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Artikel

Access_open A new interpretation of the modern two-pronged tests for insanity

Why legal insanity should not be a ‘status defense’

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden substantive criminal law, excuses, insanity defense, status defense
Auteurs Johannes Bijlsma
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Michael Moore has argued that modern two-pronged tests for legal insanity are wrongheaded and that the insanity defense instead should be a ‘status defense’. If Moore is right, than the laws on insanity in most legal systems are wrong. This merits a critical examination of Moore’s critique and his alternative approach. In this paper I argue that Moore’s status approach to insanity is either under- or overinclusive. A new interpretation of the modern tests for insanity is elaborated that hinges on the existence of a legally relevant difference between the mentally disordered defendant and the ‘normal’ defendant. This interpretation avoids Moore’s criticism as well as the pitfalls of the status approach.


Johannes Bijlsma
Johannes Bijlsma is assistant professor of criminal law at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open De complexiteit van het kwaad

Een kritische lezing van Hannah Arendts Eichmann in Jerusalem

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden banality of evil, Hannah Arendt, Adolf Eichmann, Holocaust studies, philosophy of international criminal law
Auteurs Klaas Rozemond
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In her book Eichmann in Jerusalem Hannah Arendt concluded that the Eichmann trial taught us the lesson of the ‘fearsome, word-and-thought-defying banality of evil’. Arendt explained the concept of banality as thoughtlessness: Eichmann did not realize what he was doing when he planned and executed the Final Solution of the Jewish Question in Nazi Germany. In this article Arendt’s analysis of Eichmann’s evil is criticized from an internal perspective: the conclusion that Eichmann was thoughtless cannot be founded on the information Arendt herself gives, especially her reports on Eichmann’s idealism, his knowledge of Kant’s categorical imperative, his Pontius Pilate feeling during the Wannsee Conference, and the two crises of conscience Eichmann experienced during the Holocaust. This information shows that Eichmann clearly realized what he was doing in a moral sense and consciously decided to go on with the Final Solution on the basis of his own convictions as a Nazi.


Klaas Rozemond
Klaas Rozemond is Associate Professor of Criminal Law at the VU University of Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open ‘Wat is waarheid?’ De rol van deskundigen bij waarheidsvinding in de strafrechtspraak

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Legitimation durch Verfahren, criminal law, expert-witnesses, truth, reliability of evidence
Auteurs Anne Ruth Mackor
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Huls has argued that the idea that judges are truth-finders is misleading. In the first part of the paper I put his claim to the test. Against Huls I argue that the aim of procedures in criminal lawsuits is not only to guarantee binding decisions but also to help to find the truth. In the second part of the paper I investigate the role expert-witnesses play in truth-finding. Cleiren and Loth have argued that experts fail to understand the differences between legal and scientific ways of truth-finding. It turns out that Cleiren does not offer an argument for her claim and that Loth’s claim fails too, since it confuses coherence as truth and coherence as epistemic justification. I conclude that legal scholars, rather than experts, fail to understand the nature of legal and scientific truth-finding.


Anne Ruth Mackor
Anne Ruth Mackor is professor of professional ethics, in particular of the legal professions, at the Faculty of Law of Groningen, and Socrates professor of professional ethics at the Faculties of Philosophy and Theology of Groningen.
Artikel

Access_open Slapende rechters, dwalende rechtspsychologen en het hypothetische karakter van feitelijke oordelen

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden psychology of law, criminal law, miscarriages of justice, hypothetical reasoning
Auteurs Klaas Rozemond
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book De slapende rechter (The sleeping judge) Dutch legal psychologists W.A. Wagenaar, H. Israëls and P.J. van Koppen claim that Dutch judges wrongfully convict suspects in certain cases because these judges generally fail to understand the way hypothetical reasoning works in relation to empirical evidence. This article argues that Wagenaar, Israëls and Van Koppen are basically right in their claim that reasoning on evidence in criminal cases should have the form of hypothetical reasoning. However, they fail to apply this form of reasoning to their own analysis of Dutch criminal cases and the causes of wrongful convictions. Therefore, their conclusion that a form of revision of convictions outside of the criminal law system should be introduced does not meet their own methodological standards.


Klaas Rozemond
Klaas Rozemond is associate professor at the Department of Criminal Law, Faculty of Law, VU University Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Over maatmannen en het subjectieve: Enkele overwegingen bij de doctrine van het aansprakelijkheidsrecht

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2008
Trefwoorden delinquent, aansprakelijkheid, schuld, onrechtmatigheid, opzet, auto, identificatie, loon, onachtzaamheid, onrechtmatige daad
Auteurs R. Schwitters

R. Schwitters
Boekbespreking

Access_open Martha Nussbaum, Frontiers of Justice. Disability, Nationality, Species Membership, Cambridge, Mass. & London,

England: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press 2006, 487 p.

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2007
Trefwoorden dier, claim, gehandicapte, aansprakelijkheid, merk, slachtoffer, vertegenwoordiging, amendement, armoede, bandbreedte
Auteurs W. Veraart

W. Veraart
Artikel

Access_open Wie zijn wij?

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2005
Trefwoorden moord, rechtsstaat, strafrecht, wetgeving, geweld, politie, pleidooi, misdrijf, motivering, opzet
Auteurs K. Rozemond

K. Rozemond
Artikel

Access_open Strafrecht en Literatuur

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2003
Trefwoorden strafrecht, legaliteitbeginsel, strafrechter, slachtoffer, legaliteit, illegaal, verhaal, verkrachting, toestemming, uitleg
Auteurs E. Claes

E. Claes
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