Zoekresultaat: 7 artikelen

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Jaar 2013 x
Artikel

Access_open Empirical Facts: A Rationale for Expanding Lawyers’ Methodological Expertise

Tijdschrift Law and Method, 2013
Trefwoorden empirical facts, research methods, legal education, social facts
Auteurs Terry Hutchinson
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines the importance of the social evidence base in relation to the development of the law. It argues that there is a need for those lawyers who play a part in law reform (legislators and those involved in the law reform process) and for those who play a part in formulating policy-based common law rules (judges and practitioners) to know more about how facts are established in the social sciences. It argues that lawyers need sufficient knowledge and skills in order to be able to critically assess the facts and evidence base when examining new legislation and also when preparing, arguing and determining the outcomes of legal disputes. For this reason the article argues that lawyers need enhanced training in empirical methodologies in order to function effectively in modern legal contexts.


Terry Hutchinson
Terry Hutchinson is Associate Professor, Law School at QUT Faculty of Law.
Artikel

Innovatie

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 6 2013
Trefwoorden innovatie, kartel, mededingingsbeleid
Auteurs Mr. H.H.P. Lugard
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Het staat buiten kijf dat innovatie van eminent belang is voor economische groei en welvaart. Nieuwe producten en diensten en verbeterde productiemethoden kunnen consumenten per saldo meer welvaartsvoordelen opleveren dan prijsverlagingen van bestaande producten. Het mededingingsrecht en -beleid ziet echter eerst en vooral op het tegengaan van kartelafspraken, marktverdeling en andere statische marktinefficiënties. Tegen die achtergrond is het niet verwonderlijk dat met enige regelmaat de vraag gesteld wordt of het mededingingsbeleid niet toe is aan een drastische heroriëntering en zich expliciet moet richten op het stimuleren van innovatie, of, zo men wil, op het tegengaan van praktijken die innovatie beperken of in gevaar brengen.


Mr. H.H.P. Lugard
Mr. Paul Lugard is advocaat bij Baker Botts LLP in Brussel en tevens redactielid van M&M.
Artikel

De bescherming van klokkenluiders: recente lessen uit Australië

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2013
Trefwoorden whistleblower protection, Australian legislation, human rights, anti-retaliation model, public sector integrity
Auteurs A.J. Brown
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article seeks to aid understanding of the ways in which different policy purposes, approaches and legal options can be combined in the design of better legislation, using Australia’s recently passed Public Interest Disclosure Act 2013. It provides a guide to key elements of the new legislation, as an example of legislative development taking place over a long period, informed by different trends. In particular, it is one of the first national laws to seek to integrate divergent approaches to the ‘anti-retaliation’ model of whistleblower protection, including its place in the employment law system, it sets new standards for the role of ‘public whistleblowing’ in such a regime, and provides new responses on basic questions of coverage, including which individuals are able to gain the benefit of the legislation. This provides lessons as to how different legal approaches might be better integrated, in pursuit of a clearer understanding of the interface between whistleblowing and other integrity reforms.


A.J. Brown
Prof. A.J. Brown is hoogleraar Public Policy and Law bij het Centre for Governance & Public Policy van de Griffith University in Australië. E-mail: A.J.Brown@griffith.edu.au.
Artikel

Duurzaamheidsbelangen in het mededingingsrecht

De positie van ACM ten opzichte van het Hof van Justitie en de Europese Commissie

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 9 2013
Trefwoorden mededinging, duurzaamheid, doorwerking Europees recht, bevoegdheden ACM
Auteurs Dr. A. Gerbrandy
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Met de aankondiging van ACM dat zij in haar mededingingsbeoordeling van samenwerkingsverbanden tussen ondernemingen duurzaamheidsbelangen als relevant in aanmerking neemt, neemt ACM stelling in de discussie over de relatie tussen mededingingsrecht en duurzaamheid. De vraag of ACM eigenstandig beleid kan voeren betreft de verhouding ACM - Europese Commissie - Hof van Justitie. De ruimte die ACM in deze verhouding heeft, is het onderwerp van dit artikel.


Dr. A. Gerbrandy
Dr. A. (Anna) Gerbrandy is universitair hoofddocent Economisch Publiekrecht aan het Europa Instituut van de Universiteit Utrecht en redacteur van dit blad. Dank is verschuldigd aan Lisette Simons voor haar uitstekende ondersteuning bij de totstandkoming van dit artikel.
Article

Access_open An Eclectic Approach to Loyalty-Promoting Instruments in Corporate Law: Revisiting Hirschman's Model of Exit, Voice, and Loyalty

