Zoekresultaat: 104 artikelen

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Jaar 2014 x

    In this article the Think-Aloud Method, a method used in problem solving research in Psychology, is used in legal research to gather data on how novices, expert beginners and experts read, structure and analyse legal decisions. In the Dutch legal system decisions by judges are a major source of law. So it is important that law students learn to read, structure and analyse legal decisions. However, reading and understanding a decision does not go without saying, it has to be learned. The data we gather using the Think-Aloud Method are used to improve instruction to support the effective and efficient learning of comprehending legal decisions. We describe the Think-Aloud Method, our experimental design and our approach for analysing the protocols.


Dr. Antoinette Muntjewerff
Dr. A. Muntjewerff is Assistant Professor of Legal Theory at the Faculty of Law at the University of Amsterdam. She has a Masters in Social Science, a Masters in Law, and a PhD in Computer Science & Law; she studied Computer Science (more specifically Artificial Intelligence).
Praktijk

Crowdfunding, mede mogelijk gemaakt door de wetgever?

Tijdschrift Onderneming en Financiering, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Crowdfunding, Financieringsmogelijkheden, AFM, DNB, Wft
Auteurs Mr. J.M. van Poelgeest
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dit artikel gaat in op het fenomeen crowdfunding en het wettelijk kader. Hierbij wordt ingegaan op de Europese en nationale ontwikkelingen op het gebied van crowdfunding en wordt gekeken naar de mogelijkheden voor de toekomst, waarbij enkele suggesties worden gedaan. Wordt crowdfunding de nieuwe standaard voor financieren?


Mr. J.M. van Poelgeest
Mr. J.M. van Poelgeest is advocaat bij Finnius Advocaten te Amsterdam.
Artikel

De executeur in een nalatenschap met bitcoins en andere ‘digitale bezittingen’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift Erfrecht, Aflevering 6 2014
Trefwoorden digitale nalatenschap, executeur, zorgplicht, quasiopdracht
Auteurs Mr. L.A.G.M. van der Geld
Samenvatting

    In deze bijdrage gaat de auteur op zoek naar wat de verplichtingen zijn die de executeur heeft ten aanzien van de onlinenalatenschap. Moet een executeur actief op zoek naar bitcoins en andere digitale bezittingen? Hoever gaat zijn onderzoeksplicht in een onlinenalatenschap? Ook gaat de auteur kort in op de erfbelasting en digitale bezittingen: de executeur moet ook hier aangifte van doen.


Mr. L.A.G.M. van der Geld
Artikel

Toezichthouders op straat

Een internationaal vergelijkende benadering

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Toezicht, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden politie, boa’s, handhaving in de openbare ruimte, plural policing, fragmentatie
Auteurs Prof. dr. ir. Jan Terpstra en Dr. Bas van Stokkom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De zorg voor veiligheid wordt niet meer gezien als exclusieve taak van de politie. Naast de politie zijn andere, zowel publieke als private toezichthouders en handhavers werkzaam in de (semi)publieke ruimte. Dit gebeurt niet alleen in Nederland, maar ook in veel andere landen, zowel binnen als buiten Europa. Vaak leidt dat tot een gefragmentariseerd stelsel van handhaving. Het internationale vergelijkende onderzoek dat in dit artikel wordt gepresenteerd, biedt aanknopingspunten om te leren van ervaringen die in andere landen zijn opgedaan. Tevens worden twee opties besproken waarin wordt aangegeven hoe de coördinatie kan worden verbeterd.


Prof. dr. ir. Jan Terpstra
Prof. dr. ir. J.B. Terpstra is als hoogleraar Criminologie verbonden aan de vaksectie Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Radboud Universiteit te Nijmegen.

