Zoekresultaat: 93 artikelen

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Jaar 2015 x

    In this paper, an attempt is made to work out a methodology for comparative legal research, which goes beyond the ‘functional method’ or methodological scepticism.
    The starting point is the idea that we need a ‘toolbox’, not a fixed methodological road map, and that a lot of published, but largely unnoticed, research outside rule and case oriented comparative law offers varying approaches, which could usefully be applied in comparative research. Six methods have been identified: the functional method, the structural one, the analytical one, the law-in-context method, the historical method, and the common core method. Basically, it is the aim of the research and the research question that will determine which methods could be useful. Moreover, different methods may be combined, as they are complementary and not mutually exclusive.This paper focuses on scholarly comparative legal research, not on the use of foreign law by legislators or courts, but, of course, the methodological questions and answers will largely overlap.


Mark Van Hoecke
Professor of Comparative Law at Queen Mary University of London, and Professor of Legal Theory and Comparative Law at Ghent University
Artikel

De transactiebeslissing van het auditoraat van de Belgische mededingingsautoriteit in het supermarktendossier: een ‘hub & spoke’ compromis à la belge?

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 6 2015
Trefwoorden prijsafspraken, onrechtstreekse informatie-uitwisseling, retailsector, schikkingsprocedure, Belgisch recht
Auteurs Pieter Van Cleynenbreugel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Door middel van zijn eerste transactiebeslissing ooit beëindigde het auditoraat van de Belgische mededingingsautoriteit op 22 juni 2015 een langlopend onderzoek naar retailprijsafspraken tussen supermarkten en hun leveranciers. Ondanks de eerste succesvolle toepassing van deze nieuwe schikkingsprocedure bevestigt de Belgische beslissing bovenal de onzekerheden omtrent de mededingingsrechtelijke beoordeling van ‘hub & spoke’ afspraken alsmede de beperkte reikwijdte van schikkingen als alternatieve instrumenten van mededingingshandhaving.


Pieter Van Cleynenbreugel
Dr. P.J.M.M. Van Cleynenbreugel LL.M is universitair docent Europees en mededingingsrecht, Europa Instituut, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden. Doctor in de Rechten, KU Leuven, LL.M. (Harvard).
Praktijk

De bemiddelaar onbemiddeld?

Tijdschrift Contracteren, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Bemiddeling, Loon, Consumentenbescherming, Vernietiging
Auteurs Mr. drs. J.H.M. Spanjaard
Auteursinformatie

Mr. drs. J.H.M. Spanjaard
Mr. drs. J.H.M. Spanjaard is advocaat bij La Gro Advocaten in Alphen aan den Rijn.
Casus

Remedies bij inbreuken op garanties in overnamecontracten

Tijdschrift Contracteren, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Garantie, Non-conformiteit, Remedies, Schadevergoeding, SPA
Auteurs Prof. mr. R.J. Tjittes
Auteursinformatie

Prof. mr. R.J. Tjittes
Prof. mr. Rieme-Jan Tjittes is advocaat en partner bij BarentsKrans, hoogleraar Privaatrecht aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en redacteur van dit blad.
Artikel

You can talk the talk but can you walk the walk?

Niet-mededingingsrechtelijke nationale belemmerende maatregelen met betrekking tot fusies en buitenlandse investeringen en het recht van de Europese Unie

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 10 2015
Trefwoorden Fusies en buitenlandse investeringen, publieke belangen, bevoegdheidsverdeling nationaal-supranationaal
Auteurs Mr. P. Jansen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Een nieuwe golf van economisch patriottisme doet de vraag rijzen in hoeverre het Unierecht een keurslijf vormt voor publieke belangen die, in het kader van fusies en buitenlandse investeringen, kunnen worden ingeroepen ter onttrekking van nationale regelingen aan de vrije mededinging. In dit artikel zal deze kwestie benaderd worden vanuit het perspectief van het internemarktrecht. Daarbij zal worden ingegaan op de vraag of – en zo ja, wanneer – lidstaten op grond van het Unierecht nationale mechanismen mogen instellen en/of toepassen.


Mr. P. Jansen
Mr. P. (Pim) Jansen is als wetenschappelijk onderzoeker verbonden aan het instituut Consument, Concurrentie en Markt van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid aan de KU Leuven, België.
Artikel

Aandacht voor de morele dimensie van toezicht

Een onderzoek naar de inzet van moreel beraad voor inspecteurs

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Toezicht, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden goed toezicht, ethiek, moreel beraad, dilemma’s, reflectie
Auteurs Wike Seekles, Guy Widdershoven, Paul Robben e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Inspecteurs en toezichthoudende organisaties staan dagelijks voor lastige beslissingen. Het bepalen van wat uiteindelijk ‘goed toezicht’ is, vergt naast regelgeving, vakinhoudelijke kennis en protocollen ook morele afwegingen. In inspectieorganisaties is doorgaans geen tijd en expertise voor een methodische reflectie op de morele dimensie van het werk. Om te onderzoeken of moreel beraad een bijdrage kan leveren aan de omgang met morele vragen in de dagelijkse toezichtpraktijk is een exploratieve pilotstudie uitgevoerd binnen de Inspectie voor de Gezondheidszorg.


