Zoekresultaat: 66 artikelen

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Jaar 2015 x

Rein Wesseling
Prof. mr. R. Wesseling is advocaat bij Stibbe en hoogleraar Competition and Regulation Law aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Jurisprudentie

Het natuurazijnkartel: beboeting van ‘feitelijk leidinggevenden’ en ‘vereenvoudigde afdoening’

ACM-besluiten inzake Carl Kühne KG en Burg B.V. d.d. 25 juni 2015

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 6 2015
Trefwoorden natuurazijn, feitelijk leidinggeven, vereenvoudigde afdoening, schikking, zwijgrecht
Auteurs Christof Swaak en Jip Mennema
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Deze bijdrage gaat in op de ACM-besluiten inzake Burg en Kühne van 25 juli 2015. Met de besluiten deelde ACM boetes uit aan twee producenten van industrieel natuurazijn en vijf van hun medewerkers wegens deelname aan een kartel. In deze bespreking besteden de auteurs aandacht aan (1) de boetes opgelegd aan ‘feitelijk leidinggevenden’ en het impliciete ACM-beleid daaromtrent, (2) de boeteverhoging van 20 procent opgelegd aan een feitelijk leidinggevende, omdat deze zich volgens ACM ten onrechte beriep op zijn zwijgrecht en (3) het nieuwe begrip ‘vereenvoudigde afdoening’, dat in feite neerkomt op een schikking met ACM.


Christof Swaak
Mr. Ch.R.A. Swaak is advocaat bij Stibbe.

Jip Mennema
Mr. J.S. Mennema is advocaat bij Stibbe.
Praktijk

De accountant: immer een belangrijke poortwachter

Tijdschrift Onderneming en Financiering, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden accountant, poortwachter, vertrouwensman, maatschappelijk verkeer, reputatie
Auteurs Prof. dr. mr. M. Pheijffer en Prof. dr. R.J.M. Jeurissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De accountant is een belangrijke actor in het maatschappelijk verkeer: hij voegt vertrouwen toe aan de financiële verantwoording van ondernemingen en andere organisaties. De auteurs gaan in hun bijdrage met name in op wat onder het ‘publiek belang’ en de ‘poortwachtersfunctie’ van de accountant dient te worden verstaan. De auteurs betogen dat naast de controlerende taak van de accountant, diens signalerende en waarschuwende rol van betekenis is. Indien de accountant die rol goed weet te vervullen, levert hij maatschappelijk bezien toegevoegde waarde. Die kan worden versterkt door de implementatie van de door de werkgroep Toekomst accountantsberoep voorgestelde maatregelen, 53 in getal.


Prof. dr. mr. M. Pheijffer
Prof. dr. mr. M. Pheijffer RA is hoogleraar Accountancy aan Nyenrode Business Universiteit en hoogleraar Forensische Accountancy aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. R.J.M. Jeurissen
Prof. dr. R.J.M. Jeurissen is hoogleraar Bedrijfsethiek aan Nyenrode Business Universiteit.

Karin van Wingerde
Dr. C.G. van Wingerde is universitair docent criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Zij is tevens lid van de redactie van TvT.

    In haar proefschrift heeft Melissa van den Broek een juridisch onderzoek gedaan naar de effectiviteit van het antiwitwastoezicht in Nederland, Zweden, Spanje en het Verenigd Koninkrijk. Daar waar Van den Broek Spanje als minst effectieve toezichtsysteem van deze vier landen beoordeelt, heeft de Financial Action Task Force (FATF) de effectiviteit van het toezicht door Spanje als goed (‘substantial’) beoordeeld. Het verschil lijkt er met name in te liggen dat de FATF de kennis van de Spaanse toezichthouder over de witwasrisico’s bij de onder toezicht staande instellingen en in de sectoren als belangrijk positief punt heeft meegewogen, terwijl Van den Broek meer in algemene zin naar kennis over instellingen kijkt.


Maud Bökkerink
Mr. drs. M. Bökkerink is toezichthouder specialist bij DNB en werkzaam bij het expertisecentrum integriteit en strategie.

Paul van Dijk
P.C.H. van Dijk is freelance adviseur en interim-manager op het gebied van regulering, toezicht en communicatie.
Casus

Shoarma aan de rol!

