Zoekresultaat: 9 artikelen

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Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy x Jaar 2011 x
Boekbespreking

Access_open Stefan Sottiaux, De Verenigde Staten van België

Reflecties over de toekomst van het grondwettelijk recht in de gelaagde rechtsorde

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2011
Auteurs Stefan Rummens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Book review of Stefan Sottiaux, De Verenigde Staten van België


Stefan Rummens
Stefan Rummens is Assistant Professor of Political Theory at the Radboud University Nijmegen.
Artikel

Access_open Over de klassieke oorsprong van de rechten van de mens

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden human rights, natural law, perfectionism, Stoa, Cicero
Auteurs René Brouwer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article I reconstruct the contribution of some central Hellenistic political thinkers to a theory of human rights. Starting point is the traditional Stoic conception of the law of nature as a power in which only perfect human beings actively participate. In the 2nd century BC the Stoic Panaetius adjusted this traditional high-minded theory by also allowing for a lower level of human excellence. This second-rate human excellence can be achieved just by following ‘proper functions’, which are derived from ordinary human nature and can be laid down in rules. From here, it was only a small, yet decisive step – presumably to be attributed to one of Cicero’s teachers – to discard the highest level of human perfection altogether. This step, I argue, paved the way for an understanding of the rules of natural law in terms of human rights.


René Brouwer
René Brouwer is Lecturer in Legal Theory at the University of Utrecht.

    Book review of Ronald Dworkin, Justice for Hedgehogs


Iris van Domselaar
Iris van Domselaar is Researcher/Lecturer in Legal Philosophy and Legal Ethics at the Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam.
Boekbespreking

Access_open Peter Rijpkema, Gijs van Donselaar, Bruno Verbeek, Henri Wijsbek (red.), Als vuur

Opstellen voor Govert den Hartogh ter gelegenheid van zijn emeritaat

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2011
Auteurs Femke Storm en Jaap Zwart
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Book review of Peter Rijpkema, Gijs van Donselaar, Bruno Verbeek, Henri Wijsbek (red.), Als vuur


Femke Storm
Femke Storm studied Law and Psychology at VU University Amsterdam.

Jaap Zwart
Jaap Zwart is Lecturer at the Department of Legal Theory, VU University Amsterdam.
Diversen

Access_open De onschuld voorbij

Jeff McMahans Killing in War

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden just war, non-combatant immunity, self-defense
Auteurs Koos ten Bras en Thomas Mertens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Jeff McMahan, one of the leading contemporary writers on ‘just war thinking’, argues in the book under review, Killing in War, that one of the central tenets of the ‘ius in bello’, namely the moral equality of combatants, is both conceptually and morally untenable. This results from a reflection upon and a departure from two basic assumptions in Walzer’s work, namely the idea that war itself isn’t a relation between persons, but between political entities and their human instruments and the idea that the ‘ius ad bellum’ and ‘ius in bello’ are and should be kept distinct. This book merits serious reflection. However, the disadvantages of McMahan’s position are obvious. If the rights of combatants during war depend on the justice of their cause, the immunity of the civilians on the side of the supposed ‘unjust’ enemy is seriously endangered.


Koos ten Bras
Koos ten Bras is a recent university graduate from the Radboud University Nijmegen with a master degree in International & European Law, and a student in Philosophy of Law at the Radboud University Nijmegen.

Thomas Mertens
Thomas Mertens is Professor of Legal Philosophy at the Faculty of Law at Radboud University Nijmegen, and Professor of Human Rights and Human Responsibilities at the Institute of Philosophy at Leiden University.
Artikel

Access_open Legitimiteit, gemeenschap en rechtvaardigheid

Een kritiek op Dworkins verklaring voor legitimiteit

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden legitimacy, associative obligations, justice, community, Dworkin
Auteurs Thomas Decreus
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In Law’s Empire Ronald Dworkin offers a specific answer to the age old question of political legitimacy. According to Dworkin, legitimacy originates in a ‘true community’ that is able to generate associative obligations among its members. In this article I illustrate how this answer contrasts with the moral and political principle of justice. The question remains how a conceptual link can be found between a community-based view on legitimacy and a more universal demand for justice. I try to answer this question by offering a close reading of Law’s Empire and other basic essays in Dworkin’s philosophy of law. In my attempt to solve this problem I propose an alternative view on community and legitimacy. In opposition to Dworkin I claim that legitimacy is prior to the community.


Thomas Decreus
Thomas Decreus is PhD student in political philosophy at the KULeuven Institute of Philosophy.

Stefan Rummens
Stefan Rummens is Assistant Professor of Political Theory at the Institute of Management Research of the Radboud University Nijmegen.
Artikel

Access_open Burgerlijk procesrecht en ideologie

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden civil procedure, ideology, principles of procedural law
Auteurs Remme Verkerk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution offers a partial explanation of the differences between procedural systems. In most jurisdictions, civil procedural regulations constitute a carefully designed system. Generally, a number of underlying principles, guidelines, theories and objectives can be identified that clarify and justify more specific rules of procedure. It will be argued that the main differences between legal systems flow from different political and theoretical views of those who determine and shape the form of the legal process. This contribution identifies the ideological influences on the rules of procedure in a number of influential jurisdictions.


Remme Verkerk
Remme Verkerk was Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Law of Maastricht University. Presently he practices law at Houthoff Buruma.
Artikel

Access_open De halve waarheid van het populisme

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden populism, self-inclusion, vitalism, democracy, Lefort
Auteurs Bert Roermund
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Does populism add value to the political debate by showing that the ideals of Enlightenment are too abstract and rationalist to understand politics in democratic terms? The paper argues two theses, critically engaging Lefort’s work: (i) instead of offering valuable criticism, populism feeds on the very principle that Enlightenment has introduced: a polity rests on self-inclusion with reference to a quasi-transcendent realm; (ii) populism’s appeal to simple emotions feeds on the vitalist (rather than merely institutionalist) pulse in any polity. Both dimensions of politics are inevitable as well as elusive. In particular with regard to the vitalist pulse we have no response to the half-truths of populism, as both national and constitutional patriotism seem on the wrong track.


Bert Roermund
Bert van Roermund has held the Chair in Legal Philosophy at Tilburg University and is currently Professor of (Political) Philosophy at the same University as well as 2010-2011 Visiting Professor at K.U. Leuven.
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