Zoekresultaat: 28 artikelen

x
Jaar 2009 x

    This paper focuses on how organized crime in Bulgaria uses political corruption to achieve its goals. It focuses, though, on one specific type of criminal structures, the ones controlled by former security officers. More specifically it analyzes the criminal careers of two well known Bulgarian crime figures and former security officers. The way they use the instrument of corruption changes though the years when they evolve from relatively unimportant racketeers into powerful local oligarchs.


P. Gounev
Philip Gounev (philip.gounev@online.bg) is als research fellow verbonden aan het Center for the Study of Democracy in Londen. De auteurs bedanken Ruth van Leeuwen voor de vertaling van dit artikel en voor haar bijdrage aan het onderzoek.

T. Bezlov
Tihomir Bezlov (tiho@online.bg) is als senior analyst verbonden aan het Center for the Study of Democracy in Londen.
Jurisprudentie

2009/22 Gebruik term ‘kwakzalver’ niet onrechtmatig; vrijheid van meningsuiting; art. 10 EVRM; cassatieberoep gegrond

Hoge Raad (vice-president D.H. Beukenhorst, voorzitter, A. Hammerstein, J.C. van Oven, C.A. Streefkerk en W.D.H. Asser, raadsheren) d.d. 15 mei 2009.

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Gezondheidsrecht, Aflevering 6 2009
Auteurs



Michiel Köhne
Michiel Köhne (michiel.kohne@wur.nl) is assistant professor at Law and Governance, Wageningen University. His main topic of interest is the relationships between law and development. He is presently working on two different topics. The first regards rights of indigenous peoples to land and self governance. The second concerns transnational regulation of tropical commodity chains in which western conglomerates of multinationals and NGOs make rules with regard to agrarian production in developing countries.

    How to understand the disintegration of the Dutch Caribbean? The Kingdom of the Netherlands comprising three countries - the Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles, and Aruba - will be reordered. The Netherlands Antilles will cease to exist as a separate country. Curaçao and Sint Maarten will acquire country status within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, just as Aruba did in 1986, though theirs will be of a different status and with less autonomy. The islands Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, the so-called BES islands, will be integrated into the Netherlands as public authorities (openbare lichamen); as such the BES islands will be administered by the Netherlands while retaining local government functions (just as municipalities in the Netherlands).
    This article outlines the history behind these changes and the factors that are at play. However improbable the Dutch Caribbean hypothesis, the Kingdom facilitates a connection of these islands with the international world. Against all odds and populist opponents, the Dutch Caribbean is a challenge to square the circle, a complex pact, impossible to balance, which will never come to a definitive conclusion.


L. de Jong
Dr. Lammert de Jong is bestuurskundige en was tussen 1984 en 1998 geruime tijd Vertegenwoordiger van Nederland in de Nederlandse Antillen. Hij werkt deze dagen aan een boek Being Dutch, more or less. True Dutch is not the issue, so what is? Oplevering jaarwisseling 2009/2010.

    In this article the author explores - on the basis of Mitchel Lasser's book Judicial deliberations - the possibilities of enlarging the legitimacy of the Dutch Cassation Court (Hoge Raad). After a broad theoretical analysis of several concepts of legitimacy he describes the societal position of de Hoge Raad as highest court vis-à-vis rivals, such as the European Courts, the Council of State (Raad van State) and the Council of the Judiciary (Raad voor de rechtspraak). He argues that the cassation institute has to innovate itself and suggest new ways of exerting judicial leadership.


N.J.H. Huls
Prof. mr. dr. Nick Huls is hoogleraar rechtssociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en de Universiteit Leiden. Tot 1 januari 2009 was hij programmaleider van het onderzoeksprogramma Rechtspleging van de EUR.

