Zoekresultaat: 7 artikelen

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Jaar 2012 x
Artikel

Medical liability: do doctors care?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2012
Auteurs Ben C.J. van Velthoven en Peter W. van Wijck
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Van Velthoven and Van Wijck review empirical studies on the effects of tort law in the medical sector. The data they present comes mainly from the US, because from the 1970’s US states have enacted a variety of reforms in their tort systems. This variation has provided very useful data to study preventive effects. The empirical evidence analysed shows that medical malpractice risk affects the behaviour of health care providers. It has a negative impact on the supply of services and it encourages extra diagnostic testing;yet if the additional tests and procedures have any value, it is only a marginal one. Furthermore it has been found that changes in the supply of services do not affect health adversely. This suggests that the physicians who are driven out of business have a below average quality of performance. The authors conclude that, at the margin, medical liability law may have some social benefits after all.


Ben C.J. van Velthoven
Ben van Velthoven is associate professor of law and economics at Leiden University. His research interests are: liability issues, civil litigation, and criminal law enforcement.

Peter W. van Wijck
Peter van Wijck is associate professor of law and economics at Leiden University and coordinator strategy development at the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice. His research interests concern tort law, contract law, civil litigation, and crime.
Artikel

Non-pecuniary damages: financial incentive or symbol?

Comparing an economic and a sociological account of tort law

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2012
Auteurs Rob Schwitters
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Schwitters focuses on the differences between economic and a sociological perspectives on non-pecuniary damages. By exposing the alternative perspectives on this issue, he illuminates some methodological differences between both disciplines. Although law and economics has had a positive influence on empirical research, he questions the merits of this perspective when analysing non-pecuniary damages. Law and economics regards non-pecuniary damages exclusively as a financial incentive to realise optimal deterrence and maximisation of welfare. Alternatively, in sociology of law there is also attention for the symbolic dimension of law in which rules are seen as normative standards of behaviour. Compensation is a way to bring the wrongdoer to recognise that he has done wrong and has to compensate the victim, and to show the victim that his rights are taken seriously. Through a sociological lens, the adoption of an exclusively economic model of human behaviour has to be questioned. To what extent human behaviour is really influenced by either financial incentives or by normative standards of behaviour is an open empirical question. Finally, he argues that the decision to base our institutions (such as law) on economic underpinnings is a decision which itself cannot be based on an economic procedure of aggregating individual preferences and maximising welfare.


Rob Schwitters
Rob Schwitters is associate professor (sociology of law) and member of the Paul Scholten Centre (University of Amsterdam). He publishes on tort law, responsibility and liability, the welfare state, compliance and methodological issues.
Artikel

Access_open ‘Down Freedom’s Main Line’

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden democracy, radical freedom, free market economy, consumerism, collective action
Auteurs Steven L. Winter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Two waves of democratization define the post-Cold War era of globalization. The first one saw democracies emerge in post-communist countries and post-Apartheid South Africa. The current wave began with the uprisings in the Middle East. The first focused on the formal institutions of the market and the liberal state, the second is participatory and rooted in collective action. The individualistic conception of freedom and democracy that underlies the first wave is false and fetishistic. The second wave shows democracy’s moral appeal is the commitment to equal participation in determining the terms and conditions of social life. Freedom, thus, requires collective action under conditions of equality, mutual recognition, and respect.


Steven L. Winter
Steven L. Winter is Walter S. Gibbs Professor of Constitutional Law at Wayne State University Law School, Detroit, Michigan.
Article (without peer review)

Access_open The Law on Administrative Procedures in the Netherlands

Tijdschrift Netherlands Administrative Law Library, juni 2012
Auteurs prof. dr. Tom Barkhuysen, prof. dr. Willemien den Ouden en ">dr. Ymre E. Schuurmans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this contribution the history of Dutch administrative law and the General Administrative Law Act (GALA) has been described, with a strong focus on administrative procedures. It sets out the the scope and structure of the act and highlights the main debates on codification of administrative procedure. Finally, it describes the impact of international and European law on Dutch administrative procedures. In conclusion the authors appreciate the uniformity and systematization that the GALA has brought, but place some critical remarks on the strong focus on the procedural side of decision-making, which may be at the expense of the substantive review of orders.


prof. dr. Tom Barkhuysen
All authors work at the Constitutional and Administrative Law Department of Leiden University; Tom Barhuysen and Willemien den Ouden as Professors in Constitutional and Administrative law, Ymre Schuurmans as an Associate Professor. Tom Barkhuysen is also a practising member of the Amsterdam Bar at Stibbe. The authors can be contacted at y.e.schuurmans@law.leidenuniv.nl.

prof. dr. Willemien den Ouden
All authors work at the Constitutional and Administrative Law Department of Leiden University; Tom Barhuysen and Willemien den Ouden as Professors in Constitutional and Administrative law, Ymre Schuurmans as an Associate Professor. Tom Barkhuysen is also a practising member of the Amsterdam Bar at Stibbe. The authors can be contacted at y.e.schuurmans@law.leidenuniv.nl.

">dr. Ymre E. Schuurmans
All authors work at the Constitutional and Administrative Law Department of Leiden University; Tom Barhuysen and Willemien den Ouden as Professors in Constitutional and Administrative law, Ymre Schuurmans as an Associate Professor. Tom Barkhuysen is also a practising member of the Amsterdam Bar at Stibbe. The authors can be contacted at y.e.schuurmans@law.leidenuniv.nl.
Artikel

Statutory Adjudication in the UK: Past, Present and Future

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden adjudication, adjudicator, jurisdiction, enforcement
Auteurs John Wright en Alexandra Bodnar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article describes the system of adjudication as a speedy method of resolving disputes in the construction sector in England, Wales and Scotland. Having been first introduced in 1998 adjudication has grown significantly; the article describes the statutory framework behind adjudication, its principal features and the areas where the adjudication regime does not apply. It goes on to deal with the process adopted when adjudication is invoked, how challenges to the adjudicator’s jurisdictions are handled and also the robust attitude taken by the courts towards enforcement of adjudicators’ decisions.The article also explores the recent legislation introducing modifications to the statutory framework and discusses the impact which these changes are likely to have on this dispute resolution mechanism.


John Wright
John Wright is a solicitor and partner at Goodman Derrick, London.

Alexandra Bodnar
Alexandra Bodnar is a barrister in London.
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