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden Eclecticism, corporate law & economics, corporate constitutionalism, loyalty-promoting instruments
Auteurs Bart Bootsma MSc LLM
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This essay analyses the shareholder role in corporate governance in terms of Albert Hirschman's Exit, Voice, and Loyalty. The term 'exit' is embedded in a law & economics framework, while 'voice' relates to a corporate constitutional framework. The essay takes an eclectic approach and argues that, in order to understand the shareholder role in its full breadth and depth, the corporate law & economics framework can 'share the analytical stage' with a corporate constitutional framework. It is argued that Hirschman's concept of 'loyalty' is the connecting link between the corporate law & economics and corporate constitutional framework. Corporate law is perceived as a Janus head, as it is influenced by corporate law & economics as well as by corporate constitutional considerations. In the discussion on the shareholder role in public corporations, it is debated whether corporate law should facilitate loyalty-promoting instruments, such as loyalty dividend and loyalty warrants. In this essay, these instruments are analysed based on the eclectic approach. It is argued that loyalty dividend and warrants are law & economics instruments (i.e. financial incentives) based on corporate constitutional motives (i.e. promoting loyalty in order to change the exit/voice mix in favour of voice).


Bart Bootsma MSc LLM
PhD candidate in the corporate law department at Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam. Email: bootsma@law.eur.nl. The research for this article has been supported by a grant from the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) in the Open Competition in the Social Sciences 2010. The author is grateful to Ellen Hey, Klaus Heine, Michael Faure, Matthijs de Jongh and two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and suggestions. The usual disclaimer applies.
Artikel

Access_open On Fragments and Geometry

The International Legal Order as Metaphor and How It Matters

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden international law, fragmentation, archaeology, Foucault, geometry
Auteurs Nikolas M. Rajkovic
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article engages the narrative of fragmentation in international law by asserting that legal academics and professionals have failed to probe more deeply into ‘fragmentation’ as a concept and, more specifically, as a spatial metaphor. The contention here is that however central fragmentation has been to analyses of contemporary international law, this notion has been conceptually assumed, ahistorically accepted and philosophically under-examined. The ‘fragment’ metaphor is tied historically to a cartographic rationality – and thus ‘reality’ – of all social space being reducible to a geometric object and, correspondingly, a planimetric map. The purpose of this article is to generate an appreciation among international lawyers that the problem of ‘fragmentation’ is more deeply rooted in epistemology and conceptual history. This requires an explanation of how the conflation of social space with planimetric reduction came to be constructed historically and used politically, and how that model informs representations of legal practices and perceptions of ‘international legal order’ as an inherently absolute and geometric. This implies the need to dig up and expose background assumptions that have been working to precondition a ‘fragmented’ characterization of worldly space. With the metaphor of ‘digging’ in mind, I draw upon Michel Foucault’s ‘archaeology of knowledge’ and, specifically, his assertion that epochal ideas are grounded by layers of ‘obscure knowledge’ that initially seem unrelated to a discourse. In the case of the fragmentation narrative, I argue obscure but key layers can be found in the Cartesian paradigm of space as a geometric object and the modern States’ imperative to assert (geographic) jurisdiction. To support this claim, I attempt to excavate the fragment metaphor by discussing key developments that led to the production and projection of geometric and planimetric reality since the 16th century.


Nikolas M. Rajkovic
Lecturer in International Law at the University of Kent Law School. Contact: n.rajkovic@kent.ac.uk. The research for this article was supported by a Jean Monnet Fellowship from the Global Governance Programme of the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute. Further support was given for the presentation and discussion of earlier drafts by COST Action IS1003 “International Law between Constitutionalization and Fragmentation”, the Institute for Global Law and Policy of the Harvard Law School, the Kent Law School and the International Studies Association (San Francisco Annual Convention). I am indebted to the helpful feedback of Tanja Aalberts, Katja Freistein, Alexis Galan, Harry Gould, Outi Korhonen, Philipe Liste, Nicholas Onuf, Kerry Rittich, Harm Schepel, Anna Sobczak, Peter Szigeti, Wouter Werner and the two anonymous reviewers.
Artikel

One size does not fit all

Maatwerk voor opsporingsonderzoeken in CSV-beschrijvingen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden OCG-mapping, organized crime, qualitative research, Organizational Network Analysis
Auteurs Alexandra Jones
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Current mapping of organized crime groups (OCG’s) serves two opposing needs simultaneously: firstly, researching OCG’s should be done as judiciously as possible, due to the consequential nature of ensuing police investigations. Secondly, police analysts experience severe constraints on their OCG-reports, because of the demand by police management for ‘objectified’ reports, describing crime groups as briefly as possible in terms which allow for comparison of groups. This drive towards streamlining OCG-mapping comes at a cost: not all groups fit into the prescribed formats. We need to re-think the way in which we map OCG’s so as to better support police investigations.


Alexandra Jones
Alexandra Jones is taalkundige en als strategisch analist werkzaam bij de politie, Bureau Regionale Informatie van de Eenheid Den Haag. alexandra.jones@haaglanden.politie.nl.
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