Zoekresultaat: 56 artikelen

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Jaar 2017 x
Artikel

Verstoorde veiligheidsbeleving

In gesprek met buurtbewoners over de ‘onveiligheid’ in hun buurt naar aanleiding van gestegen ‘gevoelens van onveiligheid’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden fear of crime, qualitative analysis, evidence based policy
Auteurs Remco Spithoven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The ‘fear of crime’ is a buzzword among citizens, media, politicians and professionals by now. But the phenomenon seems to be as intangible as it is important. The struggle of professionals with this concept is the result of a too wide and self-evident problem definition. This article contains an alternative approach. The focus is on disturbed fear of crime: a negatively changed and problematically experienced fear of crime on the level of the neighborhood.
    Through a review of the literature and previous research, we work towards this concept and apply it to the neighborhood of Kerckebosch in the municipality of Zeist in the Netherlands. As during 2014 the local quantitative indicators for ‘the fear of crime’ rose from 7% of the local population indicating to ‘sometimes feel unsafe’ to 22%, while the rest of the municipality remained quite stable. Additionally, several local professionals received complaints of multiple local inhabitants claiming to ‘feel unsafe’ in the neighborhood. Our research question was: What explanations for their ‘disturbed fear of crime’ do local inhabitants of the neighborhood Kerckebosch give?
    It was highly plausible that this local rise of the fear in Kerckebosch was connected to the social re-engineering of the neighborhood, but the exact nature of the quantitative rise was unclear. Therefore, we have interviewed 25 local inhabitants. Qualitative analyses showed the local rise of ‘the fear of crime’ to be the result of: (I) physical characteristics of the neighborhood; (II) events of burglary and intimidation from the past; (III) the presence of loitering youths and – primarily – (VI) a backlash of social integration as a side effect of the social re-engineering of the neighborhood. These qualitative explanations to the observed quantitative discontinuity led to several policy advises, which were based on international effect studies.


Remco Spithoven
Remco Spithoven is hoofddocent bij het Instituut voor Veiligheid en het lectoraat Kennisanalyse Sociale Veiligheid aan de Hogeschool Utrecht. Daarnaast is hij research-fellow bij de leerstoel Veiligheid en Veerkracht aan de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Article

Access_open The Peer Review Process of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes

A Critical Assessment on Authority and Legitimacy

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information, exercise of regulatory authority, due process requirements, peer review reports, legitimacy
Auteurs Leo E.C. Neve
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Global Forum on transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes has undertaken peer reviews on the implementation of the global standard of exchange of information on request, both from the perspective of formalities available and from the perspective of actual implementation. In the review reports Global Forum advises jurisdictions on required amendments of regulations and practices. With these advices, the Global Forum exercises regulatory authority. The article assesses the legitimacy of the exercise of such authority by the Global Forum and concludes that the exercise of such authority is not legitimate for the reason that the rule of law is abused by preventing jurisdictions to adhere to due process rules.


Leo E.C. Neve
Leo Neve is a doctoral student at the Erasmus School of Law, Rotterdam.
Artikel

IE-recht groeit mee met de creatieve markt

Tijdschrift Advocatenblad, Aflevering 10 2017
Auteurs Olga Hoekstra en Annet Scholten
Auteursinformatie

Olga Hoekstra

Annet Scholten
Illustraties
Artikel

Kroniek Formeel strafrecht

Tijdschrift Advocatenblad, Aflevering 10 2017
Auteurs Ben Polman, Max den Blanken, Frezia Aarts e.a.

Ben Polman

Max den Blanken

Frezia Aarts

Paul Verweijen

Chana Grijsen

Rick van Leusden

Patrick van der Meij

Desiree de Jonge

Paul van Putten

Sabine Pijl

Melissa Slaghekke

Aram Sprey

Michiel Olthof

Maike Bouwman

Robert Malewicz
Artikel

‘Is daar nog werk voor zakkenrollers?’

Over mobiele bendes en de betekenis van criminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden mobile banditry, property crime, organized crime, Itinerant criminal groups, crossing border crime
Auteurs Dr. Barbra van Gestel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on mobile organized criminal groups that travel through Europe and commit a broad range of property crimes. The study aims to explore the perspective of individual group members. Information was gathered from fifteen criminal investigations that were carried out in the Netherlands in recent years (2013-2016). The study shows that members of these crime groups view their criminal activities primarily as ‘work’. It is work that is characterized by conflicts and consensus. Conflicts often have to do with the stolen loot and reveal disagreement about leadership, rules and obedience. Rows and threats of violence go along with feelings of fear and distrust. At the same time gang members belong to an international deviant community with a shared common way of life and feelings of togetherness. Performing within this international community gives the possibility to attain social status and to express success and richness. These contractive emotions and symbolic meanings characterize the everyday life of gang members and motivates their daily practices.


