Zoekresultaat: 73 artikelen

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Jaar 2010 x
Artikel

Welk spoor volgt Nederland?

Een reactie op Hans Dominicus

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, implementation, conditions for
Auteurs Annemieke Wolthuis en Eric Wiersma
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Comparing the developments in the Netherlands with those in Belgium the authors find important differences relating to the questions pertinent to implementation. Experiments have also been done in the Netherlands and their evaluations showed positive results, but there were different models which were not clearly – or not at all – related to the traditional criminal justice process. They all were lacking the formal collaboration with the courts, that was seen in Belgium. There has been no form of central direction and no important influence from the academic world and the various projects have officially been replaced in 2006 by a national policy of implementing ‘victim-offendertalks’. These talks have their merits and are appreciated by victims and offenders, but they do not amount to mediation in a restorative style, since restorative agreements are not allowed to result. Nevertheless, there are a number of indications that restorative justice practices could still become recognized and accepted. Staff of the police, the public prosecutors office and judges are interested and new experiments are beginning. The new development of local ‘veiligheidshuizen’ (‘front offices for safety’) offers a promising setting for interagency co-operation and conferencing with citizens in trouble and conflict. The conferencing-model has gained broad acceptance in the context of juvenile care and may continue to inspire justice personnel. In process now is the foundation of a new restorative justice network, called ‘Restorative Justice Netherlands’.


Annemieke Wolthuis
Annemieke Wolthuis is als onderzoekster verbonden aan het Hilde Verweij –Jonker Instituut te Utrecht.

Eric Wiersma
Eric Wiersma is werkzaam als beleidsconsulent bij Halt Nederland.

John Blad
John Blad is hoofddocent strafrechtswetenschappen, verbonden aan de Erasmus Law School van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Herstelrecht en sociaal werk

Een reactie op Maria Bouverne-De Bie & Rudi Roose

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, social work, reintegration, structural problems
Auteurs Lode Walgrave
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Responding to Bouverne-De Bie and Roose Walgrave stresses the importance of using a narrow definition of restorative justice as a way of doing justice by repairing the harm caused by crime. This narrow definition alone allows for the development of a consistent praxis and theory of restorative justice and for adequate research of its effects. Restorative Justice cannot offer the ´politically critical´ social praxis on the interface between the public and the private world that Bouverne-De Bie and Roose would like to see. But the apparent influence that basic concepts and ideas of restorative justice have on social practices outside the sphere of criminal justice imply that such social practices and restorative justice praxis can work in the same direction by avoiding stigmatization and exclusion and promoting redress and inclusion.


Lode Walgrave
Lode Walgrave is emeritus-hoogleraar jeugdcriminologie van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
Artikel

De bruid van Frankenstein

Dwarsboomt mensenrechtenrechtspraak de prille romance van de Belgische strafprocedure met het herstelrecht?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, human rights, criminal procedure, guarantees
Auteurs Joost Huysmans en Frank Verbruggen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The authors discuss the space that can be found for restorative justice in decisions on human rights issues in the criminal procedure by the European Court of Human Rights, based on par. 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights. There is room for restorative justice because the court accepts the waiver of the procedural rights and safeguards by the defendant, provided that he does so completely voluntarily, after being fully informed, and provided that there is no important public interest that stands in the way of out-of-court settlements. The alternative procedure to a full dressed criminal trial should, in addition, live up to such standards that the procedure can be judged fair. Pressures on avoiding unreasonable delay and legal counseling necessary to fully inform the defendant about his options can lead to a formalization of restorative procedures which can be a threat to the merits of restorative justice.


Joost Huysmans
Joost Huysmans is als penalist verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

Frank Verbruggen
Frank Verbruggen is als penalist verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
Artikel

Herstelrecht en de maatschappelijke (re)integratie van de dader

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, social work, reintegration, structural problems
Auteurs Maria Bouverne-De Bie en Rudi Roose
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Social (re-)integration is such a complex phenomenon that it is not possible to make a direct link between restorative justice and social reintegration of offenders. If one considers restorative justice, not in its utility for maintaining the law but as a praxis of social work, one could get the impression that restorative justice runs the risk of individualizing the social problem of crime by making offenders responsible and of losing sight of the structural dimensions causing or contributing to criminality. The same structural dimensions may appear to be a blockade for effective emancipation of offenders from their often marginal and powerless positions. Considered as a praxis of social work, restorative justice should be able to promote (the awareness of) accountability and the mutual exploration of the many roads that can lead to effective emancipation and reintegration.


Maria Bouverne-De Bie
Maria Bouverne-De Bie is als hoofddocent verbonden aan de vakgroep Sociale, Culturele en Vrijetijdsagogiek van de Universiteit van Gent.