Wike Seekles
Dr. W.M. Seekles is universitair docent, afdeling Globaliserings- en dialoogstudies (UvH Utrecht) en wetenschappelijk medewerker Metamedica (VUmc Amsterdam).

Guy Widdershoven
Prof.dr. G.A.M. Widdershoven is Hoogleraar Medische Filosofie en Ethiek aan de Vrije Universiteit.

Paul Robben
Prof.dr. P.B.M. Robben is is bijzonder hoogleraar ‘Effectiviteit van toezicht op de kwaliteit van de gezondheidszorg’, instituut Beleid en Management Gezondheidszorg Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam/Inspectie voor de Gezondheidszorg.

Gonny van Dalfsen
Drs. G.M. van Dalfsen is coördinerend senior inspecteur Inspectie voor de Gezondheidszorg.

Bert Molewijk
Dr. B. Molewijk is ethicus, senior wetenschappelijk onderzoeker (UHD), teamleider (EMGO+, VUmc Amsterdam) en Associate Professor Clinical Erhics Support, Center for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo.

    This research aims to explore empirically (method: questionnaire) the usefulness of mediation as a technique of external conflict management in the event of a family business transfer. More specifically, the research intents to verify if the conditions of application, the consequences and the benefits of mediation as described in general literature apply to the context of a family business (transfer), since Prince underlined 25 years ago that research is required to develop: ‘a system of intervention that employs the concepts, techniques, and logic of mediation that apply to the unique aspects of family business’. Results of the own research showed that mediation was an adequate technique of external conflict management in the context of a family business transfer and that it was more successful than consulting, defined as other techniques of external conflict management, in the researched cases. Furthermore, the research found indications that mediation is an adequate technique beyond the researched cases.


Tim De Greef
Tim De Greef is vrijwillig wetenschappelijk medewerker faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid KU Leuven campus Brussel en als advocaat-stagiair werkzaam bij het advocatenkantoor Tiberghien.

    In this article Herman Verbist analyses the new ICC-rules of 1 January 2014. He gives a historical overview of the ICC mediation rules and reflects on the comtemporary rules based on modern mediation practices. Also he gives clear tools for mediation procedures.


Herman Verbist
Herman Verbist is advocaat bij de balies te Gent en Brussel, werkzaam bij Everest Advocaten, erkend bemiddelaar en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

A comparative analysis of the Dutch specific instance procedure

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Dutch specific instance procedure, National Contact Point, OECD, MNE Guidelines
Auteurs Sander van ’t Foort en Joseph Wilde-Ramsing
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article investigates the functioning of the Dutch National Contact Point (NCP) during the specific instance procedure based on shared experiences of parties involved in a specific instance procedure, the stipulations of the OECD’s Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the Dutch Government Decree 2014. NCPs function as a unique implementation mechanism of these guidelines by providing mediation and conciliation services during specific instance procedures. The recent debate in the Netherlands on the functioning of the Dutch NCP and the lack of rigorous up-to-date research necessitate further research on this topic. Hence, this article shares more in-depth knowledge about the functioning of the Dutch NCP, contributes to the ongoing debate in Parliament and in the OECD on the functioning of NCPs, and presents suggestions for further improvement.


Sander van ’t Foort
Sander van ’t Foort is researcher en doet promotieonderzoek aan de Nyenrode Business Universiteit. Hij is lid van het academisch netwerk van de OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.

Joseph Wilde-Ramsing
Joseph Wilde-Ramsing is senior researcher aan het Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), coördinator van de OECD Watch network, en co-auteur van de OECD Watch’s 2015 report ‘Remedy Remains Rare’, www.oecdwatch.org/remedy-remains-rare.
Artikel

Politie en burgers: van informatie delen naar volwaardige samenwerking

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 0304 2015
Trefwoorden gebiedsgebonden politiewerk, burgerparticipatie, sociale media, participatieladder
Auteurs José Kerstholt, Arnout de Vries en Mirjam Huis in ’t Veld
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Community oriented policing (COP) can be seen as a co-production between citizens and police (and other stakeholders) in increasing public safety. There is a broad range of projects to cooperate with citizens. We ordered these projects along two dimensions: level of co-production (informing/consulting, advising and co-creation) and domain (prevention, law and order, investigation and quality of life). Today, most initiatives are at the lowest rungs (informing and consulting), but social media provide new possibilities to involve citizens in a more direct and fast way. The effects of the various projects are mostly limited to psycho-social factors like experienced safety, feelings of control and legitimacy. However recent studies show that these factors may have an indirect effect on crime rate. Furthermore, as reducing crime rate was not the only goal for introducing COP effect studies should not be limited to crime rate but incorporate a broad range of indicators.