Dr. Barbra van Gestel
Dr. B. van Gestel is socioloog en als onderzoeker werkzaam voor het WODC.

Dr. Johan van Wilsem
Dr. J.A. van Wilsem is hoofd van de afdeling Criminaliteit, Rechtshandhaving & Sancties van het WODC.
Redactioneel

Criminele groepen: een inleiding

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden Criminal groups, Gangs, Youth groups, Hybrid groups, Online offline
Auteurs Dr. Robby Roks, Prof. dr. Arjan Blokland en Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminal groups have traditionally been the focus of criminological research because of the collective dimension of many criminal activities or deviance. However, what constitutes a ‘criminal group’ or how specific criminal groups, like gangs, should be defined, remains open for discussion in the scientific literature. This introductory article highlights a number of recent developments illustrating the blurring boundaries between various criminal groups as defined by both insiders and outsiders. In addition, it suggests that the rise of social media and smartphones is changing the structure and dynamics of criminal groups. Future research should focus on how these (new) criminal groups originate, develop and function, but should also address the role of the group in criminal activities.


Dr. Robby Roks
Dr. R.A. Roks is universitair docent bij de sectie criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Prof. dr. Arjan Blokland
Prof. dr. A.A.J. Blokland is bijzonder hoogleraar Criminology & Criminal Justice aan de Universiteit Leiden en senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
Prof. dr. F.M. Weerman is bijzonder hoogleraar jeugdcriminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

Mannen met een hobby

Outlaw motorclubs, nieuwsmedia en imagopolitiek

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden rhetoric, framing, OMG, ethos, news
Auteurs Dr. Willem Koetsenruijter en Dr. Peter Burger
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study contains a qualitative framing analysis of outlaw motor clubs in Dutch newspaper articles. These clubs appear in the news as a source for positive framing to counterbalance the prevailing organized crime frame. The study shows with what rhetorical means club members are framed and how news media balance a criminal and a non-criminal image. In news articles club members refer to ethical norms and group values, and appear to employ mitigation strategies which take the hard edges off the frame and simultaneously increase their credibility.


Dr. Willem Koetsenruijter
Dr. A.W.M. Koetsenruijter is universitair docent bij de Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Peter Burger
Dr. J.P. Burger is universitair docent bij de Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen van de Universiteit Leiden.

drs. Désirée Versteijnen
Drs. D.M.L. Versteijnen is klinisch psycholoog-psychotherapeut en seksuoloog. Haar huidige functies zijn: behandelcoördinator bij de Pompekliniek te Nijmegen, raad bij het hof in Arnhem en Pro Justitia-rapporteur.
Artikel

Digitale seksuele delicten in het straf- en strafprocesrecht

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2017
Trefwoorden Seksuele delicten, Internet, Strafbaarstelling, Opsporing
Auteurs Prof. dr. mr. Jeroen ten Voorde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch Minister for Security and Justice recently announced a revision of the sexual offences in the Dutch Penal Code. Part of this revision could be the introduction of several sexual offences that are committed on the internet. The Minister mentioned sexchatting, sextortion and revenge porn. This article describes the present-day possibilities the Penal Code offers in tackling these crimes, and gives insight in the bottlenecks in current penal law. This article also provides a description of several relevant criminal investigative powers in existing and future Dutch procedural law.


Prof. dr. mr. Jeroen ten Voorde
Prof. dr. mr. Jeroen ten Voorde is universitair hoofddocent Straf(proces)recht. Hij is tevens als bijzonder hoogleraar Strafrechtsfilosofie, leerstoel Leo Polak, verbonden aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en redacteur van PROCES.

    The Czech Supreme Court has given guidance on the limits to employees’ free speech. Employees must not engage in any conduct, even outside working hours, that could actually or potentially damage their employer’s business. Any criticism of an employer must be based on facts and not be misleading or defamatory. Inappropriate or unjustified criticism may lead to immediate termination of employment.


Anna Diblíková
Anna Diblíková is an attorney at Noerr in Prague, www.noerr.com.