Rudi Roose
Rudi Roose is als wetenschappelijk assistent verbonden aan de vakgroep Sociale, Culturele en Vrijetijdsagogiek van de Universiteit van Gent.
Artikel

Nut en onnut van morele beginselen en ‘hoge principes’

Een reactie op Bart Pattyn

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, ethics, moral praxis
Auteurs Bas van Stokkom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Van Stokkom endorses Pattyn’s criticism of principled ethics. It is more convincing to view ethics as a way to understand moral practices and moral experiences. For example, the ethical value of restorative justice practices resides in moral communication in which the participants strive for recognition. Nevertheless, Pattyn does not notice that moral justifications often rely on ethical principles. When we must make choices or introduce new policies, we often cannot escape justifications that fit in with ethical principles. Nevertheless, these principles may also paralyze or polarize discussions. In populist times – with its punitive rhetoric – it seems wise to keep public discussion at bay from ‘high restorative principles’ such as the ‘superfluity of punishment’ and concentrate on the narrative power of restorative justice practices.


Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is als ethicus, socioloog en criminoloog verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en de Radboud Universiteit.
Artikel

Herstelrecht in Nederland: een slachtofferperspectief

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, paradigma, tailoring, victims
Auteurs Marc Groenhuijsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The author advises the protagonists of restorative justice to become less paradigmatic and more pragmatic in their approach of criminal justice and victims needs and interests. The offer of a restorative procedure is not suitable for all victims, nor for all thinkable moments after the event of a crime. Tailoring is needed to make each victim the best offer, and the utility of restorative justice is important, but limited. The author believes that much of the restorative justice literature is aiming at proving the superiority of restorative justice practices above any other type of intervention or service, and he feels that this is partly why restorative justice has not been well received in the Netherlands. A piecemeal implementation of mediation and conferencing in the sphere of criminal justice might be served by being less paradigmatic.


Marc Groenhuijsen
Marc Groenhuijsen is hoogleraar straf(proces)recht, verbonden aan de Universiteit Tilburg en Intervict.
Artikel

De implementatie van dader-slachtofferbemiddeling in België

Zoektocht naar functionele en structurele randvoorwaarden

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, implementation, conditions for
Auteurs Hans Dominicus
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Victim-offender-mediation started in Belgium as early as 1993 and nowadays the Belgium landscape shows a variety of restorative practices, including conferencing with juveniles and mediation with adult offenders, on the basis of a number of legal arrangements. Progress can still be made in quantitative terms and qualitatively by harmonizing the various legal instruments that are available. The diversionary mediation that is possible at the level of the public prosecutor differs in a number of ways from the mediation that can be offered in subsequent stages of the criminal procedure. A variety of motives and reasons explain the reception and growth of restorative practices, such as the desire to offer victims a better service and to improve the delivery of justice. The willingness to experiment and to collaborate between protagonists of restorative justice and the agencies of criminal justice, and the strong scientific support from the Catholic University of Leuven, are amongst the key factors that promoted the integration and consolidation of restorative practices in the legal system.


Hans Dominicus
Hans Dominicus is attaché bij het Directoraat-generaal Justitiehuizen van de Federale Overheidsdienst Justitie in België. Hij is adviseur van minister van justitie Stefaan de Clerck.
Artikel

Het belang van ideologie

Een reactie op Marc Groenhuijsen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, Paradigma, Tailoring, victims
Auteurs John Blad
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Blad responds to Groenhuijsen by showing how political decisions in the Netherlands, after successful experiments with restorative justice for juveniles and adults, were based on the belief that criminal justice would lose its punitive foundation and tenor when restorative justice practices would become integrated in the justice system. Criminal justice should not be about resolving conflicts between victims and offenders and the type of mediation, that could lead to an agreement as an important element to be considered in sentencing, was therefore rejected. In so far as restorative justice ideology took influence, it seems to have been a misconception of restorative justice as merely a new form of penal abolitionism. The fact that restorative justice does not deny the legitimacy of the provisions in the substantive criminal law and that all important restorative projects co-operate with criminal justice agencies was apparently ignored. Against the background of the dominant political culture of ‘punitive populism’ and intensified use of severe punishments it seems highly unlikely that abandoning the ambition to develop a restorative justice paradigm would further the implementation of restorative justice.


