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Artikel

Trials in absentia of foreign terrorist fighters in the Netherlands and Belgium

Tijdschrift Crimmigratie & Recht, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden the right to be present, trials in absentia, foreign terrorist fighters, The Netherlands, Belgium
Auteurs Mr. Zoë Heij
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Judgements rendered in the accused’s absence form a special category of criminal judgements that undoubtedly do not provide for the same safeguards that would be in place when a judgement is rendered in the accused’s presence. Nonetheless, provided that strict conditions are adhered to, trials in absentia can be compatible with the accused’s right to be present. This article examines the standards that have been developed under international human rights law, providing for the normative framework, to see to what extent the trials in absentia of foreign terrorist fighters in the Netherlands and Belgium comply therewith. By pointing to analogies and contrasts, this article wishes to contribute to finding answers to this dilemma.


Mr. Zoë Heij
Mr. Z. Heij behaalde de research master in Public International Law aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zij liep ten tijde van het schrijven van dit artikel stage bij Prakken d’Oliveira.
Artikel

From the securitisation of migration to the criminalisation of solidarity towards migrants

The shrinking space for NGOs and volunteers in the Mediterranean Sea

Tijdschrift Crimmigratie & Recht, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden migration, securitisation, solidarity, growing pattern of criminalisation
Auteurs Fleur Boixiere
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years, migration has been at the centre of European debates and the number of migrants trying to cross the Mediterranean remains alarming. To this day, hundreds of people continue to risk their lives crossing the Mediterranean on small boats in order to flee conflict zones, persecution or extreme poverty. However, due to the lack of legal alternatives, migrants engage in dangerous journeys and find themselves helpless in the hands of smugglers. This article will address the growing pattern of criminalisation of migration and humanitarian assistance throughout Europe and consider the extent to which national, European and international anti-smuggling laws affect the work of civil society actors.


Fleur Boixiere
Fleur Boixiere is a former student of Public International Law at Leiden University and this contribution is based on her Master thesis. While writing her article, she did an internship at the ICC.
Artikel

Access_open De gevaarlijke asielzoeker en het Unierecht

Gevaarzetting als grond voor uitsluiting van internationale bescherming

Tijdschrift Crimmigratie & Recht, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Europees recht, openbare orde, asiel
Auteurs Mr. Hans van Oort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The dangerous asylum seeker easily captures the public's attention. Policies increasingly focus on strong repercussions for asylum seekers who cause disturbances or can be considered dangerous. This article distinguishes between categories of asylum seekers based on the kind of disturbance or danger they cause in the view of the general public. It is argued that EU law provides a strong basis for denying or withdrawing the residence rights of asylum seekers based on public order considerations. In practice however, it seems difficult to meet the threshold of the public order criteria developed by the Court of Justice.


Mr. Hans van Oort
Mr. J.C.M. van Oort is advocaat bij Kroes Advocaten Immigration Lawyers.
Jurisprudentie

Annotatie Lang

Voorbereiding van terrorisme

Tijdschrift Crimmigratie & Recht, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Syriëgangers, Terrorisme, Uitreizigers
Auteurs Mr.dr. Marloes van Noorloos
Auteursinformatie

Mr.dr. Marloes van Noorloos
Mr. dr. L.A. van Noorloos is universitair hoofddocent strafrecht aan Tilburg Law School en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

De strafrechtelijke problematiek van het ronselen voor de gewapende strijd

Tijdschrift Crimmigratie & Recht, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Ronselen, Terrorisme, Werven, “205 Sr”, Gewapende strijd
Auteurs Mr. Eric Druijf en mr. dr. Marloes van Noorloos
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article deals with the criminal offence of recruiting persons for armed struggle (art. 205 of the Dutch Criminal Code), a provision that nowadays mainly arises in terrorism cases. It revolves around the dilemmas and interpretative questions that this criminal offence has yielded so far – especially since the amendments in 2004 – and examines how the courts have dealt with it.