José Kerstholt
José Kerstholt is werkzaam bij TNO Soesterberg, Universiteit Twente te Enschede.

Arnout de Vries
Arnout de Vries is werkzaam bij TNO Soesterberg, Universiteit Twente te Enschede.

Mirjam Huis in ’t Veld
Mirjam Huis in ’t Veld is werkzaam bij TNO Soesterberg, Universiteit Twente te Enschede.
Artikel

De ervaren mogelijkheden om te re-integreren vanuit detentie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 0304 2015
Trefwoorden Prison life, staff-prisoner relationships, correctional officers, rehabilitation, survey
Auteurs Toon Molleman en Karin Lasthuizen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we examine which factors are correlated to the rehabilitation of prisoners. Central is the prisoners’ willingness during their imprisonment to work on a successful return in society. Assumptions derived from the theory were statistically tested with data from the Dutch Detainee Survey 2014; a large-scale study, in which prisoners held in all Dutch penitentiary institutions (N = 29) were surveyed (n = 2120). The results are in line with the theory and show that detainees are more positive about their (potential for) rehabilitation when they are more satisfied with a) the way they are treated by correctional officers (staff orientation); b) active deployment of the so-called Detention and Re-integration Plan; c) their daily program and activities, and; d) the experienced autonomy and personal decision-making. These outcomes offer fruitful perspectives on how the prison system can promote a successful return of prisoners in our society.


Toon Molleman
Toon Molleman is strategisch management adviseur bij de divisie gevangeniswezen en vreemdelingenbewaring van de Dienst Justitiële Inrichtingen.

Karin Lasthuizen
Karin Lasthuizen is universitair hoofddocent Bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Article

Access_open Austerity’s Effect on English Civil Justice

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Austerity, court fees and legal aid, adversarial and inquisitorial process, McKenzie Friends, simplified process
Auteurs John Sorabji
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article considers the effect of austerity-induced public spending cuts on the English civil justice system. In doing so it initially examines two fundamental changes engendered by the effect austerity has had on civil court fees and legal aid: first, a challenge to the traditional commitment in English procedure to adversarial process, and a concomitant increase in inquisitorial or investigative processes; and secondly, the growth in use of unqualified individuals to act as advocates in court for individual litigants who are unable to afford legal representation. It then turns to consider what, if any, effect austerity has had on simplified processes available in English civil procedure.


John Sorabji
DPhil, Senior Fellow, UCL Judicial Institute, University College, London, email: j.sorabji@ucl.ac.uk.
Article

Access_open Canadian Civil Justice: Relief in Small and Simple Matters in an Age of Efficiency

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Canada, small and simple matters, austerity, civil justice, access to justice
Auteurs Jonathan Silver en Trevor C.W. Farrow
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Canada is in the midst of an access to justice crisis. The rising costs and complexity of legal services in Canada have surpassed the need for these services. This article briefly explores some obstacles to civil justice as well as some of the court-based programmes and initiatives in place across Canada to address this growing access to justice gap. In particular, this article explains the Canadian civil justice system and canvasses the procedures and programmes in place to make the justice system more efficient and improve access to justice in small and simple matters. Although this article does look briefly at the impact of the global financial crisis on access to justice efforts in Canada, we do not provide empirical data of our own on this point. Further, we conclude that there is not enough existing data to draw correlations between austerity measures in response to the global crisis and the challenges facing Canadian civil justice. More evidence-based research would be helpful to understand current access to justice challenges and to make decisions on how best to move forward with meaningful innovation and policy reform. However, there is reason for optimism in Canada: innovative ideas and a national action plan provide reason to believe that the country can simplify, expedite, and increase access to civil justice in meaningful ways over the coming years.


Jonathan Silver
Jonathan Silver, B.A. Honors, J.D. 2015, Osgoode Hall Law School.

Trevor C.W. Farrow
Trevor C.W. Farrow is Professor and Associate Dean, Osgoode Hall Law School. He is very grateful to Jonathan Silver, who took the lead in researching and writing this article.

Xandra Kramer
Xandra Kramer is a professor at Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam, and Deputy Judge at the District Court of Rotterdam.

