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Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases x Jaar 2017 x

    The highest administrative court in the Netherlands has delivered a razor-sharp ruling on the intra-community service provision set out in Articles 56 and 57 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union). This concerns ‘new’ EU-nationals who are still under transitional measures with regard to access to the labour markets of ‘old’ EU Member States. The judgment was preceded by a request from the Chairman to a State Councillor Advocate General to deliver his opinion on various aspects of punitive administrative law practice in the Netherlands. Both the opinion and the judgment are a welcome clarification and addition (or even correction) on the practice.


Bart J. Maes
Bart J. Maes is a partner at Maes Staudt Advocaten N.V. in Eindhoven, the Netherlands (www.maes-staudt.nl).
Case Reports

2017/43 Mobility of employees and entitlement to annual leave (AU)

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden Nationality discrimination
Auteurs Peter C. Schöffmann en Andreas Tinhofer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Under Austrian law employees are entitled to more annual leave if they have worked for at least 25 years for the same employer. Employment with other employers is taken into account, but not for more than a total of five years. The ECJ will have to decide whether this limitation complies with EU law or whether it unlawfully restricts the freedom of movement of employees.


Peter C. Schöffmann
Peter C. Schöffmann is an associate at MOSATI Rechtsanwälte (www.mosati.at).

Andreas Tinhofer
Andreas Tinhofer is a partner at MOSATI Rechtsanwälte (www.mosati.at).
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 13 July 2017, case C-89/16 (Szoja), Social security

Radosław Szoja – v – Sociálna poisťovňa and WEBUNG, s.r.o., Slovakian case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Social security
Samenvatting

    Marginal activities should be disregarded for the purposes of determining which national social security legislation applies.

ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 18 July 2017, case C 566/15 (Erzberger), Free movement of workers

Konrad Erzberger – v – TUI AG, German case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Free movement of workers
Samenvatting

    The exclusion of employees of a group, employed outside of Germany, from the right to vote and stand as candidates in elections of employee representatives on the supervisory board of the German parent company, is not contrary to the free movement of workers.

Article

2017/11 Transposition of the ‘enforcement’ directive into Belgian law

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Private international law, posting of workers and expatriates, Free movement, minimum wage/social dumping
Auteurs Gautier Busschaert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article briefly describes the main measures adopted by Belgium in transposing the EU Directive 2014/67 of 15 May 2014 into national law.


Gautier Busschaert
Gautier Busschaert is a lawyer at Van Olmen & Wynant in Brussels.
Case Reports

2017/21 Legal rules for employers for monitoring employees in Slovakia (SK)

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Privacy, Unfair dismissal
Auteurs Gabriel Havrilla en Richard Sanák
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    An employer can monitor an employee’s emails provided it has made it clear beforehand that it might do so. It is permissible for the employer to prohibit employees from using its electronical equipment for private use, but if the employer is going to check whether this rule was being complied with, it needs to have a significant reason to do so and must respect the principles of legality legitimacy and proportionality.


Gabriel Havrilla

Richard Sanák
Gabriel Havrilla and Richard Sanák are respectively managing partner and junior associate with law firm Legal Counsels s.r.o., www.legalcounsels.sk.
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 27 April 2017, C-620/15 (A-Rosa Flussschiff), Free movement, social insurance

A-Rosa Flussschiff GmbH – v – Union de recouvrement des cotisations de sécurité sociale et d’allocations familiales d’Alsace (URSSAF), venant aux droits de l’URSSAF du Bas-Rhin and Sozialversicherungsanstalt des Kantons Graubünden, French case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden free movement: social insurance
Samenvatting

    An E101 certificate, issued by the institution designated by the competent authority of a Member State under Article 14(2)(a) of Regulation No 1408/71, is binding on both the social security institutions of the Member State in which the work is carried out and the courts of that Member State – even when it is found by those courts that the conditions under which the workers carried out their activities did not fall within the scope of the provisions of Regulation no 1408/71.

ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 2 March 2017, case C-496/15 (Eschenbrenner), Freedom of movement

Alphonse Eschenbrenner – v – Bundesagentur für Arbeit, German case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Freedom of movement
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 15 December 2016, joined cases C-401/15 to C-403/15 (Depesme), Free movement, social insurance

Noémie Depesme (C-401/15), Saïd Kerrou (C-401/15), Adrien Kauffmann (C-402/15) and Maxime Lefort (C-403/15) – v – Ministre de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, Luxembourgian case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden Free movement, Social insurance
Samenvatting

    These cases concern the refusal by Luxembourg to grant financial aid to students studying in Luxembourg whilst living in France or Belgium, when they would be entitled to such aid under Regulation 492/2011 on free movement (pursuant to Article 45 TFEU), based on their family circumstances, were it not that the person employed in Luxembourg was not their father but their stepfather. The ECJ found in favour of the students.

ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 1 February 2017, case C-430/15 (Tolley), Free movement, social insurance

Secretary of State for Work and Pensions – v – Tolley, British case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden Free movement, Social insurance
Samenvatting

    Mrs Tolley, a disabled UK national, emigrated from the UK to Spain in 2002, at age 50. Before she left the UK, because she was unable to prepare a meal for herself, she was in receipt of DLA (disability living allowance) benefits. These benefits were stopped when she left the UK, because under UK law, only residents are eligible. Mrs Tolley appealed successfully to the First-tier Tribunal. Its decision was upheld by the Upper Tribunal and the Court of Appeal. The Secretary of State appealed to the Supreme Court, which referred questions to the ECJ, all relating to Regulation 1408/71 on the coordination of social security legislation within the EU (now Regulation 883/2004). The ECJ found in Mrs Tolley’s favour.

Case Reports

2017/10 Uber drivers found to be workers (UK)

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden Employment Tribunal
Auteurs Bethan Carney
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In a much publicised case, Uber drivers have won a first instance employment tribunal finding that they are ‘workers’ and not self-employed contractors. This decision means that they are entitled to basic protections, such as the national minimum wage, paid holiday (under the Working Time Directive) and protection against detriment for ‘blowing the whistle’ on wrong doing. The decision could have substantial financial consequences for Uber, which has around 40,000 drivers in the UK but Uber has already confirmed that it will appeal the decision, so we are unlikely to have a final determination on this question for some time.


Bethan Carney
Bethan Carney is a lawyer at Lewis Silkin LLP: www.lewissilkin.com.
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 21 December 2016, joined cases C-508/15 (Ucar) and C-509/15 (Kilic), Free movement, residence

Sidika Ucar and Recep Kilic – v – Land Berlin, German case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden Free movement, Residence
Samenvatting

    These cases relate to Decision 1/80 of the ‘Association Council’, a body established pursuant to the 1963 Association Agreement between Turkey and the EU. In both cases, the German immigration authorities had rejected an application to extend the residence permit of a Turkish national but the ECJ found they had a right of residence.

ECJ Court Watch

Case C-482/16. Age discrimination

Georg Stollwitzer – v –ÖBB Personenverkehr AG, reference lodged by the Austrian Oberlandesgericht Innsbruck on 7 September 2016

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden Age discrimination
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ (Grand Chamber) 21 December 2016, case C-201/15 (AGET Iraklis), Collective redundancies

Anonymi Geniki Etairia Tsimenton Iraklis (AGET Iraklis) – v – Ypourgos Ergasias, Koinonikis Asfalisis kai Koinonikis Allilengyis; intervener: Enosi Ergazomenon Tsimenton Chalkidas, Greek case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden Collective redundancies
Samenvatting

    Where no agreement is reached with employee representatives on a planned collective redundancy, the employer must try to obtain permission from the Minister for Labour – who rarely gives it. The employer in this case argued successfully that this was a serious obstacle to its to freedom to establish and conduct business in Greece.

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