Het effect van vernieuwend toezicht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Toezicht, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Effectstudie, gedragsbeïnvloeding, voedselveiligheid, shoarmaondernemers, NVWA
Auteurs Linda van Rooij-van den Bos, Wendy Verdonk-Kleinjan, Laurie Jansen e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2011 blijkt dat 60% van de shoarmaondernemers de voedselveiligheidswetgeving naleeft. Dit naleefniveau is voor de NVWA onvoldoende en er wordt vastgesteld dat de reguliere werkwijze onvoldoende effect heeft op de doelgroep. Een gestructureerde aanpak van het probleem, via risico- en doelgroepanalyse, leidt tot een andere, meer overwogen en op de doelgroep afgestemde interventie, die nog effectief blijkt ook. Voor andere toezichthouders kan deze casus gebruikt worden als een ‘best practice’ om op een andere wijze het toezicht in te richten.


Linda van Rooij-van den Bos
Ir. L. van Rooij-van den Bos is senior inspecteur toezichtontwikkeling, divisie Consument & Veiligheid bij de NVWA.

Wendy Verdonk-Kleinjan
Dr. M.I. Verdonk-Kleinjan is coördinerend specialistisch adviseur, afdeling Staf bij de NVWA.

Laurie Jansen
Msc. L. Jansen is inspecteur toezichtontwikkeling, divisie Consument & Veiligheid bij de NVWA.

Herman Jansen
Ing. H.A.P.M. Jansen is inspecteur toezichtontwikkeling, divisie Consument & Veiligheid bij de NVWA.

Ghislaine Mittendorff
Ing. G.J.M. Mittendorff is coördinerend specialistisch inspecteur, divisie Consument & Veiligheid bij de NVWA.
Artikel

Minderjarige slachtoffers in herstelbemiddeling: positie en ervaringen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden jeugdige slachtoffers, Herstelbemiddeling, Participatie, Inspraak
Auteurs Eline Renders BA en Inge Vanfraechem
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article studies the position of young victims in restorative justice and mediation. First we study the literature, which shows that although young victims may have specific needs, their position within restorative justice remains underexposed. Therefore, we have set up a small explorative study in the beginning of 2015. Through nine interviews with young victims who have gone through a mediation process in Flanders, we sought to answer three central questions. The article discusses whether these victims were satisfied with the mediation process, whether they could have a say in the process and what the importance was of having support persons throughout the mediation process.
    We found that the participation of the parents does influence the mediation process, since the parents are the main support persons for the young victim. Other support people are seldom present in the process, although some victims wanted the school or a friend to participate. Most of the young victims found they had a say in the process, but the presence of the parents could be an impediment in that regard. Young victims interviewed were generally satisfied with the mediator and mediation process, but not always with the outcome of the mediation. Ensuring that these young victims really get a say in the process proved to be a point of attention for practice.


Eline Renders BA
Eline Renders is BA in sociaal werk (KH Leuven) en MA in Criminologie (KU Leuven) en schreef haar thesis aangaande herstelbemiddeling en minderjarige slachtoffers. Ze deed haar stage bij de Bemiddelingsdienst van het Arrondissement Leuven.

Inge Vanfraechem
Inge Vanfraechem is senior onderzoeker aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (KU Leuven) en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

A comparative analysis of the Dutch specific instance procedure

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Dutch specific instance procedure, National Contact Point, OECD, MNE Guidelines
Auteurs Sander van ’t Foort en Joseph Wilde-Ramsing
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article investigates the functioning of the Dutch National Contact Point (NCP) during the specific instance procedure based on shared experiences of parties involved in a specific instance procedure, the stipulations of the OECD’s Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the Dutch Government Decree 2014. NCPs function as a unique implementation mechanism of these guidelines by providing mediation and conciliation services during specific instance procedures. The recent debate in the Netherlands on the functioning of the Dutch NCP and the lack of rigorous up-to-date research necessitate further research on this topic. Hence, this article shares more in-depth knowledge about the functioning of the Dutch NCP, contributes to the ongoing debate in Parliament and in the OECD on the functioning of NCPs, and presents suggestions for further improvement.


Sander van ’t Foort
Sander van ’t Foort is researcher en doet promotieonderzoek aan de Nyenrode Business Universiteit. Hij is lid van het academisch netwerk van de OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.

Joseph Wilde-Ramsing
Joseph Wilde-Ramsing is senior researcher aan het Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), coördinator van de OECD Watch network, en co-auteur van de OECD Watch’s 2015 report ‘Remedy Remains Rare’, www.oecdwatch.org/remedy-remains-rare.
Article

Access_open Cutting Corners or Enhancing Efficiency?

