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PROCES

Meer op het gebied van Criminologie en veiligheid

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Aflevering 1, 2014 Alle samenvattingen uitklappen

Dr. Janine Janssen
Dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de Nederlandse politie en daarnaast universitair docent bij de vakgroep Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. Zij is tevens redacteur van PROCES.
Diversen: Verslag PROCES

Profileren en selecteren binnen de strafrechtspleging; efficiëntie of discriminatie?

Auteurs Jelmer Brouwer MSc, Tim Dekkers MSc, Egge Luining BSc/LL.B e.a.
Auteursinformatie

Jelmer Brouwer MSc
Jelmer Brouwer MSc is promovendus Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Tim Dekkers MSc
Tim Dekkers MSc is junior onderzoeker bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Egge Luining BSc/LL.B
Egge Luining BSc/LL.B is masterstudent Criminal Justice aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Flore van Rosmalen BSc
Flore van Rosmalen BSc is masterstudent Criminal Justice aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Kleurenblind de criminaliteit te lijf?

Een bredere blik op selectief criminaliteitsbeleid dan etnisch profileren alleen

Trefwoorden selectiviteit, etnisch profileren, veiligheidsbeleid, migratie
Auteurs Prof. dr. Joanne P. van der Leun en Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    By rephrasing and reshaping specific criminal justice and security policies, the Dutch government has been struggling for a while in trying to find its course on how to address crime problems in its multicultural society in a politically correct – non discriminatory – way. In this article we focus on government selectivity by examining the development of criminal justice policy in the Netherlands. To what extent does the government take a stand in favor of or against special – and therefore selective – attention for people with a minority background?


Prof. dr. Joanne P. van der Leun
Prof. dr. Joanne P. van der Leun is hoogleraar Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie te Leiden.

Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude is hoofddocent Straf- en strafprocesrecht aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie te Leiden. Zij is tevens redactielid van PROCES.
Artikel

Het onderscheidende karakter van profielen bij vreemdelingentoezicht

Trefwoorden etnisch profileren, vreemdelingentoezicht, discriminatie, crimmigratie
Auteurs Prof. mr. Peter Rodrigues
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The main question of this contribution is whether the use of ethnic profiling in migration control is an infringement of the prohibition of racial and religious discrimination. To answer this question, the regulation on migration control is analyzed and the trend of mixing criminal law with migration law is criticized. The influence of quota of irregular migrants who should be expelled and penalizing of illegal residence is studied. Taken into account the jurisprudence on the issue, the author argues that profiling based on race and religion is forbidden, which is also the case if nationality is used in profiles against EU-citizens.


Prof. mr. Peter Rodrigues
Prof. mr. Peter Rodrigues is hoogleraar Immigratierecht aan de Universiteit Leiden en directeur van het Instituut voor Immigratierecht.
Artikel

Over de bestrijding van politiële discriminatie

Kanttekeningen bij de beschuldiging van etnisch profileren

Trefwoorden etnisch profileren, politie, discriminatie, preventief fouilleren
Auteurs Dr. Guus Meershoek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Several reports and publications criticise the Dutch police for discriminating against minorities during stop-and-search actions. This article argues that discrimination can be found in the police but not to the extent that the critics suggest. Recent research on stop-and-search practices in a large Dutch city suggests that the police treat youth with a minority background differently but that they don’t treat them unequally. The article concludes with a warning against the use of the expression ethnic profiling, because it hinders correction of discrimination by the police.


Dr. Guus Meershoek
Dr. Guus Meershoek is lector Politiegeschiedenis aan de Politieacademie en universitair docent Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

‘Staring at the felony forest’

De complexiteit van risicoprofilering nader in kaart gebracht

Trefwoorden profileren, discretionaire bevoegdheden, etniciteit, selectie
Auteurs Tim Dekkers MSc en Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, the debate around police profiling has been rather low key – until recently. Now it has turned into a heated discussion with a clear focus on ethnic profiling. This extensive international literature review aims to show that there is more to profiling than just ethnicity. Factors such as behavior and the vehicle someone is driving can be just as important as a person’s looks. The results of this study put profiling in perspective and level the playing field of the debate, in which the side of the organizations using profiling has not gotten enough attention until now.


