Zoekresultaat: 2 artikelen

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Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid x Jaar 2014 x
Artikel

De samenhang tussen fysieke en sociale veiligheid in theorie en praktijk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden safety, security, disciplinary boundaries, multidisciplinary collaboration, networked coordination
Auteurs Hanneke Duijnhoven, Kim van Buul-Besseling en Nathalie Vink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses the complex relations between the organizational fields of safety (i.e. disaster and crisis response) and security (i.e. crime prevention and public order), and the ways in which disciplinary and organizational boundaries make it difficult to come to a better integration or coordination in the safety and security domain. Based on results of a research project on cooperation and information-sharing between organizations in the fields of safety and security, the authors argue that it is not realistic to refer to safety and security as relatively independent fields. Instead, it would be more useful to approach it as a connected domain, encompassing both safety and security disciplines. Yet, the separation of the two fields is strongly embedded in the culture and responsibilities of organizations in these fields, which reinforces the disciplinary boundaries in the domain. Nevertheless, in the last few years it seems that there is an increasing recognition of the need for multidisciplinary collaboration in the safety and security domain. This paper explores possible directions for creating more coherence and integration in the safety and security domain. The authors believe that much progress can be made if key stakeholders in the safety and security domain are able to adopt a broader, multidisciplinary perspective when approaching safety and security events.


Hanneke Duijnhoven
Hanneke Duijnhoven is consultant bij TNO.

Kim van Buul-Besseling
Kim van Buul-Besseling is consultant bij TNO.

Nathalie Vink
Nathalie Vink is consultant bij TNO.
Artikel

Uitgaansgeweld en de morele setting van het uitgaan in Amsterdam

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden nightlife, violence, morality, clubs, bars
Auteurs Marco van der Land, Ilse de Groot, Hans Boutellier e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Nightlife violence is gaining increasing attention and is a substantial part of all violent incidents. In this article we explore the assumption that going out in metropolitan clubs and bars creates a specific moral setting, where the aim is to let yourself go. The main question in this article is to what extent the moral setting of going out contributes to nightlife related violence. We explored this issue by analyzing the case of Amsterdam, in particular the two famous squares, Leidseplein and Rembrandtplein, and de Wallen (red light district). With regard to the moral setting we distinguish between physical, social, professional and normative aspects of the moral setting. Each of these aspects has been described in academic literature as potentially contributing to violence. On that basis a checklist has been developed that was used for observations in nightlife venues that are known for either a high or low disproportionate amount of violent incidents. By comparing the two categories we were able to identify elements of the moral setting which, supported by the literature, can be expected to contribute to the prevalence of nightlife violence. Elements which we discovered that occur more frequently in venues where many incidents occur are visitor density, the loudness of the music, the presence of smokers, the overall comfort, the opportunity to dance, the presence of drunken visitors and their degree of intoxication, overtly sexually charged behavior, opportunities for the staff to observe, security at the exit, the number of bouncers, and whether visitors were searched or not before they entered the venue. Whether situations actually developed into violent conflict depended on one of three possible causes, namely miscommunication, conflict with authority or unsolicited advances. Policymakers can use these insights in order to try to manipulate violence stimulating factors.


Marco van der Land
Marco van der Land is universitair docent bij de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen en Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en onderzoeker bij de Leerstoel Veiligheid en Burgerschap aldaar. Hij is tevens hoofdredacteur van het Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid. E-mail: m.vander.land@vu.nl

Ilse de Groot
Ilse de Groot is als zelfstandig onderzoeker en trainer op het gebied van criminaliteit en veiligheid werkzaam bij Ratio Research. E-mail: ilsedegroot@ratioresearch.nl

Hans Boutellier
Hans Boutellier is bijzonder hoogleraar Veiligheid en Burgerschap aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en lid van de raad van bestuur van het Verwey-Jonker Instituut. E-mail: HBoutellier@verwey-jonker.nl

Rutger Visser
Rutger Visser is freelance onderzoeker en docent criminologie. Hij is gespecialiseerd op het gebied van geweldgebruik. Rutger is verbonden aan het Centrum voor Politiewetenschappen. E-mail: r.s.m.visser@vu.nl
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