Rein Wesseling
Prof. mr. R. Wesseling is advocaat bij Stibbe en hoogleraar Competition and Regulation Law aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Innovatieconcurrentie na Dow/Dupont: floreert innovatie in garages of in Silicon Valley?

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 5-6 2017
Trefwoorden concentratiecontrole, innovatie, prospectieve analyse, Dow/DuPont, Richtsnoeren horizontale fusies
Auteurs Mattijs Bosch en Marianne Meijssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Aandacht voor innovatie in fusiezaken is niet nieuw. Wel valt op dat de Commissie kijkt naar mogelijk mededingingsbeperkende gevolgen die steeds verder in de toekomst liggen. In de recente Dow/DuPont-zaak onderzocht de Commissie bijvoorbeeld of de fusie innovatieconcurrentie in markten die niet of nog niet bestaan zou beperken. Daarbij richtte zij zich op concurrentie in innovation spaces en in de industrie als geheel. Dergelijke ‘theories of harm’ lijken nu nog alleen toegepast te worden in volwassen industriën. Het is echter niet uit te sluiten dat ze (bijvoorbeeld) ook worden toegepast op digitale sectoren. De vraag rijst (i) of innovatiebeleid niet beter vastgelegd moet worden in de Commissie-richtsnoeren en (ii) hoe Dow/DuPont zich verhoudt tot de eis dat de Commissie een zorgvuldige prospectieve analyse dient te maken.


Mattijs Bosch
Mr. M. Bosch is advocaat bij Maverick Advocaten.

Marianne Meijssen
Mr. M.A. Meijssen is advocaat bij Maverick Advocaten.

    It is often claimed in the media and in political and academic debates that more law nurtures more research, which in turn should generate more information. However, the question researchers are left with is: What does this mean for comparative law and its methods? This paper takes the context of European consumer sales law as an example of the web of rules applicable at both European and national level. In this context, the main idea behind this article is that looking at law and research as data to be built upon and used in further analysis can revolutionise the way in which legal research is understood. This is because current research methods in European consumer sales law fall short of systematically analysing the essential weaknesses of the current regulation system. In this contribution, I argue that the volume of regulation in European consumer law is large enough for it to be considered Big Data and analysed in a way that can harness its potential in this respect. I exemplify this claim with a case-study consisting in the setting up of a Convergence Index that maps the converging effect of harmonizing policies adopted by the European legislator in the field of


Catalina Goanta
Assistant Professor of Private Law, Maastricht Law School, Maastricht University, The Netherlands.
Artikel

Liquidaties nieuwe stijl

Verruwing en professionalisering bij liquidaties in Nederland

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2017
Trefwoorden Assassination, homicide, organized crime, violent crime, drugs
Auteurs Dr. B. van Gestel en Dr. M.A. Verhoeven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While contract killings by organized crime groups are by no means new to the Netherlands (with around twenty to thirty cases a year over the last few decades), there is reason to believe that the nature of the killings has changed. The key question of this article is which recent developments can be identified in relation to the phenomenon of contract killings. The availability of new groups of hitmen and new means has led to a number of changes in modus operandi for contract killings within organized crime. On the one hand, there is a process of professionalization when it comes to methods of observation and counterstrategies, which involves the use of the latest technological tools. The digitization of resources and traces plays a significant part in this. On the other hand, the perpetrators are resorting to much coarser methods for the actual killings. This may be attributed to the abundance of heavy firearms available in the Netherlands and to new inexperienced homegrown hitmen, who are willing to kill in exchange for payment.


Dr. B. van Gestel
Dr. Barbra van Gestel is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het WODC.

Dr. M.A. Verhoeven
Dr. Maite Verhoeven is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het WODC.
Recent

De goede stok

Tijdschrift Advocatenblad, Aflevering 8 2017
Auteurs Lars Kuipers

Lars Kuipers
Artikel

Alle hens aan dek bij de nieuwe privacywet

Tijdschrift Advocatenblad, Aflevering 8 2017
Auteurs Bendert Zevenbergen

Bendert Zevenbergen

Anna Gerbrandy
Prof. mr. A. Gerbrandy is hoogleraar Mededingingsrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Eerste hulp bij KEI

Tijdschrift Advocatenblad, Aflevering 7 2017
Auteurs Nathalie Gloudemans-Voogd en Norbert Waalboer

Nathalie Gloudemans-Voogd

Norbert Waalboer
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