Tim Dekkers MSc
Tim Dekkers MSc is junior onderzoeker bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude ishoofddocent Straf- en strafprocesrecht aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie te Leiden. Zij is tevens redactielid van PROCES.
Artikel

Het politiewerk en gendergerelateerde selectiviteit

Processen van waarnemen, interpreteren, beoordelen en toeschrijven van gender

Trefwoorden politie, gender, selectiviteit, criminaliteit
Auteurs Dr. Martina Althoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article explores the ways in which the work of the police is influenced by ideas about gender. Even though there is a long tradition of doing research about selectivity of the control agencies of criminal law, criminology has hardly had any attention for this topic. The main purpose of this article is to find out the meaning of the theoretical concept of gender for the social control of crime by the police and to give some examples for illustration. First of all, the article takes into consideration any crucial aspects of the process of selectivity.


Dr. Martina Althoff
Dr. Martina Althoff is als universitair docent verbonden aan de vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

ZSM, Zo Selectief Mogelijk…

Triage in de strafrechtsketen

Trefwoorden ZSM, selectiviteit, Openbaar Ministerie, ketensamenwerking
Auteurs Mr. dr. Johan Bac en Mr. Machiel Vink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch abbreviation ‘ZSM’ literally means ASAP. In the Dutch criminal justice system, it stands for a response to a crime ‘as speedy, selective, smart and supportive for victims as possible’. The project was initiated by the Public Prosecution Service and the Police, and it also involves the Dutch Probation Services, Victim Support Netherlands and the Child Care and Protection Board. The goal of ZSM is to assure meaningful and fast interventions, based on quality and effectiveness for society, including suspects and victims. To reach this goal, the Public Prosecutor is situated at the front of the criminal justice chain and triages the high volume crimes to determine the best procedure for a case, in cooperation with the partners.


Mr. dr. Johan Bac
Mr. dr. Johan Bac is hoofdofficier van justitie van het Parket Midden-Nederland en programmaleider van het Landelijk Programma ZSM.

Mr. Machiel Vink
Mr. Machiel Vink is landelijk ZSM-officier van justitie en lid van het landelijk programmateam ZSM.
Artikel

Gezocht: rol voor de advocatuur bij ZSM

Trefwoorden ZSM, advocatuur, ketenpartners, rechtsbescherming
Auteurs Mr. Ineke van den Brûle
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    ASAP: As Soon (or Selective, Smart) As Possible is meant to be a form of summary justice, in March 2011 introduced by the Dutch Public Prosecution Service (PPS). ASAP is meant to handle common criminality more rapidly and more effectively. So far, so good. However, the PPS seems to direct all efforts to velocity instead of quality. ASAP was established without interference of defense lawyers. Lawyers, criminal law scientists and National Ombudsman have been criticizing ASAP since its introduction. Values of legal protection, accuracy and sustainability are ignored by velocity. Nowadays, the PPS desires cooperation with defense lawyers in the ASAP method. First of all: it is not easy to climb aboard a driving train. Suspects must be advised and acquainted by lawyers, not by prosecutors or police officers. Equality of arms must be guaranteed. A quick access to the criminal file is one of the demands for a serious and active role of lawyers in the ASAP approach.


Mr. Ineke van den Brûle
Mr. Ineke van den Brûle is als advocaat verbonden aan advocatenkantoor Prinsegracht te Den Haag.
Artikel

Maatwerk of eenduidigheid

(On)gelijke behandeling in het reclasseringswerk

Trefwoorden reclassering, rrisicotaxatie, overeenstemming, plan van aanpak
Auteurs Drs. Jacqueline Bosker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In order to support desistance from crime and rehabilitation into society, the probation service has to adapt its service to the individual problems and strengths of offenders. As a result, offenders who have committed similar crimes but differ in the problems related to their offending behavior are approached differently. However, equal treatment of offenders by the probation service is important if their problems are comparable. In this article the results are described of a study about the level of agreement between probation officers about intervention plans. In addition, it was studied whether the use of an instrument for structured decision making improves agreement about these plans.


Drs. Jacqueline Bosker
Drs. Jacqueline Bosker werkt als onderzoeker en docent aan het Kenniscentrum Sociale Innovatie van de Hogeschool Utrecht.

Mr. drs. Marije Jeltes
Mr. drs. Marije Jeltes is (jeugd)strafrechtadvocaat bij JSTW Advocaten te Amsterdam, voorzitter van de Vereniging van Jeugdrecht Advocaten te Amsterdam, en lid van de Commissie van Toezicht van Forensische behandelcentrum Amsterbaken.