Zoekresultaat: 78 artikelen

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Jaar 2015 x
Artikel

Drieluikherstelbemiddeling bij seksueel misbruik, een symbiose van erkenning en financiële genoegdoening

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Vergoeding Personenschade, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden seksueel misbruik, herstelbemiddeling, Rooms-Katholieke Kerk, erkenning, financiële genoegdoening
Auteurs Mr. dr. L.P.M. Klijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Uit de contacten met slachtoffers van seksueel misbruik binnen kerkelijk verband werd duidelijk dat zij andere behoeften hadden dan enkel schadevergoeding. Met name omdat in het verleden het misbruik was ontkend of was genegeerd, bleek vooral erkenning belangrijk. Hiervoor is het nodig dat partijen tot elkaar worden gebracht. Enkel toekennen van schadevergoeding via een schadevergoedingsprocedure is daarvoor niet een passende remedie, want die brengt partijen eerder tegenover elkaar dan tot elkaar. Samen met slachtoffers is gezocht naar een weg waarbij erkenning en schadevergoeding zo konden worden gebundeld dat het een niet ten koste van het ander ging. Dat leidde tot de (door)ontwikkeling van de drieluikherstelbemiddeling. Daarover gaat dit artikel.


Mr. dr. L.P.M. Klijn
Mr. dr. L.P.M. Klijn is werkzaam als specialist klachtrecht en compensatie bij seksueel misbruik bij KZO|013 Advocaten te Tilburg.
Artikel

Het voorontwerp van de implementatiewet richtlijn privaatrechtelijke handhaving mededingingsrecht

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 12 2015
Trefwoorden privaatrechtelijke handhaving, Europees mededingingsrecht, schadevergoeding, inbreuk op het mededingingsrecht
Auteurs Mr. dr. E.J. Zippro
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Het voorontwerp van de implementatiewet richtlijn privaatrechtelijke handhaving mededingingsrecht is ter consultatie gepubliceerd. Het voorontwerp strekt tot omzetting van de richtlijn privaatrechtelijke handhaving mededingingsrecht. In deze bijdrage bespreekt de auteur aan de hand van het voorontwerp de voorgestelde wijzigingen in het BW en Rv.


Mr. dr. E.J. Zippro
Mr. dr. E.J. Zippro is advocaat bij ZIPPRO & MEIJER Advocaten te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Hindernissen voor een ruimer gebruik van herstelrecht

Bevindingen van een Europees onderzoek

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden herstelrecht, toegankelijkheid, verwijzingsinstanties, strafrechtelijke cultuur
Auteurs Malini Laxminarayan en Annemieke Wolthuis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While most restorative justice research would suggest that victims and offenders are often satisfied with their experiences, the number of referrals to these type of programs remain low. This lack of accessibility was the topic of the European Forum for Restorative Justice project, ‘Accessibility and Initiation of Restorative Justice’. This article reports on the project’s findings with regard to several factors which limit greater accessibility, as supported by the attitudes of referral bodies and restorative justice practitioners examined in the frame of this project. The results of previous research and the current empirical research illustrate how accessibility is hindered by (1) lacking or insufficient restorative justice legislation, (2) exclusion criteria regarding which cases may be suitable to restorative justice procedures, (3) a lack of knowledge among legal actors, restorative justice practitioners and the general public about restorative justice and its benefits, (4) the persistence of a retributive legal culture within criminal justice and (5) a need for greater cooperation among those who are involved whether as referral bodies or mediators or facilitators. Qualitative data is presented to provide a better understanding of these elements, in addition to potential solutions that were reported by the respondents. Furthermore, the authors take a closer look at the current situation in the Netherlands, including an overview of the trainings that were developed within the Accessibility project. The results of these trainings reinforce the factors that were identified by previous research and the current empirical research, and aimed to look for solutions to the main barriers to greater accessibility.


Malini Laxminarayan
Malini Laxminarayan is werkzaam als senioronderzoeker bij het Hague Institute for Global Justice. Van 2013 tot 2014 was zij onderzoekscoördinator van het project ‘Accessibility and Initiation of Restorative Justice’ bij het European Forum for Restorative Justice.

