Zoekresultaat: 57 artikelen

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Jaar 2014 x
Artikel

Access_open Fuller and Arendt: A Happy Marriage? Comment on Rundle

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Fuller, Arendt, Radbruch, legal certainty
Auteurs Thomas Mertens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In her paper, Rundle seeks to develop a normative legal theory that is distinctively public. Building on her book, Forms Liberate, she seeks to bring Fuller’s legal theory into conversation with Arendt’s political theory. In this comment, I present some hesitations with regard to the fruitfulness of this conversation. It concludes with the suggestion to explore how Radbruch’s ‘idea of law’ could be fruitful for the overall jurisprudential project Rundle seeks to develop in her work.


Thomas Mertens
Thomas Mertens is Professor of Philosophy of Law at Radboud University Nijmegen; t.mertens@jur.ru.nl
Artikel

Access_open Political Jurisprudence or Institutional Normativism? Maintaining the Difference Between Arendt and Fuller

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Arendt, Fuller, Hobbes, political jurisprudence, political freedom, authority, legality
Auteurs Michael Wilkinson
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Can jurisprudence fruitfully pursue a synthesis of Arendt’s political theory and Fuller’s normative legal philosophy? Might their ideas of the juridical person and the legal subject be aligned as a result of a shared concern for the value of legality, specifically of an institutional complex which is structured through the stability and predictability of the rule of law? It is doubtful that Arendt's concern for the phenomena of plurality, political freedom and action can usefully be brought into line with Fuller's normativist focus on legality, subjectivity and the inner morality of law. This doubt is explored by juxtaposing Arendt's theory of action and her remarks on the revolution, foundation and augmentation of power and authority with Fuller's philosophy that, however critical of its positivist adversaries, remains ultimately tied to a Hobbesian tradition which views authority and power in abstract, hierarchical and individualist terms.


Michael Wilkinson
Michael Wilkinson is Associate Professor of Law at the London School of Economics; m.wilkinson@lse.ac.uk
Artikel

Affectieschade en zorgschade; een (on)mogelijk duo?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Vergoeding Personenschade, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Consultatievoorstel schadevergoeding zorg- en affectieschade, immateriële schade, vorderingsrecht van naasten en nabestaanden, vergoeding, zorgschade, affectieschade
Auteurs Mr. F.Th. Kremer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De wetgever is voornemens om vier veranderingen aan te brengen in het schadevergoedingsrecht, zo blijkt uit het Consultatievoorstel schadevergoeding zorg- en affectieschade. Eén daarvan heeft betrekking op de overgang van het recht op vergoeding voor immateriële schade (art. 6:106 BW), de andere drie veranderingen raken direct het vorderingsrecht van naasten en nabestaanden. In deze bijdrage geeft de auteur een reactie op het conceptwetsvoorstel vanuit de kant van verzekeraars.


Mr. F.Th. Kremer
Mr. F.Th. Kremer is directeur van de Stichting Personenschade Instituut van Verzekeraars (PIV).
Artikel

Peacemaking circles

Een onderzoek naar de mogelijke implementatie in Europa

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Peacemaking circles, implementation in Europe, community, inclusion, equality
Auteurs Davy Dhondt en Ivo Aertsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this short paper, a summarising report is presented on a two years action-research project (2011-2013) co-funded by the European Union on how to conceive and implement peacemaking circles in a European legal and cultural environment. In a first part of the paper, the background and reasons for implementing peacemaking circles are explained, and attention is given to their added value as compared to the models of victim-offender mediation and conferencing. After a short presentation of the action-research set-up in three countries (Belgium, Germany and Hungary), a selective list of critical issues is discussed as they have been experienced during the project: the selection of files and the preparatory phase of a peacemaking circle, the running of the circle meeting and the meaning of some of its operational principles (the role of the circle keeper, the function of rituals, the talking piece, the decision making process, …). Also the involvement of the community at its different levels - from the community of care to the macro-community - is discussed, as well as how the direct conflict parties experience the presence of these communities. A general conclusion is that a model of peacemaking circles can be implemented in a European context effectively, but developing a methodology on how to involve members of the wider community remains a challenge.


Davy Dhondt
Davy Dhondt is bemiddelaar bij Suggnome, Forum voor herstelrecht en bemiddeling, www.suggnome.be.

Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is hoogleraar Criminologie, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Hoofdartikel

The Challenge of Empirical Method to Labour Law Theory and Practice

Tijdschrift Arbeidsrechtelijke Annotaties, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Empirical research, Shaping of labour law, Methodology
Auteurs Simon F. Deakin
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The aim of the paper is to consider the significance for labour law theory and practice of empirical research into the operation and effects of this branch of law. It will be argued that empirical research has an important role to play in the methodology of labour law, even if it is ancillary, much of the time, to doctrinal approaches. Secondly, and relatedly, the paper will address the historical role of empirical research in the shaping of labour law as a field distinct from both private law and public law, and, in particular, as transcending the categories of property and contract that were inherited from the individualist private law of the nineteenth century. The third and last theme of the paper is that of the role of empirical research in addressing contemporary issues of labour law doctrine and policy.


Simon F. Deakin
Simon F. Deakin is prof. of law at the University of Cambridge.
Article

Access_open Legal Advice in Police Custody: From Europe to a Local Police Station

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden legal advice, police interrogation, European Union, England and Wales, France
Auteurs Anna Ogorodova en Taru Spronken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In October 2013, the European Union adopted a Directive, which guarantees, inter alia, the right of access to a lawyer to suspects of criminal offences from the outset of police custody and during police interrogation. However, adoption of the relevant legislation is not sufficient to ensure that this right becomes effective in practice. A range of practical measures will have to be taken by the Member States’ authorities and the legal profession to effectuate the implementation of the right to custodial legal advice. This article aims to identify the practical factors that may influence the implementation of the Directive, based on the findings of a recent normative and empirical study conducted by the authors. The research was carried out in four European jurisdictions (England and Wales, France, the Netherlands and Scotland), and it consisted of analysis of regulations, observations of daily practice in police stations, accompanying lawyers who provided custodial legal advice, and interviews with criminal justice practitioners. The article provides a range of recommendations on the practical measures to be undertaken by the EU Member States and national Bar associations aiming at improving the protection of suspects’ rights in police custody in practice.


Anna Ogorodova
Anna Ogorodova, LLM is PhD researcher at the University of Maastricht.

Taru Spronken
Dr Taru Spronken is Professor of Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure at Maastricht University and Advocate General at the Supreme Court in the Netherlands.
Article

Access_open Legal Assistance and Police Interrogation

(Problematic Aspects of) Dutch Criminal Procedure in Relation to European Union and the Council of Europe

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Legal assistance, police interrogation, Dutch Criminal Proceedings, EU Directive
Auteurs Paul Mevis en Joost Verbaan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper discusses the rise of a fundamental issue in Dutch criminal proceedings. The presence of a lawyer prior to and during police interrogations has for a long time been a matter open for debate in the Netherlands. Allowing legal assistance during and prior to police interrogations has been researched on several occasions in the previous century and the beginning of this century. In the Netherlands, one of the most important reasons for not admitting legal assistance was and is founded in the confident reliance on the professionalism and integrity of police officers and justice officials in dealing with the interests of suspects. However, after the Salduz case (ECHR 27 November 2008, Appl. No. 36391/02, Salduz v. Turkey), the Dutch government was compelled to draft legal provisions in order to facilitate legal assistance during and prior to police interrogations. The initial drafts still contained a hesitant approach on admitting the lawyer to the actual interrogation. The EU-Directive of November 2013 (Pb EU 2013, L249) set out further reaching standards compelling the Dutch government to create new drafts. In a ruling of April 2014, the Dutch Supreme Court (ECLI:NL:2014:770) argued that the judgements of the ECtHR were too casuistic to derive an absolute right to have a lawyer present during police interrogation. However, they urged the legislator to draft legislation on this matter and warned that its judgement in this could be altered in future caused by legal developments. The Dutch legislator already proposed new draft legislation in February. In this paper it is examined whether the provisions of the new drafts meet the standards as set out in the EU-Directive as well as by the ECtHR.


Paul Mevis
Paul Mevis is Professor of Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure at the Faculty of Law of the Erasmus. He has been a visiting professor at the universities of Münster, Mmabato (South Africa) and in Moldavia, the Ukrain and in Frankfurt an der Oder. Besides his academic activities, Paul Mevis is Honorary Judge at the Criminal Court of Rotterdam and Honorary Judge at the Court of Appeal in Amsterdam, since 1994 and 1998 respectively. He has been parttime Judge at the Court of Arnhem (1990-1994) and is member of the Commission of Supervision of prisons (2006-2008). Paul Mevis is also member of the board of editors of several journals in the field of criminal law and human rights law and commentator for the journal ‘Nederlandse Jurisprudentie’ on criminal cases. He was chairman of the ‘Commissie Strafvordelijke gegevensvergaring in de informatiemaatschappij’ (2000-2001), of which the report has lead to the Bill of the same name. He is a member of the School of Human Rights Research and the Research School on Safety and Security in Society.