Dr. Bas van Stokkom
Dr. B.A.M. van Stokkom is verbonden aan de vaksectie Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Radboud Universiteit te Nijmegen.
Artikel

De niet-financiële impact van schadetoebrenging en hoe daaraan tegemoet te komen

Over excuses, actieve schadeafwikkeling en procedurele rechtvaardigheid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Vergoeding Personenschade, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden afwikkelingsproces, impact van schadetoebrenging, beleving van slachtoffer, emotionele bankrekening, communicatie, immateriële behoeften, excuses, procedurele rechtvaardigheid, actieve schadeafwikkeling
Auteurs Prof. mr. A.J. Akkermans en L. Hulst MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage wordt verslag gedaan van een onderzoek dat in opdracht van het Personenschade Instituut van Verzekeraars (PIV) is verricht naar de baten, effectiviteit en methode van het bevorderen door verzekeraars van het aanbieden van excuses aan verkeersslachtoffers. Ingegaan wordt op de niet-financiële impact van schadetoebrenging en wat er voor mogelijkheden zijn om daaraan tegemoet te komen. Daarbij is niet alleen gekeken naar excuses door de veroorzaker van het verkeersongeval, maar ook naar wat verzekeraars zelf kunnen doen aan de omstandigheid dat verkeersslachtoffers door het ongeval en zijn gevolgen ook ‘rood staan op hun emotionele bankrekening’. In een volgende bijdrage zal verslag worden gedaan van door verzekeringsmaatschappijen in het kader van dit onderzoek uitgevoerde pilots.


Prof. mr. A.J. Akkermans
Prof. mr. A.J. Akkermans is hoogleraar privaatrecht aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en verbonden aan het Amsterdam Centre for Comprehensive Law.

L. Hulst MSc
Mw. mr. L. Hulst MSc is jurist en psycholoog bij de afdeling privaatrecht van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en verbonden aan het Amsterdam Centre for Comprehensive Law.
Artikel

Over pragmatisme en strategie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden corporate security, private investigations, private settlements, forum shopping
Auteurs Clarissa Meerts MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article data derived from observations and interviews are used to examine private methods of investigation as used by corporate security providers in the Netherlands, and the private settlement options which follow those investigations. It is argued that, rather than leadership being exercised by public actors and institutions (police, prosecutors, criminal courts and also civil courts), those actors are selectively and strategically mobilised by corporate security, on behalf of their private sector clients. Corporate security and its clients have a ‘pick and choose’ approach when searching for an optimal solution for the incident at hand (forum shopping).


Clarissa Meerts MSc
C.A. Meerts, MSc is promovenda en wetenschappelijk docent bij de Sectie Criminologie aan de Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Hoofdartikel

The Challenge of Empirical Method to Labour Law Theory and Practice

Tijdschrift Arbeidsrechtelijke Annotaties, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Empirical research, Shaping of labour law, Methodology
Auteurs Simon F. Deakin
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The aim of the paper is to consider the significance for labour law theory and practice of empirical research into the operation and effects of this branch of law. It will be argued that empirical research has an important role to play in the methodology of labour law, even if it is ancillary, much of the time, to doctrinal approaches. Secondly, and relatedly, the paper will address the historical role of empirical research in the shaping of labour law as a field distinct from both private law and public law, and, in particular, as transcending the categories of property and contract that were inherited from the individualist private law of the nineteenth century. The third and last theme of the paper is that of the role of empirical research in addressing contemporary issues of labour law doctrine and policy.


Simon F. Deakin
Simon F. Deakin is prof. of law at the University of Cambridge.
Artikel

‘Trots’, ‘eer’ en ‘medeplichtigheid’: de Vrije Universiteit en Zuid-Afrika

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2014
Trefwoorden Zuid-Afrika, Medeplichtigheid, trots, Vrije Universiteit
Auteurs Harry Wels
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    ‘Pride’ and ‘honour’ are two concepts that are closely related and in the context of South Africa, are often based on a history of violent battles between various groups in society. VU University Amsterdam has lifelong relations with the historically Afrikaner universities in South Africa. During the Apartheid years the Afrikaner universities scientifically legitimized many of the apartheid policies and practices. In that sense VU University Amsterdam, through its relations to South African counterparts, may be considered complicit with the policies and practices of the Apartheid regime. Consequently, there seems little reason for pride and honour, but rather shame about having sided with academic partners who have at least passively supported the regime? Starting with an explicit acknowledgement of this complicity, the oeuvre of former Archbishop Desmond Tutu may open a path of hope for VUA to contribute to mending past injustices and by, together with its South African academic partners, working towards equality and building new relations in the present South African society.


