Zoekresultaat: 12 artikelen

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Jaar 2020 x
Artikel

Whose narratives?

The Self as (also) an alien – for a complex concept of ‘Self’ in narrative criminology

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden Self, narrative criminology
Auteurs Professor Alfredo Verde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper, answering to a recent critique by Ben Laws to the concept of Self developed by narrative criminology, and recognizing its importance, shows that narrative criminology has formulated a complex dynamic definition of it, in addressing both the limit-experiences and the unconscious dimension. Such enlargement can be attained by adding to narrative criminology the contributions of psychosocial criminology, that considers also the emotional dimension of crime narratives and the enjoyment connected to crime: the offender Self, in this perspective, is a multiplex, not completely definable, sometimes alien entity, which can be exposed analysing in depth criminal narratives.


Professor Alfredo Verde
Professor Alfredo Verde is professor of Criminology, Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL), University of Genoa, Italy.
Article

Access_open Positive State Obligations under European Law: A Tool for Achieving Substantive Equality for Sexual Minorities in Europe

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden Positive obligations, sexual minorities, sexual orientation, European law, human rights
Auteurs Alina Tryfonidou
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article seeks to examine the development of positive obligations under European law in the specific context of the rights of sexual minorities. It is clear that the law should respect and protect all sexualities and diverse intimate relationships without discrimination, and for this purpose it needs to ensure that sexual minorities can not only be free from state interference when expressing their sexuality in private, but that they should be given the right to express their sexuality in public and to have their intimate relationships legally recognised. In addition, sexual minorities should be protected from the actions of other individuals, when these violate their legal and fundamental human rights. Accordingly, in addition to negative obligations, European law must impose positive obligations towards sexual minorities in order to achieve substantive equality for them. The article explains that, to date, European law has imposed a number of such positive obligations; nonetheless, there is definitely scope for more. It is suggested that European law should not wait for hearts and minds to change before imposing additional positive obligations, especially since this gives the impression that the EU and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) are condoning or disregarding persistent discrimination against sexual minorities.


Alina Tryfonidou
Alina Tryfonidou is Professor of Law, University of Reading.
Artikel

Access_open Teaching Comparative Law, Pragmatically (Not Practically)

Special Issue on Pragmatism and Legal Education, Sanne Taekema & Thomas Riesthuis (eds.)

Tijdschrift Law and Method, oktober 2020
Trefwoorden comparative legal studies, legal education, pragmatism
Auteurs Alexandra Mercescu
Auteursinformatie

Alexandra Mercescu
Alexandra Mercescu, Ph.D is lecturer at the Department of Public Law, University of Timisoara, Romania.

    The UK Employment Tribunals and England and Wales Court of Appeal (case [2018] EWCA Civ 2748) have ruled that any Uber driver who has the Uber App switched on, is in the territory where he/she is authorised to work, and is able and willing to accept assignments, is working for Uber under a worker contract. The UK courts disregarded some of the provisions of Uber’s driver agreement. They had been entitled to do so because the relevant provisions of the driver agreement did not reflect the reality of the bargain made between the parties. The fact that Uber interviews and recruits drivers, controls the key information, requires drivers to accept trips, sets the route, fixes the fare, imposes numerous conditions on drivers, determines remuneration, amends the driver’s terms unilaterally, and handles complaints by passengers, makes it a transportation or passenger carrier, not an information and electronic technology provider. Therefore the UK courts resolved the central issue of for whom (Uber) and under a contract with whom (Uber), drivers perform their services. Uber is a modern business phenomenon. Regardless of its special position in business, Uber is obliged to follow the rules according to which work is neither a commodity nor an online technology.