Annemieke Wolthuis
Annemieke Wolthuis is werkzaam bij het Verwey-Jonker Instituut in Utrecht en is bestuurslid van het European Forum for Restorative Justice.
Artikel

Bemiddeling in strafzaken in Maastricht III

Onderzoek naar recidive bij jeugdigen en volwassenen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden bemiddeling (in strafzaken), recidive, jeugdige daders, (bemiddelingspraktijk in) Maastricht
Auteurs Jacques Claessen, Gwenny Zeles, Sven Zebel e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we describe the mediation practice that exists at the prosecution office in Maastricht/Limburg and which was established in 1999. First, we summarize the main results of our earlier study on the relation between mediation and recidivism/reoffending rates on the basis of the Maastricht mediation model. In the remaining part of this article, we focus on answering the question whether the main results of our earlier study differ when we distinguish between adult (23 years and older) and juvenile (under 23 years) offenders. In order to answer this question several extra analyses have been carried out. The main conclusion of this article is that offenders with whom is mediated, reoffend significantly less than offenders who got a regular criminal sanction – regardless of whether the offenders are older or younger than 23 years.


Jacques Claessen
Jacques Claessen is als universitair docent straf(proces)recht verbonden aan de vakgroep Strafrecht & Criminologie, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Maastricht. In 2010 verscheen zijn dissertatie Misdaad en straf. Een herbezinning op het strafrecht vanuit mystiek perspectief (Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publisher). Zijn interessegebieden zijn sanctierecht, herstelrecht en de strafrechtelijke positie van het slachtoffer. Claessen is redacteur van de Nieuwsbrief Strafrecht en het Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht. Voorts is hij rechter-plaatsvervanger bij de Rechtbank Limburg. Hij is winnaar van de Bianchi Herstelrechtprijs 2012.

Gwenny Zeles
Gwenny Zeles, is neuropsychologe en rechtspsychologe. Zij heeft diverse jaren gefunctioneerd als docent en onderzoeker aan onder andere de Universiteit Maastricht en Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Thans is zij werkzaam als onderzoeker kwaliteitszorg van Zuyd Hogeschool.

Sven Zebel
Sven Zebel is universitair docent bij de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid aan de Universiteit van Twente.

Hans Nelen
Hans Nelen is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Maastricht.
Artikel

Minderjarige slachtoffers in herstelbemiddeling: positie en ervaringen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden jeugdige slachtoffers, Herstelbemiddeling, Participatie, Inspraak
Auteurs Eline Renders BA en Inge Vanfraechem
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article studies the position of young victims in restorative justice and mediation. First we study the literature, which shows that although young victims may have specific needs, their position within restorative justice remains underexposed. Therefore, we have set up a small explorative study in the beginning of 2015. Through nine interviews with young victims who have gone through a mediation process in Flanders, we sought to answer three central questions. The article discusses whether these victims were satisfied with the mediation process, whether they could have a say in the process and what the importance was of having support persons throughout the mediation process.
    We found that the participation of the parents does influence the mediation process, since the parents are the main support persons for the young victim. Other support people are seldom present in the process, although some victims wanted the school or a friend to participate. Most of the young victims found they had a say in the process, but the presence of the parents could be an impediment in that regard. Young victims interviewed were generally satisfied with the mediator and mediation process, but not always with the outcome of the mediation. Ensuring that these young victims really get a say in the process proved to be a point of attention for practice.


Eline Renders BA
Eline Renders is BA in sociaal werk (KH Leuven) en MA in Criminologie (KU Leuven) en schreef haar thesis aangaande herstelbemiddeling en minderjarige slachtoffers. Ze deed haar stage bij de Bemiddelingsdienst van het Arrondissement Leuven.

Inge Vanfraechem
Inge Vanfraechem is senior onderzoeker aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (KU Leuven) en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.

John Blad
John Blad is universitair hoofddocent Strafrechtswetenschappen aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, de Erasmus Law School, en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.