    The upsurge in the use of economic sanctions in the post-Cold War era has prompted much scholarly and policy debate over their effectiveness and humanitarian consequences. Remarkably little attention, however, has been devoted to their criminalizing consequences and legacy for the post-sanctions period. In this article, the author develops an analytical framework identifying and categorizing the potential criminalizing effects of sanctions across place (within and around the targeted country) and time (during and after the sanctions period). This framework is applied and evaluated through an in-depth examination of the case of Yugoslavia. For comparative leverage and to assess the applicability of the argument beyond the Yugoslavia case, the analysis is briefly extended to Croatia. The article suggests that sanctions can unintentionally contribute to the criminalization of the state, economy, and civil society of both the targeted country and its immediate neighbors, fostering a symbiosis between political leaders, organized crime, and transnational smuggling networks. This symbiosis, in turn, can persist beyond the lifting of sanctions, contributing to corruption and crime and undermining the rule of law.


Peter Andreas
Prof. Peter Andreas is als assistent-hoogleraar Internationale Betrekkingen verbonden aan de Brown University, Rhode Island, Providence, USA.
Artikel

Het Verdrag van Lissabon, het instemmingsrecht en het parlementair behandelingsvoorbehoud

Tijdschrift RegelMaat, Aflevering 6 2009
Trefwoorden parlementair behandelingsvoorbehoud, Verdrag van Lissabon, instemmingsrecht, informatieverplichting, ministeriële verantwoordelijkheid
Auteurs Mw. mr. B. van Mourik
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Met de discussie over het instemmingsrecht en het parlementair behandelingsvoorbehoud in het kader van de goedkeuring van het Verdrag van Lissabon heeft in staatsrechtelijk opzicht iets belangrijks plaatsgevonden. De discussie over het instemmingsrecht heeft duidelijk gemaakt dat het Nederlandse parlement voor zichzelf een minder belangrijke rol ziet weggelegd als het Europees Parlement verdergaande bevoegdheden krijgt. Dit is opmerkelijk, onder andere gelet op het feit dat de laatste jaren juist ook veel is gesproken over een belangrijke aanvullende rol die nationale parlementen zouden moeten vervullen als het gaat om Europese besluitvorming. Ook al heeft het Europees Parlement op een bepaald terrein medewetgevende bevoegdheden, ze heeft geen leden van de Raad ter verantwoording te roepen. Hier ligt dus een belangrijke controletaak voor het Nederlandse parlement. Met de invoering van de bijzondere informatieverplichting voor de regering ten aanzien van voorstellen die door het parlement van bijzonder politiek belang worden geacht, is het instrumentarium waarmee het parlement de regering controleert in het kader van Europese besluitvorming uitgebreid. Zo bezien lijkt het debat over de goedkeuringswet van het Verdrag van Lissabon op winst voor het parlement. Paradoxaal gegeven is echter dat het debat over het parlementair behandelingsvoorbehoud heel duidelijk de dominante positie van de regering ten opzichte van het parlement heeft weergegeven. De regering domineerde de parlementaire discussie en oefende veel druk uit op de coalitiefracties in de Kamer. Uit het debat blijkt dan ook vooral de tandenloosheid van het parlement ten opzichte van de regering, iets wat niet als winst maar als verlies dient te worden beschouwd.


Mw. mr. B. van Mourik
Mw. mr. B. van Mourik is promovenda bij de afdeling Staats- en Bestuursrecht van de Universiteit Utrecht. B.vanMourik@uu.nl
Artikel

De empirische analyse van radicaliserende en terroristische groepen

De Global Terrorism Database

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2009
Trefwoorden Global Terrorism Database, terrorisme
Auteurs Mark Dechesne
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article describes the value of the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) for the study of terrorist groups. The GTD helps to illustrate trajectories of violence of specific terrorist groups, helps to explore differences in terrorist violence between groups and between periods of time, and allows the testing of hypotheses concerning the origins and manifestations of terrorism. This article highlights the benefits of the GTD, using examples. The strengths of the GTD, but also opportunities for improvement are discussed.


