Zoekresultaat: 13 artikelen

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Jaar 2009 x
Artikel

Access_open Nussbaum’s Capabilities Approach: In Need of a Moral Epistemology?

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden Martha Nussbaum, Capabilities Approach, moral epistemology, objectivity, residues of justice, Bernard Williams, political moralism
Auteurs Mr. Iris van Domselaar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Although Nussbaum’s “Capabilities Approach” (CA) clearly expresses a commitment to objectivity, this article argues that this commitment is rather ambiguous due to the conception of public reason it endorses. In particular, the CA cannot account for an objective justification of public reason, given certain characteristics of public reason. As a result, the CA jeopardizes the substantive aim it has set itself: to provide an objective justification for public choices regarding human capabilities and their specifications.


Mr. Iris van Domselaar
Iris van Domselaar is a Ph.D-student and lecturer at the Department of General Jurisprudence, Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam. The subject of her thesis is “Residues of Justice and Tragic Legal Choice in a Liberal Rule of Law”.
Artikel

Contractenrecht als meergelaagde rechtsorde: uitdagingen voor de komende tien jaar

Tijdschrift Contracteren, Aflevering 4 2009
Trefwoorden pluralisme, coherentie, meergelaagde rechtsorde
Auteurs Prof. mr. J.M. Smits
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In het afgelopen decennium is het contractenrecht in sterke mate geëuropeaniseerd. Daarnaast is ook de hoeveelheid private regulering toegenomen en kiezen contractanten in toenemende mate andere rechtsstelsels dan het ‘eigen’. Het naast elkaar bestaan van verschillende contractenrechtstelsels wordt doorgaans beschouwd als problematisch: het zou de coherentie en eenheid van het recht aantasten. Deze bijdrage bepleit dat een pluralistisch contractenrecht ook voordelen heeft en dat met name twee vragen beantwoording verdienen: die naar het optimale niveau van regulering en die naar de beste wijze van omgang met een pluralistisch contractenrecht.


Prof. mr. J.M. Smits
Prof. mr. J.M. Smits is hoogleraar Europees privaatrecht en rechtsvergelijking aan de Universiteit van Tilburg (TICOM) en gasthoogleraar Comparative Legal Studies aan de Universiteit van Helsinki.
Artikel

Een constructief antwoord op (jeugd)delinquentie: recidive verminderen?

Reflecties over ‘managerialism’ in België en Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden herstelgericht groepsoverleg, recidive, jeugddelinquentie, managerialism
Auteurs Inge Vanfraechem
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Responding to criticism, stating that constructive interventions can only be understood as proven to reduce recidivism, the author clarifies what she conceives as constructive answers to juvenile delinquency, against the background of the Belgian developments in law and policy. ‘Constructive’ has always implied the active participation of those citizens directly involved, care and attention for the victims needs, and the avoidance of placement in a closed institution. The contribution to the quality of social life by making restorative gestures was considered to be of importance.To measure whether conferencing with juveniles would work the criterion of reducing recidivism is important, but not exclusive. Other criteria, which come forward in qualitative research, are at least as important.The Dutch seem to take managerialism in the sense of implementing only what can be proven to work in a preconceived way – only in terms of reducing recidivism – much more seriously than the Belgians do.In Belgium the traditional stress on protection of juveniles has not changed, and the newly introduced family group conferences were accepted as valuable procedures. Reducing recidivism is however not unimportant and more and more RJ-research is addressing this issue. There are indications that recidivism can be reduced by conferencing procedures and their resolutions. Instead of technocratic managerialism one should be interested in the ‘moral performance’ of a legal system, looking for what really matters.