Jacques Claessen
Jacques Claessen is als universitair docent straf(proces)recht verbonden aan de vakgroep Strafrecht & Criminologie, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Maastricht. In 2010 verscheen zijn dissertatie Misdaad en straf. Een herbezinning op het strafrecht vanuit mystiek perspectief (Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publisher). Zijn interessegebieden zijn sanctierecht, herstelrecht en de strafrechtelijke positie van het slachtoffer. Claessen is redacteur van de Nieuwsbrief Strafrecht en het Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht. Voorts is hij rechter-plaatsvervanger bij de Rechtbank Limburg. Hij is winnaar van de Bianchi Herstelrechtprijs 2012.

Gert Jan Slump
Gert Jan Slump is criminoloog, sociaal-maatschappelijk ondernemer en medeoprichter van Restorative Justice Nederland.

    In this article Bie Vanseveren and Inge Vanfraechem outline and discuss the practice of a Hergo with juveniles in Belgium.


Bie Vanseveren
Bie Vanseveren is moderator Alba aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (KU Leuven).

Inge Vanfraechem
Inge Vanfraechem is senior onderzoeker aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (KU Leuven).

Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is hoofdredacteur van TMD, verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en mediator.

Eric Lancksweerdt
Eric Lancksweerdt is hoofddocent aan de universiteit Hasselt, praktijkassistent aan de universiteit Antwerpen en lid van de redactie van TMD.

    This research aims to explore empirically (method: questionnaire) the usefulness of mediation as a technique of external conflict management in the event of a family business transfer. More specifically, the research intents to verify if the conditions of application, the consequences and the benefits of mediation as described in general literature apply to the context of a family business (transfer), since Prince underlined 25 years ago that research is required to develop: ‘a system of intervention that employs the concepts, techniques, and logic of mediation that apply to the unique aspects of family business’. Results of the own research showed that mediation was an adequate technique of external conflict management in the context of a family business transfer and that it was more successful than consulting, defined as other techniques of external conflict management, in the researched cases. Furthermore, the research found indications that mediation is an adequate technique beyond the researched cases.


Tim De Greef
Tim De Greef is vrijwillig wetenschappelijk medewerker faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid KU Leuven campus Brussel en als advocaat-stagiair werkzaam bij het advocatenkantoor Tiberghien.

    In this article Herman Verbist analyses the new ICC-rules of 1 January 2014. He gives a historical overview of the ICC mediation rules and reflects on the comtemporary rules based on modern mediation practices. Also he gives clear tools for mediation procedures.


Herman Verbist
Herman Verbist is advocaat bij de balies te Gent en Brussel, werkzaam bij Everest Advocaten, erkend bemiddelaar en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.

    Inclusive mediation involves a mediator whose neutrality is based on involvement with both sides of the dispute, and whose normative references are implicit; he or she is an insider. Exclusive mediation, on the other hand, involves a third party whose neutrality derives from his knowing neither disputant, and whose references to norms are explicit; an outsider, so to speak. The concepts of inclusive and exclusive mediation have been introduced by the anthropologist Carol Greenhouse in the 1980s. Inclusive mediation heavily relies on local knowledge and local ties, and its orientation can be labelled as horizontal. Basically, it fits small-scale societies, while exclusive mediation is more common in Europe and the United States. This article is about dispute settlement in an indigenous community in the Ecuadorian highlands, were I have encountered a unusual mixture of both forms: a local teniente político who applies inclusive as well as exclusive aspects of mediation at the same time.


Marc Simon Thomas
Marc A. Simon Thomas is rechtsantropoloog en postdoc onderzoeker bij het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtspleging en Conflictoplossing, Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

A comparative analysis of the Dutch specific instance procedure

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Dutch specific instance procedure, National Contact Point, OECD, MNE Guidelines
Auteurs Sander van ’t Foort en Joseph Wilde-Ramsing
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article investigates the functioning of the Dutch National Contact Point (NCP) during the specific instance procedure based on shared experiences of parties involved in a specific instance procedure, the stipulations of the OECD’s Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the Dutch Government Decree 2014. NCPs function as a unique implementation mechanism of these guidelines by providing mediation and conciliation services during specific instance procedures. The recent debate in the Netherlands on the functioning of the Dutch NCP and the lack of rigorous up-to-date research necessitate further research on this topic. Hence, this article shares more in-depth knowledge about the functioning of the Dutch NCP, contributes to the ongoing debate in Parliament and in the OECD on the functioning of NCPs, and presents suggestions for further improvement.


