Zoekresultaat: 21 artikelen

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Jaar 2018 x
Artikel

Van saldocompensatie naar saldoconcentratie?

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 11 2018
Trefwoorden cash pooling, saldocompensatie, saldoconcentratie, CRR, kapitaalvereisten
Auteurs Prof. mr. W.A.K. Rank
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In dit artikel staat de vraag centraal wat de (nieuwe) regels van de CRR inzake de berekening van de solvabiliteitseisen voor het kredietrisico, de leverage ratio en de liquidity coverage ratio betekenen voor het product saldocompensatie. Is dit product nog levensvatbaar of zijn de banken genoodzaakt om in plaats daarvan saldoconcentratie aan hun cliënten aan te bieden?


Prof. mr. W.A.K. Rank
Prof. mr. W.A.K. Rank is hoogleraar financieel recht aan de Universiteit Leiden en Of Counsel bij NautaDutilh te Amsterdam.
Artikel

De bakens verzet (!?)

De civiele rechter in milieuzaken tegen de overheid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Omgevingsrecht, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden omgevingsrecht, strategisch procederen, rechtsbescherming, Urgenda
Auteurs Prof. mr. E. (Eddy) Bauw
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dit artikel bevat een reflectie op de stand van zaken waar het gaat om de behartiging van het milieubelang door middel van het privaatrecht. Een dergelijke reflectie begint in het verleden: hoe zijn wij gekomen waar wij nu zijn? En strekt zich uit naar de toekomst: welke ontwikkeling is te verwachten en wat is wenselijk? In deze bijdrage staan deze vragen centraal.


Prof. mr. E. (Eddy) Bauw
Prof. mr. E. Bauw is hoogleraar privaatrecht en rechtspleging bij het Molengraaff Instituut voor Privaatrecht en het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtsstaat en Rechtspleging van de Universiteit Utrecht. Tevens is hij raadsheer-plaatsvervanger in het Gerechtshof Den Haag en het Gerechtshof Arnhem-Leeuwarden.
Institutioneel

Brexit. Het Verenigd Koninkrijk en de Europese Unie: een moeizaam partnerschap

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 7-8 2018
Trefwoorden Brexit, artikel 50 VEU, Terugtrekkingsakkoord, toekomstige betrekkingen, Handelsregeling
Auteurs Prof. dr. J.W. de Zwaan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage wordt een overzicht gegeven van de hoofdzaken betreffende het Brexit-dossier. Stilgestaan wordt bij het referendum van 23 juni 2018 en de gang van zaken sinds de kennisgeving van de Britse uittreding op 29 maart 2017. Daarbij komt de stand van zaken in de terugtrekkingsonderhandelingen aan de orde, de Britse voorstellen zoals vervat in het White Paper van juli 2018 en de perspectieven voor oplossingen van de nog uitstaande problemen. Met name de juridisch-institutionele aspecten van de diverse onderwerpen en problemen worden belicht.


Prof. dr. J.W. de Zwaan
Prof. dr. J.W. (Jaap) de Zwaan is em. hoogleraar Recht van de Europese Unie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Interventions in High-conflict Divorce Cases: The Parenting Examination

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Parenting examination, high-conflict divorce, child custody, child access, forensic expert
Auteurs Esther Kluwer en Cees van Leuven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Parenting examination (in Dutch: ouderschapsonderzoek) is a method that is used in high-conflict divorces in the Netherlands since 2008, whereby the court appoints a forensic expert who uses mediation and coaching techniques to support the parents to find a solution for their dispute. When parents fail to reach agreement, the forensic expert reports to the judge who can use this information to make a decision. This article discusses the results of two studies that have been conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the Parenting examination in practice.


Esther Kluwer
Esther Kluwer is professor of Sustainable Relationships and Wellbeing at Radboud University (Nijmegen) and associate professor at the Department of Social Health & Organisational Psychology at Utrecht University.