Joost Verbaan
Mr. J.H.J. (Joost) Verbaan is an assistant-professor at the Erasmus School of Law of the Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. He teaches Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure law. Mr. Verbaan is the Managing Director of the Erasmus Center for Police Studies (ECPS). The ECPS organises courses on criminal and criminal procedure law for law enforcement agencies as well as the prosecution. Mr. Verbaan has been involved in many researches in the practical field of investigation. He has taken part in the research for the Governmental Institute of Scientific Research and Documentation on the effects of the presence of an attorney during the first police interrogation.For the same institute together with professor Mevis he researched the Modalities of Serving in comparative law perspective.He served the secretary of the Committee to draft a new Dutch Antillean Criminal Code and served the secretary of the Committee to draft a new Criminal Code for Aruba, Sint Maarten and Curacao. He served the secretary of the Committee to Draft a common Criminal Procedure Code in the Caribbean regions of Aruba, Curacao , Sint Maarten and the BES-territories. In the republic of Surinam Mr. Verbaan has worked in the legal advisory board of the Committee founded in order to codify a new Criminal Code for the republic of Surinam.
Artikel

Civiel recht als ultimum remedium?

Over de verstoorde verhouding van de bankbreuk tot de pauliana

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 12 2014
Trefwoorden bedrieglijke bankbreuk, faillissementspauliana, reorganisaties, fraudebestrijding
Auteurs Mr. R.J. de Weijs en Mr. T. Reker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Door de opmars van het strafrecht binnen het insolventierecht dreigt een vergaande gelijkschakeling tussen de faillissementspauliana en de bankbreukbepalingen. Ten onrechte dreigen daarbij schuldeisersbenadelende handelingen die met fraude niets te maken hebben, toch binnen het bereik van het strafrecht te komen.


Mr. R.J. de Weijs
Mr. R.J. de Weijs is docent en onderzoeker aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en advocaat te Amsterdam.

Mr. T. Reker
Mr. T. Reker is recent afgestudeerd aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Cessie als instrument ter afwikkeling van massaschadezaken: in strijd met de openbare orde en goede zeden?

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 12 2014
Trefwoorden collectief verhaal, cessie, openbare orde en goede zeden, proceskostenrisico, proceskostenzekerheid
Auteurs Mr. I. Tillema
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Het Landgericht Düsseldorf heeft onlangs in een kartelschadezaak een halt toegeroepen aan de cessie ter bundeling van massaschadeclaims. In het licht van enkele vergelijkbare, nog lopende procedures in Nederland en tegen de achtergrond van de nationale en Europese ontwikkelingen op het gebied van collectief verhaal staat de auteur stil bij de vraag of de Nederlandse rechter tot eenzelfde conclusie zou komen als de Duitse rechter.


Mr. I. Tillema
Mr. I. Tillema is promovenda aan de Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Casus

‘We’d better take a lawyer for that!’

On what companies expect of their external lawyers in conflict management

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2014
Auteurs Dr. Jo B. Aschenbrenner, LL.M.
Auteursinformatie

Dr. Jo B. Aschenbrenner, LL.M.
Dr. Jo B. Aschenbrenner, LL.M. is mediator and lawyer in Hamburg, vice director at the Bucerius Center on the Legal Profession (www.bucerius-clp.de) and Of Counsel at Hanefeld Rechtsanwälte (www.hanefeld-legal.com).
Artikel

Een onderzoek naar reflexiviteit bij conflictmanagement

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Conflictmanagement, reflexivity, strategy, dispute resolution clauses
Auteurs Luc Demeyere
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Managing commercial conflicts requires reflexivity: the description of the conflict influences the manner in which the conflict is handled, and changing this description may influence this approach and the desirable outcome. The Belgian law firm contrast was curious to find out more of different parameters influencing the manner in which a conflict is handled. It developed an in-dept questionnaire and submitted it to 40 participants. The findings of this research are commented.


