Zoekresultaat: 41 artikelen

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Jaar 2009 x
Artikel

Aantallen civiele rechtszaken in Nederland en elders

Een vergelijking in de tijd en in Europa

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2009
Auteurs E. Niemeijer en C.M. Klein Haarhuis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Academic perceptions of litigation rates are dispersed: they vary from observations of a ‘litigation explosion’ to empirical accounts of ‘vanishing trials’. In this article the authors study whether civil trials are increasing or vanishing in the Netherlands. To find out, the authors studied trends in the number of civil cases in the Dutch courts. First, they observed developments in the filings as well as the dispositions of civil cases over the past 25 years, taking into account the trial-likeness of the procedures. Second, they put the Dutch figures - including other indicators of legal activity - in a European perspective. The findings show that the number of court cases in the Netherlands is on the rise. This does not automatically imply, however, that the Netherlands are a highly litigious society. ‘Light’ versions of trials are predominant, as is efficiency in the management of cases. Moreover, the number of lawyers and judges is rather small compared to other European countries.


E. Niemeijer
Prof. dr. mr. Bert Niemeijer is werkzaam bij de directie Algemene Justitiële Strategie van het ministerie van Justitie en is tevens als hoogleraar empirische rechtssociologie verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam.

C.M. Klein Haarhuis
Dr. Carolien Klein Haarhuis is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het WODC.

Wibo van Rossum
Wibo van Rossum (w.vanrossum@uu.nl) is lecturer in legal theory at Utrecht University. He teaches courses in sociology of law, comparative legal cultures, and (at Erasmus University Rotterdam) anthropology of law. He published on the ritual behaviour of Turkish defendants in court, on the religious law and legal procedure of the alevis, on the influence of minority cultures in family and labour law cases, and on legal pluralistic family law among Moroccan immigrants.

Anita Böcker
Anita Böcker (a.bocker@jur.ru.nl) is associate professor at the Institute for Sociology of Law in Nijmegen. Her PhD thesis (Radboud University Nijmegen 1994) dealt with the impact of the Dutch state system of social security on informal social security arrangements within Turkish migrant families and networks. Her current research topics include the social security strategies of older migrants and ethnic diversity in the judiciary in old and new countries of immigration.

    Quality of organization and quality management are different concepts. The CEPEJ report on efficiency and quality of justice refers to a state of affairs. Quality management is a set of planned, reactive and proactive actions to enhance organisation development in order to improve the functioning of an organisation. Based on case studies on quality management in several COE member states, a distinction is suggested between various levels of involvement of a ministry of justice or a council for the judiciary in quality management in the courts and/or the court administration. A restricted comparative analyses suggests that cooperation between courts and a ministry of justice is based on mutual trust, where the ministry of justice does hardly interfere. In most countries, however, interactions between the court organisations and the ministry of justice to enhance quality management are coordinated at the central level.


Ph.M. Langbroek
Prof. mr. dr. Philip Langbroek is als hoogleraar rechtspleging en rechterlijke organisatie verbonden aan het Departement Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Utrecht.

    The notion that animal abuse and domestic violence are related has been existing for centuries. Recent studies in the United States, Great Britain, Australia, New Zealand and the Netherlands report evidence for this relation. In the western world, more than 50% of families have pets. They are often valued as members of the family. It is obvious that pets can be victims of family violence as well. The relation between animal abuse and domestic violence has many manifestations. Abused women reported violence against their pets, reported that their children abused the pets. Abused children, especially severely abused and/or sexually abused children, are more often than other children animal abusers. Animal abuse is often related to other violent behaviour or severe criminal acts later in life. Besides, animal abuse is an early diagnostic marker for psychopathology. Animal abuse is always a signal of a problematic situation. A greater awareness of the possible link between animal abuse and domestic violence could contribute to saving men, women, children and animals from violent situations.


M.J. Enders-Slegers
Dr. Marie-José Enders-Slegers is verbonden aan het departement Klinische en Gezondheidspsychologie van de Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

A pilgrim’s progress

A reflection on how the mediation process in Construction has evolved into the hands of the legal profession

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2009
Trefwoorden quantity surveyor, Construction disputes, lawyers
Auteurs Stuart Ness
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    After having explained what the function and role of a quantity surveyor is, the author describes his first acquaintance with mediation in the construction industry. One of his major observations is that ‘we quantity surveyors have been mediating long before mediation was a twinkle in the eyes of the legal fraternity’.


