Zoekresultaat: 5 artikelen

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Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid x Jaar 2014 x

    The European Court of Human Rights has accepted the French ban on the wearing of a full face veil (burqa) in public based on the notion of ‘living together,’ which in the particular case of France is considered an essential part of the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.
    In the author’s view, this ruling is problematic as it elevates local – in this case French – customs of the majority to a legal norm. The law is to protect general freedoms, including the freedom to be different from the majority; the law is not to protect certain majority customs. Prescribing what is or is not culturally suitable may be expected from a theocracy or dictatorship, but is not what a legislator in a democratic society should do.


Prof. dr. mr. Maurits Berger
Prof. dr. mr. M.S. Berger is hoogleraar Islam in het hedendaagse Westen aan de Universiteit Leiden. Hij is hoofdredacteur van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid.

    In its ruling of June 12, 2014, the European Court on Human Rights (Grand Chamber) concluded that no violation of the right to private life and family life under the European Convention of Human Rights had taken place in the case of the non-renewal of an employment contract of a Roman Catholic teacher of religion and ethics. The reason for this non-renewal was the withdrawal of the required ecclesiastical approval of the teacher. According to the European Court, church autonomy prevailed in this case over the right to private life and family life of the teacher, a married priest with five children and an active member of an organization promoting voluntary celibacy. This contribution analyses and discusses the ruling of the ECHR, also in the light of the main dissenting opinion. It supports the Court’s conclusion, but criticizes some of its reasoning. It also states that regardless of the extent of church autonomy, a clear and correct procedural approach to employment issues also does honour ecclesiastical authorities.


Prof. dr. Sophie van Bijsterveld
Prof. dr. S.C. van Bijsterveld is bijzonder hoogleraar Religie, rechtsstaat en samenleving aan de Universiteit van Tilburg. Zij is redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid.

Ben Koolen
Dr. G.M.J.M. Koolen legt zich na zijn pensionering als ambtenaar van het ministerie van Justitie toe op de bestudering van de verhouding tussen overheden en levensovertuigingen in de negentiende en twintigste eeuw. Hij is redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid.
Artikel

Access_open Constitutionele antwoorden op toenemend pluralistische samenlevingen

Religieuze diversiteit in Frankrijk, Italië en Canada

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden religieuze diversiteit, religieuze symbolen, secularisme, boerkaverbod, ‘reasonable accommodation’
Auteurs Dr. Carla Zoethout
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, the question is raised which constitutional answer to immigration is most sustainable with a view to future multicultural societies. I focus on the constitutional answers to immigration in France, Italy and Canada. In France, in 2010, legislation was adopted prohibiting the wearing of face-covering clothing in public. With this ban, the French intended to enhance the equal participation of citizens in society and to protect the equality of the sexes. In Italy, a heated debate took place about the display of crucifixes in (public) schools, which resulted in a restoration of the predominance of the Catholic religion. Across the ocean, in the Canadian province of Québec, the National Assembly of Québec has been discussing a ‘Charter’, whose prevailing idea is to enhance the neutrality of the state, among others by prohibiting religious clothing in public institutions. The question is which of these approaches is best defensible to regulate a society, which will undoubtedly become even more diverse in the near future.


Dr. Carla Zoethout
Dr. C.M. Zoethout is universitair hoofddocent Staatsrecht aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zij is redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid.
Artikel

Access_open Godsdienstonderwijs in Nederland en Duitsland

Een spagaat tussen religie en staat

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden godsdienstonderwijs, confessioneel bijzonder onderwijs, openbaar onderwijs, schoolsysteem Nederland-Duitsland
Auteurs Kim de Wildt en Rob Plum
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article compares the situation of religious education in the Dutch and German school systems against the background of the relationship between church and state. In the Netherlands most schools are confessional schools, whereas in Germany most schools are public schools. The way in which the school subject of religious education is taught differs in its form. In both countries difficulties arise in relation to religious education which leads to the future of the Dutch school system of public and confessional private schooling being disputed and in Germany the school subject of confessional religious education being under pressure. Despite laws concerning religion and education the theme of religious education is still debated in the public domain.


Kim de Wildt
Dr. K. de Wildt is wetenschappelijk medewerker aan het Seminar voor Liturgiewetenschap van de Faculteit Katholieke Theologie aan de Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn. kdewildt9@gmail.com.

Rob Plum
Dr. R.J.J.M. Plum is theoloog en filosoof bij de GGZ Oost Brabant, docent theologie en filosofie bij de Hogeschool voor Geesteswetenschappen in Utrecht, en docent Sozialphilosophie aan de Fachhochschule in Düsseldorf. rjjmplum@t-online.de.
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