Zoekresultaat: 12 artikelen

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Jaar 2016 x
Artikel

De burgemeester als crisismanager

Implicaties van de decentralisatie van jeugdzorg voor leiderschapsstijlen tijdens crises

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden burgemeester, crisis management, jeugdzorg, decentralisatie
Auteurs Patricia Schat en Ruth Prins
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dutch mayors are confronted with various crises differing from a deadly incident with a monster truck to societal unrest due to convicted sex offenders returning to local society. This article presents the results of a research about the role of the mayor in so-called ‘youth crises’. The ‘big decentralization operation’ of January 1, 2015 resulted in new tasks and responsibilities for local governments regarding youth care. This research focuses on the implications of this decentralization for the leadership style of the mayor when a youth related crisis causes societal unrest. The way in which mayors deal with such a crisis was studied by means of in-depth interviews and a vignette study before and after the decentralization. This research concludes that the leadership style of the mayor did not change after the decentralization. Mayors consistently show two dominant leadership styles when managing a youth crisis: ‘First Civilian’ and ‘Peer Governor.’ As a ‘First Civilian’ the mayor’s crisis management actions focuses primarily on the community and the affected family. The style ‘Peer Governor’ is all about gathering relevant information and consultation with various partners, such as youth care organizations and aldermen. More interestingly, the results show that decentralization of youth care redefines the relationship between the local alderman responsible for youth care and the mayor as a crisis manager safeguarding local order and public safety. This relationship is currently under construction and could grow either competitive or fruitful.


Patricia Schat
Patricia Schat is Consultant COT, Instituut voor Veiligheids- en Crisismanagement, an Aon Company, and alumnus Master Crisis and Security Management, Universiteit Leiden. p.r.schat@gmail.com

Ruth Prins
Ruth Prins is universitair docent aan de Universiteit Leiden, Institute of Security and Global Affairs. r.s.prins@fgga.leidenuniv.nl
Artikel

Positieve veiligheid en positieve vrijheid

Meningen van wijkbewoners in Rotterdam-Zuid over Buurt Bestuurt

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Big Society, Isaiah Berlin, Charles Taylor, positive liberty, security management
Auteurs dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article is an ethnographical study of Rotterdam’s experience with a program called ‘Community Governs’ (Buurt Bestuurt). Community Governs, a Dutch version of the Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy (CAPS), is a community-based program which goal is to solve neighbourhood crime and disorder problems. Community commitment and involvement are a main component of this program. The article emphasizes the effects that this program had on three levels of trust (performances, intentions and skills) of the residents in police officers and municipal service agencies as partners in the fight against crime and disorder. The results indicate that a ‘positive exercise’ of liberty through political participation of civilians is difficult to realise in poor, inner city, neighbourhoods.


dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg is universitair docent Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Safe havens voor onrechtmatig in Nederland verblijvende vreemdelingen

Veiligheid en het toezicht op irreguliere migratie via hulpverleningsorganisaties

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden unauthorized migrants, civil society, safety, migration control, policing non-citizens, NGOs
Auteurs prof. dr. Richard Staring en Mieke Kox MA
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) within Dutch civil society provide material and immaterial assistance to unauthorized migrants in the Netherlands. Based on long-term qualitative fieldwork in the life worlds of unauthorized migrants, the authors describe how the migrants experience these NGOs as a safe haven where they feel at home and secure for the risks of apprehension and deportation. We argue that these safe havens are also beneficial for the society at large. These NGOs contribute to preventing unauthorized migrants from sleeping in public places and employing illegitimate survival strategies. In addition, the NGOs’ empowerment of these migrants is advantageous for their willingness to access healthcare and employ legal rights. Recent attempts of the Dutch government to restrict the number of these NGOs, lead amongst other things to NGOs who are increasingly focusing on the unauthorized migrants’ return. We argue that these governmental efforts of controlling unauthorized migration through NGOs, will result in unauthorized migrants loosing trust in these safe havens. Ultimately, this governmental control through NGOs will have a negative impact on feelings of security in the society at large as it fundamentally diminishes the significance of these NGOs in civil society for unauthorized migrants without offering an alternative.