Sander van ’t Foort
Sander van ’t Foort is researcher en doet promotieonderzoek aan de Nyenrode Business Universiteit. Hij is lid van het academisch netwerk van de OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.

Joseph Wilde-Ramsing
Joseph Wilde-Ramsing is senior researcher aan het Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), coördinator van de OECD Watch network, en co-auteur van de OECD Watch’s 2015 report ‘Remedy Remains Rare’, www.oecdwatch.org/remedy-remains-rare.
Article

Access_open Cutting Corners or Enhancing Efficiency?

Simplified Procedures and the Israeli Quest to Speed up Justice

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Israel, austerity, civil procedure, simplified procedures, small claims
Auteurs Ehud Brosh
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Israel was spared the worst of the world financial crisis of 2008-2009. However, austerity concerns are by no means invisible in the developments in the field of civil procedure. These concerns correlate heavily with the long-standing Israeli preoccupation with ‘speeding up’ justice. An array of simplified procedural tracks, aimed at addressing the perceived inadequacy of ‘standard’ procedure, have been developed in Israel over the years. The importance of simplified procedures in the Israeli system cannot be overestimated. Their development illustrates the dialectical tension between the values of ‘efficiency’ and ‘quality’ in the administration of justice. During periods of austerity, the scales are easily (or easier) tipped in favour of efficiency and general or particular simplification of procedure. In times of prosperity, on the other hand, concerns over ‘quality’, access to justice, and truth discovery predominate, and attempts at promoting efficiency and/or simplification at their expense tend to be bogged down. Such attempts also tend to lose their extrinsic legitimacy and are widely viewed as ‘cutting corners’. This is evident in the recent Israeli experience with civil procedure reform.


Ehud Brosh
Ehud Brosh, LL.M., is a research student at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Article

Access_open Austerity’s Effect on English Civil Justice

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Austerity, court fees and legal aid, adversarial and inquisitorial process, McKenzie Friends, simplified process
Auteurs John Sorabji
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article considers the effect of austerity-induced public spending cuts on the English civil justice system. In doing so it initially examines two fundamental changes engendered by the effect austerity has had on civil court fees and legal aid: first, a challenge to the traditional commitment in English procedure to adversarial process, and a concomitant increase in inquisitorial or investigative processes; and secondly, the growth in use of unqualified individuals to act as advocates in court for individual litigants who are unable to afford legal representation. It then turns to consider what, if any, effect austerity has had on simplified processes available in English civil procedure.


John Sorabji
DPhil, Senior Fellow, UCL Judicial Institute, University College, London, email: j.sorabji@ucl.ac.uk.
Article

Access_open Canadian Civil Justice: Relief in Small and Simple Matters in an Age of Efficiency

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Canada, small and simple matters, austerity, civil justice, access to justice
Auteurs Jonathan Silver en Trevor C.W. Farrow
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Canada is in the midst of an access to justice crisis. The rising costs and complexity of legal services in Canada have surpassed the need for these services. This article briefly explores some obstacles to civil justice as well as some of the court-based programmes and initiatives in place across Canada to address this growing access to justice gap. In particular, this article explains the Canadian civil justice system and canvasses the procedures and programmes in place to make the justice system more efficient and improve access to justice in small and simple matters. Although this article does look briefly at the impact of the global financial crisis on access to justice efforts in Canada, we do not provide empirical data of our own on this point. Further, we conclude that there is not enough existing data to draw correlations between austerity measures in response to the global crisis and the challenges facing Canadian civil justice. More evidence-based research would be helpful to understand current access to justice challenges and to make decisions on how best to move forward with meaningful innovation and policy reform. However, there is reason for optimism in Canada: innovative ideas and a national action plan provide reason to believe that the country can simplify, expedite, and increase access to civil justice in meaningful ways over the coming years.