Cees van Leuven
Cees van Leuven is a judge at the Court of Appeal (‘s-Hertogenbosch) and a lecturer at the Netherlands Training and Study Centre for the Judiciary. He recently published the book ‘Rechter worden, rechter zijn’ (Becoming a judge, being a judge), January 2019.
Article

Access_open Armed On-board Protection of German Ships (and by German Companies)

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden German maritime security, private armed security, privately contracted armed security personnel, anti-piracy-measures, state oversight
Auteurs Tim R. Salomon
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Germany reacted to the rise of piracy around the Horn of Africa not only by deploying its armed forces to the region, but also by overhauling the legal regime concerning private security providers. It introduced a dedicated licensing scheme mandatory for German maritime security providers and maritime security providers wishing to offer their services on German-flagged vessels. This legal reform resulted in a licensing system with detailed standards for the internal organisation of a security company and the execution of maritime security services. Content wise, the German law borrows broadly from internationally accepted standards. Despite deficits in state oversight and compliance control, the licensing scheme sets a high standard e.g. by mandating that a security team must consist of a minimum of four security guards. The lacking success of the scheme suggested by the low number of companies still holding a license may be due to the fact that ship-owners have traditionally been reluctant to travel high-risk areas under the German flag. Nevertheless, the German law is an example of a national regulation that has had some impact on the industry at large.


Tim R. Salomon
The author is a legal adviser to the German Federal Armed Forces (Bundeswehr) and currently seconded to the German Federal Constitutional Court.
Article

Access_open Armed On-board Protection of Danish Vessels Authorisation and Use of Force in Self-defence in a Legal Perspective

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden piracy, private security companies (PSC), privately contracted armed security personnel (PCASP), use of force, Denmark
Auteurs Christian Frier
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines the legal issues pertaining to the use of civilian armed guards on board Danish-flagged ships for protection against piracy. The Danish model of regulation is interesting for several reasons. Firstly, the Danish Government was among the first European flag States to allow and formalise their use in a commercial setting. Secondly, the distribution of assignments between public authorities and private actors stands out as very pragmatic, as ship owners and contracting private security companies are empowered with competences which are traditionally considered as public administrative powers. Thirdly, the lex specialis framework governing the authorisation and use of force in self-defence is non-exhaustive, thus referring to lex generalis regulation, which does not take the special circumstances surrounding the use of armed guards into consideration. As a derived effect the private actors involved rely heavily on soft law and industry self-regulation instrument to complement the international and national legal framework.


Christian Frier
Christian Frier is research assistant at the Department of Law, University of Southern Denmark. He obtained his PhD in Law in March 2019.
Artikel

De codificatie van gedragsnormen in het Nederlands rechtspersonenrecht: een gewenste ontwikkeling?

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Ondernemingsrecht, Aflevering 8-9 2018
Trefwoorden gedragsnormen, bestuurders, directors’ duties, zorgvuldigheidsplicht, artikel 2:9 BW
Auteurs L. Thomae LLM en H. Koster LLM
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage beantwoorden de auteurs de vraag of het wenselijk is om de (algemene) gedragsnormen die onder meer voortvloeien uit de jurisprudentie in Boek 2 BW te codificeren. Voor de beantwoording van deze vraag zullen onder meer de gedragsnormen uit de Companies Act 2006 aan de orde komen.


L. Thomae LLM
L. Thomae LLM is student International Management aan de Radboud Universiteit.

H. Koster LLM
H. Koster LLM is verbonden aan de Erasmus School of Law en aan de Universiteit van Dubai.

    In its follow-up judgment to the ECJ’s preliminary ruling in the Hälvä case (C-175/16), the Finnish Supreme Court has held that ‘relief parents’ relieving foster parents in a child protection association on the latter’s holidays fall within the scope of the Finnish Working Hours Act even though the work was performed in the homes provided by the association for the children to live in. Therefore, the relief parents were entitled to the rights guaranteed by the Act (subject to the fact that some of their claims had expired).


Janne Nurminen
Janne Nurminen is a Senior Associate with Roschier in Helsinki, www.roschier.com.
Artikel

Access_open Linking Legal Scenarios to Empirical Data

Process-Tracing as a Methodology in Law

Tijdschrift Law and Method, september 2018
Auteurs Simone Schroff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Different legal rules can lead to the same observable outcome, making it difficult to identify the most influential rule. This article addresses this gap by focusing on how competing explanatory theories derived from a doctrinal analysis can be assessed using a methodology called process-tracing. One of process-tracing’s main uses is to link explanatory theories to empirical evidence, permitting an assessment of causal mechanisms’ practical impact in comparison to each other. This article demonstrates the potential and practical implementation of process-tracing in the context of empirical legal research. In addition to the core characteristics of process-tracing, the paper clarifies when process-tracing can add to a doctrinal analysis and the requirements which have to be met. Furthermore, the process of linking doctrinal work with empirical evidence relying on process-tracing is shown, using the example of copyright ownership in the broadcasting sector. As a result, this paper demonstrates the added value of a process-tracing analysis carried out in addition to doctrinal work, in particular the insights into industry practice it generates.


