Zoekresultaat: 8 artikelen

x
Jaar 2010 x

    ‘Informal economy’ is a controversial concept defined in many different ways. This is reflected in the amount of synonyms, such as shadow economy, parallel economy, hidden economy, black economy etcetera. On the international level the concept of the informal sector was first used in 1972 by the International Labour Organization (ILO) in its report on a mission to Kenya. The popular view of informal sector activities was that they are primarily those of petty traders, street hawkers, shoeshine boys and other groups ‘underemployed’ on the streets of the big towns. The evidence presented in the report suggested that the bulk of employment in the informal sector, far from being only marginally productive, is economically efficient and profit-making, though small in scale. The informal sector is formed by the coping behaviour of individuals and families in economic environment where earning opportunities are scarce, or where regulation is too complex. The informal sector can also be a product of rational behaviour of entrepreneurs wishing to escape state regulations. There is a relation between welfare (GDP per capita) and relative size of the informal sector. Richer countries have relatively a smaller informal sector. However, government policies and attitudes are important as well. The relative size of the informal sector depends, among other factors, on the ‘regulatory capacity’ and ‘regulatory intent’ of governments. There is little known about the relation between informal and criminal activities. The informal economy seems to be a permanent feature of both high, middle and low income countries. Due to the actual economic crisis, people are pushed from the formal to informal economy. Rapid urbanisation is a factor as well. While the problem of size measuring is not insignificant, most observers agree that the informal economy is large and growing and will be an enduring feature of the economy of mega-cities.


B.M.J. Slot
Dr. Brigitte Slot is als beleidsmedewerker verbonden aan de directie Financiële Markten van het ministerie van Financiën. Zij schreef dit artikel op persoonlijke titel.
Jurisprudentie

2010/35 Psychotherapeut; abrupte beëindiging therapie, geen doorverwijzing; niet bijhouden patiëntendossier; verweving privéleven in therapie; verweerder is van mening dat hij klager adequaat heeft behandeld en heeft doorverwezen: klacht is gegrond en beroep wordt verworpen

Centraal Tuchtcollege voor de Gezondheidszorg (mr. W.D.H. Asser, voorzitter, mr. W.P.C.M. Bruinsma en mr. A. Dupain, leden-juristen, drs. M.A.J. Hagenaars en drs. L. Swen, leden-beroepsgenoten, mr. H.J. Lutgert, secretaris) d.d. 19 augustus 2010.

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Gezondheidsrecht, Aflevering 7 2010
Artikel

Civil litigation in a globalizing world: a multidisciplinary perspective

Conference Report

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Civiele Rechtspleging, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden civil litigation, harmonization, civil procedure, cultural values, comparative law
Auteurs S. Vacarelu en A. Ognean
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Globalization has generated an increasing necessity of having to litigate in foreign courts and to enforce judgment in other countries. The diversity of procedural regimes represents an important obstacle for an efficient access to justice, which triggered a debate on the need for harmonization of civil procedure. These topics were explored in the conference organized by Dr. Xandra Kramer and Prof. dr. C.H. (Remco ) van Rhee on 17-18 June, 2010, under the auspices of Erasmus University Rotterdam. The instant conference report summarizes the arguments on the future of procedural harmonization in Europe, which seem to favor a horizontal approach to harmonization.


S. Vacarelu
S. Vacarelu is working on his dissertation.

A. Ognean
A. Ognean is working on his dissertation.
Artikel

Criminele expats

Britse criminelen in Nederland en Nederlandse criminelen in Spanje

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden drugshandel, Internationale criminaliteit, Spanje, Verenigd Koninkrijk
Auteurs Dr. Melvin Soudijn en Dr. Sander Huisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on migration with criminal motives. Two specific groups are discussed, British migrants in the Netherlands and Dutch migrants in Spain. Little is written on criminal migration motives in combination with Western subjects. On the other hand, investigative authorities have first-hand knowledge on this matter. An analysis of 25 closed case files shows that within these two groups of migrants, some people are heavily involved in the international drugs trade. Although their numbers are small, their function is important. Through their actions it becomes possible for certain cities or areas to evolve into international criminal drug marketplaces. There are also some differences between British and Dutch criminals abroad. British criminals are often involved as brokers. They broker drugs for third parties in Great Britain. Their stay in the Netherlands seems temporarily. They do not invest in the economy or buy property. Conversely, Dutch criminals in Spain could be described as leaders of organized crime groups. They invest in Spain by buying companies and property.


Dr. Melvin Soudijn
Dr. M. Soudijn is senior onderzoeker bij de KLPD, melvin.soudijn@klpd.politie.nl.

Dr. Sander Huisman
Dr. S. Huisman is senior onderzoeker bij de KLPD, Sander.huisman@klpd.politie.nl.

Roel Pieterman
Roel Pieterman is als rechtssocioloog verbonden aan de Erasmus Law School. Hij houdt zich bezig met onderzoek naar de maatschappelijke omgang met risico’s en potentiële dreigingen. Daarover publiceerde hij recent De voorzorgcultuur (Den Haag: Boom Juridische uitgevers 2008), een themanummer van de Erasmus Law Review over ‘The many facets of precautionary culture’ (2009) en samen met Ira Helsloot en Jaap Hanekamp Risico’s en redelijkheid (Den Haag: Boom Juridische uitgevers 2010).
Jurisprudentie

2010/40 Gezondheidszorgpsycholoog; onvoldoende dossiervorming; seksueel contact met cliënt; stalking; schending beroepsgeheim; ontbreken zelfreflectie: doorhaling inschrijving

Centraal Tuchtcollege voor de Gezondheidszorg (mr. A.D.R.M. Boumans, voorzitter, mrs. C.H.M. van Altena en W.P.C.M. Bruinsma, leden-juristen, prof. dr. M.J.M. van Son en drs. G.A.M. Mensing, leden-beroepsgenoten, mr. H.J. Lutgert, secretaris) d.d. 2 september 2010.

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Gezondheidsrecht, Aflevering 8 2010

Elena Fagotto
Rotterdam Institute of Law and Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam; Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Harvard Kennedy School. E-mail: fagotto@frg.eur.nl. The author wishes to thank Alessandra Arcuri, Michael Faure, participants in the European Society for Risk Analysis Conference in London (June 2010) and an anonymous referee for valuable comments. I am also deeply indebted to Archon Fung at Harvard Kennedy School.
Interface Showing Amount
U kunt door de volledige tekst zoeken naar alle artikelen door uw zoekterm in het zoekveld in te vullen. Als u op de knop 'Zoek' heeft geklikt komt u op de zoekresultatenpagina met filters, die u helpen om snel bij het door u gezochte artikel te komen. Er zijn op dit moment twee filters: rubriek en jaar.