John Blad
John Blad is hoofddocent strafrechtswetenschappen, verbonden aan de Erasmus Law School van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Trajecten van vrouwelijke gedetineerden

Weinig jeugddelinquenten, veel late starters

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden Gender, Vrouwelijke gedetineerden, Interviews, Criminele carrière
Auteurs An Nuytiens en Jenneke Christiaens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, an ongoing Flemish qualitative research on life histories and criminal careers of women in prison is discussed. We conducted autobiographical interviews with 40 female prisoners aged between 20 and 69 years. Considering our target group, we didn’t always succeed in conducting an autobiographical interview. In practice we often conducted a classic open in-depth interview. By means of file analysis, we reconstituted the criminal career of every interviewed woman. Thanks to the retrospective approach we could reveal a diversity of trajectories. We identified three pathways: (1) youth offenders, (2) early adult-onset offenders and (3) late adult-onset offenders. Remarkably, quite a lot of women are late starters. Three risk factors – to a greater or lesser extent – play a role in these pathways: a problematic educational situation in childhood, drugs and negative love affairs.


An Nuytiens
A. Nuytiens is onderzoekster bij de vakgroep Criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, an.nuytiens@vub.ac.be.

Jenneke Christiaens
Prof. dr. J. Christiaens is hoofddocent bij de vakgroep Criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, jenneke.christiaens@vub.ac.be.
Artikel

Forensisch-medische expertise voor slachtoffers van huiselijk geweld

Hoe werken politie en forensische artsen samen?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden huiselijk geweld, forensische geneeskunde, medische verklaringen, letselverklaring
Auteurs Tina Dorn, Manon Ceelen, Olga Boeij e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, police can request a physical examination of victims of domestic violence. These examinations can be either carried out by the physician who has treated the victim, or, alternatively, by a forensic physician. From a medico-legal point of view, an examination by a forensic physician has several advantages, as forensic physicians are independent and trained in examining victims of violence and reporting to the police. The aim of the current study was to (1) describe the structure of forensic services for victims of domestic violence in the Netherlands, (2) establish with whom the police request physical examinations of victims (forensic physician vs. physicians who have treated the victim), (3) explore the underlying reasons for the choice made and (4) elaborate how the current cooperation of police and forensic physicians can be improved in favour of victims of domestic violence. For this purpose, interviews were carried out with police professionals and forensic physicians throughout the country. The results demonstrated that victims can access forensic services almost exclusively on referral by the police. Furthermore, the police in most cases request physical examinations from physicians who have treated the victim and not from forensic physicians. Reasons for referring victims to treating physicians instead of forensic physicians are costs and lack of information on forensic services. Reports provided by treating physicians are criticized by the police for being illegible, incomprehensible, and lacking information on aspects which are of importance for the legal procedure. In short, the legal position of victims could be strengthened by requesting physical examinations from forensic physicians instead from treating physicians. A major obstacle to change is a lack of funding. Furthermore, forensic services for victims of domestic violence in the Netherlands could be improved if victims could access forensic services without referral of the police.


Tina Dorn
Dr. Tina Dorn is onderzoeker, afdeling Epidemiologie, Documentatie en Gezondheidsbevordering, GGD Amsterdam. Contactadres: GGD Amsterdam, afd. EDG, Postbus 2200, 1000 CE Amsterdam. Tel. 020-5555911. E-mail: tdorn@ggd.amsterdam.nl.

Manon Ceelen
Dr. Manon Ceelen is onderzoeker, afdeling Epidemiologie, Documentatie en Gezondheidsbevordering, GGD Amsterdam.

Olga Boeij
Dr. Olga Boeij is onderzoeker, afdeling Epidemiologie, Documentatie en Gezondheidsbevordering, GGD Amsterdam.

Kees Das
Dr. Kees Das is hoofd afdeling Forensische Geneeskunde, GGD Amsterdam.

Mariëtte Christophe
Mariëtte Christophe is programmaleider, Landelijk Programmabureau Huiselijk Geweld en de Politietaak.
Artikel

Access_open Internetveilingen – geen easy riding

Tijdschrift Vermogensrechtelijke Analyses, Aflevering 3 2010
Trefwoorden internetveiling, derdenwerking overeenkomsten, toepasselijkheid algemene voorwaarden, e-commerce, aanvullende werking redelijkheid en billijkheid
Auteurs Mr. drs. J.H.M. Spanjaard
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage staat een bespreking van de juridische figuur van de internetveiling centraal. De verhouding tussen de bij de veiling betrokken personen, de derdenwerking van de veilingvoorwaarden, de noodzaak van de aanwezigheid van de notaris of deurwaarder, aspecten van elektronisch contracteren en de toepasselijkheid van algemene voorwaarden worden besproken.