Andrzej Świątkowski
Andrzej Marian Świątkowski is a professor at Jesuit University Ignatianum in Krakow. ((ORCID: 0000-0003-1753-7810))
Article

Access_open Basel IV Postponed: A Chance to Regulate Shadow Banking?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden Basel Accords, EU Law, shadow banking, financial stability, prudential regulation
Auteurs Katarzyna Parchimowicz en Ross Spence
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the aftermath of the 2007 global financial crisis, regulators have agreed a substantial tightening of prudential regulation for banks operating in the traditional banking sector (TBS). The TBS is stringently regulated under the Basel Accords to moderate financial stability and to minimise risk to government and taxpayers. While prudential regulation is important from a financial stability perspective, the flipside is that the Basel Accords only apply to the TBS, they do not regulate the shadow banking sector (SBS). While it is not disputed that the SBS provides numerous benefits given the net credit growth of the economy since the global financial crisis has come from the SBS rather than traditional banking channels, the SBS also poses many risks. Therefore, the fact that the SBS is not subject to prudential regulation is a cause of serious systemic concern. The introduction of Basel IV, which compliments Basel III, seeks to complete the Basel framework on prudential banking regulation. On the example of this set of standards and its potential negative consequences for the TBS, this paper aims to visualise the incentives for TBS institutions to move some of their activities into the SBS, and thus stress the need for more comprehensive regulation of the SBS. Current coronavirus crisis forced Basel Committee to postpone implementation of the Basel IV rules – this could be perceived as a chance to complete the financial regulatory framework and address the SBS as well.


Katarzyna Parchimowicz
Katarzyna Parchimowicz, LLM. Finance (Frankfurt), is PhD candidate at the University of Wrocław, Poland, and Young Researcher at the European Banking Institute, Frankfurt, Germany.

Ross Spence
Ross Spence, EURO-CEFG, is PhD Fellow at Leiden University Law School, and Young Researcher at the European Banking Institute and Research Associate at the Amsterdam Centre for Law and Economics.
Annotatie

Annotatie bij Gerecht in eerste aanleg van Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba 22 oktober 2019, ECLI:NL:OGEABES:2019:56

Tijdschrift Caribisch Juristenblad, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden onrechtmatige daad, Eilandsraad, Tijdelijke wet taakverwaarlozing Sint Eustatius, VN Handvest
Auteurs Prof. mr. L.J.J. Rogier
Auteursinformatie

Prof. mr. L.J.J. Rogier
Prof.mr. L.J.J. Rogier is hoogleraar Staats- en Bestuursrecht aan de University of Curaçao en voorzitter van de redactie van het Caribisch Juristenblad.

    Op 19 maart 2019 is de Screeningverordening aangenomen, waarmee een kader verschaft is voor coördinatie en samenwerking tussen lidstaten en de Europese Commissie ten aanzien van de screening van FDI. In dit artikel bespreekt de auteur investeringsscreening in de EU en VS, en of de Screeningverordening een stap is in de richting van een Europese CFIUS.


Mr. L. Gasseling
Mr. L. Gasseling is jurist Litigation & Insolvency bij AKD te Rotterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Religie op het werk?

Over positieve en negatieve godsdienstvrijheid bij private ondernemingen en tendensondernemingen

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2020
Auteurs Leni Franken en François Levrau
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we elaborate on the place of religion in the workplace. Does the individual freedom of religion imply that employers must always accommodate the religious claims of employees or can they boast a number of arguments allowing them to legitimately limit that freedom? And, conversely, do employers not also have a right to freedom of religion and a right to formulate certain religious expectations for their employees? In this contribution, we deal with these and related questions from a legal-philosophical perspective. The overall aim is to illustrate the extent to which univocal answers are jeopardized because of conceptual ambiguities. We first make a normative distinction between two strategies (i.e. difference-blind approach and difference-sensitive approach) and subsequently illustrate and elaborate on how and why these strategies can lead to different outcomes in legal cases. We illustrate the extent to which a contextual and proportional analysis can be a way out in theoretical and practical conundrums.


Leni Franken
Leni Franken is senior researcher and teaching assistant at the University of Antwerp.