Simplified Procedures and the Israeli Quest to Speed up Justice

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Israel, austerity, civil procedure, simplified procedures, small claims
Auteurs Ehud Brosh
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Israel was spared the worst of the world financial crisis of 2008-2009. However, austerity concerns are by no means invisible in the developments in the field of civil procedure. These concerns correlate heavily with the long-standing Israeli preoccupation with ‘speeding up’ justice. An array of simplified procedural tracks, aimed at addressing the perceived inadequacy of ‘standard’ procedure, have been developed in Israel over the years. The importance of simplified procedures in the Israeli system cannot be overestimated. Their development illustrates the dialectical tension between the values of ‘efficiency’ and ‘quality’ in the administration of justice. During periods of austerity, the scales are easily (or easier) tipped in favour of efficiency and general or particular simplification of procedure. In times of prosperity, on the other hand, concerns over ‘quality’, access to justice, and truth discovery predominate, and attempts at promoting efficiency and/or simplification at their expense tend to be bogged down. Such attempts also tend to lose their extrinsic legitimacy and are widely viewed as ‘cutting corners’. This is evident in the recent Israeli experience with civil procedure reform.


Ehud Brosh
Ehud Brosh, LL.M., is a research student at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Article

Access_open Austerity’s Effect on English Civil Justice

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Austerity, court fees and legal aid, adversarial and inquisitorial process, McKenzie Friends, simplified process
Auteurs John Sorabji
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article considers the effect of austerity-induced public spending cuts on the English civil justice system. In doing so it initially examines two fundamental changes engendered by the effect austerity has had on civil court fees and legal aid: first, a challenge to the traditional commitment in English procedure to adversarial process, and a concomitant increase in inquisitorial or investigative processes; and secondly, the growth in use of unqualified individuals to act as advocates in court for individual litigants who are unable to afford legal representation. It then turns to consider what, if any, effect austerity has had on simplified processes available in English civil procedure.


John Sorabji
DPhil, Senior Fellow, UCL Judicial Institute, University College, London, email: j.sorabji@ucl.ac.uk.
Article

Access_open Brazilian Civil Procedure in the ‘Age of Austerity’?

Effectiveness, Speed, and Legal Certainty: Small Claims, Uncontested Claims, and Simplification of Judicial Decisions and Proceedings

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden austerity, civil procedure, access to justice, Brazil, small claims
Auteurs Antonio Gidi en Hermes Zaneti, Jr.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The current debate in Brazilian Civil Procedure revolves around efficiency, legal certainty, and access to justice, not austerity. As a matter of fact, the debate over austerity is nonexistent in Brazil so far. By expanding the access to justice to a broader portion of the society, the legal system increased the number of cases and the costs associated with the judicial system. But the excess litigation and expense associated with the expansion of access to justice has contradictorily curtailed access to justice. This new situation demands new efforts to increase efficiency and legal certainty, while still increasing access to justice.


Antonio Gidi
Antonio Gidi is Visiting Assistant Professor at the Syracuse University. SJD, University of Pennsylvania Law School; LLM and PhD, PUC-SP University; LLB, Federal University of Bahia.

Hermes Zaneti, Jr.
Hermes Zaneti, Jr. is Professor of Law at the Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo and Prosecutor. PhD in Philosophy and Theory of Law, Università degli Studi di Roma Tre; LLM and PhD in Civil Procedure, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRS).
Article

Access_open The Impact of the Economic Downturn in the Spanish Civil Justice System

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden judiciary, judge-made justice, court fees, legal aid, ADR-methods
Auteurs Laura Carballo Piñeiro en Jordi Nieva Fenoll
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Spanish justice system has been shaken by the economic downturn as many other institutions have. This article addresses in the first place some statistical data that shed light as regards to the number of judges and the costs and length of the procedure in Spain. These figures help to understand, in the second place, the impact of austerity measures on the judiciary, namely, the freeze on the hiring of judges and the establishing of high court fees. While they mainly concern the supply side of justice services, others such cost reductions in legal aid have had, in the third place, an impact on the demand side, driving many citizens to social exclusion and to resorting to self-defence mechanisms. The final part of this article addresses some remedies that may alleviate judiciary’s workload, but that fall short of doing it. All in all, the Spanish justice system seems to require a holistic approach to patch up edges, but one in which the role of judge-made justice in a democratic society has to be central again.