Inge Vanfraechem
Inge Vanfraechem is onderzoekster bij het Nationaal Instituut voor Criminalistiek en Criminologie, F.O.D. Justitie Brussel en geaffilieerd medewerker bij LINC, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

    In this article the author summarizes the main arguments for and notions of a maximalist conception of restorative justice, as developed in his latest book: Restorative Justice, Self-interest and Responsible Citizenship.While using a rather limited, goal-oriented definition of RJ as ‘an option for doing justice after the occurrence of an offence that is primarily oriented towards repairing the individual, relational and social harm caused by that offence’, Walgrave aims at developing a full blown alternative for penal justice. In the restorative system it should also be possible to impose sanctions, when deliberative processes of mediation and conferencing are not feasible, although the latter have, of course, the greatest chance of achieving restoration.The sanctions of restorative justice are not punishments, because any intention to impose suffering is lacking at the side of the sentencing authorities. But RJ can be seen as a form of inverted retributivism, in the sense that the offender pays his dues back to the victim and the society, to a degree that has to be acceptable to all involved, and seeking a fair amount of proportionality that does not impose unrealistic or unfair obligations. Principles of due process of law should be adapted to fit the restorative process. The high degree of participation in restorative justice serves democracy and so should criminology, by studying the ways in which social capital can be increased.The concept of ‘common self-interest’ is explained as the fundamental understanding that self-interests are best served by serving the common self-interest in as far as that provides full possibilities of deployment to everyone.


Lode Walgrave
Lode Walgrave is emeritus hoogleraar (jeugd)criminologie van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Hoofdartikel

Access_open Responsibility Incorporated

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden corporate agency, corporate responsibility, collective responsibility
Auteurs prof. Philip Pettit
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Incorporated groups include businesses, universities, churches and the like. Organized to act as single centers of agency, they also routinely satisfy the three conditions that make an agent fit to be held responsible: they face significant choices, can recognize the relative value of different options, and are able to choose in sensitivity to such values. But is it redundant to hold a corporate agent responsible for something, when certain members are also held responsible for the individual parts they play? No it is not, for it is often possible for a corporate entity to be fully fit to be held responsible, when this is not true of the individual members; they may be able to make excuses that are not available at the corporate level. Does the case made for corporate responsibility extend to unincorporated collectivities like nations or religions? Not strictly but it does explain why it may be sensible to treat those collectivities as if they had corporate responsibility in certain domains.


prof. Philip Pettit
Philip Pettit is the Laurence S. Rockefeller University Professor of Politics and Human Values at Princeton University.
Artikel

Access_open Collective Responsibility, National Peoples, and the International Order

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden collective responsibility, international legitimacy, global justice
Auteurs prof. Ronald Tinnevelt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper critically scrutinizes Pettit’s defence of corporate and collective responsibility in the light three questions. First, does Pettit successfully argue the passage from corporate responsibility to the responsibility of embryonic group agents, in particular nations? Second, are representation and the authorial and editorial dimensions of democratic control sufficient to ensure that a state is under the effective and equally shared control of its citizens? Third, what kind of international order is required to prevent states from being dominated?


prof. Ronald Tinnevelt
Ronald Tinnevelt is Associate Professor of Legal Philosophy at the Faculty of Law of the Radboud University Nijmegen.
Artikel

Case study: the international CSR conflict and mediation

Supply-chain responsibility: western customers and the Indian textile industry

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden corporate social responsibility, international CSR conflicts, supply-chain responsibility, CSR
Auteurs Tineke Lambooy
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2008, Ruud Lubbers led a mediation process to resolve the conflicts which had arisen between two Dutch campaigning organisations, various Indian non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and labour unions, two Dutch internet providers, an Indian clothing producer and a Dutch jeans brand. The mediation took place at the request of the disagreeing parties and the Dutch and Indian governments. The conflict related to corporate social responsibility (CSR) standards followed by the textile companies.In this contribution the effects of campaigning and litigating in issues concerning CSR will be examined. Limiting the analysis to CSR conflicts in the textile industry, the author will reflect on these new types of international conflicts in a globalising world and will share her view on appropriate ways to avoid them or, ultimately, to (re)mediate them if necessary.This contribution informs the reader about the events in India and the Netherlands which led to the escalation of the conflict. It provides an overview of the conflict resolution procedures and elaborates on the outcome of the ‘Lubbers Mediation’. The applicable legal and soft law labour standards are compared as well as the parties’ communication strategies. Lastly, this case is contrasted with other CSR conflicts in the textile industry, revealing a hidden conflict.