Jonathan Silver
Jonathan Silver, B.A. Honors, J.D. 2015, Osgoode Hall Law School.

Trevor C.W. Farrow
Trevor C.W. Farrow is Professor and Associate Dean, Osgoode Hall Law School. He is very grateful to Jonathan Silver, who took the lead in researching and writing this article.

Xandra Kramer
Xandra Kramer is a professor at Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam, and Deputy Judge at the District Court of Rotterdam.

Shusuke Kakiuchi
Shusuke Kakiuchi is a professor at the University of Tokyo.
Article

Access_open Relief in Small and Simple Matters in Belgium

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Belgium, small matters, simple matters, recovery of unchallenged claims, summary order for payment
Auteurs Stefaan Voet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is based on a national report that was written for the XVth World Congress of the International Association of Procedural Law that was held in Istanbul in May 2015 and that focused on Effective Judicial Relief and Remedies in an Age of Austerity. It first of all sketches the general judicial context in Belgium and some of its relevant features: the judicial organisation, the goals of the civil justice system, the course of an ordinary civil lawsuit, the role of the court, and the litigation costs. Next, a detailed and critical overview of the current and future procedures that offer relief in small and simple matters is given. The current summary order for payment procedure, which was introduced in 1967, did not meet its goals. The article concludes that a new trend is emerging in Belgium, namely keeping small and unchallenged claims outside the judiciary and providing for cheaper and more efficient alternatives.


Stefaan Voet
Stefaan Voet is an Associate Professor of Law at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and a Visiting Professor at the Universiteit Hasselt.
Article

Access_open Brazilian Civil Procedure in the ‘Age of Austerity’?

Effectiveness, Speed, and Legal Certainty: Small Claims, Uncontested Claims, and Simplification of Judicial Decisions and Proceedings

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden austerity, civil procedure, access to justice, Brazil, small claims
Auteurs Antonio Gidi en Hermes Zaneti, Jr.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The current debate in Brazilian Civil Procedure revolves around efficiency, legal certainty, and access to justice, not austerity. As a matter of fact, the debate over austerity is nonexistent in Brazil so far. By expanding the access to justice to a broader portion of the society, the legal system increased the number of cases and the costs associated with the judicial system. But the excess litigation and expense associated with the expansion of access to justice has contradictorily curtailed access to justice. This new situation demands new efforts to increase efficiency and legal certainty, while still increasing access to justice.


Antonio Gidi
Antonio Gidi is Visiting Assistant Professor at the Syracuse University. SJD, University of Pennsylvania Law School; LLM and PhD, PUC-SP University; LLB, Federal University of Bahia.

Hermes Zaneti, Jr.
Hermes Zaneti, Jr. is Professor of Law at the Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo and Prosecutor. PhD in Philosophy and Theory of Law, Università degli Studi di Roma Tre; LLM and PhD in Civil Procedure, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRS).
Article

Access_open The Impact of the Economic Downturn in the Spanish Civil Justice System

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden judiciary, judge-made justice, court fees, legal aid, ADR-methods
Auteurs Laura Carballo Piñeiro en Jordi Nieva Fenoll
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Spanish justice system has been shaken by the economic downturn as many other institutions have. This article addresses in the first place some statistical data that shed light as regards to the number of judges and the costs and length of the procedure in Spain. These figures help to understand, in the second place, the impact of austerity measures on the judiciary, namely, the freeze on the hiring of judges and the establishing of high court fees. While they mainly concern the supply side of justice services, others such cost reductions in legal aid have had, in the third place, an impact on the demand side, driving many citizens to social exclusion and to resorting to self-defence mechanisms. The final part of this article addresses some remedies that may alleviate judiciary’s workload, but that fall short of doing it. All in all, the Spanish justice system seems to require a holistic approach to patch up edges, but one in which the role of judge-made justice in a democratic society has to be central again.


Laura Carballo Piñeiro
Laura Carballo Piñeiro is Associate Professor of Private International Law at the Common Law Department of the University of Santiago de Compostela.

Jordi Nieva Fenoll
Jordi Nieva Fenoll is Professor of Procedure Law at the Administrative and Procedure Law Department of the University of Barcelona.
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