prof. dr. Richard Staring
Prof. dr. Richard Staring is bijzonder hoogleraar mobiliteit, toezicht en criminaliteit aanp de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Mieke Kox MA
Mieke Kox, MA, is PhD kandidaat bij de sectie criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Wetenschap, politiepraktijk en kennistransfer

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2016
Trefwoorden Strategische onderzoeksagenda politie, Wetenschap, Kennistransfer, Politiepraktijk, Politieonderwijs
Auteurs Drs. Henk Huisjes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses relations between social science, education, and professional practice, and focuses on the impact of scientific research on police profession. The importance of knowledge transfer is clearly articulated in the strategic research agenda of the Dutch police. Police researchers are expected not only to do proper and relevant practice oriented research on aspects of security and policing, but also to contribute to the impact of scientific knowledge on the education of (future) professionals. This asks for an association with teachers, since they are in a key position regarding further knowledge transfer. Compelling examples of other sectors, like healthcare, may inspire the police to rethink key roles of teachers in that respect.


Drs. Henk Huisjes
Drs. Henk Huisjes MSM is bijzonder lector kennistransfer aan de Politieacademie.
Diversen: Artikelen

Drie drugsnetwerken in een kleine stad

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden drug trafficking networks, criminal networks, social opportunities
Auteurs Dr. Eric Bervoets en Dr. mr. Anton Van Wijk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Recently, we conducted a study on drug trafficking criminal networks in a Dutch town. In this article, we examine the results of this study by assessing the development of criminal networks and the way in which individuals get involved with these networks. Our analysis of the qualitative data focuses on three central empirical findings derived from earlier (mainly Dutch) research on criminal networks. A first outcome of earlier studies was that criminal networks are not based on a specific kind of crime and therefore do not resemble goal driven companies. Our fieldwork suggests, however, that the networks seemed less ‘flat’ and more goal driven than previously assumed. Second, earlier studies conclude that the structure of social opportunities facilitates a subjects’ inclination towards committing crime. Our study seems to confirm this finding: social pressure from peers and family is strong and encourages involvement in drug trafficking networks. Finally, earlier research pointed out that involvement in criminal networks was not a result of intentional recruitment. In our study we found – anecdotic – evidence of the opposite. We found evidence that suggests that most youth criminals are not ‘persisters’, however, mobs may serve as gateways to organised crime.


Dr. Eric Bervoets
Dr. E.J.A. Bervoets is zelfstandig onderzoeker bij Bureau Bervoets.

Dr. mr. Anton Van Wijk
Dr. mr. A.Ph. van Wijk is directeur van Bureau Beke.
Artikel

Religieuze instellingen en de participatiesamenleving

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden scheiding van kerk en staat, Participatiemaatschappij, religie, Verzorgingsstaat
Auteurs Drs. Gert-Jan Buitendijk, Prof. dr. Christoph Hübenthal, Prof. dr. Frans Wijsen e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch policy of the ‘Participation Society’ intends to return many societal responsibilities to civil society. As religious organizations traditionally had undertaken that task, an increase in their participation is expected. However, the separation of state and religion often proves an obstacle. Also, there is quite some scepticism among religious organization regarding the role that a state should have in its caring duties. This contribution contains several insightful and critical articles on this subject: the introduction is by Gert-Jan Buitendijk, director-general with the Ministry of Interior, who is involved in the policy-making process of the Participation Society policy, followed by brief reflections by two scholars of religion and theology, and two representatives of the Islamic and Catholic communities. These contributions were the outcome of a lustrum symposium organized by the Journal for Religion, Law and Policy in november 2015, where academics, policy makers and representatives of religious organizations discussed the effects of the ‘Participation Society’ policies and laws in the Netherlands.


Drs. Gert-Jan Buitendijk
Drs. G-J Buitendijk is vanaf 1 april 2016 directeur-generaal Bestuur en Wonen op het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties, en voordien vanaf 2011 directeur-generaal Bestuur en Koninkrijksrelaties. Hij was van 1992-1995 verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit en werkt sinds 1995 bij de rijksoverheid, eerst bij het ministerie van Financiën en vanaf 2006 bij het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties. Van 1998 tot eind 2006 was hij tevens wethouder in Strijen.