Laura Carballo Piñeiro
Laura Carballo Piñeiro is Associate Professor of Private International Law at the Common Law Department of the University of Santiago de Compostela.

Jordi Nieva Fenoll
Jordi Nieva Fenoll is Professor of Procedure Law at the Administrative and Procedure Law Department of the University of Barcelona.
Article

Access_open Austerity in Civil Procedure

A Critical Assessment of the Impact of Global Economic Downturn on Civil Justice in Ghana

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden austerity, small claims, civil justice, civil procedure, Ghana civil procedure
Auteurs Ernest Owusu-Dapaa en Ebenezer Adjei Bediako
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The demand for and availability of civil justice procedures for small claims can neither be disentangled nor extricated from the health of the economic climate of the relevant country concerned. In this article, it is argued that despite not being a developed country, Ghana was not completely insulated from the hardships or implementation of austerity measures that were triggered by the global economic meltdown. The inevitability of behavioural changes on the part of the Government of Ghana as lawmaker and provider of the machinery for civil justice on the one hand and small claims litigants as users of the civil procedure on the other hand are also explored in the article. After properly situating the exploration in the relevant economic context, the article makes recommendations regarding how to minimise the impact of the austerity measures on small claims litigants.


Ernest Owusu-Dapaa
Ernest Owusu-Dapaa is Lecturer in Law at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana. Email: eodapaa@yahoo.com.

Ebenezer Adjei Bediako
Ebenezer Adjei Bediako is Principal Research Assistant at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
Artikel

Access_open Freedom of Religion, Inc.: Whose Sovereignty?

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden accommodation, freedom of religion, political theology, liberalism, liberty of conscience
Auteurs Jean L. Cohen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on an expansive conception of religious freedom propagated by a vocal group of American legal scholars – jurisdictional pluralists – often working with well-funded conservative foundations and influencing accommodation decisions throughout the US. I show that the proliferation of ‘accommodation’ claims in the name of church autonomy and religious conscience entailing exemption from civil regulation and anti-discrimination laws required by justice have a deep structure that has little to do with fairness or inclusion or liberal pluralism. Instead they are tantamount to sovereignty claims, involving powers and immunities for the religious, implicitly referring to another, higher law and sovereign than the constitution or the people. The twenty-first century version of older pluralist ‘freedom of religion’ discourses also rejects the comprehensive jurisdiction and scope of public, civil law – this time challenging the ‘monistic sovereignty’ of the democratic constitutional state. I argue that the jurisdictional pluralist approach to religious freedom challenges liberal democratic constitutionalism at its core and should be resisted wherever it arises.


Jean L. Cohen
Jean L. Cohen is the Nell and Herbert M. Singer Professor of Political Thought and Contemporary Civilization at the Department of Political Science of Columbia University (New York) and will be the Emile Noel Fellow at the Jean Monet Center of the NYU Law School from January till June 2016.
Jurisprudentie

Executieveilingen

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 5 2015
Trefwoorden Executieveilingen, Criminal charge, Eén enkele voortdurende inbreuk, Merkbaarheid, Artikel 6 Mw
Auteurs Marco Slotboom en Caroline Schell
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Op 18 december 2014 oordeelde de Rechtbank Rotterdam over de gegrondheid en hoogte van de boetes opgelegd door ACM aan handelaren op executieveilingen. Deze handelaren hadden zich naar de mening van ACM in de periode 2000-2009 schuldig gemaakt aan overtredingen van het kartelverbod van artikel 6 lid 1 Mw. Volgens de rechtbank beschikte ACM over voldoende bewijs om de gedragingen te kunnen kwalificeren als één enkele inbreuk en de handelaren voor die enkele inbreuk aansprakelijk te houden. De rechtbank achtte een verlaging van de opgelegde boetes met 10 procent passend door de financiële gevolgen voor de handelaren van de ACM-besluiten.


Marco Slotboom
Mr. dr. M.M. Slotboom is advocaat bij VVGB te Brussel.