Luc Demeyere
Luc Demeyere is advocaat aan de Balie te Antwerpen, werkzaam bij Contrast, erkend bemiddelaar en redacteur van TMD.
Discussie

Compensatie: óók bij onverwachte technische problemen!

Tijdschrift Contracteren, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden compensatie, buitengewone omstandigheden, art. 5 lid 3, technische problemen
Auteurs Mr. P.N. Meijer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Ook na 9 jaar ondervinden passagiers nog veel moeite bij het claimen van compensatie. Jarenlang vochten luchtvaartmaatschappijen de verordening aan, maar nadat het HvJ EU de verordening in stand liet is de nadruk komen te liggen op een beroep op de uitzonderingsbepaling van de zogeheten ‘buitengewone omstandigheden’. Met name in geval van technische problemen wordt passagiers ten onrechte de verplichte compensatie onthouden.


Mr. P.N. Meijer
Mr. P.N. Meijer is werkzaam bij DAS.

    The Rome I Regulation on the law applicable to contractual obligations contains several provisions aimed explicitly at the protection of ‘weaker’ contracting parties, such as consumers and employees. However, in addition to this, the interests of weaker parties are sometimes also safeguarded through the application of ‘overriding mandatory provisions’, which are superimposed on the law applicable to the contract to protect a fundamental interest of a Member State. This article is an attempt to clarify the extent to which the concept of overriding mandatory provisions may serve as a vehicle for weaker party protection. To do this, it examines the definition and limitations of the concept and its relation to conflict of laws rules based on the protective principle. Finally, the article seeks to establish whether the doctrine of overriding mandatory provisions remains relevant in the case of harmonisation of substantive law at the EU level, for which it will differentiate between full and minimum harmonisation.


Laura Maria van Bochove Ph.D.
Assistant professor in the Department of Private International and Comparative Law at the Erasmus School of Law. The author would like to thank the reviewers for their comments.
Article

Access_open The Role of Private International Law in Corporate Social Responsibility

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden CSR, conflicts of law, Kiobel, Shell
Auteurs Geert Van Calster Ph.D.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution firstly reviews developments in the EU and in the United States on corporate social responsibility and conflict of laws. It concludes with reference to some related themes, in particular on the piercing of the corporate veil and with some remarks on compliance strategy, and compliance reality, for corporations.


Geert Van Calster Ph.D.
Geert van Calster is professor at the University of Leuven and Head of Leuven Law's department of European and international law.
Article

Access_open Global Citizens and Family Relations

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden global governance, family relations, nationality, habitual residence, party autonomy
Auteurs Professor Yuko Nishitani Ph.D.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    As globalisation progresses, cross-border movements of people are becoming dynamic and multilateral. The existence of different groups and minorities within the community renders the society multiethnic and multicultural. As individuals acquire new affiliation and belonging, the conventional conflict of laws methods may no longer be viable and should be subject to a thorough re-examination. Against this background, this paper analyses appropriate conflicts rules in international family relations to reflect an individual’s identity. Furthermore, in light of the contemporary law fragmentation, this study also analyses interactions between state law and non-state cultural, religious or customary norms.


Professor Yuko Nishitani Ph.D.
Professor at Kyushu University Faculty of Law, Japan. This work was supported by the JSPS Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) (Grant Number 26380063). The author sincerely thanks Professor Carol Lawson (Nagoya University) and Ms. Nettie Dekker for their devoted editing work.
Article

Access_open Private International Law: An Appropriate Means to Regulate Transnational Employment in the European Union?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden private international law, applicable law, overriding mandatory provisions, transnational employment relations, posting of workers
Auteurs Prof.dr. Aukje A.H. Ms van Hoek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The regulation of transnational employment in the European Union operates at the crossroads between private international law and internal market rules. The private international law rules are currently laid down in the Rome I Regulation. This regulation is complemented by the Posted Workers Directive, a directive based on the competences of the EU in the field of free movement of services. The current contribution first describes the rules which determine the law applicable to the employment contract under Article 8 Rome I Regulation and the way these rules are interpreted by the CJEU before critically analysing these rules and the reasoning that seems to lie behind the court’s interpretation (section 2). The law applying to the contract is, however, only of limited relevance for the protection of posted workers. This is due inter alia to the mandatory application of certain rules of the country to which the workers are posted, even if a different law governs their contract. This application of host state law is based on Article 9 Rome I Regulation in conjunction with the Posted Workers Directive. Section 3 describes the content of these rules and the – to some extent still undecided – interaction between the Rome I Regulation and the PWD. The conclusion will be that there is an uneasy match between the interests informing private international law and the interests of the internal market, which is not likely to be resolved in the near future.


