Zoekresultaat: 9 artikelen

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Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid x Jaar 2013 x
Artikel

Access_open Een vergeten episode uit de schoolstrijd: de ontdekking van ‘openbaar’ en ‘bijzonder’ onderwijs

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden openbaar onderwijs, bijzonder onderwijs, schoolstrijd, Grondwet, vrijheid van onderwijs/ onderwijsvrijheid
Auteurs Sophie van Bijsterveld
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The battle over the school system is one of the liveliest chapters in Dutch constitutional history. It resulted, in 1848, in the constitutional acknowledgement of a dual system of education: education provided by public authority (‘public education’) and private education (practically synonymous with confessional education); and, in 1917, in the constitutional guarantee of public funding for the latter on the same footing as the former.
    The battle over the school system is usually described as a battle for freedom of private, confessional education from the start. This article shows that prior to this, in the first stage of this battle, the concept of ‘private education’ itself had to be invented and that the concept of ‘public education’ had to develop a different meaning. Public education, the notion used in the Constitutions of 1814 and 1815, originally meant education in schools in contrast to house education. It was this broad concept of education that was entrusted to the care of government and, therefore, not free. This article focuses on the first half of the 19th century. On the basis of original sources it traces the fascinating process of the birth of these new categories, that determine the Dutch education system up to now.


Sophie van Bijsterveld
Prof. dr. S.C. van Bijsterveld is bijzonder hoogleraar Religie, rechtsstaat en samenleving aan de Universiteit van Tilburg en redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid. s.c.vbijsterveld@uvt.nl.
Artikel

Access_open Quo vadis, Domine?

Monotheïsme en de keizercultus in het Romeinse Rijk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden heersercultus, Monotheïsme, Romeinse Rijk
Auteurs Renske Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, the Roman perspective on the relations between the Roman imperial cult and monotheistic movements in the same period will be investigated. In modern scholarship, this Roman point of view has been underrepresented. This article will aim to create a better understanding of the religious conflicts that arose between ca. 44 B.C.E. and 313 C.E and serve as an example for attempting to understand the ‘alien’ side in religious conflict. This article will conclude that Roman religion has to be seen in the context of imperial politics to explain not only the conflicts between the Roman state, Jews and Christians, but also the rise of the imperial cult.


Renske Janssen
K.P.S. Janssen studeert Griekse en Latijnse taal en cultuur aan de Universiteit Leiden en neemt aldaar deel aan het Honours College Religie en Recht. renskejanssen@kpnplanet.nl.

    The article deals with an unknown chapter of the history of Muslims in the Netherlands in the interwar period. It follows the public debate about the construction of the first mosque in The Hague before the Second World War. The first initiative was made in 1929 by the Dutch convert to Islam Mohammed Ali van Beetem, who played a leading role among the Indonesian Muslim community in the Netherlands. After more than two decennia of debate and negotiations with the municipal authorities in The Hague, the first mosque was finally built by the Ahmadiyya-mission in 1955.


Umar Ryad
Dr. U. Ryad is universitair docent Islam in de moderne tijd aan het Instituut der Godsdienstwetenschappen van de Universiteit Leiden. u.ryad@hum.leidenuniv.nl.
Artikel

Access_open Religiestress op het werk?

Non-discriminatie, neutraliteit en diversiteit in het arbeidsdomein

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 2 2013
Auteurs Marjolein Rikmenspoel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Religion-related stress is the product of a predominantly secular society in which people are confronted with diverse religious practices. The phenomenon occurs where public meets private. How can employers ensure compliance with conflicting religious and other commitments in the workplace? The concept of respectful pluralism as formulated by Douglas Hicks in his book Religion and the Workplace, may go a long way to negotiating a solution to the debate between conformity and diversity.


Marjolein Rikmenspoel
Mr. M.J.H.T. Rikmenspoel BA is publiciste en bachelor Religiewetenschappen. rikmar@hotmail.com.

    Since many churches can no longer be used for divine worship, the canonical procedure for the relegation of churches to profane use has gained much interest among both faithful and citizens who want a church not to be closed down or even demolished. Many times parishioners take recourse against the Bishop’s administrative decree deciding the relegation of a church to profane use, i.e. that the church building is no longer designated for Catholic worship. It is extremely important for a bishop, therefore, to fulfil all the requirements of the law in making this decision. In this article the different steps of this procedure and of the administrative recourse to the Congregation of the Clergy and the Supreme Court of the Apostolic Signature are explained.


Jan Hendriks
Mgr. dr. J.W.M. Hendriks is hulpbisschop en vicaris-generaal van het bisdom Haarlem-Amsterdam. Hij studeerde canoniek recht en jurisprudentie en is consultor van de Congregatie voor de clerus. Hij doceerde canoniek recht aan verschillende instellingen, nu nog aan De Tiltenberg. hulpbisschop@bisdomhaarlem-amsterdam.nl.
Artikel

Access_open Financiële verhoudingen tussen overheid, kerk en religieuze organisaties

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden Financiële betrekkingen tussen overheid, kerk en religieuze organisaties, Scheiding van kerk en staat., Gebedshuizen, Geestelijk bedienaren, Geestelijk verzorgers
Auteurs Paul van Sasse van Ysselt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Financial relationships between state, churches and religious organisations have existed for a long time in Dutch history. This could be understood from a general interest point of view in the nineteenth century and the social welfare state. However, that century and the welfare state do not exist anymore. Also society and people have changed. Do the financial relationships still exist nowadays and if so, to what extent and how should one assess these financial relationships? In order to deal with these questions, the article gives a comprehensive overview of the current situation of different financial relationships between state and religious organisations against a constitutional and historical background. It is argued that most of these relations are legitimate under certain conditions and that the constitutional framework of separation of church and state should not be overestimated in this field.