Caroline Schell
Mr. C. Schell is advocaat bij VVGB te Brussel.
Artikel

Het EVRM, Unierecht en de nationale rechter

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Civiele Rechtspleging, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden dialoog, EHRM, HvJ EU, Protocol 16, Bosphorus-vermoeden
Auteurs Mr. J. Silvis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In dit artikel wordt ingegaan op de dialoog tussen nationale gerechten en het EHRM en op die tussen het EHRM en het Hof van Justitie. Voor de dialoog tussen de hoogste nationale gerechten en het EHRM is het optioneel Protocol 16 bij het EVRM van grote betekenis. De toetreding van de EU tot de mensenrechtenconventie staat onder druk, aangezien het Hof van Justitie in opinie 2/13 een reeks zwaarwegende problemen heeft gesignaleerd en negatief heeft geadviseerd op een concept-toetredingsakkoord.


Mr. J. Silvis
Mr. J. Silvis is rechter in het Europees Hof voor de Rechten van de Mens te Straatsburg.
Artikel

The legacy and current relevance of Cappelletti and the Florence project on access to justice

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden definition and dimensions access to justice, recommendations, historic context access to justice, current context access to justice
Auteurs Bernard Hubeau
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution explains what access to justice can encompass and how the ideals about access to justice have developed in time. The way to do this is going back to the work of the famous scholars Cappelletti and Garth, who were responsible for a worldwide project on access to justice in the 1970s. Their main issue was to explain access to justice is more than the access to a judge and the organization of courts. Primarily, the system must be equally accessible to all, irrespective of social or economic status or other incapacity. But it also must lead to results that are individually and socially just and fair. Equal access and effective access are the central notions. Their work is put in perspective. The importance of their legacy and the question how we can get along with their work are stressed. Their definition is compared to a few other authoritative definitions. The waves in the history of access to justice are described and putting them in the current context illustrates why a fourth waved can be observed. The major question to be answered is how one can assess the challenges and obstacles of access to justice in the current context. Therefore, some recent dimensions and developments within access to justice are presented: the democratic dimension, the effectiveness of new social rights, the attention for poor and vulnerable people, further juridification, expanding frontiers of and monitoring access to justice, e-justice, and self-help. Finally, a few building blocks for reforms are presented.


Bernard Hubeau
Bernard Hubeau is a full-time Professor in Sociology and Sociology of Law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Antwerp. He also teaches at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Antwerp and the Faculty of Law and Criminology of the University of Brussels. He is the former ombudsman of the city of Antwerp and of the Flemish Parliament.
Artikel

Social security and social welfare: barriers and retrograde policies, but cause for optimism?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden social security, legal representation, means-testing, Britain, fees
Auteurs Amir Paz-Fuchs
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution addresses the limits placed on access to justice in the context of social services, with a particular, but not exclusive, focus on the UK, across five central platforms: legal representation, the financial barriers, the structure of the programme, the attitude of the bureaucracy, and the personal attributes of the client. The contribution finds that there exist, for decades, problematic elements that constitute barriers to justice in this area: the means-tested element in the programmes and the bureaucracy’s double role as provider of services and detector of fraud. But to them, in recent years, significant barriers were added: recent cuts in legal aid and the imposition of tribunal fees in the UK are retrograde steps, reverting 40 years of impressive achievements in the field.


Amir Paz-Fuchs
Amir Paz-Fuchs (D. Phil Oxford) is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Law, University of Sussex, where he teaches employment law, public law, and legal theory. In addition, he is a Visiting Research Fellow at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies and a Research Associate at Wolfson College, both at the University of Oxford. He is also Co-Director of the ‘The Limits of Privatization’ research project, based at the Van Leer Institute in Jerusalem. He also served on the board of several human rights and social justice NGOs.
Artikel

Merits testing in the English legal aid system: exploring its impact in asylum cases

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden access to justice, asylum seekers, merits testing, English legal aid system
Auteurs Tamara Butter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years, there has been much discussion on the legal aid cuts and reforms in England and Wales, and the possible consequences this would have on access to justice for vulnerable groups in society, including immigrants and asylum seekers. This contribution focuses on one element of the English legal aid system: merits testing by legal aid providers in asylum cases. It explores whether and, if so, how this aspect may affect the access to justice for asylum seekers lacking the financial means to pay privately for legal assistance and representation. The findings indicate that a merits test which makes access to legal aid on appeal conditional upon a case having at least 50% prospect of success and makes legal aid providers responsible for conducting this assessment may compromise asylum seekers’ ability to achieve justice both within and outside the existing body of law.


Tamara Butter
Tamara Butter is a PhD candidate at the Institute for Sociology of Law/Centre for Migration Law of the Radboud University of Nijmegen. Her research consists of a comparative case study into the professional decision making of asylum legal aid lawyers in the Netherlands and England.
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