Tineke Lambooy
Tineke Lambooy is a Senior Researcher at Nyenrode Business University (Nyenrode) in the field of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and she lectures in Legal Aspects of Globalisation-CSR, and Mergers & Acquisitions at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. She is completing a PhD on the Legal Aspects of CSR. Ms Lambooy assisted Mr Lubbers as a mediator in the conflict discussed in this contribution. E-mail: T.Lambooy@nyenrode.nl or T.E.Lambooy@uu.nl.

Tobias Arnoldussen
Tobias Arnoldussen is a PhD Candidate in the Sociology of Law Department at the Erasmus School of Law in Rotterdam. The author would like to thank the two referees and the editors Ellen Hey and Roel Pieterman for their valuable and helpful comments.
Artikel

De (tijdelijke) maatregelen tegen short selling in Nederland, Engeland en de Verenigde Staten

Tijdschrift Onderneming en Financiering, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden short selling, securities lending, Wet op het financieel toezicht, Pensioenwet, Securities Act 1933, Securities Exchange Act 1934, SEC, Financial Services and Markets Act 2000, AFM, FSA, Marktmanipulatie
Auteurs Mr. M. Kuilman en Mr. J.M. Poelgeest
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Met ingang van 11 oktober 2008 is de AFM bevoegd om in geval van bijzondere omstandigheden ter bevordering van de ordelijke en transparante financiële marktprocessen algemeen verbindende voorschriften vast te stellen, zonder dat een daarvoor in aanmerking komende representatieve vertegenwoordiging van onder toezicht staande ondernemingen moet zijn geraadpleegd. De AFM maakte direct van haar uitgebreide bevoegdheid gebruik en kondigde de Tijdelijke Regeling inzake Short Selling af. In Nederland is het verbod op short selling nog steeds van kracht. De maatregelen tegen short selling in Engeland en de Verenigde Staten zijn inmiddels alweer opgeheven. Een verbod op securities lending, hetgeen short selling kan faciliteren, wordt niet wenselijk geacht.


Mr. M. Kuilman
Mr. M. Kuilman is als advocaat werkzaam bij Loyens & Loeff N.V. te Amsterdam.

Mr. J.M. Poelgeest
Mevrouw mr. J.M. van Poelgeest is als advocaat werkzaam bij Loyens & Loeff N.V. te Amsterdam.

Wim Voermans
Prof. dr. Wim Voermans is professor of Constitutional Law and Administrative Law at Leiden University. He is the president of the Dutch Association for Legislation and the vice-president of the European Association for Legislation. He wishes to thank dr. A.C.M. Meuwese, Marie Curie fellow of Antwerp University, Henk Griffioen, PhD-student at Leiden University and the two anonymous reviewers invited by Erasmus Law Review for their very valuable and valued comments to earlier drafts of this contribution. This paper reports on the results of the Meijers Institute research programme Securing the Rule of Law in a World of MultiLevel Jurisdiction — sub programme Trias Europea, Leiden Law Faculty the Netherlands. In celebration of the birth of Katja Lawson.
Article

Access_open Merger control and the rule of law

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2009
Auteurs Rachid Abdullah Khan en Gareth Davies
Auteursinformatie

Rachid Abdullah Khan
Both authors are members of the Department of International Law, Faculty of Law, VU University Amsterdam (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Rachid Abdullah Khan as an associate professor and Gareth Davies as a professor.

Gareth Davies
Both authors are members of the Department of International Law, Faculty of Law, VU University Amsterdam (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Rachid Abdullah Khan as an associate professor and Gareth Davies as a professor.

Martin de Jong
Martin de Jong (w.m.dejong@tudelft.nl) works at the Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology (Netherlands) and at the School of Management, Harbin Institute of Technology (China).

Suzan Stoter
Suzan Stoter (stoter@frg.eur.nl) works at the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law of the Erasmus Law School in Rotterdam and is scientific director of the Centre for Law and Innovation.

Abiola O. Makinwa
Abiola Makinwa is a doctoral candidate at the Department of Private International and Comparative Law, Faculty of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam. The author would like to thank Professor Nicholas Dorn for his comments on the first draft of this paper. The usual disclaimer applies.
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