Simone Schroff
Ph.D., University of Plymouth, United Kingdom and Institute for Information Law, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Artikel

Het gifpilletje van Gemalto

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Ondernemingsrecht, Aflevering 7 2018
Trefwoorden poison pill, deal protection, beschermingsmaatregel, openbaar bod, beschermingsaandelen
Auteurs Mr. P.L. Hezer en Mr. B. Kemp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Bij het openbaar bod van Thales en Gemalto is een poison pill geïmplementeerd om concurrerende biedingen te ontmoedigen. Deze vorm van deal protection, die lijkt te zijn gebaseerd op de Franse ‘bons Bretons’, is in Nederland een noviteit. In deze bijdrage wordt gekeken naar de implementatie, toelaatbaarheid en toetsing van die ‘Franse gifpil’.


Mr. P.L. Hezer
Mr. P.L. Hezer is advocaat bij Loyens & Loeff te Amsterdam.

Mr. B. Kemp
Mr. B. Kemp is advocaat bij Loyens & Loeff te Amsterdam en als universitair docent verbonden aan Maastricht University en de Erasmus School of Law.
Recensies en signalementen

Uit de schaduw

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2018
Auteurs Dr. Roland Eshuis
Auteursinformatie

Dr. Roland Eshuis
Roland Eshuis is als onderzoeker werkzaam bij het WODC en verricht empirisch onderzoek naar de civiele rechtspleging.

    The Polish national social insurance authority has no power to police ‘social dumping’. Neither is there any legal basis or justification for excluding workers performing work in other EU Member States from the national social insurance system based on an unverifiable assumption that social dumping is taking place.


Marcin Wujczyk PhD.
Marcin Wujczyk, PhD., is a partner with Baran Ksiazek Bigaj Wujczyk in Krakow, www.ksiazeklegal.pl.

    The Irish Court of Appeal recently clarified the obligations of employers towards employees with a disability.
    The judgment suggests that an employer is not required to alter the duties of a position held by an employee with a disability in order to accommodate that employee’s return to work if the duties, which the employee is no longer capable of performing, are considered essential to the employee’s position.


Lucy O’Neill
Lucy O’Neill is an attorney at law at Mayson Hayes & Curran.
Case Reports

2018/18 Preliminary questions to ECJ about Brexit implications for UK citizens? (NL)

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden Free movement, Work and residence permit, Other forms of free movement
Auteurs Jan-Pieter Vos
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Recently, the Court of Amsterdam decided to ask preliminary questions to the ECJ about EU citizens’ rights of British nationals, anticipating Brexit. However, two weeks later, it allowed an appeal against this decision. It is therefore unclear if and when these questions will be asked.


Jan-Pieter Vos
Jan-Pieter Vos is a lecturer of Labour Law at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Artikel

Daders van arbeidsuitbuiting

Over de vermeende rol van de georganiseerde misdaad

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden Arbeidsuitbuiting, Mensenhandel, georganiseerde criminaliteit, grensoverschrijdende criminaliteit
Auteurs Dr. Masja van Meeteren en Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Human traffickers are usually depicted in public discourse as evil villains: the crème de la crème of organized crime. Although this image has also been dominant among scholars for a long time, it has become increasingly controversial. On the one hand, this debate is fueled by discussions amongst criminologists on criminal networks, on the other hand by the expansion of the legal definition of the crime since 2005. Apart from exploitation in the prostitution sector, various other forms of human trafficking are distinguished now, including labor exploitation. This article explores the question of which organizational forms play a role in labor exploitation. Through a review of the empirical research literature on labor exploitation, the authors show that in the field of labor exploitation, there is probably less involvement in criminal syndicates or criminal networks that maintain contacts with other criminal networks. In many cases, labor exploitation is committed by individuals or family businesses, or smaller loosely organized networks that are not necessarily embedded in other criminal networks. For researchers and policy makers alike, it is therefore advisable not to approach labor exploitation exclusively from the perspective of transnational organized crime.