Mr. Eric Druijf
Mr. E.H.M. Druijf is senior-rechter in de Rechtbank Midden-Nederland en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.

mr. dr. Marloes van Noorloos
Mr. dr. L.A. van Noorloos is universitair hoofddocent strafrecht aan Tilburg Law School en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Jurisprudentie

Annotatie Lang

Belediging van de profeet Mohammed

Tijdschrift Crimmigratie & Recht, Aflevering 1 2019
Auteurs Marloes van Noorloos

Marloes van Noorloos
Artikel

Preventieve politiecontroles en interne grenscontroles in het Schengengebied

Tijdschrift Crimmigratie & Recht, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Grenscontrole, Profileren, Schengen
Auteurs Prof. dr. mr. Peter Rodrigues en Prof. mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Ever since the 2015 start of what is now often referred to as the European ‘migration crisis’, European member states have been struggling with one of the key fundaments of the European Union and in particular the Schengen Agreement: the principle of free movement. Whereas this principle entails that people should be able to move freely within the Schengen Area, as a result of the ongoing securitization and politicization of migration, Member States are exploring the different opportunities the Schengen Border Code allows them to monitor intra-Schengen cross-border mobility. In doing so, countries seem to have two options: either to temporarily reintroduce border controls or to – permanently – carry out police or immigration controls in an area around the border. In this article we explore and critically assess the choices various countries have made and what seems to be the position of the European Commission in all this.


Prof. dr. mr. Peter Rodrigues
Prof. dr. mr. P.R. Rodrigues is Hoogleraar Immigratierecht en voorzitter van het Instituut voor Immigratierecht. Hij is verbonden aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden en lid van de redactie van Crimmigratie & Recht.

Prof. mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
Prof. mr. dr. M.A.H. van der Woude is Hoogleraar Rechtssociologie bij het Van Vollenhoven Instituut voor Recht, Bestuur & Samenleving. Zij is verbonden aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden en lid van de redactie van Crimmigratie & Recht.
Artikel

Access_open Discriminatie van IS en Al-Nusra-strijders bij intrekking Nederlanderschap in Unierechtelijk perspectief

Tijdschrift Crimmigratie & Recht, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Rijkswet op het Nederlanderschap, intrekking naturalisatie, terrorisme, openbare orde
Auteurs Mr. Florimond Wassenaar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In its efforts in making effective counter terrorism legislation the Dutch government has introduced the possibility to deprive its own nationals of their Dutch nationality. The competence to revoke Dutch citizenship may arise in case of conducting behaviour abroad that can be labelled as terrorism or facilitating terrorism. Dutch citizenship can only be rescinded by the immigration authorities when such acts are performed outside the Dutch borders in certain appointed areas for certain appointed organisations. This is currently the case for the area of Syria and the organisations IS and Al-Nusra. However given the obligations within the Convention on the reduction of statelessness only Dutch nationals with dual citizenship fall within the scope of this newly introduced legislation. This article focusses on the question whether in EU-law perspective the distinction made between Dutch with dual citizenship and Dutch without a second foreign nationality is against the principle of equal treatment. By discussing the Council Directive 2000/43/EC, case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the preparatory documents of the convention on the reduction of statelessness the argument is developed that the convention serves as a trump card to enhance and justify the newly introduced legislation. Given CJEU case law the question of loyalty towards the member state of origin may lead to deprivation of EU-nationality. The aforementioned distinction made in Dutch nationality law would only be justified if it can be successfully be proven that dual citizenship raises an ipso facto loyalty issue toward member states by dual nationality holders. Since evidence of that nature is non existent it is concluded that the newly introduced counter terrorism provisions on deprivation of Dutch citizenship are discriminatory and advances second class nationality in The Netherlands.


Mr. Florimond Wassenaar
Mr. C.F. Wassenaar is advocaat bij Inigo advocaten te Rotterdam.
Jurisprudentie

Access_open Annotatie Lang

Zijn oude ongewenstverklaringen na implementatie Terugkeerrichtlijn inreisverboden geworden?

Tijdschrift Crimmigratie & Recht, Aflevering 1 2017
Auteurs Marq Wijngaarden
Auteursinformatie

Marq Wijngaarden
Mr. M.F. Wijngaarden is advocaat bij Prakken d’Oliveira Human Rights Lawyers en lid van de redactie van Crimmigratie & Recht.
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