
    Through a review of the literature and previous research, we work towards this concept and apply it to the neighborhood of Kerckebosch in the municipality of Zeist in the Netherlands. As during 2014 the local quantitative indicators for ‘the fear of crime’ rose from 7% of the local population indicating to ‘sometimes feel unsafe’ to 22%, while the rest of the municipality remained quite stable. Additionally, several local professionals received complaints of multiple local inhabitants claiming to ‘feel unsafe’ in the neighborhood. Our research question was: What explanations for their ‘disturbed fear of crime’ do local inhabitants of the neighborhood Kerckebosch give?
    It was highly plausible that this local rise of the fear in Kerckebosch was connected to the social re-engineering of the neighborhood, but the exact nature of the quantitative rise was unclear. Therefore, we have interviewed 25 local inhabitants. Qualitative analyses showed the local rise of ‘the fear of crime’ to be the result of: (I) physical characteristics of the neighborhood; (II) events of burglary and intimidation from the past; (III) the presence of loitering youths and – primarily – (VI) a backlash of social integration as a side effect of the social re-engineering of the neighborhood. These qualitative explanations to the observed quantitative discontinuity led to several policy advises, which were based on international effect studies.


Remco Spithoven
Remco Spithoven is hoofddocent bij het Instituut voor Veiligheid en het lectoraat Kennisanalyse Sociale Veiligheid aan de Hogeschool Utrecht. Daarnaast is hij research-fellow bij de leerstoel Veiligheid en Veerkracht aan de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Redactioneel

Migratie, vluchtelingen en veiligheid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2-3 2017
Auteurs Janine Janssen, Joanne van der Leun en Dianne van Hemert
Auteursinformatie

Janine Janssen
Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de nationale politie. Daarnaast is zij lector Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool in Den Bosch.

Joanne van der Leun
Joanne van der Leun is hoogleraar Criminologie en Decaan Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Dianne van Hemert
Dianne van Hemert is werkzaam bij TNO en redactielid van Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid.
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