Zoekresultaat: 9 artikelen

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Jaar 2013 x
Artikel

Access_open Empirical Facts: A Rationale for Expanding Lawyers’ Methodological Expertise

Tijdschrift Law and Method, 2013
Trefwoorden empirical facts, research methods, legal education, social facts
Auteurs Terry Hutchinson
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines the importance of the social evidence base in relation to the development of the law. It argues that there is a need for those lawyers who play a part in law reform (legislators and those involved in the law reform process) and for those who play a part in formulating policy-based common law rules (judges and practitioners) to know more about how facts are established in the social sciences. It argues that lawyers need sufficient knowledge and skills in order to be able to critically assess the facts and evidence base when examining new legislation and also when preparing, arguing and determining the outcomes of legal disputes. For this reason the article argues that lawyers need enhanced training in empirical methodologies in order to function effectively in modern legal contexts.


Terry Hutchinson
Terry Hutchinson is Associate Professor, Law School at QUT Faculty of Law.

    In this interview with prominent representatives of the British Acas and the Belgian Social Mediators Service important developments in the ADR labour practice are discussed. In particular, the impact of the financial crisis and the ever advancing globalization process on the labour negotiating climate is the centre of attention.


Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is hoofdredacteur van TMD, verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en mediator.

Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is docent aan de Erasmus Universiteit te Rotterdam en verricht aldaar vergelijkend onderzoek naar mediation en conflictmanagement in Europa. Tevens is hij redacteur van TMD.
Artikel

Over motieven voor het melden van misstanden

Een kwalitatief onderzoek binnen het Belgische federale politiekorps

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2013
Trefwoorden Belgian federal police, organizational misbehavior, internal reporting behavior, internal reporting motives, grid-group cultural theory
Auteurs K. Loyens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Whistleblowing research should more explicitly focus on underlying motives for the decision to report on organizational misbehavior. Arguably, these motives are connected to the factors that can explain the decision whether or not to blow the whistle. Reporting for egoistic reasons can probably be explained by other factors than reporting for altruistic reasons. This article aims to enrich the whistleblowing literature by proposing grid-group cultural theory as an alternative approach. This theoretical framework could provide more insight into reporting decisions by identifying various motives for such decisions and linking them with elements in the organizational culture that could explain them. As an illustration, the theory is applied in an ethnographic study in two investigative teams of the Belgian federal police. More research is, however, needed to fine-tune the conceptual framework and to test the preliminary findings of this empirical study.


K. Loyens
Dr. Kim Loyens is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Utrecht en plaatsvervangend docent Criminologie aan de KU Leuven.
Artikel

Access_open Chicago, Jazz en Marihuana. Howard Becker over Outsiders

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden Becker, Outsiders, biography, methodology
Auteurs Thaddeus Müller
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article on the social production of the book Outsiders, I will situate its production in the daily practice of the social worlds in which Becker was involved. Therefore I focus on the relations, interactions and situations which were relevant for the form, content and success of Outsiders. For data, I use fragments from my email communication with Howard Becker, the collected interviews and other publications which show that Becker seeks to demystify Outsiders. My main contribution is that I use Becker’s own words to demystify the ethnographic practice of Outsiders and describe its mundane backstage reality, which is described by Fine as ‘the underside’ of ethnography (1993).


Thaddeus Müller
Dr. Thaddeus Müller is verbonden aan de sectie criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. E-mail: Muller@law.eur.nl.
Artikel

Epidemiologische inzichten in het effect van letselschadeafwikkeling op herstel en de zoektocht naar mogelijkheden voor verbetering

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Vergoeding Personenschade, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden afwikkelingsproces, beleving van slachtoffer, herstel, re-integratie, communicatie
Auteurs Dr. N.A. Elbers en Prof. mr. A.J. Akkermans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Deze bijdrage doet verslag van een multidisciplinair wetenschappelijk onderzoek naar herstelbelemmerende factoren van de schadeafwikkeling en een experiment met een website om de schadeafwikkeling te verbeteren door empowerment van het slachtoffer. Een volledig verslag is te vinden in het proefschrift van N.A. Elbers, Empowerment of injured claimants. Investigating claim factors, procedural justice and e-health, 2013.


Dr. N.A. Elbers
Mevrouw dr. N.A. Elbers is psycholoog en onderzoeker aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en verbonden aan het Amsterdam Centre for Comprehensive Law.