Prof. dr. Christoph Hübenthal
Prof. dr. C.W. Hübenthal is hoogleraar Systematische theologie aan de Faculteit der Filosofie, Theologie en Religiewetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit. Hij studeerde theologie, filosofie en sportwetenschap aan de Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen en promoveerde daar ook.

Prof. dr. Frans Wijsen
Prof. dr. Wijsen is hoofd van de afdeling Empirische en praktische religiewetenschap en vice-decaan aan de Faculteit der Filosofie, Theologie en Religiewetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit.

Drs. Marianne Vorthoren
Drs. M.H. Vorthoren is sinds 2001 werkzaam bij Stichting Platform Islamitische Organisaties Rijnmond (SPIOR), de regionale koepelorganisatie van moskeeën en sociaal-culturele islamitische organisaties, sinds 2012 als directeur. Daarnaast is ze voorzitter van de Stichting Veelkleurige Religies Rotterdam, van waaruit verschillende praktische activiteiten voor interreligieuze ontmoeting worden georganiseerd, met name bezoeken aan de diversiteit van gebedshuizen in Rotterdam.

Dr. Erik Sengers
Dr. E. Sengers is godsdienstsocioloog en theoloog, en werkt als stafmedewerker voor de Dienst Caritas van het bisdom Haarlem-Amsterdam. Sengers is docent in het hoger onderwijs en publicist over vraagstukken betreffende religie en samenleving/caritaswetenschap/christelijke sociale leer. Eerder was hij voorzitter van de WMO Adviesraad in het stadsdeel Amsterdam-Zuidoost.
Artikel

Groeien over de grens

Tijdschrift Advocatenblad, Aflevering 7 2016
Auteurs Sabine Droogleever Fortuyn

Sabine Droogleever Fortuyn

Dr. Janine Jansen
Dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de nationale politie, lector ‘Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties’ aan de Avans Hogeschool in Den Bosch en voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.
Redactioneel

Georganiseerde misdaad in de 21ste eeuw

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden organized crime
Auteurs Prof. dr. Toine Spapens, Prof. dr. Emile Kolthoff en Prof. dr. Wouter Stol
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the past decades, organised crime internationalised rapidly as a result of increasing mobility and ‘open’ borders. At the same time developments in information and communication technology have led to modernisation of existing types of crime and the introduction of novel ones. Finally, criminals have benefited from increasingly diversified migration streams. In the Netherlands and Belgium, organised crime appeared on the agenda in the 1990s. For a long time emphasis was on ‘trade crimes’ i.e. trafficking in drugs and humans, as well as human smuggling, followed by the production of synthetic drugs and cannabis. More recently the Low Countries are confronted by more visible manifestations of organised crime, for example rapid growth of outlaw motorcycle gangs. Criminals also try to utilise their capital to invest in businesses and real estate and to influence local politics.


Prof. dr. Toine Spapens
Prof. dr. A.C.M. Spapens is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Prof. dr. Emile Kolthoff
Prof. dr. E.W. Kolthoff is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Open Universiteit en lector Veiligheid, openbare orde en recht bij Avans Hogeschool in Den Bosch.

Prof. dr. Wouter Stol
Prof. dr. W.Ph. Stol is lector Cybersafety aan de NHL Hogeschool en Politieacademie en bijzonder hoogleraar Politiestudies aan de Open Universiteit.

    It has become evident that the use of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) is becoming an important societal issue, with ramifications extending beyond elite sport. A particular concern of authorities is that the majority of PIEDs are not legally obtained through a physician, by means of a prescription, but instead are illegally purchased on the illicit market. Currently little research exists on the illegal production and supply of PIEDs. However, understanding illicit PIED markets is important for policy decisions as knowledge on the production and supply of these substances may assist in designing law enforcement efforts, harm reduction initiatives and other measures. This article will, therefore, focus on the production and supply of PIEDs in Belgium and the Netherlands. Specifically, it will examine the general characteristics of PIED suppliers and the ways in which the behaviour of dealers are influenced by cultural factors. In particular the role of the legal profession of PIED suppliers is examined, taking the fitness industry as an example. This research is based on a content analysis of 64 PIED-dealing cases initiated by criminal justice agencies in the Netherlands (N=33) and Belgium (N=31). This article illustrates that the dealing of PIEDs is a rather specialised business and that not everyone has the suitable ties, opportunities and/or knowledge to enter the PIED market. Many PIED dealers are already devoted to a gym, sport, medical, or other subculture before becoming involved in dealing. Importantly, the embeddedness of PIED-related supply-side activities in legitimate professions, roles, and institutional settings form an integral part of the market culture these dealers engage in. We, therefore, need to examine the production, distribution and use of PIEDs, as embedded within a diverse combination of social, economic and cultural processes, in which none is simply reducible to the other.


