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Poëtica in criminologisch onderzoek?

Criminologie en de ars poetica

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden Criminologic imagination, poetics, fiction, art as science
Auteurs Prof. dr. Dina Siegel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Based on a new book edited by Michael Hviid Jacobsen The Poetics of Crime. Understanding and Researching Crime and Devience Through Creative Sources (Ashgate, 2014), Dina Siegel analyzes the ways in which social scientists can find inspiration in art, music, literature, photography and dance. She discusses how these fields can enrich criminological research by introducing new analytical instruments and skills and to discover new research fields, meanings and emotions in crime-related issues.


Prof. dr. Dina Siegel
Prof. dr. Dina Siegel is hoogleraar criminologie aan het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

De seriemoordenaar als moreel verantwoordelijke actor

Christelijke, Sadeaanse en Nietzscheaanse perspectieven op het kwaad

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden evil, free will, responsibility, punishment, Sade, Nietzsche, serial killers
Auteurs Dr. Jean-Marc Piret
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is about the ability of human beings to make a deliberate choice to do evil. Punishing evildoers according to penal law presupposes that they are responsible for their acts, i.e. that they acted out of free will. In the first part I recall the origins of the classical nexus between free will, responsibility and punishment in Christian theology and scholastic philosophy. Then I analyze the philosophies of Sade and Nietzsche in order to demonstrate how the traditional conception of good and evil can be inverted. Sades extreme moral relativism and Nietzsches radical perspectivism open the gates for a justification of moral evil. In the final part I look at the serial killer as an actor who deliberately chooses to do evil. The personality disorder (psychopathy) of most serial killers probably affects their inhibition to harm others. But although their lack of empathy can lower the threshold for harming others, this (mostly) does not annihilate their moral responsibility. Such can be exemplified by the fact that many serial killers are acting in an extremely strategic, opportunistic and deceitful way in order to ensure the persistence of their deliberate choice to do evil. Moreover, some serial killers, when justifying their behavior, engage in arguments putting into perspective ‘good’ and ‘evil’ in a way that is reminiscent of Sade and Nietzsche.


Dr. Jean-Marc Piret
Dr. J.V.A.G. (Jean-Marc) Piret is universitair hoofddocent rechtsfilosofie aan de juridische faculteiten van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
Artikel

De pose

Boevenbiografie tussen structuur en interactie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden biography, structure, symbolic interactionism, presentation of self
Auteurs Frank van Gemert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In biographies a structure perspective is common to place the key person in a context of time and place. Apart from opportunities and obstacles, also cultural frames for interpretation vary with context. In this article a second, interaction perspective is added. This can best be applied if the key person cooperates in the research and if an emic approach is used. A recent life history of Jan Hoolwerf demonstrates how the key person comes to various presentations of self that can be understood as poses that fit specific settings.


Frank van Gemert
Dr. Frank van Gemert is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. E-mail: f.vangemert@rechten.vu.nl.
Artikel

Access_open Sytze van der Zee

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden journalist, serial killers, interview, biography
Auteurs Joke Harte
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Most biographies on criminals have been written by journalists. Dutch writer and former journalist Sytze van der Zee wrote portraits of two serial killers. In order to reconstruct the criminal facts and the police investigations in both cases, he collected data by gathering as much documents as possible, and by interviewing the main characters. For the second biography, he had many conversations with the serial killer. In this interview, Sytze van der Zee tells about his motivation to write these books, the research methods he used, the reliability of the collected information, and his experiences while researching.


Joke Harte
Dr. Joke Harte is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het NSCR en als universitair hoofddocent aan de sectie criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. E-mail: j.harte@vu.nl.
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