Zoekresultaat: 71 artikelen

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Jaar 2014 x
Artikel

Access_open The Experience of Legal Injustice

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden legal injustice, legal subject, law and morality, Fuller, Arendt
Auteurs Wouter Veraart
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper shows that Fuller and Arendt converge on a different point than the point Rundle focuses on. What Fuller and Arendt seem to share in their legal thoughts is not so much an interest in the experience of law-as-such (the interaction between responsible agency and law as a complex institution), but rather an interest in the junction of law and injustice. By not sufficiently focusing on the experience of legal injustice, Rundle overlooks an important point of divergence between Arendt and Fuller. In particular, Arendt differs from Fuller in her conviction that ‘injustice in a legal form’ is an integral part of modern legal systems.


Wouter Veraart
Wouter Veraart is Professor of Legal Philosophy and Director of Research at the Free University Amsterdam; w.j.veraart@vu.nl.
Artikel

Access_open Political Jurisprudence or Institutional Normativism? Maintaining the Difference Between Arendt and Fuller

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Arendt, Fuller, Hobbes, political jurisprudence, political freedom, authority, legality
Auteurs Michael Wilkinson
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Can jurisprudence fruitfully pursue a synthesis of Arendt’s political theory and Fuller’s normative legal philosophy? Might their ideas of the juridical person and the legal subject be aligned as a result of a shared concern for the value of legality, specifically of an institutional complex which is structured through the stability and predictability of the rule of law? It is doubtful that Arendt's concern for the phenomena of plurality, political freedom and action can usefully be brought into line with Fuller's normativist focus on legality, subjectivity and the inner morality of law. This doubt is explored by juxtaposing Arendt's theory of action and her remarks on the revolution, foundation and augmentation of power and authority with Fuller's philosophy that, however critical of its positivist adversaries, remains ultimately tied to a Hobbesian tradition which views authority and power in abstract, hierarchical and individualist terms.


Michael Wilkinson
Michael Wilkinson is Associate Professor of Law at the London School of Economics; m.wilkinson@lse.ac.uk

Annemieke Wolthuis
Annemieke Wolthuis is senior-onderzoeker bij het Verwey-Jonker Instituut, vicevoorzitter van het European Forum for Restorative Justice en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.

Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is als docent en onderzoeker verbonden aan de Radboud Universiteit in Nijmegen. www.basvanstokkom.nl.
Artikel

Peacemaking circles

Een onderzoek naar de mogelijke implementatie in Europa

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Peacemaking circles, implementation in Europe, community, inclusion, equality
Auteurs Davy Dhondt en Ivo Aertsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this short paper, a summarising report is presented on a two years action-research project (2011-2013) co-funded by the European Union on how to conceive and implement peacemaking circles in a European legal and cultural environment. In a first part of the paper, the background and reasons for implementing peacemaking circles are explained, and attention is given to their added value as compared to the models of victim-offender mediation and conferencing. After a short presentation of the action-research set-up in three countries (Belgium, Germany and Hungary), a selective list of critical issues is discussed as they have been experienced during the project: the selection of files and the preparatory phase of a peacemaking circle, the running of the circle meeting and the meaning of some of its operational principles (the role of the circle keeper, the function of rituals, the talking piece, the decision making process, …). Also the involvement of the community at its different levels - from the community of care to the macro-community - is discussed, as well as how the direct conflict parties experience the presence of these communities. A general conclusion is that a model of peacemaking circles can be implemented in a European context effectively, but developing a methodology on how to involve members of the wider community remains a challenge.


Davy Dhondt
Davy Dhondt is bemiddelaar bij Suggnome, Forum voor herstelrecht en bemiddeling, www.suggnome.be.

Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is hoogleraar Criminologie, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Restorative Transformative Learning en Partnergeweld

Van ‘herstellen’ naar ‘herstellend transformeren’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden intimate partner violence, restorative justice, transformative learning, meaning perspectives, restorative transformative learning
Auteurs Dana Weistra en Anthony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Many articles have dealt with the question why restorative justice in cases of intimate partner violence (IPV) may or may not be appropriate. Seeing however as a punitive approach towards IPV is rapidly losing popularity as an effective way of dealing with this complex type of violence, as well as the outcomes of a recent study by the European Agency for Fundamental Rights (2014) – where 25% of the Dutch women that were surveyed indicated they had experienced violence by an intimate partner – restorative justice may be a promising alternative after all.
    Instead of adding to the debate, the current article focuses on how restorative justice can be constructed to be appropriate for IPV cases, and is explorative in nature. In order to do so, the theory behind transformative learning is combined with restorative justice practices, shifting the focus from ‘restoration’ to ‘restorative transformation’. Such a restorative transformative learning approach focuses on transforming violent meaning perspectives that dictate the use or toleration of violence. Instead of trying to restore the individual back to the state they were in before the violence took place – as ‘restoration’ traditionally implies – the goal of restorative transformative learning is to restore the individual back to a state before a violent meaning perspective was acquired. The transformation of violent meaning perspectives is therefore the prerequisite for restoration.
    The method that is introduced in this article offers a practical framework and guidelines to achieve such a transformation. It answers to the complexity of IPV cases by focusing on the entire family system, while leaving room for individual restoration. In doing so, restorative transformative learning may possibly open the way to the acceptance of restorative justice in the field of IPV.


Dana Weistra
Dana Weistra studeerde in 2014 af aan de Universiteit van Tilburg op het onderwerp restorative justice and intimate partner violence en heeft stage gelopen bij het International Victimology Institute Tilburg op het project Mediation naast strafrecht. Momenteel is zij werkzaam als junior onderzoeker en beleidsmedewerker bij Slachtofferhulp Nederland.

Anthony Pemberton
Antony Pemberton is hoogleraar Victimologie bij Intervict in Tilburg. Hij is tevens redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Prevalentie van ernstige misdrijven bij slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden seriousness, offenses, mediation, range of cases, outcome
Auteurs Wendy Schreurs, Sven Zebel en Elze Ufkes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A debate exists in the literature about the question whether (different forms of) mediated contact between victims and offenders occur and are appropriate only after minor offenses. This contribution therefore examines whether a relationship exists between the seriousness of offenses and the degree to which in practice cases result in mediated contact, in the Dutch context. More specifically, we report the first findings of a study aimed to (a) examine the seriousness of cases that were registered at the foundation Slachtoffer in Beeld (Victim in Focus; responsible for the execution of mediated contacts between victims and offenders in the Netherlands), and (b) compare the seriousness of cases at this foundation that resulted in different forms of mediated contact (including cases in which no contact emerged). To this end, we sampled 200 cases from the data system of Victim in Focus in a random manner; consequently, the seriousness of each of these cases was coded. The mean duration of incarceration sentenced for specific offenses in the Netherlands was used as an (as objective as possible) indication of the seriousness of the offenses in these cases. The results indicated that the cases registered at Victim in Focus do not consist exclusively of minor offenses. A substantial part consists of more serious offenses, especially when this is compared to the prevalence of all (minor and serious) offenses in the Netherlands. In addition, we observed no relationship between the seriousness of cases and the form of mediated contact (or no contact) that emerged at Victim in Focus; mediated contact arose to the same degree for serious compared to minor offenses. The implications of these results for the debate mentioned above are discussed, taking into account the manner in which victim-offender mediation is organized in the Netherlands.


Wendy Schreurs
Wendy Schreurs is afgestudeerd aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid aan de Universiteit Twente, op onderzoek naar de ontwikkeling van een ernstmonitor in de context van slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling. Ze werkt nu als PhD student op een project over de inzet van burgers bij politiewerk en interventies om die inzet te verbeteren.