Mark Dechesne
Dr. M. Dechesne is senior onderzoeker bij het Centrum voor Terrorisme en Contraterrorisme van de Universiteit Leiden – Campus Den Haag, mdechesne@campusdenhaag.nl.
Artikel

Moslimjongeren

De salafi-beweging en de vorming van een morele gemeenschap

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2009
Trefwoorden moslimjongeren, salafisme
Auteurs Martijn de Koning
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Accounts of radicalization and of social movements are often flawed by a static understanding of participation in radical networks. By analyzing the practices of the Salafi movement and its participants in reviving, establishing and nurturing a moral community of true believers I will explore how participation in this movement is sustained. I will show that by teaching young Muslims a particular lifestyle, exemplifying what it means to be a true believer, the Salafi movement tries to establish a position as the moral guardian of the Muslim community. For Muslim youth in this movement the activities are a means to evoke and nurture the experience of belonging and an essential practice for being part of the community of true believers.


Martijn de Koning
Drs. M. de Koning is onderzoeker aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, post@martijndekoning.com.
Artikel

Access_open Nussbaum’s Capabilities Approach: In Need of a Moral Epistemology?

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden Martha Nussbaum, Capabilities Approach, moral epistemology, objectivity, residues of justice, Bernard Williams, political moralism
Auteurs Mr. Iris van Domselaar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Although Nussbaum’s “Capabilities Approach” (CA) clearly expresses a commitment to objectivity, this article argues that this commitment is rather ambiguous due to the conception of public reason it endorses. In particular, the CA cannot account for an objective justification of public reason, given certain characteristics of public reason. As a result, the CA jeopardizes the substantive aim it has set itself: to provide an objective justification for public choices regarding human capabilities and their specifications.


Mr. Iris van Domselaar
Iris van Domselaar is a Ph.D-student and lecturer at the Department of General Jurisprudence, Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam. The subject of her thesis is “Residues of Justice and Tragic Legal Choice in a Liberal Rule of Law”.

    In this article the author summarizes the main arguments for and notions of a maximalist conception of restorative justice, as developed in his latest book: Restorative Justice, Self-interest and Responsible Citizenship.While using a rather limited, goal-oriented definition of RJ as ‘an option for doing justice after the occurrence of an offence that is primarily oriented towards repairing the individual, relational and social harm caused by that offence’, Walgrave aims at developing a full blown alternative for penal justice. In the restorative system it should also be possible to impose sanctions, when deliberative processes of mediation and conferencing are not feasible, although the latter have, of course, the greatest chance of achieving restoration.The sanctions of restorative justice are not punishments, because any intention to impose suffering is lacking at the side of the sentencing authorities. But RJ can be seen as a form of inverted retributivism, in the sense that the offender pays his dues back to the victim and the society, to a degree that has to be acceptable to all involved, and seeking a fair amount of proportionality that does not impose unrealistic or unfair obligations. Principles of due process of law should be adapted to fit the restorative process. The high degree of participation in restorative justice serves democracy and so should criminology, by studying the ways in which social capital can be increased.The concept of ‘common self-interest’ is explained as the fundamental understanding that self-interests are best served by serving the common self-interest in as far as that provides full possibilities of deployment to everyone.


Lode Walgrave
Lode Walgrave is emeritus hoogleraar (jeugd)criminologie van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Access_open Corporate Responsibility Revisited

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden individual responsibility, collective responsibility, legal liability, responsibility and politics
Auteurs prof. Philip Pettit
Samenvatting

    This paper responds to four commentaries on “Responsibility Incorporated”, restating, revising, and expanding on existing work. In particular, it looks again at a set of issues related primarily to responsibility at the individual level; it reconsiders responsibility at the corporate level; it examines the connection of this discussion to issues of responsibility in law and politics.


prof. Philip Pettit
Artikel

Access_open Collective Responsibility, National Peoples, and the International Order