François Levrau
François Levrau is senior researcher and teaching assistant at the University of Antwerp.
Discussie

Access_open Biopolitics and the Coronavirus

Foucault, Agamben, Žižek

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Biopolitics, Coronavirus, Rule of law, Foucault, Agamben
Auteurs Lukas van den Berge
Auteursinformatie

Lukas van den Berge
Lukas van den Berge is assistant professor of legal theory at Utrecht University.
Artikel

Misdaad of heldendaad: humanitaire mensensmokkel bezien vanuit de crimmigratietrend

Tijdschrift Crimmigratie & Recht, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden asiel, crimmigratie, mensensmokkel, humanitaire hulp, vervoerdersaansprakelijkheid
Auteurs Mr. Anna Chatelion Counet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, the penalization of human smuggling has become broader and more severe. This development is part of a crimmigration trend that describes an increase of immigration-related criminal offenses. Currently, the provision does not include a financial component, nor does it exclude acts with a humanitarian motive. The validity of such severe prohibitions, especially those including acts that are not morally reprehensible, is questioned through the concept of ‘humanitarian smuggling’. Moral reprehensibility is one of the criteria for criminalization that provide a framework for the reflection on the Dutch prohibition of human smuggling that is conducted in this article.


Mr. Anna Chatelion Counet
Mr. A. Chatelion Counet is Consulent Asielprocedure bij VluchtelingenWerk Nederland. Zij is recentelijk afgestudeerd in het strafrecht op het onderwerp ‘humanitaire mensensmokkel’, haar afstudeerscriptie ligt ten grondslag aan dit artikel.
Artikel

Access_open De gevaarlijke asielzoeker en het Unierecht

Gevaarzetting als grond voor uitsluiting van internationale bescherming

Tijdschrift Crimmigratie & Recht, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Europees recht, openbare orde, asiel
Auteurs Mr. Hans van Oort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The dangerous asylum seeker easily captures the public's attention. Policies increasingly focus on strong repercussions for asylum seekers who cause disturbances or can be considered dangerous. This article distinguishes between categories of asylum seekers based on the kind of disturbance or danger they cause in the view of the general public. It is argued that EU law provides a strong basis for denying or withdrawing the residence rights of asylum seekers based on public order considerations. In practice however, it seems difficult to meet the threshold of the public order criteria developed by the Court of Justice.


Mr. Hans van Oort
Mr. J.C.M. van Oort is advocaat bij Kroes Advocaten Immigration Lawyers.
Externe betrekkingen

Oude wijn in nieuwe zakken: over de oorsprongsmarkering van levensmiddelen uit de door Israël bezette gebieden

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 1-2 2020
Trefwoorden herkomstaanduiding, oorsprongsmarkering, oorsprongsregels, door Israël bezette gebieden, Verordening (EU) nr. 1169/2011
Auteurs Mr. K.P. Olsthoorn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In de onderhavige prejudiciële zaak is het Hof van Justitie voor het eerst verzocht om een uitspraak over de uitlegging van de bepalingen van Verordening (EU) nr. 1169/2011 over de vermelding van het ‘land van oorsprong’ en de ‘plaats van herkomst’ met betrekking tot levensmiddelen die uit de door Israël sinds 1967 bezette gebieden afkomstig zijn. In het op 12 november 2019 gewezen arrest in de de zaak Organisation juive européenne en Vignoble Psagot heeft het Hof van Justitie geoordeeld dat uit deze verordening volgt dat op levensmiddelen die afkomstig zijn uit een door Israël bezet gebied, niet alleen dit gebied maar tevens, wanneer die levensmiddelen afkomstig zijn uit een plaats die of een geheel van plaatsen dat een Israëlische nederzetting binnen dat gebied vormt, deze herkomst moet worden vermeld. In deze bijdrage worden de achtergronden en gevolgen van deze uitspraak nader toegelicht.
    HvJ 12 november 2019, zaak C-363/18, ECLI:EU:C:2019:954 (Organisation juive européenne en Vignoble Psagot)


Mr. K.P. Olsthoorn
Mr. K.P. (Kornel) Olsthoorn is advocaat bij Jones Day te Amsterdam.
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