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PROCES

Meer op het gebied van Criminologie en veiligheid

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Aflevering 6, 2012 Alle samenvattingen uitklappen
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Crimmigratie

Auteurs Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude en Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Auteursinformatie

Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude is universitair docent bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en tevens redactielid van PROCES.

Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Crimmigratie en de morele economie van illegale vreemdelingen

Trefwoorden illegal immigrants, crimmigration, moral economy, exploitation
Auteurs Prof. dr. Richard Staring
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Illegal stay in the Netherlands is increasingly criminalized through new measurements and adaptations of the Aliens Law. In order to understand the incorporation of illegal immigrants in this restrictive political context, the ‘moral economy’ is introduced as a concept referring to the norms and expectations regarding justice and reciprocity that serve as guidelines for daily illegal live. This process of crimmigration minimalizes the opportunities of illegal immigrants and as an unintended consequence will push the illegal immigrants further towards charity, informal labour or crime. Paradoxically, illegal immigrants will become more vulnerable for exploitation instead of returning home as was intended.


Prof. dr. Richard Staring
Prof. dr. Richard Staring is hoogleraar Mobiliteit, Toezicht en Criminaliteit aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Immigratie, (des)integratie?

Over het immigratiedebat in Nederland en de Verenigde Staten

Trefwoorden Crimmigration, immigration debate, election debate, Arizona
Auteurs LLM. Michiel Glas, Rolf van Wegberg MSc. en BSc. Marten Zoetbrood
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The attitude towards ‘the immigrant’ is changing. Where they used to be seen as a necessity, they are now looked upon with distrust. A consequence of this new attitude is the ‘merging’ of immigration law policy and criminal law. Examples of this in the Netherlands are a law proposal to criminalize illegal stay and a mandatory quorum of illegals that have to be deported each year. In our research we have compared the ‘crimmigration’ discourse in both Arizona and the Netherlands.
    Arizona’s law SB1070 has been the main legal focus in the research. The enactment of the law has been cause of many protests. The public’s fear was focused mainly on civil rights violations; the legal discussion was focused on the federalism issue, brought to Courts by the Obama administration. However, with the Supreme Court handing down its landmark decision in Arizona vs. United States, the legal focus will shift towards the civil rights spectrum.
    In the most recent elections in the Netherlands, the immigration question seems to have been pushed to the background. However, it remains a vital issue when placed in the context of ‘Euro-skepticism’, which has played a major role , as much of the immigration policy making is done by the supra national European legislator.
    We have seen that in the American context the federal government has been a ‘mitigating factor’ in the crimmigration debate to counterbalance draconian immigration policy. We hope that despite recent Euro-skepticism the EU will have a similar mitigating effect.


LLM. Michiel Glas
Michiel Glas LLM. studeerde Rechtsgeleerdheid, specialisatie Straf- en Strafprocesrecht, aan de Universiteit Leiden en is thans advocaat te Gouda.

Rolf van Wegberg MSc.
Rolf van Wegberg MSc. studeerde Criminologie, specialisatie Veiligheidsbeleid & Rechtshandhaving, aan de Universiteit Leiden. Nu werkt hij als onderzoeker/docent aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en is tevens redactiesecretaris van PROCES.

BSc. Marten Zoetbrood
Marten Zoetbrood BSc. studeert Criminologie, specialisatie Veiligheidsbeleid & Rechtshandhaving, aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Uitsluiting voor insluiting: selectie aan de poort?

Een bijdrage over crimmigratie in Nederland

Trefwoorden crimmigration, citizenship, article 1F Refugee Convention, pre-sentencing
Auteurs Gera de Grauw MSc., Marit Janssen MSc. en Avalon Leupen MSc.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the past few years attention is placed on the influence of immigrants and asylum seekers on the security of the state. Due to this development the Dutch Criminal Law and Immigration Law are ‘merging’. Immigration and safety policies are applied to exclude certain groups of people from society, generally immigrants and (ex)offenders. This article will reflect upon this process by showing the exclusion of people from Dutch society on the basis of article 1F of the Refugee Convention. This legal ground is used as a condition for exclusion and therefore it can be considered as pre-sentencing.


Gera de Grauw MSc.
Gera de Grauw MSc. studeerde Criminologie, specialisatie Veiligheidsbeleid & Rechtshandhaving, aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Marit Janssen MSc.
Marit Janssen MSc. studeerde Forensische criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden en werkt nu als projectsecretaris op het Ministerie van Veiligheid & Justitie.