Stuart Ness
Stuart Ness, is a chartered quantity surveyor with extensive experience in international construction claims case management and dispute resolution. He is also an accredited mediator under the auspices of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, London, and is the founding chairman of the Netherlands chapter of the Institute.
Artikel

De aard en omvang van belaging in Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2009
Trefwoorden belaging, stalking
Auteurs Suzan van der Aa en Antony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over nine years after the enactment of the Dutch anti-stalking provision there are still no figures detailing the prevalence of stalking in the Netherlands. This article aims to estimate the prevalence and nature of this form of victimization within the Dutch population. In order to generate these findings the results of the national Police Monitor of 2001 were analysed. Of the 88,607 respondents 24 percent reported a lifetime rate of stalking victimization and for 1.2 to 3.1 percent of the respondents the harassment had begun in the 12 months previous to the study. With almost one in three women (28.6%) and almost one in five men (19.2%), women were significantly more likely to report having been stalked at some time during their lives. In line with previous research age was significantly related to life-time stalking with younger people having greater odds of reporting victimization. (Cor)relations were furthermore found between stalking and having a job, being originally of another than the Dutch nationality and education. But, apart from gender, the odds ratios for those socio-demographic variables were only very small. In most cases (65.6%) the stalker only used one method of harassment with unwanted telephone calls being the method that appeared most in isolation (65.7%). 59.1% of the victims indicated that they felt threatened because of the repetitive harassment. A remarkable finding was that in over 56 percent of the cases the identity of the stalker was unknown.


Suzan van der Aa
Suzan van der Aa is promovenda en onderzoeker bij het International Victimology Institute (INTERVICT) van de Universiteit van Tilburg. Postadres: Warandelaan 2, 5000 LE Tilburg. E-mail: s.vdraa@uvt.nl.

Antony Pemberton
Antony Pemberton is senior-onderzoeker en projectleider bij het International Victimology Institute (INTERVICT) van de Universiteit van Tilburg. E-mail: a.pemberton@uvt.nl.
Artikel

Access_open Het normatieve karakter van de rechtswetenschap: recht als oordeel

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden legal theory, science, methodology, normativity, knowledge
Auteurs Prof. mr. Carel Smith
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Propositions of law are based upon normative judgement. The interpretation and application of legal provisions rest upon a judgement that determines which weight must be attributed to some point of view or perspective. In this respect, legal theory has a normative character. Its normative character does not preclude legal theory from being a scientific discipline. The scientific character of legal theory is not located in the possibility of testing the correctness of its theories. Rather, legal theory owes it scientific character to the shared standards of production and evaluation of legal arguments: the grammar of justice.


Prof. mr. Carel Smith
Carel Smith is associate professor at the Department of Metajuridica, Faculty of Law, Leiden University.
Artikel

Juridische aspecten in het debat rondom staatsfondsen

Tijdschrift Onderneming en Financiering, Aflevering 4 2009
Trefwoorden Staatsfondsen, sovereign, wealth funds,, transparantie, beleggingen staatsfondsen
Auteurs Mr. J.S. Hament
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Staatsfondsen vormen onderwerp van een intensiverend debat. In dit artikel staat de vraag centraal of de bestaande wet- en regelgeving de bestaande zorgen rondom staatsfondsen (voldoende) wegnemen. Voor een goed begrip worden allereerst stilgestaan bij staatsfondsen en hun economische implicaties. Vervolgens worden de voornamelijk in het westen bestaande zorgen jegens staatsfondsen nader besproken. Daarna wordt onderzocht op welke wijze Nederland – maar ook andere landen – strategische sectoren tracht te beschermen tegen onwenselijke investeerders. Ook wordt gekeken op welke wijze door middel van regelgeving tegemoet wordt gekomen aan de behoefte aan meer transparantie bij staatsfondsen.