Prof.dr. Aukje A.H. Ms van Hoek
Aukje van Hoek is Professor at the University of Amsterdam.
Artikel

National variations in the implementation and enforcement of European food hygiene regulations

Comparing the structure of food controls and regulations between Scotland and the Netherlands

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden food regulation, official controls, EU food law, implementation, enforcement
Auteurs Tetty Havinga
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the course of time the European Union has increased its powers considerably. Currently, almost all food safety regulations in the member states rest on European law. Despite this common legal base, several differences between member states still exist. This article compares the way Scottish and Dutch authorities deal with a particular item of European food law: the development of national guides to good practice for hygiene and for the application of HACCP principles by the food industry. The results of this investigation are consistent with the conclusion of Falkner et al. that the implementation of EU law in both the Netherlands and the UK depends on domestic issues. The dominant issue in Scotland (and the UK) is the FSA objective to bring consistent food controls and independency from industry which results in the development of governmental guidance. The prevailing issue in the Netherlands is making industry responsible for food safety which helps explain the extensive use of industry guides. This study shows that in order to understand what happens on the ground it is important to look beyond transposition or direct effect and also to investigate the implementation of regulations and to dig deeper than just their transposition.


Tetty Havinga
Tetty Havinga is Associate Professor at the Institute for the Sociology of Law, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands. She has published on the regulation of food safety, policy implementation and law enforcement, equal opportunities law, asylum migration and migrant workers. Her recent research projects deal with the development and effects of private regulation of food safety, oversight and official controls in the food industry, and the experiences of large companies with Dutch special courts. She is co-editor of The Changing Landscape of Food Governance (to be published by Edward Elgar, 2015).
Artikel

De nieuwe richtsnoeren staatssteun milieubescherming en energie

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 5 2014
Trefwoorden Richtsnoeren, staatssteun, energie, milieubescherming, concurrerende inschrijvingsprocedure
Auteurs Mr. Stephanie Dielemans-Goossens en Mr. drs. Jan Erik Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Op 1 juli 2014 zijn de Richtsnoeren staatssteun ten behoeve van milieubescherming en energie 2014-2020 (hierna: de Richtsnoeren) in werking getreden. ( Pb. EU 2014, C 200/01). De Richtsnoeren vervangen de Richtsnoeren inzake staatssteun voor milieubescherming uit 2008 ( Pb. EU 2008, C/82/01). (hierna: de Richtsnoeren 2008). Dit artikel geeft een overzicht van de Richtsnoeren en belicht de belangrijkste verschillen met de Richtsnoeren 2008.


Mr. Stephanie Dielemans-Goossens
Mr. S.M. Dielemans-Goossens is advocaat bij Stek.

Mr. drs. Jan Erik Janssen
Mr. drs. J.E. Janssen is advocaat bij Stek.
Jurisprudentie

Samsung en Motorola: controversiële duidelijkheid in FRAND-zaken

Besluiten van de Commissie van 29 april 2014, zaken AT.39985 en AT.39939

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 5 2014
Trefwoorden Samsung, Motorola, FRAND, standaard essentiële octrooien, misbruik van machtspositie
Auteurs Mr. Pepijn van Ginneken en Mr. Peyma Sholeh
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Op 29 april 2014 heeft de Europese Commissie twee besluiten genomen in de zaken Motorola en Samsung. Samsung en Motorola hebben volgens de Europese Commissie misbruik gemaakt van hun machtspositie door gerechtelijke procedures te starten tegen Apple. Beide partijen hadden zich ertoe verplicht de door hun gehouden standaard essentiële octrooien aan te bieden op FRAND-voorwaarden en Apple was bereid de licentie te nemen tegen FRAND-voorwaarden. De Commissie heeft met deze besluiten de omstandigheden waaronder de gedragingen van SEP-houders misbruik kunnen vormen uiteengezet. In deze annotatie worden de twee meest controversiële en interessante onderdelen uit deze besluiten besproken.


Mr. Pepijn van Ginneken
Mr. P.P.J. van Ginneken is advocaat bij Brinkhof N.V. in Amsterdam.

Mr. Peyma Sholeh
Mr. G.P. Sholeh is advocaat bij Brinkhof N.V. in Amsterdam.
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