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden collective responsibility, international legitimacy, global justice
Auteurs prof. Ronald Tinnevelt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper critically scrutinizes Pettit’s defence of corporate and collective responsibility in the light three questions. First, does Pettit successfully argue the passage from corporate responsibility to the responsibility of embryonic group agents, in particular nations? Second, are representation and the authorial and editorial dimensions of democratic control sufficient to ensure that a state is under the effective and equally shared control of its citizens? Third, what kind of international order is required to prevent states from being dominated?


prof. Ronald Tinnevelt
Ronald Tinnevelt is Associate Professor of Legal Philosophy at the Faculty of Law of the Radboud University Nijmegen.
Redactioneel

Access_open Presentation

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Auteurs prof. mr. Hans Lindahl en mr. Erik Claes
Auteursinformatie

prof. mr. Hans Lindahl
Hans Lindahl is Professor in Philosophy of Law at Tilburg University.

mr. Erik Claes
Erik Claes is assistant professor at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
Artikel

Access_open Collective Criminal Responsibility: Unfair or Redundant

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden collective criminal responsibility;, individual responsibility
Auteurs dr. Govert den Hartogh
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper argues, against Pettit’s thesis about the incorporation of responsibility, that holding collective agents criminally responsible is necessarily either redundant or unfair: redundant if responsibility can be distributed without remainder over individual persons; unfair if it cannot. It should be the task of legal systems to create chains of individual criminal responsibility encompassing executives, officials, and members of corporate agents.


dr. Govert den Hartogh
Govert den Hartogh is Professor of Ethics at the Department of Philosophy of the University of Amsterdam.
Artikel

Case study: the international CSR conflict and mediation

Supply-chain responsibility: western customers and the Indian textile industry

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden corporate social responsibility, international CSR conflicts, supply-chain responsibility, CSR
Auteurs Tineke Lambooy
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2008, Ruud Lubbers led a mediation process to resolve the conflicts which had arisen between two Dutch campaigning organisations, various Indian non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and labour unions, two Dutch internet providers, an Indian clothing producer and a Dutch jeans brand. The mediation took place at the request of the disagreeing parties and the Dutch and Indian governments. The conflict related to corporate social responsibility (CSR) standards followed by the textile companies.In this contribution the effects of campaigning and litigating in issues concerning CSR will be examined. Limiting the analysis to CSR conflicts in the textile industry, the author will reflect on these new types of international conflicts in a globalising world and will share her view on appropriate ways to avoid them or, ultimately, to (re)mediate them if necessary.This contribution informs the reader about the events in India and the Netherlands which led to the escalation of the conflict. It provides an overview of the conflict resolution procedures and elaborates on the outcome of the ‘Lubbers Mediation’. The applicable legal and soft law labour standards are compared as well as the parties’ communication strategies. Lastly, this case is contrasted with other CSR conflicts in the textile industry, revealing a hidden conflict.


Tineke Lambooy
Tineke Lambooy is a Senior Researcher at Nyenrode Business University (Nyenrode) in the field of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and she lectures in Legal Aspects of Globalisation-CSR, and Mergers & Acquisitions at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. She is completing a PhD on the Legal Aspects of CSR. Ms Lambooy assisted Mr Lubbers as a mediator in the conflict discussed in this contribution. E-mail: T.Lambooy@nyenrode.nl or T.E.Lambooy@uu.nl.
Artikel

Access_open Lettres Persanes 13

Res publica en rechtsstaat: vrijheid in een onvolmaakte samenleving – Pleidooi voor een functionele (niet te bevlogen) grondwet

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden Vlaanderen, constitutie, Grondwet, fundamentele vrijheden
Auteurs Matthias Storme
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In light of the possibility that Belgium could fall apart in coming years this contribution argues that it is time to reflect on a constitution for Flanders: What are the characteristics of a good constitution? A good constitution would entrench fundamental freedoms, which are historically rooted in society. Moreover, it obliges the government to maintain and enforce the laws, preventing abuse of power and corruption. Finally, a functioning constitution stands above temporary interests of partisan politics, and should not be used as a means to encumber future generations with our ideological choices.


