Zoekresultaat: 11 artikelen

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Jaar 2011 x
Artikel

Transnationalism, Legal Pluralism and Types of Conflicts

Contractual Norms Concerning Domestic Workers

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2011
Auteurs Antoinette Vlieger
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Transnationalism and migration are recognised contributors to legal pluralism. Scholars of legal pluralism state that in conflicts, social actors sustain their claims with arguments from coexisting legal systems. They manoeuvre between different legal systems, or contradicting norms within one system, to achieve the most satisfactory decision in a conflict. In doing so, they use norms as discursive tools. Indeed, according to data on domestic workers in Saudi Arabia and the Emirates, this manoeuvring with norms as discursive tools is often recognisable in conflicts between workers and their employers. However, transnational contractual norms and the legal pluralism they create are not merely discursive tools in existing conflicts; they are also regularly the cause of conflicts. Domestic workers conclude agreements with agents in their countries of origin, while employers conclude agreements with different agents in the destination countries. Both parties believe the other party has signed the same contract, while in reality that is not the case. Because of the differences between the two sets of contractual norms, these norms cause conflicts; they are not merely discursive tools. This finding calls for a division between different types of conflicts, which is proposed here for the purpose of socio-legal analysis of conflicts in general and particularly in situations of transnationalism and legal pluralism.


Antoinette Vlieger
Antoinette Vlieger is a researcher and lecturer at the Law School of the University of Amsterdam. For the last five years she has been researching conflicts between domestic workers and their employers in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Her PhD thesis on this topic is to be published in fall 2011. Thereafter she hopes to do research on the question of why there is little labour protection on the Arabian Peninsula, combining this with hands-on human rights work in the Middle East.
Discussie

Access_open Hybrid Constitutionalism, Fundamental Rights and the State

A Response to Gunther Teubner

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden societal constitutionalism, Gunther Teubner, system theory, fundamental rights
Auteurs Gert Verschraegen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution explores how much state is necessary to make societal constitutionalism work. I first ask why the idea of a global societal constitutionalism ‘beyond the state-and-politics’ might be viewed as a significant and controversial, but nonetheless justified innovation. In the second part I discuss what Teubner calls ‘the inclusionary effects of fundamental rights’. I argue that Teubner underplays the mediating role of the state in guaranteeing inclusion or access, and in a way presupposes well-functioning states in the background. In areas of limited statehood there is a problem of enforcing fundamental rights law. It is an open question whether, and under which conditions, constitutional norms within particular global social spheres can provide enough counter-weight when state constitutional norms are lacking.


Gert Verschraegen
Gert Verschraegen is Assistant Professor of Theoretical Sociology at the University of Antwerp, Belgium.
Artikel

Gedetineerden met een licht verstandelijke beperking

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2011
Trefwoorden intellectual disability, prisoners
Auteurs Dr. Hendrien Kaal
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Signs that a more or less substantial group of people in Dutch prison experience problems as a result of an intellectual disability, suggest that it makes sense to track this group and subsequently offer them the support they need. The reason this does not happen in practice is a lack of knowledge on various fronts. As it is, it is not clear how large the group of people with an intellectual disability in Dutch prisons is, what problems they face, and what could aid them. This article highlights what we do know and what we do not know with regards to this group.


Dr. Hendrien Kaal
Dr. H.L. Kaal is als onderzoeker en docent verbonden aan de afdeling Toegepaste Psychologie van de Hogeschool Leiden.
Boekbespreking

Veroordeeld in den vreemde

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden review, Eveline De Wree, transport of prisoners
Auteurs Joanne van der Leun
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Joanne van der Leun
Joanne van der Leun is hoogleraar criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

    The article is intended to give a view (shared by many) on how arbitrators could or maybe even should react when faced with misdeeds in an ongoing arbitration proceeding. The misdeeds meant in this article concern forgery and false witness testimonies that may fraudulently influence judgements. Not covered are questions related to illicit contracts (i.e. contracts induced by bribery or corruption).
    The author contrasts the different views of an arbitrator’s role as either as a private dispute settler or as a person deriving his or her function also from the state as a guarantor of arbitration as a means to settle disputes. She comes to the conclusion that in the end, public policy consideration should overrule party autonomy and that, contrary to the current practice, tribunals faced with misdeeds during an arbitration should not hesitate to address this issue in the award.


Anna Masser
Anna Masser is an attorney in the arbitration and litigation group at Walder Wyss Ltd. in Zurich.
Artikel

Detentie en de ongewenste gevolgen voor inkomen en huisvesting van gedetineerden

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden nazorg, detentieschade, huisvesting, inkomen
Auteurs Drs. Alexander More en Dr. Gijs Weijters
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    To reduce recidivism of former prisoners, the Ministry of Security and Justice aims at improving the reintegration of former prisoners into free society. The objective is to ensure that former prisoners have, among other things, an income and accommodation at the time they are released from prison. The article studies the changes in the extent that prisoners have an income and accommodation during imprisonment. Results show that before imprisonment 83% of the prisoners have some form of accommodation, 76,2% have a legal income and 70,2% have debts. During imprisonment 28,8% of the prisoners lose their income, and 5,5% of the prisoners lose their accommodation.


Drs. Alexander More
Drs. Alexander More is onderzoeker bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC) van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie.

Dr. Gijs Weijters
Dr. Gijs Weijters is onderzoeker bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC) van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie.
Artikel

The UK Bribery Act 2010 and its Relevance for Dutch Corporates

Tijdschrift Vennootschap & Onderneming, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden bribery, corruption, FCPA, omkoping
Auteurs E.F. Barker LL.B BPPM
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    An overview of the UK Bribery Act 2010, which is expected to come into effect in April 2011, and its impact for Dutch companies and partnerships, including the new corporate offence of failing to prevent bribery and the importance of procedures for both prevention and defence of bribery charges.


E.F. Barker LL.B BPPM
E.F. Barker LL.B BPPM (Hons) is a lawyer at Allen & Overy in Amsterdam.
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