Prof. mr. A.J. Akkermans
Prof. mr. A.J. Akkermans is hoogleraar privaatrecht aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en verbonden aan het Amsterdam Centre for Comprehensive Law.
Artikel

Illegaal verblijvende moslimmigranten in jihadistische samenwerkingsverbanden

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden jihadi Salafism, terrorism, radicalization, irregular immigrants, survival crime
Auteurs Drs. Jasper de Bie, Dr. Christianne de Poot en Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Irregular immigrants were disproportionally present in jihadi movements in the Netherlands between 2001 and 2005. By analyzing closed police files and interviewing imams and personnel from Asylum Seeker Centers and Detention Centers, this paper claims that the attractiveness of jihadi movements can be explained by a combination of pragmatic and ideological factors. Jihadi movements are able to fulfil the needs of the irregular immigrants in a pragmatic way, in which crime is an important feature. In addition, the results show that irregular immigrants are searching for meaning, which the jihadi movements can offer. Nonetheless, the salafi-jihadi ideology does not seem to be the core factor to most of the illegally residing immigrants that expresses the attractiveness of the jihadi movements.


Drs. Jasper de Bie
Drs. J.L. de Bie is werkzaam als promovendus bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie (WODC) en bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Christianne de Poot
Dr. C.J. de Poot is waarnemend hoofd van de sectie rechtshandhaving van het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie (WODC) en tevens lector Forensisch Onderzoek aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam en aan de Politieacademie.

Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. J.P. van der Leun is als hoogleraar criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.

    Providing access to justice is a major challenge for any judicial system. Canada has gone to great lengths to meet this challenge over the past thirty years, in part by developing alternative dispute resolution methods. Unfortunately, results have been mixed. Canadian society is currently preparing to renew its vision of access to justice and the contribution of dispute resolution methods in meeting that challenge. What lessons can we learn from Canada’s experience? What are the new directions and initiatives for access to justice? Our paper suggests that the Canadian experience can make two contributions to the access to justice debate. First, we suggest that the notion is evolving in the legal community from an institutional perspective to a contextual vision of access to justice. Second, we point out an evolution of alternative or appropriate dispute resolution methods toward a participatory justice movement. Our paper proposes a new Canadian perspective on access to justice and dispute resolution methods.


Jean-François Roberge
Jean-François Roberge is Professor, Director of the Dispute Prevention and Resolution Program, Faculty of Law, Université de Sherbrooke (Quebec, Canada).
Artikel

Access_open Kuhn and Legal Research

A Reflexive Paradigmatic View on Legal Research

Tijdschrift Law and Method, 2013
Trefwoorden legal paradigm, scientific revolution, social theory, reflexivity, responsibility, risk society, cosmopolitanism
Auteurs Ubaldus de Vries
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article seeks to describe a paradigmatic view on legal research, based on the thought processes underlining Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, in particular as how revolutionary change is coming about through a reflexive attitude towards developments that do not fit in the prevailing assumptions in an existing paradigm or research methodology. It allows for a description of ‘normal legal research’ and the assumptions upon which normal legal research is based. It also allows for an explanation as to how these assumptions are no longer exclusively valid but carry with them limitations in the face of structural developments at the level of society. An important feature of the paradigmatic view, then, is that it is able to take issue with these developments by incorporating social theory in our understanding of law.


Ubaldus de Vries
Ulbaldus de Vries is lecturer of Legal Theory at the Department of administrative and constitutional law and jurisprudence at the Faculty of law, Utrecht University. He is a founding-member of the Working Group on Reflexive Modernisation and Law.
Artikel

Een stap voor

De wijze waarop persoonsbeveiliging middels kennis en informatie verschuift van reactief naar proactief optreden

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden Politie, Persoonsbeveiliging, Cultuurverandering, Lerende organisatie
Auteurs Nick Koeman MSc en Hans Overgaag
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Within the Dutch National police force, the central security and protection division is responsible for the protection of the royal family, (foreign) heads of state and certain people who are threatened. During the past few years, the division has undergone a focus shift towards a more proactive service, based on intelligence. The main priority is to prevent attacks instead of the classical view of resisting and/or withstanding attacks. To make this development possible, the division has had to evolve into a learning organisation. The article focuses on the learning process and the challenges that have been overcome. Furthermore, future developments, that can either pose a chance or a possible threat to the on-going process, are taken into account.


Nick Koeman MSc
Nick Koeman MSc is werkzaam bij het kennis- en expertisecentrum van de DBB en richt zich vooral op het toepassen van kennis binnen het operationeel proces.

Hans Overgaag
Hans Overgaag is als unithoofd verantwoordelijk voor de Unit Operationele Ondersteuning. Deze unit is belast met de ondersteuning van de operaties op het gebied van kennis en informatie.
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