Matthias Storme
Matthias Storme is advocaat aan de balie van Brussel en buitengewoon hoogleraar aan de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en aan de Universiteit Antwerpen.
Artikel

Access_open ‘The Soviet Union did not have a legal system’

An interview with Jeremy Waldron on the methodology debate, historic injustice and the citation of foreign law

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden normative positivism, historic injustice, restitution of property rights, citation of foreign law, methodology debate
Auteurs Kees Quist en Wouter Veraart
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This interview with Jeremy Waldron covers three topics. Firstly, we dealt with the methodology debate, that is, the discussion about how to proceed in analyzing the nature of law. Does the question ‘What is law?’ require a descriptive analysis of the concept of law or, rather, a normative exercise in political philosophy? Secondly, we spoke about the role of law in response to historic injustice, especially in relation to the restitution of property rights. On this topic Waldron vindicates the ‘supersession-thesis’, the idea that, due to changed circumstances and the passage of time, historic injustices become superseded. The third section of the interview is devoted to Waldron’s perspective on the citation of foreign law by national judges.


Kees Quist
Kees Quist is junior lecturer and PhD fellow at Utrecht Law School.

Wouter Veraart
Wouter Veraart is professor of Legal Philosophy at the VU University Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Autonomie als voorwaarde tot legaliteit

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden autonomie, legaliteit, Brouwer, Fuller, certificering
Auteurs Pauline Westerman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Brouwer defended the view that the autonomy of the individual citizen is furthered by articulated, precise and clear legislation. The question arises whether all kinds of rules can be said to enhance such autonomy. It is argued that a distinction should be drawn between rules that dictate desirable outcomes, on the one hand, and rules that determine the way the game is played, on the other. Rules of the game often reflect the way they were drafted and can be seen as the embodiment of power relations between rule-makers. Rules that dictate outcomes, on the other hand, are often drafted by experts who analyse the goals to be reached. The view is defended that only rules of the game – potentially – enhance the autonomy of the citizen, whereas outcome-rules are potentially manipulative, tending to exclude those who are ill-equipped to realize the prescribed outcomes. The virtues of rules therefore do not merely reside in their clear and precise nature, but are largely derived from their capacity to regulate the relations amongst citizens who were included in the process of rulemaking.


Pauline Westerman
Pauline Westerman is hoogleraar Rechtsfilosofie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

Botsende grondrechten, in het bijzonder op internet

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden vrijheid van meningsuiting, persoonlijke levenssfeer, privacy
Auteurs Mr. M. Chébti en Mr. L.A.R. Siemerink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Het vraagstuk betreffende de grenzen van de vrijheid van meningsuiting bij een botsing met het recht op de bescherming van de persoonlijke levenssfeer (eer en goede naam, privacy) staat in deze bijdrage centraal. Bezwaren tegen de wijze waarop de Hoge Raad art. 10 EVRM toepast bij een botsing met art. 8 EVRM, met name in het licht van de EHRM-rechtspraak, worden belicht. Er wordt in het bijzonder aandacht besteed aan de botsing van deze grondrechten in het internettijdperk, nu door de opkomst van internet de uitingsmogelijkheden explosief zijn gegroeid. Het is de vraag of het recht wel voldoende instrumenten biedt om het evenwicht tussen vrijheid van meningsuiting en privacy op het internet te handhaven.


Mr. M. Chébti
Mr. M. Chébti is gerechtsauditeur bij de Hoge Raad der Nederlanden.

Mr. L.A.R. Siemerink
Mr. L.A.R. Siemerink is gerechtsauditeur bij de Hoge Raad der Nederlanden.
Toont 1 - 20 van 28 gevonden teksten
« 1
U kunt door de volledige tekst zoeken naar alle artikelen door uw zoekterm in het zoekveld in te vullen. Als u op de knop 'Zoek' heeft geklikt komt u op de zoekresultatenpagina met filters, die u helpen om snel bij het door u gezochte artikel te komen. Er zijn op dit moment twee filters: rubriek en jaar.