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Artikel

Christelijke identiteit als cultureel gegeven in Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden christendom, Warden, Cultuur, Macht
Auteurs Prof. dr. Matthias Smalbrugge
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch approach of religious matters is still characterized by an approach that fits in the 19th century, not in the 21st. This approach considers religion as a private matter without taking into account the cultural dimension of religion. Such an approach is not keeping the pace of the development of religion in a post-secular world and it loses sight of the modern debate on religion elsewhere in Europe. In particular it tends to ignore the cultural value of Christianity by pointing at the deconfessionalization. The article focuses on the role the Christian narrative has in making visible the issue of power.


Prof. dr. Matthias Smalbrugge
Prof. dr. M.A. Smalbrugge is hoogleraar Europese cultuur en Christendom aan de faculteit Religie en Theologie van de VU. Zijn onderzoeksveld is begrippen als beeld, herinnering, autobiografie en de breukvlakken in de religieuze tradities van Europa. Hij publiceerde met name over Augustinus.
Artikel

De katholieke sociale leer over de relatie gelovige/burger, samenleving en seculiere staat

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden kerk-staatverhoudingen, canoniek recht, katholieke sociale leer, Geschiedenis, Staatsleer; Rooms-Katholieke Kerk
Auteurs Mr. dr. Maurice van Stiphout
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the 19th century in many Western states, the close relationship between Church and State came to an end and the Roman Catholic Church developed into a major and active player on social and educational level in society separate from the State.
    This was due, on the one hand, to the constitutional changes in the Western states from the end of the 18th century, which led to the gradual introduction of the formal principle of separation of Church and State. On the other hand, it was a result of the search for a new position of the Roman Catholic Church in society that also influenced the theological reflection of the Church on society.
    The ecclesiastical reflection on the ideal relationship between Church and State took shape in the course of this process in the Ius Publicum Ecclesiasticum. The ecclesiastical view on the relationship between believers/citizens, society and State simultaneously took shape in Catholic social doctrine, which today still offers a model for modern society. In Catholic social doctrine, the believer/citizen is the connecting element between Church and State in a secular society. The ‘state doctrine’ of the Catholic Church is presented in Catholic social doctrine as an ideal image of the democratic constitutional state in which man is central and forms the central link between Church, society and secular State.


Mr. dr. Maurice van Stiphout
Mr. dr. M. van Stiphout studeerde rechten in Leiden en canoniek recht en theologie in Leuven. Hij promoveerde in de rechtsgeleerdheid in Groningen. Hij is werkzaam bij de Belgische rooms-katholieke kerkprovincie in Brussel (Juridische dienst & Erkende Instantie rooms-katholieke godsdienst). Daarnaast is hij vrijwillig wetenschappelijk medewerker van de faculteit Theologie en Religiewetenschappen van de KU Leuven (afdeling Geschiedenis van Kerk en Theologie).
Artikel

Euthanasie volgens het rooms-katholiek kerkelijk strafrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden euthanasie, Rooms-Katholieke Kerk, Kerkelijk strafrecht
Auteurs Dr. Ruud Huysmans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A medical doctor in The Netherlands is not punishable under the law for assisting in a patient’s self-chosen death as long as (s)he has fulfilled the conditions of the Euthanasia Law of 2002. This law regards patients with unbearable and hopeless suffering who request an end to their life. This article will regard euthanasia from the perspective of Roman Catholic church law: if a Catholic doctor in The Netherlands ends the life of a patient in conformity with the Euthanasia Law, could this nevertheless be considered a crime of manslaughter as stipulated in Canon 1397 of the Code of Canon Law (1983)? And is that doctor then punishable under that law? It will be demonstrated that this is not the case, because the church law does not regard a crime similar to euthanasia under Dutch law, even though the killing of an innocent person is considered a sin. Against the background of the logic in church law, this article will make a comparison with the crime of abortion as stipulated in Canon 1398 of the ecclesiastical Code. It will be demonstrated that manslaughter and abortion share a different but illuminating history and topicality.


Dr. Ruud Huysmans
Dr. R.G.W. Huysmans studeerde na filosofisch-theologische studies in Nederland canoniek en oud-Romeins recht, de klassieke beide rechten, in Rome. Laatstelijk was hij naast parochiepastoor hoogleraar Kerkelijk straf- en strafprocesrecht aan de faculteit Kerkelijk Recht van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KUL) in België.
Artikel

Islam, politiek en burgerschap: hoe verhouden die zich tot elkaar?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden politiek, politieke ideologie; politieke islam, religie, salafisme, modernisme
Auteurs Dr. Roel Meijer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article analyses the relation between Islam, politics and citizenship. It analyses three currents within Islam: Salafism, Islamism, and modernism. The central argument is that most modern Islamic currents do not have a concept of politics as an independent ‘field’ where compromises can be made concerning societal problems. The only current that provide the space for a pluriform, open political debate is Islamic modernism. Through its humanism and the centrality of the common good and not the text, modernism embraces not only the concept of politics as free space but also the concept of active citizenship.


Dr. Roel Meijer
Dr. R. Meijer is universitair hoofddocent aan de Radboud Universiteit te Nijmegen en geeft moderne geschiedenis van het moderne Midden-Oosten bij de afdeling Islamstudies. Email: r.meijer@ftr.ru.nl.

    France has recently introduced legislation prohibiting wearing the face-covering veil in public places. Similar legislative initiatives have been undertaken in Belgium, Netherlands and Spain, but have not resulted in law. This article presents an overview of the variety of arguments that are being used in the legislative proposals and bills why the face-covering veil ought to be prohibited in the public domain. It shows that the arguments are quite diverse, and not always consistent. In addition, an overview will be presented of the arguments made by the French and Dutch State Councils in their advise against such legislation.


Maurits Berger
Prof. dr. mr. M.S. Berger is hoogleraar Islam in het hedendaagse Westen aan de Universiteit Leiden en is hoofdredacteur van Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid.
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