Avalon Leupen MSc.
Avalon Leupen MSc. studeerde Criminologie, specialisatie Veiligheidsbeleid & Rechtshandhaving, aan de Universiteit Leiden. Nu werkt zij als docent aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Registratie bij staandehouding en preventief fouilleren in Nederland

Trefwoorden racial profiling, stop and search forms, police powers, stigmatization
Auteurs BSc. Yannick van Eijk, BSc. Roel Holman en BSc. Linde Lamboo
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines the desirability of implementing a registration system as a means of control on the discretionary space in police powers of stop and search. Firstly, the legal background concerning these powers is sketched, and the discretionary space therein is highlighted. This is then placed within the current social context in the Netherlands. Finally, the desirability of implementing a registration system in the Netherlands will be discussed by analyzing a similar system that has been implemented in the UK. We conclude that implementing a registration system is an essential step in coming closer to a solution for ethnic profiling.


BSc. Yannick van Eijk
Yannick van Eijk BSc. is masterstudent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

BSc. Roel Holman
Roel Holman BSc. studeerde Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

BSc. Linde Lamboo
Linde Lamboo studeert Culturele Antropologie & Ontwikkelingssociologie aan de Universiteit Leiden
Praktijk

Eervol netwerken

Auteurs Willem Timmer en Dr. Janine Janssen
Auteursinformatie

Willem Timmer
Willem Timmer is commissaris van politie en hoofd van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG).

Dr. Janine Janssen
Dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld voor de Nederlandse politie en universitair docent bij de vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. Zij is tevens redactielid van PROCES.
Artikel

Wel de lasten, niet de lusten

Trefwoorden migration law, detention law, human rights, crimmigration
Auteurs LLB. Anne Beckers, Lonneke Bontje MSc., LLB. Silvia Gardini e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper reviews the status quo of immigration law in the Netherlands in regard to the human rights of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). Based on a thorough reading of the literature, Dutch detention law and policies aimed at immigrants are reviewed in relation to articles 3, 5 and 6 ECHR and 9 ICCPR to see whether they are compatible and whether a breach of human rights takes place in Dutch detention centres. Even though the ECHR has not yet ruled that Dutch immigration detention breaches drawn conclusions as to a potential breach of human rights, the writers of this paper argue that Dutch policy does potentially violate some of them.


LLB. Anne Beckers
Anne Beckers LLB. is student straf- en strafprocesrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Lonneke Bontje MSc.
Lonneke Bontje MSc. studeerde forensische criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

LLB. Silvia Gardini
Silvia Gardini LLB. is student straf- en strafprocesrecht en civiel recht aan de Universiteit Leiden.

David Pinchasik
David Pinchasik is student rechtsgeleerdheid aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Vreemdelingenbewaring in crimmigratieperspectief

Over de rol van strafrechtelijke antecedenten en het ultimum-remediumbeginsel voor de maatregel van bewaring in de rechtspraktijk

Trefwoorden immigration detention, legal practice, crimmigration, ultimum remedium
Auteurs LLB. Jo-Anne Nijland
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The judge has a very important task in reviewing cases of immigration-related detention and guaranteeing the alien’s safeguards. This study examines the legal practice of reviewing detention orders from the theoretical perspective of crimmigration. Analyses of cases and interviews with judges show that the alien’s criminal background is not important for the review of grounds, but still of significance in the balancing of interests. In addition, the data reveal a protective gap in the reviewing mechanisms for aliens arrested on the basis of identification requirements. Moreover, the ultimum remedium principle proves to be a hollow notion, but the responsibility for its erosion lies largely outside the judicial practice.


LLB. Jo-Anne Nijland
Jo-Anne Nijland LLB. is student Legal Research aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

De interactie tussen migratiebeleid en penaal beleid ten aanzien van gedetineerden zonder recht op verblijf in België

Trefwoorden migration policy, penal policy, illegal migrants, detention
Auteurs Steven De Ridder MSc. en Clara Vanquekelberghe MSc.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Ever since prison overcrowding in Belgium emerged in the late 1980s, irregular migrants in prison were subjected to penal and migration policy initiatives. In this article, particularly (1) the opening of closed administrative detention facilities, (2) the periods of administrative detention in prison and (3) the installation of migration officers who identify irregular migrants in prison will be scrutinized. We will argue that besides a legal approach of the concept Crimmigration − as the convergence of Criminal and Migration Law and procedures − the evolution of the presented migration and penal policy in Belgium is a crucial aspect of the process of Crimmigration.


Steven De Ridder MSc.
Steven De Ridder MSc. is assistent van de vakgroep Criminologie aan de faculteit Recht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel en lid van de onderzoeksgroep Crime & Society (CriS).

Clara Vanquekelberghe MSc.
Clara Vanquekelberghe MSc. is master in de Criminologische Wetenschappen, behaald mede op basis van de masterproef getiteld De identificatie van irreguliere migratie? De rol van migratieambtenaren in een penale context (begeleider: prof. dr. K. Beyens).
Column

Gestopt, gecontroleerd, gefouilleerd vanwege je huidskleur of afkomst

Over het agenderen van etnisch profileren in Nederland

Auteurs Mr. Gerbrig Klos
Auteursinformatie

Mr. Gerbrig Klos
Mr. Gerbrig Klos is als senior beleidsmedewerker verbonden aan Amnesty International, afdeling Nederland.