Harry Wels
Harry Wels is universitair hoofddocent aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, en is werkzaam bij het Afrika Studiecentrum in Leiden en aan de University of the Western Cape, Zuid-Afrika.
Artikel

200 jaar Staten-Generaal en zelfregulering: betrokkenheid op afstand

Tijdschrift RegelMaat, Aflevering 6 2014
Trefwoorden zelfregulering, SER
Auteurs Drs. M.I. Hamer, Dr. M. Drahos en Drs. I. Thomassen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De Staten-Generaal dragen via het controleren van de regering en door (mede)wetgeving bij aan het borgen van publieke belangen. Literatuur en praktijk laten echter zien dat publieke belangen onder voorwaarden ook effectief kunnen worden geborgd door zelfregulering. Dit artikel geeft een beschouwing op de gevolgen van zelfregulering voor het democratische gehalte van beleid, op vraagstukken rondom representativiteit bij zelfreguleringsinitiatieven en op kansen en risico’s betreffende de effectiviteit van borging van publieke belangen. Deze drie aspecten worden belicht vanuit de ervaringen met vier vormen van zelfregulering binnen de Sociaal-Economische Raad (SER).


Drs. M.I. Hamer
Drs. M.I. Hamer is voorzitter van de SER.

Dr. M. Drahos
Dr. M. Drahos is senior beleidsmedewerker bij de directie Economische Zaken van de SER.

Drs. I. Thomassen
Drs. I. Thomassen was senior beleidsmedewerker bij de directie Bestuurszaken van de SER.
Artikel

Een onderzoek naar reflexiviteit bij conflictmanagement

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Conflictmanagement, reflexivity, strategy, dispute resolution clauses
Auteurs Luc Demeyere
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Managing commercial conflicts requires reflexivity: the description of the conflict influences the manner in which the conflict is handled, and changing this description may influence this approach and the desirable outcome. The Belgian law firm contrast was curious to find out more of different parameters influencing the manner in which a conflict is handled. It developed an in-dept questionnaire and submitted it to 40 participants. The findings of this research are commented.


Luc Demeyere
Luc Demeyere is advocaat aan de Balie te Antwerpen, werkzaam bij Contrast, erkend bemiddelaar en redacteur van TMD.

    Colombia has been a territory with some social and political difficulties which have affected several dynamics of the community as well as the legal security in almost all levels of the Colombian society. The alternative dispute resolution mechanisms arise as a response for all the gaps that such circumstances produce in the country and as useful tools to solve numerous disputes in different fields. The Chamber of Commerce of Bogotá, through its Arbitration and Conciliation Center founded in 1983, is making a permanent bet to support the Colombian citizens’ coexistence in the schools, in the neighbourhoods, in the companies that provide jobs as well as benefits to the city and to the whole country. Clever strategies have been developed through the years with three purposes: change the culture about the alternative dispute resolution methods, provide confidence in using them and change the way the people manage their conflicts.


Rafael Bernal Gutiérrez
Rafael Bernal Gutiérrez is director of the Arbitration and Conciliation Center of the Chamber of Commerce of Bogotá. His expertise in ADR counts more than 30 years. He has participated in the construction of legal frameworks for ADR in different countries all across Latin America. He is lecturer in ADR topics in Colombia and as well internationally.
Artikel

Gaan veiligheidsmaatregelen ten koste van de servicebeleving?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden customer experience, service perception, surveillance measures, legitimateness
Auteurs Rick van der Kleij, Maaike Roelofs en Dianne A. van Hemert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Surveillance measures in public places such as train stations, large events or business premises are aimed at increasing security at those specific locations. They enable people to move around securely at public (high) risk locations. However, people often experience these measures as an obstacle. Too much security often results in limitations of freedom of movement and violations of privacy. Could surveillance measures be designed in such a way that they are perceived more as a ‘service’? The authors studied the variables that influence whether people experience surveillance as a service or as a hindrance. At three surveillance locations (Schiphol Airport, Hoog Catharijne shopping area and Amersfoort railway station) more than thousand visitors were surveyed. They were asked how they experienced service and security on the site. The results show that there are differences in service perception in relation to security measures at the three locations studied. They show how the tension between service and safety can be reduced and provide clues for improving security measures. The results can be used by owners of public locations, surveillance stakeholders or private companies for the optimalisation and re-design of a location, as their goal is to attract loyal visitors, who are not frustrated and are willing to use the location frequently, and who preferably speak positively about the location to others. Also the security measures themselves can be improved, both technical security measures as well as human security measures.