Sven Zebel
Sven Zebel is universitair docent aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid van de Universiteit Twente. Hij houdt zich bezig met de psychologische reacties op wangedrag, conflicten en misdrijven, en de impact van interventies die trachten te herstellen en de kans op recidive te verkleinen (e.g. bemiddeling, reclasseringstoezicht, toekomstverbeelding).

Elze Ufkes
Elze Ufkes is universitair docent aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid aan de Universiteit Twente. Hij richt zich in zijn onderzoek op hoe groepsprocessen zoals groepslidmaatschap en stereotypering conflictgedrag van mensen beïnvloedt.
Casus

Naar een beschaafder delictenrecht

Een impressie van het seminar ‘Civilising Criminal Justice’, 14 oktober 2014, Rotterdam, Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2014
Auteurs Suzanne Jansen
Auteursinformatie

Suzanne Jansen
Suzanne Jansen is jurist bij het Schadefonds geweldmisdrijven en medeauteur van het boek Mediation in strafzaken.

Maartje Berger
Maartje Berger is als specialist jeugdstrafrecht werkzaam bij Defence for Children International.
Artikel

Mediëren verhoortechnieken de verandering in verklaringsbereidheid van verdachten?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden effectiveness of interrogations, interrogation tactics, suspects’ statement, Structural Equation Modeling
Auteurs Dr. Willem-Jan Verhoeven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study aims to provide more knowledge on the extent to which criminal investigators are able to influence suspects’ statement. For this purpose, 166 observed interrogations covering the whole interrogation were analyzed. Based on these longitudinal data Structural Equation Modeling was used to examine the extent to which interrogation tactics mediate the changing statement between the start and the end of the interrogation. The results show that particularly suspects who give a statement on personal affairs at the beginning of the interrogation change their statement. Manipulating techniques are used more often when suspects are silent and confrontational techniques are used more often when suspects declare about the crime. Only confrontational techniques seem to contribute to changes in suspects’ statement. Accusatory interrogation tactics do not mediate the relationship between the statement given at the beginning of the interrogation and the change in statement. It can be concluded that suspects who are silent at the beginning of the interrogation or who declare about the crime in most cases don’t change their statement and that with using accusatory interrogation techniques criminal investigators seem to be unable to influence their statement.


Dr. Willem-Jan Verhoeven
Dr. W.J. Verhoeven is universitair docent criminologie bij de sectie Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Hoe beelden eren: zoektocht naar betekenisgeving

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2014
Trefwoorden Beeldmateriaal, Betekenisgeving, Visuele analyse
Auteurs Dr. Gabry Vanderveen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Images can honour and dishonour people. But they only do so when that specific meaning is assigned to the image. This article shows that the meaning of images is dynamic and subjective in nature, using three analytical dimensions: content, format and context. These three dimensions are explored in two series of images: painted portraits of deceased American soldiers and photographs of posters of Palestinian suicide bombers. Whether these images are honouring or dishonouring the people portrayed depends on the viewer who constructs their meaning. This not only gives the creator and distributor a (moral) responsibility, but the viewer as well.


Dr. Gabry Vanderveen
Dr. Gabry Vanderveen is eigenaar van Recht op Beeld, een bureau dat onderzoek, training en advies verzorgt op het gebied van visuele data en methoden in de criminologie in het algemeen en beeldmateriaal in de strafrechtsketen in het bijzonder.