Mr. drs. J.H.M. Spanjaard
Mr. drs. J.H.M. (Jan) Spanjaard is advocaat bij La Gro Advocaten in Alphen aan den Rijn.
Artikel

Wetgeving en de positie van de patiënt: instrument voor verandering of terugvaloptie?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2010
Trefwoorden impact of health law, evaluation of health law, patient empowerment, patient rights
Auteurs Roland Friele en Remco Coppen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Empirical research on the practice of ‘informed consent’ and the right of complaint of patients shows that these rights are important as guarantees for carefulness and legal certainty. However, at the same time these rights seem to have hardly any effect on the position of the patient in the daily interactions with doctors and other medical personnel. Rather, they seem to have led to a formalization of institutional relations with patients. At the same time, in practice especially hospitals seem to aim at an informal and varied way of dealing with these patient’s rights.


Roland Friele
Roland Friele is adjunct-directeur van het NIVEL (Nederlands instituut voor onderzoek van de gezondheidszorg) en bijzonder hoogleraar aan de Universiteit van Tilburg. Hij doet onderzoek naar de sociaalwetenschappelijke aspecten van wet- en regelgeving in de gezondheidszorg. Wetsevaluaties in de gezondheidszorg vormen de hoofdmoot.

Remco Coppen
Remco Coppen is onderzoeker bij het NIVEL (Nederlands instituut voor onderzoek van de gezondheidszorg). Zijn onderzoek richt zich met name op sociaalwetenschappelijke aspecten van wet- en regelgeving. Hij is betrokken geweest bij verschillende wetsevaluaties, zoals de tweede en derde evaluatie van de Wet op de orgaandonatie, de tweede evaluatie van de Wet inzake bloedvoorziening, de evaluatie van de Wet marktordening gezondheidszorg en de Zorgverzekeringswet. In 2010 is hij gepromoveerd op een proefschrift over de effecten van de Wet op de orgaandonatie.
Column

The ‘sense of urgency’ van justitie in België

Bemiddeling/mediation is meer dan een loutere variante op traditionele geschillenbeslechting en is derhalve een prioriteit

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2010
Auteurs Theo De Beir
Auteursinformatie

Theo De Beir
Theo De Beir is voorzitter van het Brussels Business Mediation Center (BBMC vzw) en advocaat-mediator-ondernemer.
Artikel

Onderzoek naar meer levenskwaliteit tijdens scheiding

IPOS-project – eerste resultaten

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden divorce, mediation, quality of life, research
Auteurs Lut Daniëls en Ann Buysse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Interdisciplinary Project for the Optimization of Separation Trajectories in Flanders, IPOS, collected a unique Belgian data set of divorcing people and their children. All aspects of the innovative, process orientated and multidisciplinary model of quality of life are longitudinal examined. The methodology and first results of this IPOS-study are presented. Special attention is paid to mediation.


Lut Daniëls
Lut Daniëls is wetenschappelijk medewerkster aan de Universiteit Gent.

Ann Buysse
Prof. dr. Ann Buyse is hoogleraar aan de Universiteit Gent.

Hilde Demarré
Hilde Demarré is projectmanager bij Child Focus en opgeleid familiebemiddelaar.

    On 21 May 2008 the European Directive on certain aspects of mediation in civil and commercial matters was adopted. The directive will have to be implemented in Dutch legislation before 21 May 2011. The objective of the Directive is to facilitate access to alternative dispute resolution and to promote the amicable settlement of disputes, by encouraging the use of mediation and by ensuring a balanced relationship between mediation and judicial proceedings (Article 1(1)). As a result of the arrival of the European Mediation Directive mediation the Netherlands will get a legal basis and thereby recognition. This article inter alia discusses the Mediation Directive from the NMI's perspective and discusses the articles from the Directive relevant to NMI step by step.


Esther Gathier
Mr. Esther Gathier is beleidsmedewerker bij het NMI.
Artikel

Mijn kind … ons kind!

Preventie van internationale kinderontvoeringen

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden child abduction
Auteurs Hilde Demarré
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    For children involved in an international abduction by one of the parents, there is a real risk of losing their right to contact with the other parent for an extended period of time and sometimes forever. A number of international legal remedies have been created that should provide a solution to these often traumatising experiences. However, their application in an international context often takes a particularly long time and the procedures remain painful and difficult for the families involved. The various players working in the field of international child abductions recognise the importance of preventing international child abductions. The requirement here is that the people involved in the field are well informed of the available and most desirable prevention mechanisms. Therefore Child Focus, in cooperation with the European Commission, developed a prevention guide with information on the phenomenon of international child abduction, prevention mechanism, intervening organizations and flow charts.


Hilde Demarré
Hilde Demarré is projectmanager bij Child Focus en opgeleid familiebemiddelaar.

Annie de Roo

Mr. W.R. Kastelein
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