Rick van der Kleij
Rick van der Kleij is werkzaam bij TNO Earth, Life, and Social Sciences.

Maaike Roelofs
Maaike Roelofs is werkzaam bij TNO Earth, Life, and Social Sciences.

Dianne A. van Hemert
Dianne A. van Hemert is werkzaam bij TNO Earth, Life, and Social Sciences en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Casus

Nakoming van een vrijwaring in een overnameovereenkomst – show me the money?

Tijdschrift Contracteren, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden vrijwaring, overnameovereenkomst, uitleg, garantie, nakoming
Auteurs J. Leedekerken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dit artikel gaat over vrijwaringen in een overnameovereenkomst. Stil wordt gestaan bij een aantal elementen van een vrijwaring. Wat houdt vrijwaren in? Wie kan de vrijwaring inroepen? Wanneer is een vrijwaringsvordering opeisbaar? Hoe verhoudt de vrijwaring zich tot andere contractsbepalingen? Door beter rekening te houden met dit soort elementen kunnen uitlegdiscussies voorkomen worden.


J. Leedekerken
J. Leedekerken is advocaat te Amsterdam en verbonden aan Van Doorne N.V.
Artikel

Pre-auction agreement: mag dat? Ja, dat mag (onder voorwaarden)

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 11 2014
Trefwoorden art. 3:268 BW, hypotheek, executie, onderhandse verkoop, pre-auction agreement
Auteurs Mr. R.J. Philips
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Als een geschikte koper is gevonden voor een te executeren onroerend goed, is het doorlopen van het wettelijke executietraject vaak nog nodig om het goed te bevrijden van rechten van derden of omdat de hypotheekgever weigert mee te werken. Een pre-auction agreement biedt dan uitkomst. De auteur beschrijft inhoud en toelaatbaarheid van een pre-auction agreement en pleit voor een regeling die onderhandse executoriale verkoop buiten het stramien van Rechtsvordering mogelijk maakt.


Mr. R.J. Philips
Mr. R.J. Philips is advocaat bij RESOR te Amsterdam.
Article

Access_open Faith and Scepticism in Private International Law: Trust, Governance, Politics, and Foreign Judgments

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden private international law, conflict of laws, foreign judgments, European Union, United States
Auteurs Christopher Whytock M.S., Ph.D., J.D.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In both the European Union (EU) and the United States (US), the law governing the enforcement of foreign judgments is evolving, but in different directions. EU law, especially after the elimination of exequatur by the 2012 ’Recast’ of the Brussels I Regulation, increasingly facilitates enforcement in member states of judgments of other member states’ courts, reflecting growing faith in a multilateral private international law approach to foreign judgments. In US law, on the other hand, increasingly widespread adoption of state legislation based on the 2005 Uniform Foreign-Country Money Judgments Recognition Act (2005 Act), which adds new case-specific grounds for refusing enforcement, suggests growing scepticism. In this essay, I explore possible reasons for these diverging trends. I begin with the most obvious explanation: the Brussels framework governs the effect of internal EU member state judgments within the EU, whereas the 2005 Act governs the effect of external foreign country judgments within the US. One would expect more mutual trust – and thus more faith in foreign judgment enforcement – internally than externally. But I argue that this mutual trust explanation is only partially satisfactory. I therefore sketch out two other possible explanations. One is that the different trends in EU and US law are a result of an emphasis on ’governance values’ in EU law and an emphasis on ’rights values’ in US law. Another explanation – and perhaps the most fundamental one – is that these trends are ultimately traceable to politics.


Christopher Whytock M.S., Ph.D., J.D.
Christopher Whytock is Professor of Law and Political Science at the University of California, Irvine School of Law.
Article

Access_open The Role of Private International Law in Corporate Social Responsibility

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden CSR, conflicts of law, Kiobel, Shell
Auteurs Geert Van Calster Ph.D.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution firstly reviews developments in the EU and in the United States on corporate social responsibility and conflict of laws. It concludes with reference to some related themes, in particular on the piercing of the corporate veil and with some remarks on compliance strategy, and compliance reality, for corporations.