Shusuke Kakiuchi
Shusuke Kakiuchi is a professor at the University of Tokyo.
Article

Access_open Relief in Small and Simple Matters in Belgium

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Belgium, small matters, simple matters, recovery of unchallenged claims, summary order for payment
Auteurs Stefaan Voet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is based on a national report that was written for the XVth World Congress of the International Association of Procedural Law that was held in Istanbul in May 2015 and that focused on Effective Judicial Relief and Remedies in an Age of Austerity. It first of all sketches the general judicial context in Belgium and some of its relevant features: the judicial organisation, the goals of the civil justice system, the course of an ordinary civil lawsuit, the role of the court, and the litigation costs. Next, a detailed and critical overview of the current and future procedures that offer relief in small and simple matters is given. The current summary order for payment procedure, which was introduced in 1967, did not meet its goals. The article concludes that a new trend is emerging in Belgium, namely keeping small and unchallenged claims outside the judiciary and providing for cheaper and more efficient alternatives.


Stefaan Voet
Stefaan Voet is an Associate Professor of Law at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and a Visiting Professor at the Universiteit Hasselt.
Article

Access_open The Impact of the Economic Downturn in the Spanish Civil Justice System

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden judiciary, judge-made justice, court fees, legal aid, ADR-methods
Auteurs Laura Carballo Piñeiro en Jordi Nieva Fenoll
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Spanish justice system has been shaken by the economic downturn as many other institutions have. This article addresses in the first place some statistical data that shed light as regards to the number of judges and the costs and length of the procedure in Spain. These figures help to understand, in the second place, the impact of austerity measures on the judiciary, namely, the freeze on the hiring of judges and the establishing of high court fees. While they mainly concern the supply side of justice services, others such cost reductions in legal aid have had, in the third place, an impact on the demand side, driving many citizens to social exclusion and to resorting to self-defence mechanisms. The final part of this article addresses some remedies that may alleviate judiciary’s workload, but that fall short of doing it. All in all, the Spanish justice system seems to require a holistic approach to patch up edges, but one in which the role of judge-made justice in a democratic society has to be central again.


Laura Carballo Piñeiro
Laura Carballo Piñeiro is Associate Professor of Private International Law at the Common Law Department of the University of Santiago de Compostela.

Jordi Nieva Fenoll
Jordi Nieva Fenoll is Professor of Procedure Law at the Administrative and Procedure Law Department of the University of Barcelona.
Article

Access_open Austerity in Civil Procedure

A Critical Assessment of the Impact of Global Economic Downturn on Civil Justice in Ghana

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden austerity, small claims, civil justice, civil procedure, Ghana civil procedure
Auteurs Ernest Owusu-Dapaa en Ebenezer Adjei Bediako
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The demand for and availability of civil justice procedures for small claims can neither be disentangled nor extricated from the health of the economic climate of the relevant country concerned. In this article, it is argued that despite not being a developed country, Ghana was not completely insulated from the hardships or implementation of austerity measures that were triggered by the global economic meltdown. The inevitability of behavioural changes on the part of the Government of Ghana as lawmaker and provider of the machinery for civil justice on the one hand and small claims litigants as users of the civil procedure on the other hand are also explored in the article. After properly situating the exploration in the relevant economic context, the article makes recommendations regarding how to minimise the impact of the austerity measures on small claims litigants.


Ernest Owusu-Dapaa
Ernest Owusu-Dapaa is Lecturer in Law at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana. Email: eodapaa@yahoo.com.

Ebenezer Adjei Bediako
Ebenezer Adjei Bediako is Principal Research Assistant at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

    In her reply to critics, Jean Cohen responds to some of the main criticisms and remarks raised by the respondents.


Professor Jean L. Cohen
Jean L. Cohen is the Nell and Herbert M. Singer Professor of Political Thought and Contemporary Civilization at the Department of Political Science of Columbia University (New York) and will be the Emile Noel Fellow at the Jean Monet Center of the NYU Law School from January till June 2016.
Artikel

Access_open Institutional Religious Accommodation in the US and Europe

Comparative Reflections from a Liberal Perspective

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden European jurisprudence, freedom of religion, religious-based associations, religious accommodation
Auteurs Patrick Loobuyck
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Jean Cohen argues that recent US Supreme Court decisions about institutional accommodation are problematic. She rightly points out that justice and the liberal concept of freedom of consciousness cannot do the work in Hobby Lobby and Hosanna-Tabor: what does the work is a medieval political-theological conception of church immunity and sovereignty. The first part of this commentary sketches how the autonomy of churches and religious associations can be considered from a liberal perspective, avoiding the pitfall of the medieval idea of libertas ecclesiae based on church immunity and sovereignty. The second part discusses the European jurisprudence about institutional accommodation claims and concludes that until now the European Court of Human Rights is more nuanced and its decisions are more in line with liberalism than the US Jurisprudence.


Patrick Loobuyck
Patrick Loobuyck is Associate Professor of Religion and Worldviews at the Centre Pieter Gillis of the University of Antwerp and Guest Professor of Political Philosophy at Ghent University.
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