dr. Katinka van de Ven
Dr. Katinka van de Ven is werkzaam als Lecturer in Criminology aan de Birmingham City University. Zij is daarnaast oprichter en coördinator van het Human Enhancement Drug Network (HEDN) (www.humanenhancementdrugs.com).

    GHB is an anaesthetic that in Netherlands since the 1990s is used as a drug by various groups. Although GHB is often defined as a ‘party drug’, particularly in rural areas it is also used in street cultures. GHB is mainly used recreationally, but a minority uses the drug frequently and/or becomes addicted. GHB use and associated problems are disproportionately spread across the Netherlands and are concentrated in certain rural areas (‘trouble spots’), especially in low SES villages or neighbourhoods. Predominantly based on qualitative research, this article describes supply and use of GHB in rural ‘trouble spots’. The profile of experienced current GHB users in rural areas is characterized by a wide age range, a low level of education, often multiple psychosocial problems and poly drug use. They are almost exclusively ‘white’, in majority male users, of whom a large part has been arrested on several occasions. From a supply perspective, GHB could spread quickly because of the short distribution chain, the limited social distance between dealers and users, as well as the closeness an reticence of user groups. Even though as a drug GHB is very different from methamphetamine, there are striking similarities in set and setting characteristics between rural GHB use in the Netherlands and rural methamphetamine use in the US.


Dr. Ton Nabben
Dr. Ton Nabben is onderzoeker en docent op het Bonger Instituut voor Criminologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Hij is medeauteur van het jaarlijks verschijnende Antenneonderzoek naar trends in alcohol, tabak en drugs bij jonge Amsterdammers. In 2010 kwam zijn proefschrift uit over het gebruik van uitgaansdrugs in Amsterdam.

prof. dr. Dirk J. Korf
Prof. dr. Dirk J. Korf is bijzonder hoogleraar criminologie en directeur van het Bonger Instituut, Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Regels voor de digitale deeleconomie, oftewel ‘uber-regulering’

Tijdschrift RegelMaat, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden deeleconomie, experimenteerbepaling, innovatie
Auteurs Sofia Ranchordas
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De zogenoemde ‘deeleconomie’ wordt steeds populairder en steeds meer elektronische platformen bieden goederen en diensten aan die niet door professionals, maar door gewone burgers geleverd worden. Dit levert kansen op, maar er zijn ook risico’s aan verbonden. Omdat de deeleconomie gebaseerd is op gedeelde consumptie, kunnen deze initiatieven in principe leiden tot een lager verbruik van hulpbronnen, minder CO2-uitstoot en een grotere vraag naar duurzamere producten van goede kwaliteit. Als nadelen worden vaak genoemd een gebrek aan regels, arbeidsonzekerheid, gevaren voor de veiligheid van de gebruikers en schending van de privacy van consumenten. Dit alles werpt de vraag op hoe de wetgever met de opkomst van de deeleconomie moet omgaan: moet hij maatregelen nemen om de deeleconomie te bevorderen of bestaande regelgeving toepassen? De auteur neemt het standpunt in dat, omdat de deeleconomie nog in grote beweging is, er een voorlopige oplossing moet worden gevonden waarbij de voordelen van de deeleconomie afgewogen worden tegen de publieke belangen die op dit moment onbeschermd blijven. Deze derde weg kan worden bewandeld door de invoering van afwijkende regels of via experimenten. De wijze waarop de gemeente Amsterdam omgaat met Airbnb is volgens de auteur hiervan een goed voorbeeld.


Sofia Ranchordas
Mr. dr. Sofia Ranchordas is universitair docent aan de Tilburg Law School en Resident Fellow aan de Yale Law School, Information Society Project.
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