Geert Van Calster Ph.D.
Geert van Calster is professor at the University of Leuven and Head of Leuven Law's department of European and international law.
Article

Access_open Global Citizens and Family Relations

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden global governance, family relations, nationality, habitual residence, party autonomy
Auteurs Professor Yuko Nishitani Ph.D.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    As globalisation progresses, cross-border movements of people are becoming dynamic and multilateral. The existence of different groups and minorities within the community renders the society multiethnic and multicultural. As individuals acquire new affiliation and belonging, the conventional conflict of laws methods may no longer be viable and should be subject to a thorough re-examination. Against this background, this paper analyses appropriate conflicts rules in international family relations to reflect an individual’s identity. Furthermore, in light of the contemporary law fragmentation, this study also analyses interactions between state law and non-state cultural, religious or customary norms.


Professor Yuko Nishitani Ph.D.
Professor at Kyushu University Faculty of Law, Japan. This work was supported by the JSPS Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) (Grant Number 26380063). The author sincerely thanks Professor Carol Lawson (Nagoya University) and Ms. Nettie Dekker for their devoted editing work.

Laura Carballo Piñeiro
Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Santiago de Compostela.

Xandra Kramer
Professor at Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam, visiting scholar at Stanford Law School.
Article

Access_open Private International Law: An Appropriate Means to Regulate Transnational Employment in the European Union?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden private international law, applicable law, overriding mandatory provisions, transnational employment relations, posting of workers
Auteurs Prof.dr. Aukje A.H. Ms van Hoek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The regulation of transnational employment in the European Union operates at the crossroads between private international law and internal market rules. The private international law rules are currently laid down in the Rome I Regulation. This regulation is complemented by the Posted Workers Directive, a directive based on the competences of the EU in the field of free movement of services. The current contribution first describes the rules which determine the law applicable to the employment contract under Article 8 Rome I Regulation and the way these rules are interpreted by the CJEU before critically analysing these rules and the reasoning that seems to lie behind the court’s interpretation (section 2). The law applying to the contract is, however, only of limited relevance for the protection of posted workers. This is due inter alia to the mandatory application of certain rules of the country to which the workers are posted, even if a different law governs their contract. This application of host state law is based on Article 9 Rome I Regulation in conjunction with the Posted Workers Directive. Section 3 describes the content of these rules and the – to some extent still undecided – interaction between the Rome I Regulation and the PWD. The conclusion will be that there is an uneasy match between the interests informing private international law and the interests of the internal market, which is not likely to be resolved in the near future.


Prof.dr. Aukje A.H. Ms van Hoek
Aukje van Hoek is Professor at the University of Amsterdam.
Artikel

National variations in the implementation and enforcement of European food hygiene regulations

Comparing the structure of food controls and regulations between Scotland and the Netherlands

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden food regulation, official controls, EU food law, implementation, enforcement
Auteurs Tetty Havinga
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the course of time the European Union has increased its powers considerably. Currently, almost all food safety regulations in the member states rest on European law. Despite this common legal base, several differences between member states still exist. This article compares the way Scottish and Dutch authorities deal with a particular item of European food law: the development of national guides to good practice for hygiene and for the application of HACCP principles by the food industry. The results of this investigation are consistent with the conclusion of Falkner et al. that the implementation of EU law in both the Netherlands and the UK depends on domestic issues. The dominant issue in Scotland (and the UK) is the FSA objective to bring consistent food controls and independency from industry which results in the development of governmental guidance. The prevailing issue in the Netherlands is making industry responsible for food safety which helps explain the extensive use of industry guides. This study shows that in order to understand what happens on the ground it is important to look beyond transposition or direct effect and also to investigate the implementation of regulations and to dig deeper than just their transposition.


Tetty Havinga
Tetty Havinga is Associate Professor at the Institute for the Sociology of Law, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands. She has published on the regulation of food safety, policy implementation and law enforcement, equal opportunities law, asylum migration and migrant workers. Her recent research projects deal with the development and effects of private regulation of food safety, oversight and official controls in the food industry, and the experiences of large companies with Dutch special courts. She is co-editor of The Changing Landscape of Food Governance (to be published by Edward Elgar, 2015).
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