Thabiso van den Bosch
Thabiso van den Bosch is advocaat bij Conway & Partners in Rotterdam en is lid van de redactie van TMD.
Artikel

Bemiddeling in de rechtbank van koophandel Gent

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Commercial court of Ghent, 5th chamber, case practice, active role of the judge
Auteurs Maria Bruggeman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Commercial Court of Ghent a 5th chamber has been created in each division, with the view to proposing an alternative dispute resolution method, such as a conciliation in front of and with the assistance of the judge or a referral to an external meditation.
    The author points out that files can be directed to this chamber not only at the time of introduction of the court case but also at the time the procedural calendar is set after the respondent has filed the first written submission. Even after the pleadings and after an interlocutory judgment has been rendered, the 5th chamber of the Commercial Court can still refer the matter to an external mediation.
    All cases in the field of construction, internal companies disputes and commercial agency can also be automatically referred to this chamber.
    The author believes that is it not the task of a judge to act as a mediator because judges are trained to decide themselves about disputes and because they do not have enough time for a mediation. However, the creation of the 5th chamber could give a boost to external mediation knowing that 75% of the attempted mediations end successfully with a settlement.


Maria Bruggeman
Maria Bruggeman (1964) was 17 jaar lang advocaat, gespecialiseerd in administratief recht, met name in milieu- en stedenbouwwetgeving. Zo’n tien jaar geleden werd zij rechter, eerst in de rechtbanken van koophandel van Ieper en Veurne, daarna in de rechtbank van koophandel Oudenaarde, waar ze ook voorzitter werd. Onder haar impuls verbroederde de rechtbank van koophandel Oudenaarde met de rechtbanken van Rotterdam en Reims. Een soortgelijk project met Dublin wordt voorbereid. In het kader van de gerechtelijke hervorming schreef zij een vooruitstrevend beleidsplan, waarbij onder meer werd voorzien in gespecialiseerde kamers, rondreizende rechters en bemiddeling specifiek in kortgedingprocedures en ambtshalve opgelegd in het conclusieagenda. Ze gaf ook voordrachten over de responsabilisering van de cijferberoepers in het kader van de nieuwe WCO-wetgeving. Ze schreef artikels o.a. over het ‘New public management: meer dan de macht der statistieken’ (In Foro, 03, 2013). Sinds augustus 2014 is ze voorzitter van het project bemiddeling en geeft voordrachten over haar eigen praktijkervaringen met bemiddeling, o.a. op de studiedag balies Gent-Rijsel, samenwerking van bemiddelaars Caren genaamd en het Event Bemiddeling, organisatie van de Federale Bemiddelingscommissie, in samenwerking met o.a. het VOBA en het VOKA. Mevrouw Bruggeman is lid van Gemme International en publiceert er regelmatig haar bevindingen.

Stefaan Voet
Stefaan Voet is doctor-assistent aan de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid aan de Universiteit Gent en advocaat bij de balie Brugge.
Artikel

Burgemeester en mediation

Meningen over de toekomst van mediation als instrument voor behoorlijk bestuur

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden public administration, mediation, mayor, organizational development
Auteurs Ad Kil en Tanja de Jonge
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years in The Netherlands around 120 mayors were trained as mediator. Focus of this multi method research was to collect the view of those mayors on – the future of - mediation as a tool in local public administration. More specific in conflicts with citizens, industry and other shareholders. Response rates on online survey was below standards but yield some descriptive aspects of this mayor group. Focus groups were informative. Mediation in local public administration is an accepted and successful phenomenon fact and will be further incorporated. Those mayors were pioneers and innovators but want to pass this method to organizational levels. One plead for incorporating principles and practice of mediation in all administrative processes and protocols.


Ad Kil
Ad Kil is emeritus hoogleraar Research Didactiek aan de Nyenrode Business Universiteit.

Tanja de Jonge
Tanja de Jonge is registeraccountant en auditor, research fellow aan de Nyenrode Business Universiteit en fractievoorzitter in de gemeenteraad van Barendrecht.
Casus

‘We’d better take a lawyer for that!’

