Zoekresultaat: 4 artikelen

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Jaar 2010 x
Artikel

Mannelijkheid en detentie

De waarde van mannelijkheidsstudies voor gevangenissociologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden Gender, Detentie, Hegemoniale mannelijkheid, Gevangenis
Auteurs Valesca Lippens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Gender, in criminological research, often refers to women. Although ‘masculinities’ and crime have been intertwined internationally for more than two decades, this isn’t so for Dutch research. Based on this international critique, this article introduces the masculinities approach in Dutch penology. Prisons are generally considered as hypermasculine settings (Toch, 1998), but this hypothesis is seldom explored within a gender framework. Nevertheless, ‘doing masculinity’ is an important coping strategy for male prisoners (Jewkes, 2005). This gap is tackled on two levels: (1) the conceptualization of ‘hegemonic masculinity’ and (2) a critical, masculinity-oriented analysis of the existing knowledge on prison life, prison culture and prison hierarchy. It aims to tackle prison masculinity stereotypes, since traditional penal insights aren’t necessarily valid from a gender point of view (Evans & Wallace, 2008). Therefore, we conclude by analyzing the value of masculinity studies for penology.


Valesca Lippens
V. Lippens is onderzoekster bij de vakgroep Criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Aspirant van het Fonds voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek), valesca.lippens@vub.ac.be.
Diversen

Herdenken en verder denken

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2010
Auteurs Pieter Ippel
Auteursinformatie

Pieter Ippel
Pieter Ippel is hoogleraar Rechtsgeleerdheid bij de Roosevelt Academy, het internationale ‘liberal arts and sciences-college’ van de Universiteit Utrecht in Middelburg.

    This contribution examines the European Directive 2008/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on certain aspects of mediation in civil and commercial matters and deals with the question whether the Belgian law on mediation, namely Articles 1724 to 1737 of the Belgian Judicial Code, as introduced into the Belgian law in 2005, need to be amended in the light of the Directive. It concludes that in some aspects the Belgian law ought to be improved so to implement some provisions of the Directive not yet dealt with in the law of 2005. It recommends to include in the Belgian law a definition on mediation, and also to stipulate which Belgian institution in particular shall provide the requested information on mediation and communicate with the European authorities. The contribution also suggests to consider introducing into the Belgian law a mechanism to promote mediation through incentives and/or sanctions, for which the measures recently adopted in the English legal system might possibly serve as an example.


Herman Verbist
Herman Verbist is advocaat bij de balie te Gent en Brussel, gastprofessor Universiteit Gent en Erkend Bemiddelaar.
Artikel

De invloed van de omgevingskwaliteit op de beoordeling van de leefbaarheid door bewoners

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Leefbaarheid, Sociale veiligheid, Fysieke veiligheid, Woonomgeving, Omgevingskwaliteit
Auteurs Martin Damen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The focus of this article is the relation between the factual conditions of the environmental quality of streets and neighborhoods and the perception of livability by residents.Through analysis of evaluation of environmental quality by residents, combined with observations by trained professionals of certain aspects of the environment (population, demography, type of housing etcetera) it was possible to identify the relations between the way livability is perceived, aspects of the neighborhood and household characteristics. By zooming in on the aspects environmental and personal security and safety the article shows how the environmental quality influences residents perceptions.


Martin Damen
Martin Damen is partner bij RIGO Research en Advies bv, De Ruyterkade 139, 1011 AC Amsterdam, tel. 020-5221164. E-mail: martin.damen@rigo.nl.
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