Mr. J.S. Hament
Mr. J.S. Hament is werkzaam als bedrijfsjurist bij ING. Tevens werkt hij aan een proefschrift over staatsfondsen aan de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Kartelhandhaving door de Europese Commissie in crisistijd: business as usual?

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 6 2009
Trefwoorden Kartelhandhaving, Crisiskartel, Boetevermindering, betalingsmodaliteit
Auteurs Mr. drs H.C.L. Hobbelen en Mr. V. Mussche
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dit artikel bevat een analyse van het kartelbeleid van de Commissie en arresten van het Gerecht van Eerste Aanleg en het Hof van Justitie van de Europese Gemeenschappen ten tijde van eerdere economische crisissituaties. In het bijzonder de volgende aspecten komen aan bod: (1) recente uitspraken van mededingingsautoriteiten over het kartelbeleid in de economische crisis; (2) hoe werden crisiskartels eerder beoordeeld onder artikel 81 van het EG-Verdrag; (3) werden in het verleden, en zo ja, onder welke omstandigheden, ‘crisiskortingen’ op kartelboetes toegestaan?; en (4) biedt het beleid van de Commissie met betrekking tot betalingsmodaliteiten van de boete ademruimte voor ondernemingen in moeilijkheden?


Mr. drs H.C.L. Hobbelen
Mr. drs. H.C.L. Hobbelen is advocaat bij Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer.

Mr. V. Mussche
Mr. V. Mussche is advocaat bij Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer.
Artikel

Flex BV and MoMiG – Revising the law of limited liability companies in the Netherlands and Germany

Tijdschrift Vennootschap & Onderneming, Aflevering 9 2009
Trefwoorden limited liability, Flex BV, MoMig, BV, GmbH
Auteurs Mrs. C.E. Grundmeier, LL.M.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the light of the ECJ case law on the freedom of establishment, both the Dutch and German governments have recently launched legislative proposals that are designed to revamp their national limited liability companies. This gives reason to take a closer look at the Dutch and German approach regarding some important issues for investors, namely minimum capital, non-voting and non-profit participating shares and shareholder instruction rights.


Mrs. C.E. Grundmeier, LL.M.
Mrs. C.E. Grundmeier, LL.M. is working as a trainee at Clifford Chance. The author would like to thank J.A. Lazell and T.P. van Duuren for their contributions to this article.
Hoofdartikel

Access_open Responsibility Incorporated

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden corporate agency, corporate responsibility, collective responsibility
Auteurs prof. Philip Pettit
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Incorporated groups include businesses, universities, churches and the like. Organized to act as single centers of agency, they also routinely satisfy the three conditions that make an agent fit to be held responsible: they face significant choices, can recognize the relative value of different options, and are able to choose in sensitivity to such values. But is it redundant to hold a corporate agent responsible for something, when certain members are also held responsible for the individual parts they play? No it is not, for it is often possible for a corporate entity to be fully fit to be held responsible, when this is not true of the individual members; they may be able to make excuses that are not available at the corporate level. Does the case made for corporate responsibility extend to unincorporated collectivities like nations or religions? Not strictly but it does explain why it may be sensible to treat those collectivities as if they had corporate responsibility in certain domains.


prof. Philip Pettit
Philip Pettit is the Laurence S. Rockefeller University Professor of Politics and Human Values at Princeton University.
Artikel

Access_open Morality Incorporated? Some Peculiarities of Legal Thinking

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden responsibility, accountability, imputation, liability
Auteurs prof. Bert van Roermund en prof. Jan Vranken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Responsibility disappears into the background of private law as it deals with imputation of liability. Fitness to be held liable is determined by normative viewpoints different from moral ones, in particular by convictions on how society ought to be organized so as to avoid or end conflict between private citizens. Modes of discursive control are geared to making authoritative decisions in view of the same end, and corporate agency is created, restricted or enlarged to undercut or to impose individual liability.


prof. Bert van Roermund
Bert Van Roermund is Professor of Philosophy at the Department of Philosophy of Tilburg University.

prof. Jan Vranken
Jan Vranken is Professor of Private Law at the Faculty of Law of Tilburg University and former Advocate General at the Dutch Supreme Court.
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