On what companies expect of their external lawyers in conflict management

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2014
Auteurs Dr. Jo B. Aschenbrenner, LL.M.
Auteursinformatie

Dr. Jo B. Aschenbrenner, LL.M.
Dr. Jo B. Aschenbrenner, LL.M. is mediator and lawyer in Hamburg, vice director at the Bucerius Center on the Legal Profession (www.bucerius-clp.de) and Of Counsel at Hanefeld Rechtsanwälte (www.hanefeld-legal.com).
Artikel

Een onderzoek naar reflexiviteit bij conflictmanagement

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Conflictmanagement, reflexivity, strategy, dispute resolution clauses
Auteurs Luc Demeyere
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Managing commercial conflicts requires reflexivity: the description of the conflict influences the manner in which the conflict is handled, and changing this description may influence this approach and the desirable outcome. The Belgian law firm contrast was curious to find out more of different parameters influencing the manner in which a conflict is handled. It developed an in-dept questionnaire and submitted it to 40 participants. The findings of this research are commented.


Luc Demeyere
Luc Demeyere is advocaat aan de Balie te Antwerpen, werkzaam bij Contrast, erkend bemiddelaar en redacteur van TMD.
Column

Ruim baan voor co-mediation

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden co-mediation, peer review, supervision, methods of co-mediation
Auteurs Drs. Lisette van der Lans en Drs. Anneke van Teijlingen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    How to make co-mediation to a success. About managing expectations, securing confidentiality and clarifying the role of the mediator and co-mediator to everybody involved. Many very good examples of co-mediation can be found in neighbourhood mediation, cross border mediation in child obduction cases, mediation in local government and in a normal, general mediation office.
    Reasons to choose for co-mediation are:

    • four eyes see more than two;

    • you can give each other feedback;

    • a starting mediator can gain experience without any risk for the client;

    • when emotions get high, parties can be split up.


    Reasons not to choose for co-mediation are:
    • lower revenues for the mediator;

    • problems with planning.


Drs. Lisette van der Lans
Drs. Lisette van der Lans is MfN-registermediator.

Drs. Anneke van Teijlingen
Drs. Anneke van Teijlingen is MfN-registermediator.

    ADR in Kenya is traceable to the pre-colonial era. Before colonial rule, African communities applied traditional justice systems in the resolution of disputes. Some of these traditional justice systems are what are formally called ADR. It is through the imposition of formal justice systems by the British that certain ADR mechanisms were recognised in Kenya. In recent times, ADR is one of the commonly used avenues in accessing justice in Kenya. ADR in Kenya is growing at an unprecedented rate courtesy of its recognition in law, inaccessibility of courts and tribunals, backlog of cases and increased commercial activities requiring the use of ADR processes. Consequently, there are efforts by government and the private sector aimed at promoting ADR in Kenya. These efforts suggest that the future of ADR in Kenya is promising. In this article, the authors discuss the growth, development and practice of ADR in Kenya highlighting some of the likely challenges and opportunities in its use.


Francis Kariuki
Francis Kariuki is a Lecturer at Strathmore University Law School.

Linet Muthoni
Linet Muthoni is the Executive Officer of the Strathmore Dispute Resolution Centre.

    Colombia has been a territory with some social and political difficulties which have affected several dynamics of the community as well as the legal security in almost all levels of the Colombian society. The alternative dispute resolution mechanisms arise as a response for all the gaps that such circumstances produce in the country and as useful tools to solve numerous disputes in different fields. The Chamber of Commerce of Bogotá, through its Arbitration and Conciliation Center founded in 1983, is making a permanent bet to support the Colombian citizens’ coexistence in the schools, in the neighbourhoods, in the companies that provide jobs as well as benefits to the city and to the whole country. Clever strategies have been developed through the years with three purposes: change the culture about the alternative dispute resolution methods, provide confidence in using them and change the way the people manage their conflicts.


Rafael Bernal Gutiérrez
Rafael Bernal Gutiérrez is director of the Arbitration and Conciliation Center of the Chamber of Commerce of Bogotá. His expertise in ADR counts more than 30 years. He has participated in the construction of legal frameworks for ADR in different countries all across Latin America. He is lecturer in ADR topics in Colombia and as well internationally.
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