Paul van Sasse van Ysselt
Mr. P.B.C.D.F. van Sasse van Ysselt BA is coördinerend senior adviseur constitutionele zaken/grondrechten, ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties, en gastdocent/-onderzoeker, afdeling Staats- en bestuursrecht, VU Amsterdam. Paul.Sasse@minbzk.nl.
Jurisprudentie

Access_open Het verbod op gezichtsbedekkende kleding

Getoetst door het Grondwettelijk Hof van België

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2013
Auteurs Carla Zoethout
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Court recognizes the appeal to the freedom of religion, as laid down in Article 10 European Convention of Human Rights. This freedom is not illimitable, however. According to the Court, the prohibition of wearing face-covering clothes is legitimate and the aims of public security, equality of men and women, and the wish to express a specific viewpoint on ‘living together in society’, are in conformity with the limitation clause of Article 10 ECHR. The Court considers the law proportionate and ‘necessary in a democratic society’ with a view to the aims of the law, with the caveat that the law is not applicable in places of worship open to the public.
    In the annotation, the parliamentary debate leading to the adoption of the law is analyzed. The law is a clear expression of a specific stance towards society in general and the position of men and women in particular. As it is a choice by the democratic institutions, the Court takes an attitude of restraint in this matter. All the same, the question is raised whether the term ‘in publicly accessible places’ may prove to be too vague and with that, not proportional to the legitimate aims pursued.


Carla Zoethout
Dr. C.M. Zoethout is universitair hoofddocent Staatsrecht aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zij is redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid. C.M.Zoethout@uva.nl.
Artikel

Access_open Geestelijke verzorging in de gevangenis

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden geestelijke verzorging, gevangeniswezen, scheiding kerk en staat, pastoraal
Auteurs Nelleke van Zessen en Ben Koolen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The chaplaincy in penitentiary institutions shows a peculiar co-operation between the state and the religious communities. The chaplains provide a safe opportunity for supporting the detainees. The growing religious individualisation as well as a political rethinking of the role of religions institutions ask for system adaptations. In particular, the denominational approach is subject to discussion.


Nelleke van Zessen
Drs. N. van Zessen MA studeerde musicologie aan de Universiteit van Utrecht en religiewetenschappen aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Thans is zij geestelijk verzorger namens de Boeddhistische Unie Nederland in enkele gevangenissen. nvanzessen@gmail.com.

Ben Koolen
Dr. G.M.J.M. Koolen was sinds 1982 tot zijn pensionering in 2003 verbonden aan het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties en nadien aan dat van Justitie. Hij is redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid. gmjmk@onsmail.nl.
Artikel

Access_open Religie en kerk in de zorgzame samenleving

De Wet maatschappelijke ondersteuning kritisch bekeken als nieuwe verhouding van ‘religie’ en ‘samenleving’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden katholieke sociale leer, verzorgingsstaat |, Wet maatschappelijke ondersteuning, godsdienstvrijheid, civil society
Auteurs Erik Sengers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the contemporary reform of the Dutch welfare state, civil society plays a prominent role in the solution of individual needs. This article investigates, from a normative point of view, the consequences for the churches as part of civil society. The outline of this policy is decentralization of welfare to local communities, saving of money, and a more active role of citizens in need to solve their problems alone. Then the normative framework is sketched with the help of the basic principles of Catholic Social Teaching (personality, subsidiarity, solidarity and common good), as well as ‘caritas’. The consequences for the churches are analyzed, first from the perspective of their participation in this legal and policy-framework. There is a great complementarity in theory and practice, but research shows that local governments are reluctant in cooperating with churches, which have to be careful that their own identity will be instrumentalized. Second, the consequences are analyzed for the core business of churches: it appears that the government wants to have an insight in the processes of giving meaning to life of individuals to give the help (financially), efficiently and effectively, according to the policy goals. Thus, although the government wants to appeal to civil society and calls upon the churches explicitly, the paradoxical consequence will be that the free expression of religion will be limited in the functioning of the future welfare state.


Erik Sengers
Dr. E. Sengers (1971) doceert (godsdienst)sociologie aan verschillende instellingen en is diaken en stafmedewerker van de Dienst Diocesane Caritas van het bisdom Haarlem-Amsterdam. Vanuit zijn bureau Society & Spirit verzorgt hij onderwijs, lezingen, onderzoek en publicaties op het gebied van kerk en samenleving. Bestuurlijk is hij onder andere voorzitter van de Wmo-Adviesraad Amsterdam Zuidoost en actief in het Centrum voor de Sociale Leer van de Kerk. dr.sengers@hotmail.com.
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