Dr. Masja van Meeteren
Dr. Masja van Meeteren is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

    Indigenous claims have challenged a number of orthodoxies within state legal systems, one of them being the kinds of proof that can be admissible. In Canada, the focus has been on the admissibility and weight of oral traditions and histories. However, these novel forms are usually taken as alternative means of proving a set of facts that are not in themselves “cultural”, for example, the occupation by a group of people of an area of land that constitutes Aboriginal title. On this view, maps are a neutral technology for representing culturally different interests within those areas. Through Indigenous land use studies, claimants have been able to deploy the powerful symbolic capital of cartography to challenge dominant assumptions about “empty” land and the kinds of uses to which it can be put. There is a risk, though, that Indigenous understandings of land are captured or misrepresented by this technology, and that what appears neutral is in fact deeply implicated in the colonial project and occidental ideas of property. This paper will explore the possibilities for an alternative cartography suggested by digital technologies, by Indigenous artists, and by maps beyond the visual order.


Kirsten Anker Ph.D.
Associate Professor, McGill University Faculty of Law, Canada. Many thanks to the two anonymous reviewers for their frank and helpful feedback.
Case Reports

2018/9 Uber’s work status appeal rejected (UK)

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Miscellaneous, Employment status
Auteurs Laetitia Cooke
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Following an appeal by Uber against an employment tribunal (ET) finding last year, which was featured in EELC 2017/10, that its drivers are ‘workers’ and not self-employed contractors (reported in EELC 2017-1), the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) has now upheld the ET’s original decision. The EAT rejected Uber’s arguments that it was merely a technology platform, as well as its statement that it did not provide transportation services. This decision is important as it means that Uber drivers are entitled to certain rights under UK law, such as the right to holiday pay, to the national minimum wage (NMW) and protection against detrimental treatment for ‘blowing the whistle’ against malpractice. Uber has approximately 40,000 drivers (and about 3.5 million users of its mobile phone application in London alone) and so this decision has potentially significant financial consequences for the company.


Laetitia Cooke
Laetitia Cooke is an Associate at Lewis Silkin LLP.
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 13 September 2017, case C-570/15 (X), Free movement, Social insurance

X – v – Staatssecretaris van Financiën, Dutch case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Free movement, Social insurance
Samenvatting

    A Dutch employee who resides in Belgium and performs only 6.5% of his hours worked in Belgium (and the rest in the Netherlands), cannot be regarded as ‘normally’ pursuing an activity in two or more Member States. The special rule in Article 14(2)(b)(i) of Regulation No 1408/71, stating that a person normally employed in the territory of two or more Member States shall be subject to the legislation of the Member State in whose territory he resides, does not apply in this case.

Artikel

Harmonisatie van Europees vennootschapsrecht: de EMCA

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Ondernemingsrecht, Aflevering 1-2 2018
Trefwoorden Europees vennootschapsrecht, harmonisatie, modelwet
Auteurs Dr. J. Roest
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In september 2017 is de European Model Company Act (EMCA) gepubliceerd: een modelwet van het EU-vennootschapsrecht. De EMCA kan een inspirator zijn voor nationale wetgevers bij herziening van hun nationale vennootschapsrecht en vormt daarmee een nieuw middel in het proces van ‘bottom-up’ harmonisatie van Europees vennootschapsrecht.


Dr. J. Roest
Dr. J. Roest is universitair hoofddocent ondernemingsrecht aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam, en sinds 2012 lid van de EMCA Group.
Artikel

Access_open Follow-on schadeclaims wegens schending van het mededingingsrecht: van law in the books naar law in action

Tijdschrift Contracteren, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Kartelschade, Richtlijn schadeclaims wegens mededingingsinbreuken, Implementatiewet privaatrechtelijke handhaving, Passing-on verweer, Voordeelstoerekening
Auteurs Mr. dr. R. Meijer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage gaat de auteur in op een aantal recente ontwikkelingen op het gebied van de private handhaving van het mededingingsrecht. Daarbij wordt in het bijzonder aandacht besteed aan de nieuwe wettelijke bepalingen als gevolg van de implementatie van de richtlijn inzake schadeclaims wegens mededingingsinbreuken alsmede enkele noemenswaardige ontwikkelingen in de jurisprudentie op het gebied van kartelschade.


Mr. dr. R. Meijer
Mr. dr. R. Meijer is advocaat te Amsterdam.
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